Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, the twentieth-largest on Earth. Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers five-sixths of the island, Northern Ireland, part of the United Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain. Just under 4.8 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland. The island's geography comprises low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland, its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but changeable climate, free of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the Middle Ages. Today, woodland makes up about 10% of the island, compared with a European average of over 33%, most of it is non-native conifer plantations.
There are twenty-six extant mammal species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus moderate, winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant; the earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BC. Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century AD; the island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. Following the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English rule did not extend over the whole island until the 16th–17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, was extended during the 18th century. With the Acts of Union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom. A war of independence in the early 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish Free State, which became sovereign over the following decades, Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the United Kingdom.
Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided following a political agreement in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland, as part of it, did the same. Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures in the field of literature. Alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language; the island's culture shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the English language, sports such as association football, horse racing, golf. The names Éire derive from Old Irish Eriu; this in turn comes from the Proto-Celtic *Iveriu, the source of Latin Hibernia. Iveriu derives from a root meaning'fat, prosperous'. During the last glacial period, up until about 10,000 BC, most of Ireland was periodically covered in ice. Sea levels were lower and Ireland, like Great Britain, formed part of continental Europe.
By 16,000 BC, rising sea levels due to ice melting caused Ireland to become separated from Great Britain. Around 6000 BC, Great Britain itself became separated from continental Europe; the earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BC, demonstrated by a butchered bear bone found in a cave in County Clare. It is not until about 8000 BC, that more sustained occupation of the island has been shown, with evidence for Mesolithic communities around the island; these Mesolithic communities lived as hunter-gatherers across the island until about 4000 BC. Some time before 4000 BC, Neolithic settlers arrived introducing cereal cultivars, domesticated animals such as cattle and sheep, large timber building, stone monuments; the earliest evidence for farming in Ireland or Great Britain is from Co.. Kerry, where a flint knife, cattle bones and a sheep's tooth were carbon-dated to c. 4350 BC. Field systems were developed in different parts of Ireland, including at the Céide Fields, preserved beneath a blanket of peat in present-day Tyrawley.
An extensive field system, arguably the oldest in the world, consisted of small divisions separated by dry-stone walls. The fields were farmed for several centuries between 3500 BC and 3000 BC. Wheat and barley were the principal crops; the Bronze Age – defined by the use of metal – began around 2500 BC, with technology changing people's everyday lives during this period through innovations such as the wheel. According to John T. Koch and others, Ireland in the Late Bronze Age was part of a maritime trading-network culture called the Atlantic Bronze Age that included Britain, western France and Iberia, that this is where Celtic languages developed; this contrasts with the traditional view that their origin lies in mainland Europe with the Hallstatt culture. During the Iron Age, a Celtic language and culture emerged in Ireland. How and when the island became Celtic has been debated for close to a century, with the migrations of the Celts being one of the more enduring themes of archaeological and linguistic studies.
The most recent genetic research s
Sir Hercules was an Irish bred Thoroughbred racehorse, was a successful sire. Sir Hercules was by winner of The Derby, out of Peri by Wanderer. Peri was bred to Whalebone at the age of three and Sir Hercules, her first foal, was born in 1826 at Petworth Stud. Sir Hercules was a half brother to Langford, exported as a stallion to America. Black with white ticking, Sir Hercules was 15 hands 2 inches high, had a compact build, with identical length "... From the centre of the breast to the hind part of the shoulder, from hind part of shoulder to the hip, from hip to whirl-bone," with "no more than room for a saddle on his back." Undefeated in Ireland where won one race and a match race. Sir Hercules was taken to England. In September at Doncaster he finished third to Rowton and Voltaire in the St Leger and won a sweepstakes over one mile three days later. Won the Claret Stakes, he was unplaced in Liverpool's Stand Cup, his last start. Sir Hercules was purchased by Hercules Landford Rowley, the second Baron Langford of Summerhill in 1831 and was retired to Langford stud at Summer Hill in County Meath, Ireland.
