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The Bishop's Wife

The Bishop's Wife known as Cary and the Bishop's Wife, is a 1947 Samuel Goldwyn romantic comedy feature film directed by Henry Koster and starring Cary Grant, Loretta Young, David Niven. The plot is about an angel; the film was adapted by Leonardo Bercovici and Robert E. Sherwood from the 1928 novel of the same name by Robert Nathan, it was remade in 1996 as The Preacher's Wife starring Denzel Washington, Whitney Houston, Courtney B. Vance. Bishop Henry Brougham, troubled with funding the building of a new cathedral, prays for divine guidance, his plea is answered by a suave angel named Dudley, who reveals his identity only to the clergyman. However, Dudley's mission is not to help construct a cathedral, but to spiritually guide Henry and the people around him. Henry has become obsessed to the detriment of his family life, his relationships with wife Julia and their young daughter are strained by his focus on the cathedral. Everyone, except for Henry, is charmed by Dudley the non-religious Professor Wutheridge.

Dudley persuades the wealthy parishioners widowed Agnes Hamilton, to contribute needed funds, but not to build the cathedral. He coaxes Mrs. Hamilton to donate her money to clothe the needy -- much to Henry's chagrin. To save time, Dudley redecorates the Broughams' Christmas tree in a few seconds, saves an old church by restoring interest in the boys' choir, dictates to a typewriter to magically produce Henry's new sermon — without Henry's knowledge; when Dudley spends time cheering up Julia, though, an unexpected development occurs: Dudley finds himself attracted to her. Sensing this, Henry becomes anxious for his unwelcome guest to finish and depart, he reveals Dudley's true identity to Professor Wutheridge, who urges him to stand up and fight for the woman he loves. Dudley indicates a willingness to stay, but Julia, sensing what he means, tells Dudley it is time for him to leave. Dudley tells the bishop. Henry wants to know. Dudley reminds the bishop. With his mission completed and knowing that Julia loves her husband, Dudley leaves, promising never to return.

All memory of him is erased, that Christmas Eve at midnight, Henry delivers the sermon that he believes he has written. Dudley observes from the street, satisfied. Niven was cast as the angel, Dana Andrews as the bishop, Teresa Wright as his wife. However, Wright had to bow out due to pregnancy. According to Robert Osborne, Andrews was lent to RKO. Koster brought in Cary Grant, but he wanted to play the angel, so the role of the bishop was given to Niven. Production was not without troubles. Producer Samuel Goldwyn replaced director William A. Seiter with Henry Koster to create a new film. In early previews, audiences disliked the film, so Billy Wilder and Charles Brackett made uncredited rewrites. So, though the premiere of The Bishop's Wife was accompanied by critical success, the film didn't do well at the box office at first. Market research showed. So, Goldwyn decided to re-title it Cary and the Bishop's Wife for some US markets, while adding a black text box with the question "Have you heard about CARY AND THE BISHOP'S WIFE?" on posters in markets where the film kept the original title.

By adding Grant's first name to the title the film's business increased by as much as 25 per cent. Location filming was done in Minnesota. In the scene in which Dudley conducts the boys' choir, the Charles Gounod composition'Noël: Montez à Dieu' was performed by the Robert Mitchell Boys Choir; the song "Lost April" featured in the film had lyrics written for it by Nat King Cole, who recorded it. The film won the Academy Award for Best Sound, was nominated for Best Director, Best Film Editing, Best Music, Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture and Best Picture; the film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists: 2002: AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions – Nominated 2006: AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers – Nominated The Bishop's Wife was dramatized as a half-hour radio play on the March 1, 1948 broadcast of The Screen Guild Theater with Cary Grant, Loretta Young and David Niven in their original film roles. It was presented on Lux Radio Theater three times as an hour-long broadcast: first on December 19, 1949, with Tyrone Power and David Niven, second on May 11, 1953, with Cary Grant and Phyllis Thaxter and third on March 1, 1955, again with Grant and Thaxter.

