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The Avengers (TV series)

The Avengers is a British espionage television series created in 1961. It focused on Dr. David Keel, aided by John Steed. Hendry left after the first series, his most famous assistants were intelligent and assertive women: Cathy Gale, Emma Peel and Tara King. The series ran from 1961 until 1969; the pilot episode, "Hot Snow", aired on 7 January 1961. The final episode, "Bizarre", aired on 21 April 1969 in the United States, on 21 May 1969 in the United Kingdom; the Avengers was produced by a contractor within the ITV network. After a merger with Rediffusion London in July 1968, ABC Television became Thames Television, which continued production of the series, though it was still broadcast under the ABC name. By 1969, The Avengers was shown in more than 90 countries. ITV produced a sequel series, The New Avengers, with Patrick Macnee returning as John Steed, two new partners. In 2004 and 2007, The Avengers was ranked # 20 on TV Guide's Top Cult Shows Ever; the Avengers was marked by different eras as co-stars went.

The only constant was John Steed, played by Patrick Macnee. Associated British Corporation produced a single series of Police Surgeon, in which Ian Hendry played police surgeon Geoffrey Brent, from September through December of 1960. While Police Surgeon did not last long, viewers praised Hendry, ABC Television cast him in its new series The Avengers, which replaced Police Surgeon in January 1961; the Avengers began with the episode "Hot Snow", in which medical doctor David Keel investigates the murder of his fiancée and office receptionist Peggy by a drug ring. A stranger named John Steed, investigating the ring and together they set out to avenge her death in the first two episodes. Steed asked Keel to partner with him. Hendry was considered the star of the new series, receiving top billing over Macnee, Steed did not appear in two episodes; as the first series of The Avengers progressed, Steed's importance increased, he carried the final episode solo. While Steed and Keel used wit while discussing crimes and dangers, the series depicted the interplay—and tension—between Keel's idealism and Steed's professionalism.

As seen in one of the three surviving episodes from the first series, "The Frighteners", Steed had helpers among the population who provided information, similar to the "Baker Street Irregulars" of Sherlock Holmes. The other regular in the first series was Carol Wilson, the nurse and receptionist who replaced the slain Peggy. Carol assisted Keel and Steed in cases, in at least one episode was much in the thick of the action, but without being part of Steed's inner circle. Hafner had played opposite Hendry as a nurse in one episode of Police Surgeon; the series was shot on 405-line videotape using a multicamera setup. There was little provision for editing and no location footage was shot; as was standard practice at the time, videotapes of early episodes of The Avengers were reused. At present, only three complete Series 1 episodes are known to exist and are held in archives as 16-mm film telerecordings: "Girl on the Trapeze", "The Frighteners" and "Tunnel of Fear". Additionally, the first 15 minutes of the first episode, "Hot Snow" exist as a telerecording.

The missing television episodes are being recreated for audio by Big Finish Productions under the title of The Avengers - The Lost Episodes and star Julian Wadham as Steed, Anthony Howell as Dr. Keel and Lucy Briggs-Owen as Carol Wilson. Production of the first series was cut short by a strike. By the time production could begin on the second series, Hendry had quit to pursue a film career. Macnee was promoted to star and Steed became the focus of the series working with a rotation of three different partners. Dr Martin King, a thinly disguised rewriting of the Keel character, saw action in only three episodes, which were produced from scripts written for the first series. King was intended to be a transitional character between Keel and Steed's two new female partners, but while the Dr. King episodes were shot first, they were shown out of production order in the middle of the season; the character was thereafter and dropped. Nightclub singer Venus Smith appeared in six episodes, she was a complete "amateur", meaning that she did not have any professional crime-fighting skills as did the two doctors.

She was excited to be participating in a spy adventure alongside secret agent Steed. Nonetheless, she appears to be attracted to him, their relationship is somewhat similar to that portrayed between Steed and Tara King, her episodes featured musical interludes showcasing her singing performances. The character of Venus underwent some revision during her run, adopting more youthful demeanor and dress; the first episode broadcast in the second series had introduced the partner who would change the show into the format for which it is most remembered. Honor Blackman played Dr. Cathy Gale, a self-assured, quick-witted anthropologist, skilled in judo and had a passion for leather clothes. Widowed during the Mau Mau years in Kenya, she was the "talented amateur" who saw her aid to Steed's case

John Michell

John Michell was an English natural philosopher and clergyman who provided pioneering insights in a wide range of scientific fields, including astronomy, geology and gravitation. Considered "one of the greatest unsung scientists of all time", he was the first person known to propose the existence of black holes in publication, the first to suggest that earthquakes travel in waves, the first to explain how to manufacture artificial magnets, the first to apply statistics to the study of the cosmos, recognizing that double stars were a product of mutual gravitation, he invented an apparatus to measure the mass of the Earth. He has been called both the father of magnetometry. According to one science journalist, "a few specifics of Michell's work do sound like they are ripped from the pages of a twentieth century astronomy textbook." The American Physical Society has described Michell as being "so far ahead of his scientific contemporaries that his ideas languished in obscurity, until they were re-invented more than a century later".

