The Big Lebowski is a 1998 crime comedy film written and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen. It stars Jeff Bridges as a Los Angeles slacker and avid bowler, he is assaulted as a result of mistaken identity, after which The Dude learns that a millionaire was the intended victim. The millionaire Lebowski's trophy wife is kidnapped, he commissions The Dude to deliver the ransom to secure her release. Julianne Moore, Steve Buscemi, David Huddleston, John Turturro and Philip Seymour Hoffman appear, in supporting roles; the film is loosely inspired by the work of Raymond Chandler. Joel Coen stated, "We wanted to do a Chandler kind of story – how it moves episodically, deals with the characters trying to unravel a mystery, as well as having a hopelessly complex plot that's unimportant." The original score was composed by a longtime collaborator of the Coen brothers. The Big Lebowski was a disappointment at the U. S. received mixed reviews at the time of its release. Over time, reviews have become positive, the film has become a cult favorite, noted for its eccentric characters, comedic dream sequences, idiosyncratic dialogue, eclectic soundtrack.
In 2014, the film was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress, being deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant". A spin-off based on John Turturro's character, titled The Jesus Rolls, is scheduled for a 2020 release, with Turturro acting as writer and director. In 1991 Los Angeles, Jeffrey "The Dude" Lebowski, a middle-aged bachelor with a penchant for cannabis and bowling, is assaulted by two goons hired by pornographer Jackie Treehorn, demanding money owed by the wife of another Jeffrey Lebowski. Realizing they have the wrong man, they leave. On the advice of his bowling partners Donny Kerabatsos and Vietnam veteran Walter Sobchak, the Dude seeks compensation from the other Lebowski, a wealthy philanthropist who refuses his request. Leaving Lebowski’s mansion, the Dude takes a valuable rug and meets Bunny, Lebowski's young trophy wife. Days the Dude is told that Bunny has been kidnapped, Lebowski wants the Dude to deliver the ransom money; that night, another pair of thugs take his new rug.
The kidnappers arrange a meeting, Walter accompanies the Dude with a plan to give them another briefcase, containing Walter's "dirty undies", so he and the Dude can keep the ransom money. Taking the briefcase, the kidnappers escape on motorcycles. After another game of bowling, the Dude's car is stolen with the real briefcase inside. Lebowski's daughter Maude calls the Dude, explaining that she took the rug and inviting him to visit her, she plays him a pornographic video revealing. Believing Bunny staged her own abduction, Maude asks the Dude to recover the ransom which her father withdrew from the family's personal foundation. Lebowski confronts the Dude, angry that he failed to deliver the ransom, shows him a severed toe presumed to be Bunny's. Three German nihilists threaten the Dude; the Dude's car is recovered by police, minus the briefcase, but inside the Dude finds the homework of a high school student named Larry Sellars. Walter and the Dude confront Larry at his family’s home, Walter uses a crowbar to wreck a new sports car parked outside which he believes Larry bought with the stolen money.
The car’s real owner rushes outside and wrecks the Dude's car in revenge, thinking it to be Walter's. The Dude is forcibly brought to Treehorn, seeking Bunny and the money she owes him. Treehorn drugs the Dude's white Russian cocktail, causing him to dream about starring in a Treehorn film about bowling with Maude. Awakening in police custody, the Dude is assaulted by the Malibu police chief. After being kicked out of a cab, the Dude is unknowingly passed by Bunny, revealed to still have all of her toes; the Dude returns home to find his bungalow ransacked by Treehorn's goons. He is seduced by Maude, who hopes to conceive a child but wishes him to have no involvement in its upbringing, she explains that her father has no money of his own, as her late mother left everything to the family charity. Having had an epiphany, the Dude has Walter drive him to the Lebowski estate, where Bunny has returned, the truth of her disappearance is revealed: When Bunny left town on an unannounced trip, her nihilist friends faked her kidnapping to extort money from her husband.
Walter and the Dude confront Lebowski, who refuses to admit responsibility, so Walter picks him up and throws him out of his wheelchair, thinking he is faking his paralysis. The Dude and his friends return to the bowling alley. Learning there was never any money, the nihilists try to rob them but Walter violently fends them off. During the scuffle, Donny dies; some time after delivering an informal eulogy to Donny at the beach, Walter accidentally scatters Donny's ashes onto the Dude. They go bowling, the Dude encounters the film's cowboy narrator, who tells the audience that Maude is pregnant with a "little Lebowski" and hopes that the Dude and Walter will win their upcoming bowling tournament. Jeff Bridges as Jeffrey "The Dude" Lebowski. Bridges had heard or was told by the Coen brothers that they had wr
The Low End Theory is the second studio album by American hip hop group A Tribe Called Quest, released on September 24, 1991, by Jive Records. Recording sessions for the album were held at Battery Studios in New York City, from 1990 to 1991. Produced by group member Q-Tip, it is a departure from the group's debut album, People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm, enveloping a minimalist sound that combines bass, drum breaks and jazz samples. Lyrically, the album features social commentary, word play and interplay between group members Q-Tip and Phife Dawg. Supported by the lead single "Check the Rhime", The Low End Theory debuted at number 45 on the Billboard 200 chart. Upon its release, the album's commercial potential was doubted by music writers and Jive record executives. However, the release of two additional singles, "Jazz" and "Scenario", brought further attention and popularity to the group. On February 19, 1992, the album was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America, with shipments of 500,000 copies in the United States, on February 1, 1995, it was certified platinum by the RIAA, with shipments of one million copies.