He stood for a fee of £10. However, few Englishmen wished to breed their mares to him, the young stallion was moved in 1832 to Rossmore Lodge at the Curragh. Sir Hercules was sent to England in 1833 with the rest of Rowley's racing stud to be auctioned at Tattersalls, he was sold to America for 750 guineas, but it was decided that it was too late in the season to ship him overseas, the stallion was resold to H. O. Weatherby. Weatherby sent him to stand at stud at Dawley Wall Farm. In 1838, he was sent to East Acton, where he stood for a fee of £30. However, Weatherby died and Sir Hercules was sold to Sydney Herbert. In 1844, Herbert sent the stallion to Tattersall's Willesden Paddocks, where he was available to public mares. Soon, Herbert broke up his stud and sold Sir Hercules to Mr. Phillips of Bushbury Stud, where the stallion died at the age of thirty. Sir Hercules was influential in siring both flat and steeplechase race horses, including one winner of the Grand National. Both his sons and daughters had a profound impact on the bloodlines of horses in Australia, Ireland, the United States, France.
Notable progeny include: Birdcatcher, his most famous son Coronation: won The Derby Stakes and Ascot Derby Faugh-a-Ballagh, won St. Leger Stakes, Grand Duke Michael Stakes, Cesarewitch Stakes Gaslight exported to Australia and produced four stakes-winners for 16 stakes-wins. Gemma di Vergy won the Fernhill Stakes, the Reading Stakes, the Avon Stakes, the Nursery Handicap, the Whittlebury Stakes and the Racing Stakes, sire of Gemma-di-Vergy, exported in utero to Australia where he was a sire. Hyllus, won Goodwood Cup* Paraguay, exported to Australia, dam of Sir Hercules and Whalebone Lady Lift, dam of Consul and Le Marechal The Corsair, won Two Thousand Guineas Venus, dam of Aphrodite Arkle, three-times winner of the Cheltenham Gold Cup. Thoroughbred Heritage – Sir Hercules https://web.archive.org/web/20120928205541/http://www.localhistory.scit.wlv.ac.uk/articles/bushbury/families/phillips.htm
Ambrosio was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1796. In a racing career which lasted from May 1796 until September 1799 he won fifteen of his twenty-three races; as a three-year-old he was based in Yorkshire, where he won his first three races before justifying his position as odds-on favourite for the St Leger, beating six opponents. In the next two years he competed at Newmarket, where his victories three divisions of the Oatlands Stakes and the Jockey Club Plate, he returned to Yorkshire as a six-year-old to win a division of the Great Subscription Purse at York before being retired to stud. Ambrosio stood as a breeding stallion in Great Britain and Ireland, but had little success as a sire of winners. Ambrosio was a bay horse with a small white sire bred by J Lowther, his sire, Sir Peter Teazle won The Derby in 1787 and became the most successful stallion of the time, winning the title of Champion sire on ten occasions between 1799 and 1809.
Ambrosio was the second foal of his dam, Tulip, an influential broodmare whose other descendants included the Derby winner Pyrrhus the First and the 1000 Guineas winner Galantine. Ambrosio made his first appearance at York Racecourse on 27 May, when he ran in a weight-for-age sweepstakes run in a series of ten furlong heats, with the prize going to the first horse to win twice, he won the next two. Following this race he was sold by Lowther to James Cookson, he made his first appearance for his new owner at York in August, when he won a two-mile sweepstakes from Giles Crompton's colt Cardinal and a similar race three days later. On 27 September, Ambrosio was one of seven three-year-olds to contest the twenty-first running of the St Leger Stakes over two miles at Doncaster Racecourse. Ridden by John Jackson, he started the 4/5 favourite and won the classic from Cardinal, with Rosolio in third place. On the following day he was matched against older horses in the four-mile Gold Cup and finished third behind the four-year-olds Hambletonian and Sober Robin.
In October, Ambrosio was sent south to contest a division of the Oatlands Stakes at Newmarket Racecourse and finished third of the seven runners behind Cub and Little Devil. In 1797, Ambrosio was moved to compete in the south of England and began his season at the Craven meeting at Newmarket Racecourse in April, he started the 7/4 favourite for the first class of the Oatlands Stakes, a handicap race over the two-mile "Ditch-In" course and won from Stickler and five other. Two days running over the same course and distance, he was beaten in a 300 guinea match race by Little Devil, to whom he was conceding three and a half pounds; the next Newmarket meeting two weeks saw him finish third to John Lade's colt in the main class of the Oatlands Stakes. At the Second Spring meeting in May Ambrosio ran a match race against Lord Clermont's Spoliator over the last three miles of the four-mile Beacon Course; the race ended in a dead heat. At Oxford in July he finished unplaced behind Stickler in the local Gold Cup over a distance of four miles.
