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The Band

The Band was a Canadian-American roots rock group including Rick Danko, Garth Hudson, Richard Manuel, Robbie Robertson, Levon Helm. Between 1958 and 1963, they formed as The Hawks, a backing band for rockabilly singer Ronnie Hawkins. In the mid-1960s they gained recognition backing Bob Dylan, the 1966 tour was notable as Dylan’s first with an electric band. After leaving Dylan and changing their name to the Band, they released several albums to critical and popular acclaim, highlighted by the songs The Weight and The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down. According to AllMusic, "For half-a-decade, from 1968 through 1975, the Band were one of the most popular and influential rock groups in the world." Their influence on several generations of musicians has been substantial. The next year, Bob Dylan hired them for his U. S. tour in 1965 and world tour in 1966. Following the 1966 tour, the group moved with help from Dylan and his manager, Albert Grossman, to Saugerties, New York, where they made the informal 1967 recordings that became The Basement Tapes, the basis for their 1968 debut album, Music from Big Pink.

Because they were always "the band" to various frontmen and the locals in Woodstock, Helm said the name "the Band" worked well when the group came into its own. The group went on to release ten studio albums. Dylan continued to collaborate with the Band over the course of their career, including a joint 1974 tour; the original configuration of The Band ended its touring career in 1976 with an elaborate performance at Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco, that featured numerous musical celebrities of the era. This performance was filmed for Martin Scorsese's 1978 documentary The Last Waltz. Although the members of the group intended to continue working on studio projects, they drifted apart after the release of Islands in March 1977; the Band resumed touring in 1983 without Robertson, who had found success with a solo career and as a Hollywood music producer. As a result of their diminished popularity, they performed in theatres and clubs as headliners and took support slots in larger venues for onetime peers such as the Grateful Dead and Crosby and Nash.

Following a 1986 concert, Manuel committed suicide in his hotel room. The remaining three members continued to tour and record albums with a succession of musicians filling Manuel's and Robertson's roles. Danko died of heart failure in 1999. Helm was diagnosed with throat cancer in 1998 and was unable to sing for several years, but he regained the use of his voice, he continued to perform and released several successful albums until he died in 2012. The group was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 1989 and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994. In 2004 Rolling Stone ranked them No. 50 on its list of the 100 greatest artists of all time, in 2008 they received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2004, "The Weight" was ranked 41st on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest songs of all time. In 2014, the Band was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame; the members of the Band came together in the Hawks, the backing group for Toronto-based rockabilly singer Ronnie Hawkins: Helm, an original Hawk who journeyed with Hawkins from Arkansas to Ontario Robertson, Danko and Hudson.

Hawkins's act was popular in and around Toronto and nearby Hamilton, he had an effective way of eliminating his musical competition: when a promising band appeared, Hawkins would hire their best musicians for his own group. While most of the Hawks were eager to join Hawkins's group, getting Hudson to join was a different story, he had earned a college degree, planned on a career as a music teacher, was interested in playing rock music only as a hobby. The Hawks admired his wild, full-bore organ style and asked him to join. Hudson agreed, under the condition that the Hawks each pay him $10 per week to be their instructor and purchase a new state-of-the-art Lowrey organ. There is a view that jazz is'evil' because it comes from evil people, but the greatest priests on 52nd Street, on the streets of New York City were the musicians, they were doing the greatest healing work. And they knew how to punch through music which would make people feel good. With Hawkins, they recorded a few singles in this period and became well known as the best rock group in the thriving Toronto music scene.

Hawkins convened all-night rehearsals following long club shows, with the result that the young musicians developed great technical prowess on their instruments. In late 1963, the group split from Hawkins over personal differences, they were tired of playing the same songs so and wanted to perform original material, they were wary of Hawkins's heavy-handed leadership. He would fine the Hawks if they smoked marijuana. Robertson said, "Eventually, built us u

Sancho Ordóñez (count)

Sancho Ordóñez, was a count who lived in the 11th-century. His father was Ordoño Bermúdez, an illegitimate son of King Bermudo II of León, his mother was Fronilde Peláez a member of the high nobility as the daughter of Count Pelayo Rodríguez and his wife Gotina Fernández de Cea, daughter of Count Fernando Bermúdez de Cea and sister of Jimena, the mother of King Sancho Garcés III the Great, of Justa Fernández, married to Count Flaín Muñoz, he was named count between 1059 and 1061 when he appears with the title in several family transactions and royal charters, such as one dated 1061 at the Monastery of Samos when he confirms as Sanctius proles Ordonii comes. Count Sancho was a member of the Curia regis of his cousins King Fernando I and Sancha of León and in 1059 confirmed a private transaction between these monarchs and Fronilde Ovéquiz, he appears in charters issued by King Alfonso VI, including one dated 1071 when he confirms as Sancio Ordoniz comes a donation made by the king to Velasco Vela, in 1073 at the Monastery of Samos when the king named him one of the judges entrusted with settling a dispute between the abbot of the monastery and Ero Peláez.

