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The Big O

The Big O is a Japanese anime television series created by designer Keiichi Sato and director Kazuyoshi Katayama for Sunrise. The writing staff was assembled by the series' head writer, Chiaki J. Konaka, known for his work on Serial Experiments Lain and Hellsing; the story takes place forty years after a mysterious occurrence causes the residents of Paradigm City to lose their memories. The series follows Paradigm City's top Negotiator, he provides this "much needed service" with the help of a robot named R. Dorothy Wayneright and his butler Norman Burg; when the need arises, Roger calls upon a giant relic from the city's past. The television series was designed as a tribute to Japanese and Western shows from the 1960s and 1970s; the series is presented in the style of film noir and combines themes of detective fiction and mecha anime. The setpieces are reminiscent of tokusatsu productions of the 1950s and 1960s Toho's kaiju movies, the score is an eclectic mix of styles and musical homages; the Big O aired on WOWOW satellite television from October 13, 1999, January 19, 2000.

The English-language version premiered on Cartoon Network on April 2, 2001, ended on April 18, 2001. Planned as a 26-episode series, low viewership in Japan reduced production to the first 13. Positive international reception resulted in a second season consisting of the remaining 13 episodes. Season two premiered on Japan's SUN-TV on January 2, 2003, the American premiere took place seven months later. Following the closure of Bandai Entertainment by parent company Bandai in 2012, Sunrise announced at Otakon 2013 that Sentai Filmworks rescued both seasons of The Big O; the Big O is set in the fictional city-state of Paradigm City. The city is surrounded by a vast desert wasteland; the domed city is wholly controlled by the monopolistic Paradigm Corporation, resulting in a corporate police state. Paradigm is known as "The City of Amnesia" because of forty years prior to the story, ""The Event" destroyed the world outside the city and left the survivors without any prior memories; the city is characterized by severe class inequity.

Residents of the city believe that they are the last survivors of the world and no other nations exist outside the city. Androids and giant robots known as "Megadeus" coexist with the residents of Paradigm City and do not find them unusual. After failing to negotiate with terrorists at the cost of his client's life, Roger Smith is obligated to care for Dorothy Wayneright, a young female android. Over the course of the series, Roger Smith continues to accept negotiation work from the residents of Paradigm City, he leads to uncovering the nature and mystery of Paradigm City and encountering megadeus or other giant enemies that require Big O. Supporting characters are Angel, a mysterious woman in search of memories; the main antagonist is Alex Rosewater, chairman of Paradigm City whose goal is to revive the megadeus "Big Fau" in attempts to become the god of Paradigm City. Other recurring antagonists are Jason Beck and con-artist attempting to humiliate Roger Smith; the series ends with the awakening of a new megadeus, the revelation that the world is a simulated reality.

A climactic battle ensues between Big O and Big Fau, after which reality is systematically erased by the new megadeus, an incarnation of Angel, recognized as "Big Venus" by Dorothy. Roger implores Angel to "let go of the past" regardless of its existential reality, focus only on the present and the future. In an isolated control room, the real Angel observes Roger and her past encounters with him on a series of television monitors. On the control panel lies Metropolis, a book featured prominently since the thirteenth episode, with the cover featuring an illustration of angel wings and gives the author's name as "Angel Rosewater". Big Venus and Big O physically merge, causing the virtual reality to reset; the final scene shows Roger Smith driving down a restored Paradigm city with Dorothy and Angel observe from the side of the road. Development of the retro-styled series began in 1996. Keiichi Sato came up with the concept of The Big O: a giant city-smashing robot, piloted by a man in black, in a Gotham-like environment.

He met up with Kazuyoshi Katayama, who had just finished directing Those Who Hunt Elves, started work on the layouts and character designs. But when things "were about to start moving," production on Katayama's Sentimental Journey began, putting plans on hold. Meanwhile, Sato was involved with his work on City Hunter. Sato admits it all started as "a gimmick for a toy" but the representatives at Bandai Hobby Division did not see the same potential. From there on, the dealings would be with Bandai Visual, but Sunrise still needed some safeguards and requested more robots be designed to increase prospective toy sales. In 1999, with the designs complete, Chiaki J. Konaka was brought on as head writer. Among other things, Konaka came up with the idea of "a town without memory" and his writing staff put together the outline for a 26-episodes series. T