The APS states that while "he was one of the most brilliant and original scientists of his time, Michell remains unknown today, in part because he did little to develop and promote his own path-breaking ideas". John Michell was born in 1724 in Eakring, in Nottinghamshire, the son of Gilbert Michell, a priest, Obedience Gerrard. Gilbert was Mary Taylor of Kenwyn, Cornwall, he was educated at Queens' College and became a Fellow of Queens'. He obtained his M. A. degree in 1752 and B. D. degree in 1761. He was Tutor of the College from 1751 to 1763. "He was nominated Rector of St Botolph's, Cambridge, on 28 March 1760, held this living until June 1763." From 1762 to 1764, he held the Woodwardian Chair of Geology till he was obliged to relinquish it on his marriage. There is no surviving portrait of Michell. In 1910, Sir Edmund Whittaker observed that during the century after Newton's death, "the only natural philosopher of distinction who lived and taught at Cambridge was Michell", although his "researches seem to have attracted little or no attention among his collegiate contemporaries and successors, who silently acquiesced when his discoveries were attributed to others, allowed his name to perish from Cambridge tradition".

Michell proceeded to take up clerical positions in Compton and Havant, both in Hampshire. During this period he unsuccessfully sought positions as astronomer royal. In 1767, he was appointed rector of St. Michael's Church of Thornhill, near Leeds, England, a post he held for the rest of his life, he did most of his important scientific work in Thornhill, where he died on 21 April 1793, at age 68. He is buried there. After local pressure, a blue plaque went up on the church wall to commemorate him. In 1750 Michell published at Cambridge a work of some eighty pages entitled "A Treatise of Artificial Magnets", in which he presented an easy and expeditious method of producing magnets that are superior to the best natural magnets. Besides the description of the method of magnetization which still bears his name, this work contains a variety of accurate observations about magnetism, features a lucid exposition of the nature of magnetic induction. At one point, Michell attempted to measure the radiation pressure of light by focusing sunlight onto one side of a compass needle.

The experiment was not a success: the needle melted. Until the late 20th century Michell was considered important because of his work on geology, his most important geological essay, written after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, was entitled "Conjectures concerning the Cause and Observations upon the Phaenomena of Earthquakes". In this paper he introduced the idea that earthquakes spread out as waves through the Earth and that they involve the offsets in geological strata now known as faults, he was able to estimate both the epicentre and the focus of the Lisbon earthquake, may have been the first to suggest that a tsunami is caused by a submarine earthquake. Michell's essay not only provided insights on earthquakes but more broadly, represented an advance in the understanding of the geology of the Earth's crust, he recognized that the Earth is composed "of regular and uniform strata", some of which have been interrupted by upheavals. "The most important part of Michell's Earthquake paper", in the view of one commentator, "is the account which it contains of what is now known as'the crust of the Earth.'"

Exhibiting a remarkable knowledge of the geological strata in various parts of England and abroad, he drew on his own observations to advance the understanding of sedimentary stratigraphy and was the first to define the Mesozoic stratigraphy in the U. K. In 1760, as a result of this work, he was elected a member of the Royal Society. A 1788 letter to Henry Cavendish indicated that Michell continued to be interested in geology several decades after his paper on earthquakes. Michell studied magnetism and discovered the "inverse-square law", the fact that the magnetic force exerted by each pole of a magnet decreases in proportion to the square of the distance between them, his 1750 paper Treatise of Artificial Magnets, written for seamen and instrument makers and intended as a practical manual on how to make magnets, included a list of t


Treevenge is a 2008 Christmas horror short film written and directed by Jason Eisener, produced by Yer Dead Productions. Shooting started in November 2007, ended in February 2008. Post-production was completed in June 2008; the film stars Jonathan Torrens, Sarah E. Dunsworth, Lex Gigeroff, Molly Dunsworth; the theme song to the film Cannibal Holocaust is played during the opening title. Treevenge depicts Christmas from the perspective of sentient Christmas trees. After being hacked down and shipped to homes, they are subject to "humiliation" by humans, who decorated them and make them stand in their living rooms; the Christmas trees have had enough, go on to massacre and kill an entire town as part of their uprising. Jonathan Torrens as Jim Macmichael Sarah E. Dunsworth as Cadence Macmichael Lex Gigeroff as the tree lot boss Molly Dunsworth as Molly Carpenter John Dunsworth and Cory Bowles as tree voices Jason Eisener as a lumberjack Audience Award for Best Short Film -- New York City Horror Film Festival Audience Award for Best Short Film -- Toronto After Dark Film Festival Audience Award for Best Short Film -- Fantasia Film Festival Best Editing -- Atlantic Film Festival Best Short Film -- Fantastic Fest Online Audience Award for Best Short Film -- San Francisco Independent Film Festival Best Short Film -- Rue Morgue Magazine Honorable Mention -- Sundance Film Festival Official website Treevenge at Yer Dead Production website Treevenge on IMDb