In 1077, Count Sancho donated the properties in Villarín de Campos that he had inherited from his grandfather, count Pelayo Rodríguez, to the Cathedral of León. Before 1082, Count Sancho married Onneca Ovéquiz, daughter of Count Oveco Bermúdez and his wife Elvira Suárez, sister of counts Bermudo and Rodrigo Ovéquiz; the offspring of this marriage were: Oveco Sánchez, married Elvo Álvarez before 1085, with issue. One of their sons, Melendo Núñez, was the father of Nuño Meléndez, the first husband of Queen Urraca López de Haro, their firstborn, Count Alfonso Núñez, was the father of Teresa Alfonso, wife of Egas Moniz, the tutor of King Afonso I of Portugal, they were the parents of Sancho Núñez who married Infanta Sancha Henriques, daughter of Henry, Count of Portugal. Her filiation is attested in a charter dated January 26, 1108 when she declares herself the daughter of Count Sancho and granddaughter of Ordoño Bermudez, makes a donation of some of her estates in Sarria and Asma, confirmed by King Alfonso VI and by several bishops

United Steelworkers v Warrior & Gulf Navigation Co

United Steelworkers v Warrior & Gulf Navigation Co 363 US 574 is a US labor law case, concerning arbitration over collective agreements for labor rights. Warrior & Gulf Co had a steel transportation company from Alabama, its employees had a collective agreement through United Steelworkers. In 1956 and 1958 the company laid off workers, from 42 to 23 workers in the bargaining unit as it outsourced maintenance work to other companies which hired some laid off employees at reduced wages, but doing the same work; the workers filed a grievance, the company refused to go to arbitration, the union began a suit to compel it. The Court of Appeals, upholding the district court, said that the collective agreement had taken out'management functions' from the arbitration procedure; the Supreme Court held. Douglas J gave judgment; the Congress, has by § 301 of the Labor Management Relations Act, assigned the courts the duty of determining whether the reluctant party has breached his promise to arbitrate. For arbitration is a matter of contract and a party cannot be required to submit to arbitration any dispute which he has not agreed so to submit.

Yet, to be consistent with congressional policy in favor of settlement of disputes by the parties through the machinery of arbitration, the judicial inquiry under § 301 must be confined to the question whether the reluctant party did agree to arbitrate the grievance or did agree to give the arbitrator power to make the award he made. An order to arbitrate the particular grievance should not be denied unless it may be said with positive assurance that the arbitration clause is not susceptible of an interpretation that covers the asserted dispute. Doubts should be resolved in favor of coverage. We do not agree with the lower courts that contracting-out grievances were excepted from the grievance procedure of this agreement. To be sure, the agreement provides that'matters which are a function of management shall not be subject to arbitration.' But it goes on to say that if'differences' arise or if'any local trouble of any kind' arises, the grievance procedure shall be applicable. Collective bargaining agreements restrict the exercise of management functions.

Management hires and fires and promotes, supervises and plans. All these are part of its function, absent a collective bargaining agreement, it may be exercised except as limited by public law and by the willingness of employees to work under the particular, unilaterally imposed conditions. A collective bargaining agreement may treat only with certain specific practices, leaving the rest to management but subject to the possibility of work stoppages. When, however, an absolute no-strike clause is included in the agreement in a real sense everything that management does is subject to the agreement, for either management is prohibited or limited in the action it takes, or if not, it is protected from interference by strikes; this comprehensive reach of the collective bargaining agreement does not mean, that the language,'strictly a function of management,' has no meaning.'Strictly a function of management' might be thought to refer to any practice of management in which, under particular circumstances prescribed by the agreement, it is permitted to indulge.

But if courts, in order to determine arbitrability, were allowed to determine what is permitted and what is not, the arbitration clause would be swallowed up by the exception. Every grievance in a sense involves a claim that management has violated some provision of the agreement. United States labor law