Tina Ahlin

Katrina "Tina" Ahlin, is a Swedish composer and singer. She was born in Tyresö and got her education at Stockholms Musikgymnasium, Adolf Fredrik's School of Music and Kommunala musikinstitutet, she has collaborated with several Swedish singers such as Thomas Di Leva and Orup. She has played in several revues such as Hjalmars spelhåla,Lorry-revyn and Prins korv under taket, she has been the team leader pianist in the SVT show Så ska det låta. She has worked in Gokväll. In 2009, Tina Ahlin presented the show, she has presented SVTs broadcasts for Valborg, the National day and Midsummer celebrations. Media related to Tina Ahlin at Wikimedia Commons

Edwards Amasa Park

Edwards Amasa Park was an American Congregational theologian. Born in Providence, Rhode Island, Park was the son of Calvin Park. Edwards Amasa Park graduated at Brown University in 1826, was a teacher at Braintree for two years, in 1831 graduated from Andover Theological Seminary, he was co-pastor of the orthodox Congregational church of Braintree in 1831-1833. He died at Andover on 4 June 1900. An ardent admirer of Jonathan Edwards, whose great-granddaughter he married, Park was one of the most notable American theologians and orators, he was the most prominent leader of the new school of New England Theology. He left his theological impress on the Bibliotheca Sacra, which he and Bela B. Edwards took over in 1844 from Edward Robinson, who had founded it in 1843, of which Park was assistant editor until 1851 and editor-in-chief from 1851 to 1884; as a general statement of the position of orthodox Congregationalism he drew up and annotated the Associate Creed of Andover Theological Seminary, the anonymously published Worcester Creed of 1884 was his popularized and simplified statement.

He edited in 1890 The Atonement, a collection of essays by various hands, prefaced by his study of the Rise of the Edwardean Theory of the Atonement. Park's sermon, The Theology of the Intellect and that of the Feelings, delivered in 1850 before the convention of the Congregational ministers of Massachusetts, published in the Bibliotheca Sacra of July 1850, was the cause of a long and bitter controversy, metaphysical rather than doctrinal, with Charles Hodge; some of Park's sermons were published in 1885, under the title Discourses on Some Theological Doctrines as Related to the Religious Character. With Austin Phelps and Lowell Mason he prepared The Sabbath Hymn Book, he published memoirs of Samuel Hopkins, Nathanael Emmons, others. See Professor Park and His Pupils, a memorial of his 90th birthday, with articles by R. S. Storrs, G. R. W. Scott, Joseph Cook, G. Frederick Wright, others. Attribution: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Park, Edwards Amasa".

Encyclopædia Britannica. 20. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 825–826

Edward Fitzherbert, 13th Baron Stafford

Admiral Edward Stafford Fitzherbert, 13th Baron Stafford, KCB was an English peer, holding the title Baron Stafford. He was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope Station. Fitzherbert joined the Royal Navy in 1877, he was promoted to commander on 30 June 1899, during the summer of 1902 was appointed in command of the protected cruiser HMS Cambrian, senior officer′s ship on the South East Coast of America Station. Promoted to Captain in 1904, he was given command of the battleship HMS Albemarle, of the training ship HMS Impregnable and of the armoured cruiser HMS Bedford which ran aground in 1910, he served in World War I as Director of Mines and Torpedoes from October 1915 and as Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope Station from May 1918. He became a full Admiral on retirement in 1925, his father was Basil Thomas Fitzherbert and his mother was Emily Charlotte Stafford-Jerningham. He changed his surname to Fitzherbert-Stafford by Royal Licence, it was through his mother's side of the family that he gained the Stafford barony in 1932.

Fitzherbert-Stafford descended from Genoese nobility as his great grandfather was John Vincent Gandolfi, 12th Marquis Gandolfi. Fitzherbert did not marry and died without issue, the barony thus passed on to his nephew, Basil Fitzherbert, 14th Baron Stafford; the 13th Baron Stafford died at the family seat of Swynnerton Hall in 1941 at age 77. The Dreadnought Project: Edward Fitzherbert, 13th Baron Stafford

David Bodanis

David Bodanis is a futurist, business advisor and writer of popular science books, notably E=mc2: A Biography of the World's Most Famous Equation, translated into 26 languages. From Chicago, he received an undergraduate education in mathematics and economics at the University of Chicago, he has since been based in London. Bodanis was born and brought up in Chicago and read mathematics and history at the University of Chicago. In his early twenties he moved to Paris, where he began his career as a foreign correspondent for the International Herald Tribune. A move to the South of France followed, he split his time between France and London, combining writing with stints as a science presenter on 1980s ITV show, the Wide Awake Club. In 1986 Bodanis had his first commercial authorial success with The Secret House: 24 Hours in the Strange & Wonderful World in Which We Spend Our Nights and Days, which reached no 5 on The New York Times Best Seller list and established him as a popular science writer.