Thomas Rumley

Thomas Rumley was the president of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland in 1841. He was born in the son of port inspector Forward Rumley. In April, 1811, he was indentured to John Kirby, studied in the College and Kirby's schools. On the 25th June, 1815, he passed the Licentiate at RCSI, on the 9th November, 1818, he was elected a Member, he did not become attached to any hospital. Having long suffered from gout, he died at his residence, 37 York-street, in March, 1856, was interred on the 30th of that month in Glasnevin Cemetery. In 1832 Rumley and A. Stokes were deputed to investigate a case of supposed cholera at Kingstown. Although neither of them had any previous experience of the disease, they pronounced the case to be one of Asiatic cholera; the inhabitants were annoyed that their town should be pronounced infected with cholera, an infuriated mob attacked Stokes and Rumley, who narrowly escaped with their lives. Soon after this event cholera became epidemic in Ireland. List of presidents of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Media related to Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin at Wikimedia Commons

Pola Island

Pola Island is an island off the shores of Vatia on Tutuila Island in American Samoa. It is known as Cockscomb. Pola Island is one of the most popular attractions in National Park of American Samoa, it has become a landmark and an icon for Vatia. Pola Island has been named one of American Samoa's Seven National Wonders by the Pago Pages, it has been named "the most beautiful natural feature of Tutuila Island” by travel guide publisher Lonely Planet. The island has 394 feet high cliffs populated by seabirds. Pola Island has been described as American Samoa's “top seabird nesting site.” Pola Island and nearby Pola'uta Ridge are American Samoa's most important nesting and roosting areas for several seabird species. The only breeding colonies of Red-footed boobies in American Samoa are Rose Atoll and Pola Island including nearby Pola'uta Ridge; the island is separated from land by the Vai'ava Strait. Vai'ava Strait National Natural Landmark makes up 250 acres and is the only U. S. National Natural Landmark in American Samoa, part of the National Park of American Samoa.

Passing east through the town of Vatia, the road ends at the Pola Island trailhead. A short path leads to a large cobblestone beach. Two sea arches are visible from the base of the cliffs extending into the ocean. Pola Scenic Point is located on the road into Vatia village; this observation site overlooks the Vai'ava Strait National Natural Landmark. Pola Island is a prominent basalt sea stack with scenic forest-covered headlands, it is an important nesting place for at least eight seabird species. All of Pola Island and the eastern parts of Polauta Ridge contain undisturbed forest; the rainfall in the area is from 149 to 252 inches annually. The temperature is around 71-73 degrees Fahrenheit. According to the late High Orator Nanai Afuola Kalasa, the most senior chief authority, the island is directly linked to a legend about the village's creation. A couple sailed westward from the Manu'a Islands with their daughter, with the hopes of reaching Upolu Island. A few days they struggled with rough seas and the raft gave up on them.

All the three mutated into rocks. The couple was Pola, while the daughter was Faleofia; these rock forms are named after this couple. Uta translates to “closer to land”, Pola'uta is the name of the ridge on the opposite side of the strait. “Tai” translates to “further from land”, Pola Tai is a name used for Pola Island. The Pola region of Vatia is the most important roosting and nesting sites in American Samoa for numerous species of seabirds; some bird species here include: Red-footed booby Brown booby Greater frigatebird Lesser frigatebird Brown noddy Black noddy Blue-gray noddy Gray-backed Tern Bridled terns are rare visitors in American Samoa, they have been recorded at Pola Island. Pola Island is the primary breeding area for frigatebirds on Tutuila Island. Hunting of Brown boobies, known as A'ega o le Pola, was a tradition in the past. However, the birds were over-hunted due to the use of shotguns and remained gone from the Pola area until recently; the eggs from Brown boobies were considered a delicacy for nearby Vatia residents.

Erosion by the sea has sculpted the cliffs and sea arches in the rocks of the huge volcanic plug known as Pola Island. The rock formations of Pola Island resemble a dinosaur tail jutting 3,500 feet out into the sea, it is a sharp igneous basaltic outcrop. Passing east through the village of Vatia, the Pola Island trailhead is located at the end of the road; the trailhead is beyond the school, a short trail leads into the National Park. The trail ends at a rocky cliff. There is no access to the island itself. North Shore Tours offer boat tours to Pola Island, the most photographed site on Tutuila Island

Garr King

Garr Michael King was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Oregon. King was born on January 1936 in Pocatello, Idaho. After attending the University of Utah, he received a Bachelor of Laws from Northwestern School of Law of Lewis & Clark College in 1963, he was a Deputy district attorney of District Attorney's Office Multnomah County, Oregon from 1963 to 1966. He was in private practice of law in Portland, Oregon from 1966 to 1998. King is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Oregon. King was nominated by President Bill Clinton on October 1997, to a seat vacated by Helen J. Frye, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 27, 1998, received commission on April 30, 1998. He was succeeded by Judge Marco A. Hernandez, he died on February 5, 2019. FJC Bio U. S. District Court for the District of Oregon