Ambrosio returned to Newmarket in October when he finished second to the filly Doubtful in a sweepstakes before winning a 200 guinea match race against Mr Howorth's six-year-old Lop. Ambrosio began his five-year-old season at the Craven meeting on 11 April when he won the third class of the Oatlands Stakes from Sir Frank Standish's four-year-old Stamford, the beaten favourite in the previous year's Derby and St Leger. At the next Newmarket meeting on 24 April, Ambrosio won the main class of the Oatlands Stakes, beating Stamford and Stickler under top weight of 121 pounds. At the Second Spring meeting in May, Ambrosio raced only once. Cookson claimed forfeits when Ambrosio's opponents were withdrawn from a sweepstakes over the Duke's Course and received a 50 guinea "compromise" from Lord Clermont, who declined to run his horses Aimator and Spoliator against Cookson's Diamond and Ambrosio. In the Jockey Club Plate, a four-mile race restricted to horses owned by members of the Jockey Club, Ambrosio started odds-on favourite and won from St George and Centinel.
After a summer break, Ambrosio returned at the First October meeting where he defeated St George and Aimator in a 200 guinea sweepstakes over the Beacon Course. At the same meeting he finished fifth of the six runners, when favourite for a subscription race over two miles, he ended his season at the Second October meeting when he conceded ten pounds to John Lade's horse Oatlands in a 200 guinea match race. Ambrosio began his six-year-old season by finishing unplaced behind Oscar in the second class of the Oatlands Stakes at the Craven meeting, he was withdrawn from an Oatlands Stakes at the First Spring meeting, running instead in a subscription race over the Round Course which he won from Johnny and Spoliator. In August, Ambrosio raced in the north of England for the first time since his three-year-old season when he contested a division of the Great Subscription Purse at York, he was won from Mr Wentworth's six-year-old Harry Rowe. In September he returned to the scene of his classic victory for two 200 guinea match races at the Doncaster St Leger meeting.
He was beaten by Sir Thomas Gascoigne's Timothy, but ended his career with a win the same afternoon, when he conceded nine pounds to Lord Fitzwilliam's Wonder. After his retirement from racing, Ambrosio became a breeding stallion at Woburn, Bedfordshire in the ownership of Thomas Haworth. By 1803 he had moved to Barham Wood, near Elstree in Hertfordshire where he stood at a fee of ten guineas
Waxy was a British Thoroughbred racehorse that won the 1793 Epsom Derby and was an influential sire in the late eighteenth and early part of the nineteenth century. Waxy was bred by Sir Ferdinando Poole and was foaled at Lewes in 1790, he was sired by Pot-8-Os, a son of the foundation stallion Eclipse, whose genetic lineage traced to the Darley Arabian. Waxy's dam, was sired by the influential stallion Herod and produced one full-brother to Waxy, named Worthy. Waxy derived his name from a variety of potato, a choice, inspired by his sire's name. Trained by Robert Robson, Waxy won nine races out of 15 starts during his four-year racing career, retiring from racing at the age of seven in 1797 after sustaining an injury during his last start. Beginning in 1798, Waxy stood at stud at Sir Poole's estate in Lewes and remained there until Poole's death in 1804. After Poole's death, Waxy stood at his Euston Hall stud. Waxy remained at Euston Hall for the remainder of his life and was used as a breeding stallion until his death on 18 April 1818.
