click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

The Beverly Hillbillies

The Beverly Hillbillies is an American sitcom television series broadcast on CBS from 1962 to 1971. The show had an ensemble cast featuring Buddy Ebsen, Irene Ryan, Donna Douglas, Max Baer Jr. as the Clampetts, a poor backwoods family from the Ozarks region who move to posh Beverly Hills, California after striking oil on their land. The show was created by writer Paul Henning, it was followed by two other Henning-inspired "country cousin" series on CBS: Petticoat Junction and its spin-off Green Acres, which reversed the rags-to-riches, country-to-city model of The Beverly Hillbillies. The Beverly Hillbillies ranked among the top 20 most-watched programs on television for eight of its nine seasons, twice ranking as the number one series of the year, with 16 episodes that remain among the 100 most-watched television episodes in history, it accumulated seven Emmy nominations during its run. The series remains in syndicated reruns, its ongoing popularity spawned a 1993 film remake by 20th Century Fox.

The series starts as Jed Clampett, an impoverished and widowed mountaineer, is living alongside an oil-rich swamp with his daughter and mother-in-law. A surveyor for the OK Oil Company realizes the size of the oil field, the company pays him a fortune for the right to drill on his land. Patriarch Jed's cousin Pearl Bodine prods him to move to California after being told his modest property could yield $25 million, pressures him into taking her son Jethro along; the family moves into a mansion in wealthy Beverly Hills, next door to Jed's banker, Milburn Drysdale and his wife, Margaret who has zero tolerance for hillbillies. The Clampetts bring a moral and minimalistic lifestyle to the swanky, sometimes self-obsessed and superficial community. Double entendres and cultural misconceptions are the core of the sitcom's humor. Plots involve the outlandish efforts Drysdale makes to keep the Clampetts' money in his bank and his wife's efforts to rid the neighborhood of those hillbillies; the family's periodic attempts to return to the mountains are prompted by Granny's perceiving a slight from one of the "city folk".

Buddy Ebsen as J. D. "Jed" Clampett, the widowed patriarch and head of the household. Irene Ryan as Daisy May Moses, Jed's mother-in-law and Elly May's Grandmother. Donna Douglas as Elly May Clampett, Jed's beautiful tomboy daughter Max Baer Jr. as Jethro Bodine, the brawny, half-witted son of Jed's cousin Pearl. Raymond Bailey as Milburn Drysdale, Jed's greedy, unscrupulous banker Nancy Kulp as Miss Jane Hathaway, Drysdale's scholarly, "plain Jane" secretary Harriet MacGibbon as Margaret Drysdale, Mr. Drysdale's ostentatious wife Bea Benaderet as Jed's cousin Pearl Although he has little formal education and is naive about the world outside the area where he lives, Jed Clampett has a good deal of common sense. We learned in the 11th episode that he is the widower of Granny's daughter, Rose Ellen though Buddy Ebsen is only 6 years younger than Irene Ryan, he is the son of Luke Clampett and his wife, has a sister called Myrtle. Jed is the head of the family; the huge oil pool in the swamp he owned was the beginning of his rags-to-riches journey to Beverly Hills.

He is the straight man to Granny and Jethro's antics. His catchphrase is, "Welllllll, doggies!" Jed was one of the three characters to appear in all 274 episodes of the series. Daisy May Moses, called "Granny" by all, is Jed's mother-in-law and therefore called "Granny Clampett" in spite of her last name, she has an abrasive personality and is quick to anger, but is overruled by Jed. She fancies herself a Baptist Christian with forgiveness in her heart. A self-styled "M. D.", Granny uses her "white lightning" brew as a form of anesthesia when commencing painful treatments such as leech bleeding and using pliers for teeth-pulling. Paul Henning discarded the idea of making Granny Jed's mother, which would have changed the show's dynamics, making Granny the matriarch and Jed her subordinate. Elly May, the only child of Jed and Rose Ellen Clampett, is a mountain beauty with the body of a pin-up girl and the soul of a tomboy, she can throw a fastball as well as "wrassle" most men to a fall, she can be as tender with her friends and family as she is tough with anyone she wrassles.