The soundtrack has been released on compact disc. The Bishop's Wife at AllMovie The Bishop's Wife at the TCM Movie Database The Bishop's Wife on IMDbStreaming audio The Bishop's Wife on Screen Guild Theater: March 1, 1948 The Bishop's Wife on Lux Radio Theater: May 11, 1953

Nicholas Carriger Estate

The Nicholas Carriger Estate is a collection of buildings located in Sonoma, United States. The estate consists of three buildings: the main house built in 1847, a small house, a replica of the main house, built in 1860, a winery, built in 1875; the main house and the Little Carriger house fall in the architectural Greek revival style. There is a locally quarried "candy rock" stone small building next to the main house that may have been used as an ice house; the everflowing Yulupa Spring, which supplied water to the houses and is still flowing, is a short walk along a hillside pathway from the main house. In 1979 the estate was designated a California Historical Landmark, in 2001, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Nicholas Carriger built the property after traveling west with his family as a settler of California. Carriger was welcomed to the area by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo. Vallejo and Carriger would remain lifelong friends. Carriger chose his estate property based on the good drainage of the area.

He purchased 1,000 acres, from Vallejo. It was on this land that Carriger was the first American to grow wine grapes in Sonoma Valley. Cattle, purchased from Vallejo grazed the property. After an absence to participate in the gold rush, Carriger returned after great success finding gold, to complete the main house in 1850. In 1875, he began construction of his winery building with a large celebration where he laid the cornerstone and a box containing personal items relating to the Carriger family and Sonoma. Nicholas Carriger died in 1885 at his home and is buried with family and other notable pioneers of Sonoma at the Mountain Cemetery in Sonoma, California. After the death of his wife, Mary Ann Wardlow Carriger, in 1891, the property remained in the Carriger family until sold by daughter Levisa Carriger Lewis; the estate was purchased in 2012 and is undergoing extensive restoration to preserve this important Sonoma landmark

Museum of Contemporary Photography

The Museum of Contemporary Photography was founded in 1976 by Columbia College Chicago as the successor to the Chicago Center for Contemporary Photography. The museum houses a permanent collection as well as the Midwest Photographers Project, which contains portfolios of photographers and artists' work who reside in the Midwestern United States; the Museum of Contemporary Photography began collecting in the early 1980s and has since grown its collection to include more than 15,000 objects by over 1,500 artists. The MoCP is accredited by the American Alliance of Museums. MoCP's initial permanent collection was defined as "contemporary", including works by American photographers since the 1950s. In the early 2000s, the date was pushed back to include the Farm Security Administration works of the 1930s and works by international artists; the MoCP’s permanent collection includes work by Ansel Adams, Harry Callahan, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Julia Margaret Cameron, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Irving Penn, David Plowden, Aaron Siskind, Victor Skrebneski among the 15,000-plus photographs and photographic objects, including gelatin-silver prints, color work, digital pieces and various alternative processes.

Notable exhibitions have included: Paul Shambroom: Evidence of Democracy, October–December 2003 Michael Wolf: The Transparent City and Work/Place, November 2008 – January 2009 Guy Tillim: Avenue Patrice Lumumba, January–March 2011 Official website


Azukibabaa is a monster from Miyagi prefecture to the Kanto region. This is an old woman's yokai. There is a theory that, instead of a different type of red bean-washing monster, the true nature of red bean washing is called "Azuma-gama" in some areas. Kawagoe City, Saitama Prefecture It is said that at the abandoned temple in Shimo-Kosaka-mura, it made a sound of red beans when it was raining in the evening. In this region, parents said to their children who did not keep up with their parents, saying: "I will be attacked by Shodouba". Gunma Prefecture Appears in a stream near Takasaki Castle. At night, they make the sound of red beans while singing, "Would you like to wash or eat the red beans?" And swallow those who pass nearby into the bright light. In order to avoid this strangeness, it is better to calm yourself by holding your thumb. In Showa-mura, Tone-gun, they make the sound of stirring azuki beans in a pot in a swamp, sing like "Azuki Togo or Catch and Eat" as well as Azuki Togi, it is said to be Itachi.