His most notable offspring were produced under the ownership of the 3rd Duke of his son. Waxy produced 190 winners of races during his stud career, siring four Epsom Derby and three Epsom Oaks winners, becoming a leading sire in 1810, his most notable sons that achieved success in the stud were Whisker. Through the produce of these two sons, Waxy became the paternal ancestor of most of the world's male Thoroughbreds by the mid-twentieth century. Waxy was bred by a baronet whose family seat was in Poole, Cheshire. Sir Ferdinando leased an extensive estate in Lewes, built on land once owned by the Grey Friars and was called "The Friary." Waxy was foaled in 1790 at Poole's stable at The Friary. The colt was named "Waxy" to distinguish him from Poole's other colt sired by Pot-8-Os out of the mare Macaria, subsequently named "Mealy." Waxy and mealy were two types of potatoes available at the time and are a play on the name of the colts' sire Pot-8-Os, itself a pun on the name "Potatoes." A variant spelling, "Waxey," is mentioned in some publications.
Waxy's sire, Pot-8-Os, was a successful sire of racehorses that had won 34 races during his seven-year racing career. In addition to Waxy, Pot-8-Os produced the colt Lottery. Waxy was Pot-8-Os most successful son in the breeding shed, with Waxy's sons carrying on the direct-male line well into the 20th century. Waxy's dam, was bred by Lord Bolingbroke and was sired by the Thoroughbred foundation sire Herod, she produced ten foals between 1784 and 1797, with Waxy being her sixth foal and one of two by Pot-8-Os. Waxy's full-brother, was a moderately successful racer and was a breeding stallion for the East India Company. Maria died in 1797, about two weeks after foaling the filly Wowski the dam of Derby winner Smolensko, Sir Charles and Thunderbolt. In the words of jockey Sam Chifney, Waxy was a "handsome, rich bay, with a white stocking on the off-hind leg, good length, beautiful quarters." In the words of his exercise rider, Waxy was "one of the finest formed horses, perfect in symmetry, beautiful in colour, admirable in all his paces, of the finest temper when in work."
However, when Waxy was confined to a stall during the winter months, his temperament became unruly and unpredictable leading the anonymous writer to remark that, "Oft has he kicked the lappets of my coat over my head." One of the few only, surviving portraits of Waxy was painted by Francis Sartorius in 1794 or 1795, the depiction was praised in commentary for Sporting Magazine for its "neatness" and for "the truth of representation it so evidently display." While most breeding stallions and racehorses of the era had stable companions, Waxy was fond of rabbits in his years and "was never happy without a rabbit in his paddock" with one female rabbit making her nest in the middle of his stall and raising generations of rabbits at the site that were never harmed by Waxy. Waxy did not race at the age of two years, his first turf appearance was at the spring meeting at Newmarket. Waxy was trained by Robert Robson, who worked for Sir Ferdinando Poole in Lewes for several years from about 1792. Waxy's main and most celebrated racing rival was Lord Egremont's colt Gohanna, called the "Pride of Petworth."
Waxy raced Gohanna five times in his career, beating him in all but one race, a match race at Newmarket in 1794 where Waxy carried two more pounds than Gohanna and lost by half a head. Waxy was perceived as an excellent racehorse during his racing career. So much so that in one alleged incident, Waxy was mistakenly seized as a heriot after the proprietor of a Godstone inn where he was staying died. Being the finest horse in the stable, assuming he was owned by the stablemaster he was taken by the landowner. Waxy raced until he was seven years old and retired from racing after he was injured in his last start, he was used as a breeding stallion by Poole at Lewes. The Epsom Derby occurred on 18 May and was attended by "as numerous a company as appeared on the course." Eleven horses lined up for the start, seven of them sired by Pot-8-Os. The starting odds for Waxy to win the Derby were 100 to 7 and 100 to 10 and at the Tattersalls betting room he "was so little thought of, that he had never been mentioned" in the betting.
The race favorite was Lord Egremont's colt "Brother to Precipitate" with this horse taking the lead in the
2000 Guineas Stakes
The 2000 Guineas Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run on the Rowley Mile at Newmarket over a distance of 1 mile, it is scheduled to take place each year in late April or early May, it is one of Britain's five Classic races, at present it is the first to be run in the year. It serves as the opening leg of the Triple Crown, followed by the Derby and the St Leger, although the feat of winning all three has been attempted in recent decades; the 2000 Guineas Stakes was first run on 18 April 1809, it preceded the introduction of a version for fillies only, the 1000 Guineas Stakes, by five years. Both races were established by the Jockey Club under the direction of Sir Charles Bunbury, who had earlier co-founded the Derby at Epsom; the races were named according to their original prize funds. By the mid-1860s, the 2000 Guineas was regarded as one of Britain's most prestigious races for three-year-olds; the five leading events for this age group, characterised by increasing distances as the season progressed, began to be known as "Classics".