She says once that animals can be better companions than people, but as she grows older, she allows that, "fellas kin be more fun than critters." In addition to the family dog, Duke, a number of pets live on the Clampett estate thanks to animal-lover Elly. In the 1981 TV movie, Elly May is the head of a zoo. Elly is a terrible cook. Family members cringe. Jethro is the son of Pearl Bodine. Pearl's mother and Jed's father were siblings, he drives the Clampett family to their new home in California and stays on with them to further his education. The others boast of Jethro's "sixth-grade education", but he is ignorant about nearly every aspect of modern California life. In one episode, he decides to go to college, he enrolls late in the semester at a local secretarial school and "earns" his diploma by the end of the day because he is so disruptive. This was an ironic in-joke – in real life, Max Baer Jr. has a bachelor's degree in business administration, minoring in philosophy, from Santa Clara University.

Many story lines involve Jethro's endless career search. He once deliberated over becoming a fry cook. His

Gelug

The Gelug is the newest of the schools of Tibetan Buddhism. It was founded by a philosopher and Tibetan religious leader; the first monastery he established was named Ganden, to this day the Ganden Tripa is the nominal head of the school, though its most influential figure is the Dalai Lama. Allying themselves with the Mongols as a powerful patron, the Gelug emerged as the pre-eminent Buddhist school in Tibet and Mongolia since the end of the 16th century; the Gelug school was called the "New Kadam", because it saw itself a revival of the Kadam school founded by Atisha."Ganden" is the Tibetan rendition of the Sanskrit name "Tushita", the Pure land associated with Maitreya Buddha. At first, Tsongkhapa's school was called "Ganden Choluk" meaning "the Spiritual Lineage of Ganden". By taking the first syllable of'Ganden' and the second of'Choluk', this was abbreviated to "Galuk" and modified to the more pronounced "Gelug"; the Kadam school was a monastic tradition in Tibet, founded by Atisa’s chief disciple Dromtön in 1056 C.

E. with the establishment of Reting Monastery. The school itself was based upon the Lamrim or "Graded Path", approach synthesized by Atisa. While it had died out as an independent tradition by the 14th century, this lineage became the inspiration for the foundation of the Gelug-pa; the Gelug school was founded by Je Tsongkhapa, an eclectic Buddhist monk who traveled Tibet studying under Sakya and Nyingma teachers, such as the Sakya Master Rendawa and the Dzogchen master Drupchen Lekyi Dorje. A great admirer of the Kadam school, Tsongkhapa merged the Kadam teachings of Lojong and Lamrim with the Sakya Tantric teachings, he emphasized monasticism and a strict adherence to vinaya. He combined this with extensive and unique writings on Madhyamaka, the Svatantrika-Prasaṅgika distinction, Nagarjuna's philosophy of Śūnyatā that, in many ways, marked a turning point in the history of philosophy in Tibet. Tsongkhapa's Great Exposition of the Stages of the Path, is an exposition of his synthesis and one of the great works of the Gelug school.

Tsongkhapa and his disciples founded Ganden monastery in 1409, followed by Drepung and Sera, which became the "great three" Gelug monasteries. After the death of Tsongkhapa the order grew as it developed a reputation for strict adherence to monastic discipline and scholarship as well as tantric practice. Tsongkhapa had Gyaltsab Je and Khedrup Gelek Pelzang, 1st Panchen Lama. In 1577 Sonam Gyatso, considered to be the third incarnation of Gyalwa Gendün Drup, formed an alliance with the most powerful Mongol leader, Altan Khan; as a result, Sonam Gyatso was designated as the 3rd Dalai Lama. Sonam Gyatso was active in proselytizing among the Mongols, the Gelug tradition was to become the main spiritual orientations of the Mongols in the ensuing centuries; this brought the Gelugpas powerful patrons. The Gelug-Mongol alliance was further strengthened as after Sonam Gyatso's death, his incarnation was found to be Altan Khan's great-grandson, the 4th Dalai Lama. Following violent strife among the sects of Tibetan Buddhism, the Gelug school emerged as the dominant one, with the military help of the Mongol Güshri Khan in 1642.