In the years since its release, The Low End Theory has garnered recognition from music critics and writers as a milestone in alternative hip hop. The album is regarded as Phife Dawg's breakout and is credited for helping launch rapper Busta Rhymes's successful solo career; the album's influence on artists in hip hop, R&B and other genres has been attributed to the group's lyricism and Q-Tip's production, which bridged the gap between jazz and hip hop. It is regarded as one of the greatest hip hop albums of all time, appearing on many best album lists by music critics and writers. A month after the release of A Tribe Called Quest's debut album, People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm, group member Phife Dawg learned that he was diabetic and considered leaving the group. After a discussion with fellow member Q-Tip, they agreed to increase his participation on their second album and to "step it up in general as a group." Recording sessions for the second album began when sessions from People's Instinctive Travels kept creatively flowing.
The group wanted to begin recording the album shortly after the completion of People's Instinctive Travels, for which they still had to tour and film music videos. Phife Dawg recalled, "Tip didn't want to stop." The album's title, The Low End Theory, referred to both the status of black men in society and bass frequencies in the music, while the album cover featured a photograph of a kneeling woman painted in Afrocentric colors. During the recording sessions, the group fired their manager Kool DJ Red Alert and joined Russell Simmons's Rush Artist Management, with Chris Lighty serving as their new manager, they fired their lawyer, Red Alert's manager, faced a lawsuit as a result. Both moves created tension within the Native Tongues collective, never resolved. After switching managers, the group demanded more advances from Jive, who extended their recording contract for one more album. However, the negotiations between the group and Jive lasted over a year and strained their relationship; these events created a disillusionment with the music industry among the group, which affected "both material and approach" on The Low End Theory.
The majority of the recording sessions took place at Battery Studios in Manhattan, from 1990 to 1991, where the songs were recorded on a Neve 8068 mixing console. Like People's Instinctive Travels, production on The Low End Theory was handled by Q-Tip, while Ali Shaheed Muhammad provided DJ scratching and co-production. Skeff Anselm produced two songs. Producer Pete Rock created the original beat for the second single, "Jazz", before it was recreated by Q-Tip, who credited Rock in the outro of the song. Group member Jarobi White, who appeared on People's Instinctive Travels, had verses recorded for The Low End Theory. However, he left the group during the sessions to study culinary art and his verses did not make the final cut; the song "Butter" was supposed to feature a verse by Q-Tip, but Phife Dawg insisted on rapping solo on it, causing a brief argument. It became a Phife Dawg solo record, with Q-Tip performing the chorus. Two posse cuts were recorded: the third single "Scenario", featuring Leaders of the New School, "Show Business", featuring Lord Jamar and Sadat X of Brand Nubian and Diamond D of D.
I. T. C; the former had several versions recorded, one of which included Posdnous of De La Soul and Black Sheep, as well as Chris Lighty, Jarobi White and future Flipmode Squad rapper Rampage, while the latter was recorded as "Georgie Porgie", but was rejected by Jive for being "too homophobic" before being rewritten. Q-Tip did not want to sound congested on the album; the Low End Theory was one of the first records to fuse hip hop with the laid-back atmosphere of jazz bebop and hard bop. The album's minimalist sound is "stripped to the essentials: vocals and bass." The bass vocals emphasize the downbeat on every song. Q-Tip credited the production on N. W. A's album Straight Outta Compton as inspiration: "what resonated was just that bottom, that bass and the drive of it."The album is noted for its use of the double bass, "crisp" and "live-sounding" drum programming and "deftly placed samples or electric keyboards." In addition, the group was praised for its "departure towards a live instrumental sound" and for using "
Dead Man Weds is a six-part comedy series shown on ITV in Britain in January and early February 2005, repeated on ITV2. The series was written by Dave Spikey, it was produced for ITV by the Red Production Company, starred Spikey and Johnny Vegas. The series concerns the staff of a fictional newspaper, The Fogburrow Advertiser, the title of the series is a typical example of the paper's front-page headlines; the billboard did not have quote marks around the word dead, which made Spikey laugh and so he developed the sitcom from that headline. In the series, a new editor, Gordon Garden, is determined to shake up the newspaper; the acting editor, Lewis Donat, is convinced that he should have been made editor himself, believes that journalism involves going on a break as soon as he gets in, stealing stories from old newspapers and getting the rest of the news from Joan at the cake shop, Cake That. The series was filmed in several locations, notably Castleton in Derbyshire; the theme music used as incidental music and stings throughout the series, is a version of Jonathan King's composition "It's Good News Week", a hit for Hedgehoppers Anonymous in 1965.
The production company has announced that the series will not be released on DVD because of problems obtaining copyright clearance for the music used. Dead Man Weds on IMDb Dead Man Weds at British Comedy Guide Red Production website