The concept was adopted in many other countries. European variations of the 2000 Guineas include the Irish 2,000 Guineas, the Mehl-Mülhens-Rennen, the Poule d'Essai des Poulains and the Premio Parioli. Elsewhere, variations include the Australian Guineas and the Satsuki Shō; the 2000 Guineas is served by trial races such as the Craven Stakes and the Greenham Stakes, but for some horses it is the first race of the season. The 2000 Guineas itself can act as a trial for the Derby, the last horse to win both was Camelot in 2012; the most recent 2000 Guineas participant to win the Derby was Masar, placed third in 2018. Since 2001, the 2000 Guineas and the 1000 Guineas Stakes have offered equal prize money; each had a purse of £500,000 in 2018. Leading jockey: Jem Robinson – Enamel, Riddlesworth, Glencoe, Bay Middleton, Flatcatcher Leading trainer: Aidan O'Brien – King of Kings, Rock of Gibraltar, Footstepsinthesand, George Washington, Henrythenavigator, Gleneagles, Saxon Warrior Leading owner: Sue Magnier – Entrepreneur, King of Kings, Rock of Gibraltar, Footstepsinthesand, George Washington, Henrythenavigator, Gleneagles, Saxon Warrior Fastest winning time – Mister Baileys, 1m 35.08s Widest winning margin – Tudor Minstrel, 8 lengths Longest odds winner – Rockavon, 66/1 Shortest odds winner – St Frusquin, 12/100 Most runners – 28, in 1930 Fewest runners – 2, in 1829 and 1830 a Gilles de Retz was trained by Charles Jerdein as the Jockey Club would not allow women to hold a trainers' licence in 1956.b Nureyev finished first in 1980, but he was relegated to last place following a stewards' inquiry.† designates a Triple Crown Winner.‡ designates a filly.
Horse racing in Great Britain List of British flat horse races Paris-Turf: "1978". "1979". "1980". "1981". "1982". "1983". "1984". "1985". "1986". "1987". Racing Post: 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 2018galopp-sieger.de – 2000 Guineas Stakes. Horseracinghistory.co.uk – 2000 Guineas. Horseracingintfed.com – International Federation of Horseracing Authorities – Two Thousand Guineas. Tbheritage.com – Two Thousand Guineas Stakes. Abelson, Edward; the Breedon Book of Horse Racing Records. Breedon Books. Pp. 23–31. ISBN 1-873626-15-0. Randall, John. Horse Racing: The Records. Guinness Superlatives Ltd. pp. 14–24. ISBN 0-85112-446-1. YouTube Race Video https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfn5x2SD03q5hUzcSt8X4o8iklgqjrQut
Remembrancer was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1803. Bred and trained in County Durham, he was still unnamed when winning six races including the St Leger and the Doncaster Cup as a three-year-old, was undefeated in four starts in 1804, including a division of the Great Subscription Purse at York Racecourse, he remained in training as a five-year-old, but failed to win. At stud, he was moderately successful as a sire of racehorses, but had a lasting impact on the breed through the success of his daughters as broodmares. Remembrancer was a bay horse bred by his owner John Bowes, 10th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne at Streatlam Castle in County Durham, his sire Pipator was a useful, but unremarkable racehorse who sired several good runners and broodmares. Remembrancer's dam, Queen Mab was a influential broodmare with many successful racehorses among her direct descendants, including Hill Prince, Indian Skimmer, King's Theatre and Henrythenavigator.