This book introduces Bodanis’s "microphotography" writing style, in which the author takes a worm's-eye view perspective that allows him to observe many obscure and complex phenomena of everyday life. Bodanis moved to the UK full-time in the late 1980s, combining writing with teaching social sciences at St Antony's College, consulting for the Royal Dutch Shell Scenario Prediction unit, speaking engagements including at conferences and Davos. In 2001 he published E=mc2: A Biography of the World's Most Famous Equation, translated into 20 languages, longlisted for the Samuel Johnson Prize for non-fiction. In 2005, it was made into a documentary for Channel 4, aired on PBS under the name Einstein's Big Idea. In 2009, E=mc2 was made into a ballet by the Birmingham Royal Ballet, under director David Bintley, won the South Bank Award for best British Dance of the year. Electric Universe: How Electricity Switched on the Modern World followed in 2006, won the Royal Society Prize for Best Science Book of the Year.

Bodanis caused some controversy by pledging to donate his prize to the family of the late government scientist, Dr David Kelly. In 2006 Bodanis published Passionate Minds, the story of a brilliant but forgotten French scientist, Émilie du Châtelet, her intellectual love affair with Voltaire. Passionate Minds was the BBC’s Book of the Week on Radio 4 in June 2006, featured on the cover of The Economist. In 2013, Bodanis contributed an essay, "Computer-Generated Fascism" published in John Brockman's Edge Question series, What Should We Be Worried About? Real Scenarios That Keep Scientists Up at Night. David’s latest book Einstein’s Greatest Mistake: The Life of a Flawed Genius was published September 2016, his essay appeared at NPR in December 2016. 2006: Electric Universe: How Electricity Switched on the Modern World – winner of Royal Society’s Science Book of the Year Prize 2010: Sadlers’ Wells Premier of the ballet version of E=mc2 – winner of South Bank Show Award for Best New Dance Bodanis lives in London with his second wife and stepson.

He has two children by a previous marriage. A keen kickboxer, he is a regular at Paragon Gym in Shoreditch, where he trains with champion kickboxing brothers and Stuart Lawson. Bodanis, David. Being Human. ISBN 978-0712603560. Bodanis, David; the Body Book: A Fantastic Voyage to the World Within. ISBN 978-0316100724. Bodanis, David; the Secret House: 24 Hours in the Strange and Unexpected World in which We Spend our Nights and Days. ISBN 067160032X. OCLC 13643652. Bodanis, David. Web of Words: The Ideas Behind Politics. ISBN 978-0333389751. Bodanis, David; the Secret Garden: Dawn to Dusk in the Astonishing Hidden World of the Garden. ISBN 978-0671663537. Bodanis, David. E=mc2: A Biography of the World's Most Famous Equation. ISBN 978-0802718211. Bodanis, David. Electric Universe: How Electricity Switched On the Modern World. ISBN 978-0-307-33598-2. Bodanis, David. Passionate Minds: The Great Love Affair of the Enlightenment, Featuring the Scientist Emilie du Chatelet, the Poet Voltaire, Sword Fights, Book Burnings, Assorted Kings.

ISBN 0-307-23720-6. Bodanis, David. Einstein's Greatest Mistake: The Life of a Flawed Genius. ISBN 978-1-4087-0809-5. Official website Bodanis’s page at Conville and Walsh literary agents Bodanis’s page, JLA speaking agency Bodanis, David articles for The Guardian Appearances on C-SPAN


CKLN-FM was a community radio station based in Toronto, Canada. From 1983 to 2011, CKLN Radio Inc. was licensed by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission as a campus-community FM radio station affiliated with Ryerson University, broadcast at 88.1 MHz on the FM dial with the call sign CKLN-FM. It ceased FM broadcasting on April 15, 2011 after its licence was revoked on January 28, 2011 and continued as an internet radio outlet until it ceased operations on December 26, 2011. In its final months most of the internet broadcaster's programs were produced in the Regent Park neighbourhood of Toronto. After CKLN was dissolved as an organization, its remaining resources and volunteers were transferred to Regent Park Focus Youth Media Arts Centre, which launched Radio Regent, a new Internet radio operation, in early 2012. After a round of licence hearings on new applications for CKLN's old frequency, the CRTC awarded the licence to Rock 95 Broadcasting, which launched CIND-FM under the name Indie 88 in September 2012, while a new campus radio station for Ryerson University was launched as CJRU in 2016.