Tokyo On the moonlight of autumn, a small voice was heard from the brook saying, "One red bean, two red bean sasam...", at dawn, the old woman in a white outfit and holding a zebra disappeared into the. It is said that Shodobo appeared in the man well woman well in Ome city where the legend of Kobo Daishi remains Nakamaru Kakigihira, Kiyoharu Village, Kita-Koma District, Yamanashi Prefecture Also called Azuki Sagima, he lives on an Amandou tree near Suwa Shrine, calls a person who passes nearby at night saying "Azuki Anna Anna" and he is surprised. If you are panicking, you will be scooped up by a large tree. A yokai researcher, Kenji Murakami, has a connection with a youkai / Tsurube-otoshi, said to scoop up people from the top of a tree. Kawawa Town, Tsuzuki Ward, Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture Like Saitama Prefecture, it is spoken as a shrine mackerel as a child threatening monster. Nishi Narita, Tomiya City, Miyagi Prefecture Youkai similar to red bean washing. Called azuki bean, she appears as an old woman in a brook at sunset.

Fox is said to be true. List of legendary creatures from Japan

Rail transport in Fiji

Rail transport in Fiji moves cut sugar cane to crushing mills. There used to be two horse-drawn street tramway systems, some other passenger systems, an underground mine system, some tramways on construction projects. There are multiple other modes of transport in Fiji. Tramways have been used to transport sugar cane from the fields to the mill since 1876, when a 2.4 km horse tramway was constructed on the Selia Levu estate, on the island of Taveuni. The Holmhurst Mill on Tavenui had tramways from 1882 of 2 ft 6 in narrow gauge. A tramway was built on Mago Island. Most cane tramways were on the main islands of Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. Steam engines were used replaced with diesel engines. Most of the mills and tramways were built by the Colonial Sugar Refining Company, an Australian-owned company, were transferred to the Fiji Sugar Corporation in 1973, when CSR withdrew from Fiji. Many lines were on road reserve provided by the government; some passenger services were provided, such as the famous Free Train from 1915, with one or two trains a week from Lautoka to Kavanagasau and Rarawai on the Rarawai–Kavanagasau Light Railway.

In 1988, according to Cane Train, there were 645 km of permanent cane railway in Fiji, for the Lautoka and Rrawai, Penang mills on Viti Levu, the Labasa, on Vanua Levu. In the 1970s, a holiday resort on Malololailai Island, Nadi Bay, built a short tramway from the air strip to the resort complex, using 2 ft gauge equipment from the Fiji Sugar Corporation; the Coral Coast Railway Company, on Viti Levu, has operated return trips for visitors from Yanuca Island to Natadola Beach from 1986 and to Sigatoka. In 1884, the Levuka Tramway Company operated a 2 ft 6 in gauge tramway along the streets of Levuka to connect warehouses with the wharves. Similar tramways were laid in the new capital of Suva in the 1880s and were put on an official footing in 1891. Both were horse-operated, with the help of manpower; the Emperor Gold Mine, at Vatukoula, in northern Viti Levu, used 2 ft gauge tramways underground, with 21 battery-electric locomotives. Tramways were built for reclamation at Suva and Lautoka, airfield construction at Nadi, tunnelling for the Suva sewerage system and for the 1980s Monasavu hydroelectric scheme in the centre of Viti Levu.

Transport in Fiji Cane Train: The Sugar-cane Railways of Fiji by Peter Dyer and Peter Hodge ISBN 0-908573-50-2, a revision and expansion of: Balloon Stacks and Sugar Cane by Peter Dyer and Peter Hodge Media related to Rail transport in Fiji at Wikimedia Commons

Odette Roy Fombrun

Odette Roy Fombrun is a Haitian writer and intellectual. Born in Port-au-Prince, she graduated in 1935 from the teachers training college, Ecole Normale d'Institutrices, in 1945 went to the United States to pursue nursing studies for a year in Boston, Massachusetts, she opened Haiti's first kindergarten and first professional flower shop. She was awarded a Docteur Honoris Causa in december 2002 from the Université Royale d’Haïti in Port-au-Prince A prolific writer of fiction and non-fiction, she has published textbooks, mystery novels and magazine articles. Beginning in 1959, Fobrum went into exile for 27 years. Upon her return to Haiti, she was associated with the drafting of the country's new constitution, the organization Ligue Feminine d'Action Sociale, the founding in 2007 of the Fondation Odette Roy Fombrun, she turned 100 in June 2017. Her historical works include L'Ayiti des Indiens and Le Drapeau et les Armes de la République. Hall, Michael R.. Historical Dictionary of Haiti. Scarecrow Press.

ISBN 978-0-8108-7549-4. Fondation Odette Roy Fombrun