Until 1913, there was no requirement for British racehorses to have official names, the horse who became known as Remembrancer competed in 1803 as Lord Strathmore's b. c. by Pipator out of Queen Mab. Lord Strathmore's colt began his racing career on 13 April 1803 at Catterick Bridge Racecourse in Yorkshire where he had three engagements. In the opening race of the day he started 2/1 second favourite for a two-mile sweepstakes and won from Mr Hutton's chestnut colt; that afternoon he walked over for a 100 guinea match against Hutton's colt over the same distance, although the race was declared void. Lord Strathmore claimed another 100 guineas when Lord Darlington's bay colt failed to appear for a scheduled match against his the son of Pipator. In June, Lord Strathmore's colt ran in two races at Newcastle Racecourse in Northumberland. On the opening day he was made 1/3 favourite for a two-mile sweepstakes, but was beaten by William Walker's bay colt by Screveton. Three days Strathmore's colt was matched against older horses in the Newcastle Gold Cup over four miles, won from three opponents.
The colt next appeared at York Racecourse in August, where he upset the odds-on favourite Doncaster in a two-mile sweepstakes for three-year-olds. Two days the Strathmore's colt, finished second to Doncaster, but ahead of William Walker's colt, when the three met in a sweepstakes over one and three quarter miles at the same venue. On his next appearance, Strathmore's colt ran at Richmond Racecourse on 7 September, when he was beaten by Saxoni in a sweepstakes. On 27 September, Strathmore's colt was one of a field of eight runners to contest the twenty-eighth running of the St Leger over two miles at Doncaster, his rivals included Lord Grey's bay colt and Sir Frank Standish's brother to Stamford, horses which had finished second and third to Ditto in The Derby. Ridden by Ben Smith, Strathmore's colt started 5/2 favourite and won from Macmanus, with Lord Grey's colt in third place. On the following afternoon the Leger winner ran in the four mile Gold Cup and won the weight-for-age contest from Mr Garforth's bay colt and two others.
The colt earned a total of 1475 guineas for his owner in 1803. Lord Strathmore's colt, now named Remembrancer was undefeated in four races in the 1804 season, he made his first appearance of the year on 21 June in the Newcastle Gold Cup. He won the race for the second time, beating two others. In August, Remembrancer made two appearances both over a distance of four miles, he began by winning the Gold Cup from Mr Bowman's filly Susan, three days won division of the Great Subscription Purse, beating Mr Peirse's bay colt, with Doncaster in third. Remembrancer made his final appearance at Pontefract Racecourse on 11 September, he won a four-mile sweepstakes in which he conceded twenty-five pounds to a three-year-old named Sir Charles, his only opponent. Remembrancer's final season was affected by injury, he began his season at York in August where he started odds-on favourite for a division of the Great Subscription, but broke down injured in finishing second to Ferguson. His final appearance came in the Doncaster Cup of 25 September.
He was not fancied in the betting and showed none of his old form, finishing unplaced behind Lord Fitzwilliam's Caleb Quotem. Remembrancer was retired from racing to his at his owner's stud at Streatlam Castle, he began his breeding career in 1806 with five shillings for the groom. His fee rose to eight guineas in 1808, to ten guineas in 1810. Remembrancer moved to "the neighborhood of Northallerton" in 1811 and to Boroughbridge a year before returning to Streatlam Castle for the 1816 season. After this time he appears to have produced few more foals and his name ceased to appear in the lists of stallion advertisements. Remembrancer died on 3 February 1829 at the age of twenty-nine. Remembrancer sired several good racehorses including the Craven Stakes winner Recordon, but had his greatest success as a sire of broodmares, his most enduring influence came through an unnamed "Remembrancer mare" foaled in 1807, who became the Foundation mare of Thoroughbred family 8-f. Her direct, female-line descendants have won many important races throughout the nineteenth and twenty-first centuries including the British Classic winners Nijinsky, El Gran Senor and The Minstrel as well as the notable North American runners Blue Larkspur, Rags to Riches
Blacklock was a British Thoroughbred racehorse who won seventeen of his twenty-three races. As a two-year-old in 1816 he was undefeated in three starts. In his first race as a three-year-old he finished second in a neck behind Ebor, he won four races in two weeks, including the Gascoigne Stakes and Dundas Stakes. In 1818 he recorded several wins including two of the Great Subscription Purses at York, he won a third Great Subscription Purse in 1819, along with the York Gold Cup. After retiring from racing, Blacklock became a successful stallion and was champion sire of Great Britain in 1829, the year his son Voltaire won the Doncaster Cup, he was owned by Thomas Kirby as a two-year-old, before being purchased by Richard Watt, who owned him for the remainder of his racing career. Blacklock was trained by Tommy Sykes. Blacklock was a bay colt bred by Francis Moss and foaled in 1814, he was sired by Whitelock. Whitelock was a son of St. Leger and dual Doncaster Cup winner Hambletonian, only defeated once in his career.
