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The Blazing World

The Description of a New World, Called The Blazing-World, better known as The Blazing World, is a 1666 work of prose fiction by the English writer Margaret Cavendish, the Duchess of Newcastle. Feminist critic Dale Spender calls it a forerunner of science fiction, it can be read as a utopian work. As its full title suggests, Blazing World is a fanciful depiction of a satirical, utopian kingdom in another world that can be reached via the North Pole, it is "the only known work of utopian fiction by a woman in the 17th century, as well as an example of what we now call'proto-science fiction' — although it is a romance, an adventure story, autobiography."A young woman enters this other world, becomes the empress of a society composed of various species of talking animals, organizes an invasion back into her world complete with submarines towed by the "fish men" and the dropping of "fire stones" by the "bird men" to confound the enemies of her homeland, the Kingdom of Esfi. The work was published as a companion piece to Cavendish's Observations upon Experimental Philosophy and thus functioned as an imaginative component to what was otherwise a reasoned endeavour in 17th-century science.

It was reprinted in 1668. Cavendish's book inspired a notable sonnet by her husband, William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, which celebrates her imaginative powers; the sonnet was included in her book. Scholar Nicole Pohl of Oxford Brookes University has argued that Cavendish was accurate in her categorization of the work as "a'hermaphroditic' text". Pohl points to Cavendish's confrontations of seventeenth century norms, with regard to such categories as science, politics and identity. Pohl argues that her willingness to question society's conceptions while discussing topics that were considered in her era best left to male minds, allows her to escape into an exceptional gender-neutral discussion of said topics, creating what Pohl labels, "a emancipatory poetic space."Northeastern University professor Marina Leslie remarks that readers have noted that The Blazing World serves as a departure from the habitually male dominated field of utopian writing. While some readers and critics may interpret Cavendish's work as being restricted by these characteristics of the genre of utopia, Leslie suggests approaching interpretations of the work while remembering Cavendish as one of the first, more outspoken feminists in history, in early writing.

Doing so, Leslie argues, allows us to view Cavendish's work as a capture of the possibilities that the young genre of utopia had to offer. Leslie contends that in this sense, Cavendish utilized the utopian genre to discuss issues such as "female nature and authority" in a new light, while expanding the utopian genre itself. Leslie believes that The Blazing World incorporates many different genres, "which include not only travel narrative and romance but utopia, biography, Lucianic fable, Menippean satire, natural history, morality play, among others…” Oddvar Holmesland of University of Edinburgh agrees that The Blazing World is creative in its genres, writing that "the term'hybridization' aptly captures Cavendish's method of blending established genres and categories into a new order, of presenting her fantasy empire as versimilar." University of Georgia professor Sujata Iyengar points out the importance of the fact that The Blazing World is fictional, a stark contrast to the scientific nature of the work it is attached to.

Iyengar notes that writing a work of fiction allowed Cavendish to create a new world in which she could conceive of any possible reality. Such liberty, Iyengar argues, allows Cavendish to explore ideas of rank and race that directly clash with held beliefs about servility in her era. Iyengar goes as far to say that Cavendish's newfound liberty within fictional worlds provides her an opportunity to explore ideas that directly conflict with those that Cavendish writes about in her nonfiction writing. Jason H. Pearl of Florida International University considers The Blazing World as one of the earliest examples of the novel, "adding the modifier'early' indicate a period in the novel's history when experimentation was more common, when strange incidents conveyed in strange ways could be expected from prose fiction." Pearl believes it to contain an "interaction and opposition between two tributary forms: the lunar voyage, a subgenre of utopian writing, natural philosophy, which helped inform notions of possibility and plausibility in representations of the natural world."

However, Pearl considers it "a revision to the lunar voyage... one of its revisions is to pull the destination earthward and figuratively, making its various possibilities of difference somehow more accessible." Pearl has commented on the surrealism of the world, as well as its similarity to our own. He writes, “The Lady’s experience is described as ‘so strange an adventure,’ in ‘so strange a place, amongst such wonderful kind of creatures,’ ‘none like any of our world’... It seems anything is possible here,” and that, “near as it is, the Blazing World boasts a multitude of otherworldly marvels," but believes that "the interstitial passageway exists as a wrinkle in space, a connecting disconnection that permits the Blazing World’s narrow reachability and legitimizes its radical differences.” By "interstitial passageway," Pearl is referring to the unseen, unexplained path the protagonist and her captors traverse in the beginning of the story to reach the Blazing World. Throughout The Blazing World, the Empress asserts that a peaceful society can only be attained through the lack of societal divisions.