According to Tibetan historian Samten Karmay, Sonam Chophel, treasurer of the Ganden Palace, was the prime architect of the Gelug's rise to political power. He received the title Desi, meaning "Regent", which he would earn through his efforts to establish Gelugpa power; the fifth Dalai Lama was the first in his line to hold full spiritual power in Tibet. He established diplomatic relations with Qing Dynasty China, built the Potala Palace in Lhasa, institutionalized the Tibetan state Nechung oracle and welcomed Western missionaries. From the period of the 5th Dalai Lama in the 17th century, the Dalai Lamas held political control over central Tibet; the core leadership of this government was referred to as the Ganden Phodrang. Scottish Botanist George Forrest, who witnessed the 1905 Tibetan Rebellion led by the Gelug Lamas, wrote that the majority of the people in the Mekong valley in Yunnan were Tibetan. According to his accounts, the Gelugpas were the dominant power in the region, with their Lamas governing the area.

Forrest said they used "force and fraud" to "terrorise the... peasantry". After the Incorporation of Tibet into the People's Republic of China, thousands of Tibetan monasteries were destroyed or damaged, many Gelug monks, including the 14th Dalai Lama fled the country to India; the three major Gelug monastic colleges were recreated in India. The Dalai Lama's current seat is Namgyal Monastery at Dharamshala, this monastery maintains a branch monastery in Ithaca, New York; the central teachings of the Gelug School are the Lamrim teachings of Tsongkhapa's Great Exposition of the Stages of the Path, based on the teachings of the Indian master Atiśa in A Lamp for the Path to Awakening. As the name indicates, this is a hierarchical model in which the practitioner accomplishes varying stages based on the classical Indian Mahayana model of the Bodhisattva "five paths and ten levels". One begins with the desire to seek a good rebirth, moves to seeking liberation for oneself

Loch of Harray

The Loch of Harray is the largest loch of Mainland Orkney, Scotland and is named for the parish of Harray. It lies north of the Loch of Stenness and is close to the World Heritage neolithic sites of the Stones of Stenness and Ring of Brodgar. In Old Norse its name was Heraðvatn; the loch was surveyed on 21 August 1903 by Sir John Murray and charted as part of the Bathymetrical Survey of Fresh-Water Lochs of Scotland 1897-1909. Murray observed that Loch of Harray is a freshwater loch, the largest in all Orkney with an area of 3.75 square miles and volume of 951,000,000 cubic feet and that it is somewhat influenced by the tides in the Hoy Sound although there is little variation in its level. The loch is connected to the Loch of Stenness at the Bridge of Brodgar; the two lochs together cover an area of 19.3 square kilometres making the two combined the ninth largest loch in Scotland by area. Murray recorded that despite there being an inlet allowing the free flow of water from the Loch of Stenness it has little impact on the biology of Harray and no seaweed was present, the water tasted fresh and normal freshwater plankton were seen.

The loch is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and has a large number of pondweed species three of which are scarce, a rare caddis fly and is the only known site in Scotland for a nerite snail Theodoxus fluviatilis, more found in English rivers. A wide variety of wildfowl winter at the loch including pochard, tufted duck and goldeneye

Strumpshaw Hall Steam Museum

The Strumpshaw Hall Steam Museum in Strumpshaw, Norfolk is home to a collection of Traction engines, Steam rollers, a Showman's engine and a Steam wagon which are run on special occasions and on the last Sunday of each month from April to October. The Hall itself is GradeII listed, in the grounds are a touring caravan site. Neighbouring the hall and farm estate is the Strumpshaw Fen RSPB reserve; the existing house was built in 1835 by Thomas Tuck. The two storey property is built of red brick on a rendered base, featuring three bays enclosing sash windows, topped by a hipped slate roof and two chimneys. Within the central bay, extended by a pediment, it features a Doric porch; the main house was added to in the Victorian era with a lower two-storey service wing, three windows wide. It was listed GradeII in 1979; the collection was started by Wesley Key, his family still own the hall and most of the exhibits. Key opened his collection to the public on open days and latterly as a museum, which still opens between April and October.