Blacklock's dam was a daughter of Coriander. He was the seventh of her nine foals. Francis Moss had bought Blacklock's dam for £3 in 1803. Blacklock was not thought to be a good-looking horse, he was described as being calf-kneed. Thomas Kirby purchased him from Moss for £40. Blacklock, unnamed and raced under the name "Mr. Kirby's b. c. by Whitelock, dam by Coriander", made his racecourse debut on 23 August 1816 at York in a sweepstakes of 20 guineas each for two-year-olds. After starting at the price of about 3/1 he won the race, with the judge being unable to place any of his five rivals. On 11 September at Pontefract, he faced three opponents for a sweepstakes of 20 guineas each over one mile, he won the race. Shylock finished with Angelica in third. Blacklock was purchased by Richard Watt. Racing in Watt's colours and ridden by jockey J. Jackson, Blacklock made his final start as a two-year-old at Doncaster on the 24 September when he competed in another sweepstakes of 20 guineas each, he started as the 4/7 favourite and won the race from the Young Woodpecker colt, followed by Eglinton.
Blacklock won the race easily. Blacklock, still unnamed, had his first race as a three-year-old in the St. Leger Stakes at Doncaster on Monday 22 September, he did not arrive at Doncaster until the Saturday before, after reports that he was amiss his odds had lengthened to as much as 10/1 in the betting. After arriving, he soon shortened in the betting. After another of the pre-race favourites, was withdrawn due to illness Blacklock was sent off as the short-priced favourite at about evens. Blacklock appeared like he was going to win and Jackson eased him up in the final furlong of the race; however and Restless began to close down his lead. By the time Jackson realised, Blacklock could not accelerate quick enough and Ebor came out on top, beating Blacklock by a neck. Restless was the only other runner that could be placed by the judge. Blacklock had a crack in one of his hind heels, thought to have affected him in the race. Two days after the St. Leger, Blacklock faced St. Helena over the same course and distance in the Gascoigne Stakes, which he won easily.
Twenty-four hours Blacklock lost to The Duchess in the Doncaster Club Stakes over two miles. On 8 October at Richmond he won a sweepstakes of 20 guineas each, beating four rivals, with Boroughman finishing second. In the day Blacklock won the Dundas Stakes, beating Rasping, D. I. O and Shepard into second and fourth respectively. Blacklock, racing under his name for the first time, started the 1818 season much earlier than he had done the previous two seasons, with his first race coming on 18 May at the York Spring Meeting in a sweepstakes of 20 guineas each over two miles, he could only finish third behind St. Helena. Two days he started as the 4/6 favourite for the Constitution Stakes over a mile-and-a-quarter, he biggest rival was expected to be the Duke of Leeds's Rasping, priced at 2/1. Blacklock won the race with Hornby in third and Whiff last of the four runners. Blacklock did not race again until August at York, where he ran in the four-mile Great Subscription Purse for four-year-olds, he faced three rivals.
Blacklock won the race by over 100 yards without being asked for an effort, causing some people to proclaim "nothing has been seen at all equal to Mr. Watt's Blacklock since the days of Eclipse." This referring to the ease with which Eclipse won his races. Agatha finished the race in St. Helena in third; the race was won in a time of 7 minutes 23 seconds. The next day he beat Silenus to win the four-mile Great Subscription Purse for four and five-year-olds. In the same day he started as the 1/2 favourite in a two-mile sweepstakes of 25 guineas each, where he faced four opponents. Despite it being his third race in two days he won. Blacklock went to Doncaster, where on 23 September, he started 1/2 favourite and beat The Duchess to win the Doncaster Stakes over four miles; the same day he walked over for a sweepstakes of 50 guineas each over the St. Leger course. Twenty-four hours he beat Rasping to win a sweepstakes of 25 guineas each over four miles, and went on to beat The Duchess to win the Doncaster Club Stakes.
This was his fourth race in the sp