CKLN began as a closed circuit station set up in 1970 as Ryerson Community Radio, its broadcasts piped to loudspeakers around campus. In 1972, it became independent of Ryerson's Radio and Television Arts department and adopted the call letters CRFM. In 1978, the station adopted the call letters CKLN and was broadcast through campus via closed circuit cable, it was licensed as an over the air FM broadcaster by the CRTC in 1983 as a Ryerson University-based campus-community radio station and assigned the frequency of 88.1 MHz on the FM band and allowed to retain the CKLN call letters. Ryerson had announced that it would close its earlier radio station, CJRT-FM, in 1973 due to financial constraints. Among CKLN's early accomplishments was the launch in 1983 of Ron Nelson's new show The Fantastic Voyage, Canada's first radio show devoted to hip hop; the program was influential in developing many of Canada's early hip hop stars. According to poet Clifton Joseph, the show was "the single most important agent responsible for the breaking of rap music in Toronto and laying the groundwork for the emergence of Canadian rap artists such as Michie Mee and Maestro Fresh Wes."Other artists such as Blue Rodeo and k.d. lang received airplay on CKLN prior to being picked up by mainstream radio.

The Globe and Mail says of the station that "it sat at the forefront of independent music and radical politics in the city for more than three decades, working with a shoe-string budget, yet it somehow always managed to survive."In the 1980s, the station helped create a news service to share content among left-wing stations worldwide including those run by the African National Congress and the FMLN in El Salvador. The station aired live coverage of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison. CKLN was the first broadcast outlet to air Toronto's Gay Pride Day Parade. In its coverage of the Rwandan genocide, CKLN aired an investigation of the colonial history behind the events. In 1985, the station was estimated to have 50,000 weekly listeners. By 1991, its audience had grown to an estimated 140,000 listeners a week. In 1989, The Toronto Star voted CKLN as "best radio station" in its annual Sammy awards. In April 1992, one student petitioned for a referendum to decide if the station should continue to receive student funding.

Former station manager Adam Vaughan a Member of Parliament, said in a 2015 interview that "What was great about CKLN is that it combined the strength of Ryerson with the diversity of Toronto... The diversity of the city and the diversity of the voices and the culture on air came to define CKLN and it was a huge part of our success." He added, that "The station, after I left, got heavily invested in identity politics. And instead of bringing diversity together, groups kind of started to fight with each other and it was hugely problematic in terms of trying to unify an audience... You could see the station drifting further and further away from a position of strength and experimentation into bitterness and at times, straight up incompetency."By September 2003, following the departure of station manager Conrad Collaco, CKLN was teetering on the brink of insolvency. As a result, the Ryerson Students' Union bailed out CKLN of $110,000 in debts. An earlier proposal by Collaco to deal with the station's financial problems with a $6 increase to the student levy was not approved by the student government which cited various issues such as the lack of audited statements, the lack of airtime for Ryerson students or acknowledgment of Ryerson on the air.

In August 2005, CKLN shifted its broadcast studios from the basement of Jorgenson Hall at Ryerson University to the second floor of the newly constructed Ryerson Student Campus Centre. In November 2007, CKLN's board appointed board member Mike Phillips as interim station manager, it had been over four years. On December 21, 2007, CKLN program director Tim May resigned "suddenly and questionably" and within days CKLN's board appointed board member Tony Barnes as interim program director without first advertising the post; the new hires, the manner in which the hirings were carried out, proved unpopular with some and resulted in a special general meeting being called, attended by over 150 members, more than 90% of whom voted to impeach the Board of Directors. The management and board of CKLN viewed the Special General Meeting as illegitimate along with the impeachment vote and subsequently dismissed several dozen volunteer programmers as well as two