The museum is presently owned by Wesley's grandson Jimmy Key. The main collection is housed in an extended area of the former farm on the estate, together with some redeveloped outbuildings and a specially developed extension. Internally the collection includes a diverse collection of mobile and stationary industrial and agricultural engines powered by steam alongside some early internal combustion engines. There is a theatre collection, which includes a large Christie Wonder Organ; the museum has the last surviving example of a Garret type of Traction Engine still in service, a working Steam Wagon, a Ploughing Traction Engine with a Threshing machine, an old plough with the Ploughing engine. Externally the museum has a narrow gauge railway; this consists of a Simplex diesel disguised as a steam engine. The co-located farm has some fairground rides on site which are in operation and accessible to visitors, it has a collection of rare breeds of birds. The park is used for an annual steam rally, held each year on the Spring Bank Holiday weekend.

The event features several of the Museum's engines in steam, with about 50 other visiting engines present, as well as 30 miniatures in steam. The event has large numbers of vintage and classic tractors and commercial vehicles on display with a daily parade. Not all on display. Aveling and Porter – 3 Steam rollers, 2'tractors' Burrell – 3 Traction engines, including 1921 Princess Royal Foden – 1 Steam waggon John Fowler & Co. – 1 pair of Ploughing engines Garrett – 1 Traction engine Marshall, Sons & Co. – 5 Traction engines, 1 steam roller Ransomes, Sims & Jefferies – Portable engine Ruston Proctor – Traction engine Wallis & Steevens – Traction engineVintage tractorsField Marshall International HarvesterHorizontal enginesRobey & Co. Beam engineA large beam engine, saved from a local water works is being restored. Rail locomotiveCagney Bros. - 16 in. Gauge 4-4-0 steam locomotive List of steam fairs Old Glory Magazine No.229 February 2009 Directory of Engines in Museums The Museum's official website

Iah (queen)

Iah was a king's mother and queen of ancient Egypt c. 2060 BC, during the mid 11th Dynasty. Daughter of a pharaoh Intef II, mother of pharaoh Mentuhotep II, she was the queen of Intef III. Little is known for certain about the life of Iah, she bore the title of king's daughter, which indicates that she was the daughter of pharaoh Intef II, but this remains conjectural. Her name is a reference to an Egyptian Moon god. Iah was married to pharaoh Intef III, although the important title king's wife is not attested for her, their children were: Pharaoh Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II Queen Neferu IIAs the mother of Mentuhotep II and Neferu II, Iah was both the maternal and paternal grandmother of king Mentuhotep III. Iah appears on a rock relief in the Shatt er-Rigal where she is shown standing behind Mentuhotep II. In front of both of them are depicted the beloved god's father, son of Ra, Intef and the royal sealer and treasurer Kheti, she appears in the tomb TT319 of her daughter Neferu II. She is named on relief fragments of Neferu's tomb and on model coffins, where it is written: "Neferu, born of Iah".

Beloved King’s Mother Priestess of Hathor King's daughter

Residences of the Royal House of Savoy

The Residences of the Royal House of Savoy are a group of buildings in Turin and the Metropolitan City of Turin, in Piedmont. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list in 1997; the House of Savoy is an ancient royal family, being founded in year 1003 in the Savoy region expanding so that by 1720 it reigned over the Kingdom of Sardinia in northwestern Italy. Through its junior branch, the House of Savoy-Carignano, it led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until the end of World War II. At this time, King Victor Emanuel III abdicated in favour of his son Umberto II but after a constitutional referendum in 1946, the monarchy was abolished, a republic was established, members of the House of Savoy were required to leave the country. In 1562, Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy moved his capital to Turin and commenced a series of building projects using the best architects available at the time; the buildings, lavishly constructed and including embellishments by contemporary artists, were designed to impress the public and demonstrate the power of the House of Savoy.

As well as palaces in Turin itself, country houses and hunting lodges were built in the surrounding countryside. All these buildings have been jointly listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on the basis that they "represent the best in European monumental architecture from the 17th and 18th centuries, expressing in their style and opulence a potent demonstration of the power of absolute monarchy in material terms". In Turin:Palazzo Reale Palazzo Madama Palazzo Carignano Castello del Valentino Villa della Regina In Piedmont:Palazzina di Stupinigi Reggia di Venaria Reale Castle of La Mandria Castle of Rivoli Castle of Agliè Castle of Moncalieri Castle of Racconigi Pollenzo Estate Castle of Govone County of Savoy Duchy of Savoy Kingdom of Sardinia Kingdom of Italy UNESCO.org: Residences of the Royal House of Savoy World Heritage Site