To eliminate potential division and maintain social harmony

Caio Koch-Weser

Caio Kai Koch-Weser is a German economist, civil servant and business executive. He was Secretary of State in the Federal Ministry of Finance 1999–2005. Prior to becoming Secretary of State, he served in the World Bank in a number of positions for 26 years, from 1991–1999 as Vice President and from 1996–1999 as Managing Director of Operations, he is now senior adviser with Deutsche Bank. Koch-Weser was born and grew up in Brazil, since his parents and grandparents had left Germany due to the rise of Nazism, he is the grandson of liberal politician and former German Federal Minister of Justice and Vice Chancellor Erich Koch-Weser, who had a Jewish mother. Caio Koch-Weser settled in West Germany in 1961, at 17, where he took his Abitur and went on to study economics and history in Münster and Bonn, he is married to Maritta Rogalla von Bieberstein, of the noble Rogalla von Bieberstein family. Koch-Weser joined the World Bank in 1973, he served as Personal Assistant to the President of the Bank Robert McNamara, Division Chief for China and Director of Western Africa Department.

In 1990 he was assigned to the Treasurer's Department, in 1991 he became Vice President of Middle East and North Africa. He was appointed one of the Managing Directors of the World Bank in 1996. During his career in the World Bank, he lived in Washington D. C. but worked in Asia, Latin America, Eastern Europe, the Middle East and Africa. In May 1999 he was appointed Secretary of State in the Federal Ministry of Finance, as such the administrative head of the Ministry and deputy of the Federal Minister of Finance. Despite being appointed to a political position in the SPD government, he is not member of a political party, he was nominated by the German government for the post as head of the International Monetary Fund in 2000, but because he was rejected by the United States, the German government nominated Horst Köhler, elected. Horst Köhler, one of Koch-Weser's predecessors as Secretary of State in the Ministry of Finance, would become President of Germany. After the 2005 elections and the formation of a new government under Chancellor Angela Merkel, Koch-Weser decided to leave his post at the Ministry of Finance, was appointed to the board of Deutsche Bank, as Vice Chairman, in January 2006.

He is active as an advisor for major customers of the bank on financial and strategic developments, represents the bank in key public forums worldwide. He has been based in London since 2006. BG Group, Non-Executive Member of the Board of Director Blum Center for Developing Economies at the University of California, Member of the Board of Trustees Chatham House, Member of the Panel of Senior Advisers World Resources Institute, Member of the Board Global Commission on the Economy and Climate, Member of the Board Centre for European Reform, Member of the Board European Climate Foundation, Chair of the Board Bertelsmann Foundation, Member of the Board World Economic Forum, Member of the Board Bruegel, Member of the Board

David Golder

David Golder is writer Irène Némirovsky's first novel. It was re-issued in 2004 following the popularity of the Suite Française notebooks discovered in 1998. David Golder was first published in France in 1929 and won instant acclaim for the 26-year-old author; the novel opens with Golder refusing to help his colleague of Marcus. As a result of this, bankrupt, commits suicide. Following the funeral, Golder travels to Biarritz where he has a opulent house, his wife and daughter reside there in luxury. On the train, he suffers a heart attack. Ill, he is forced to re-evaluate his life. David Golder is a self-made man. From humble beginnings as a Jew in Ukraine selling rags, he is now a ruthless businessman, it is suggested by his wife, that Marcus is not the only casualty of Golder's brutal dealings. However he has an Achilles heel, well hidden: Joyce, it is this weakness that ruins him. Now 68 and dying, he realises. Gloria and Joyce are portrayed as grasping and selfish showing concern or interest in Golder except when they need more money for jewellery, furs and cash for their lovers.

The novel is an astonishing portrayal of a businessman and his family in the years leading up to the Great Depression. It introduces characters of great depth, like Soifer, the old German Jew who "walks on tiptoe" to save shoe leather, his wife, Gloria, is as beautiful and hard as the jewels she so treasures. But it is Joyce, Golder's 18-year-old daughter, central to the story, it is she who causes his ruin. In 1930 the novel was made into a film David Golder directed by Julien Duvivier and starring Harry Baur as the title character. In March 2010 the book was dramatised in five episodes on BBC Radio 4, with David Suchet as David Golder, it was directed by Peter Farago. Nemirovsky's mother, "Fanny," whom Irene loathed, had two things in her safe when she died in 1972, copies of her daughter's novels Jezebel and David Golder. David Golder on IMDb

Uplift (science fiction)

In science fiction, uplift is a developmental process to transform a certain species of animals into more intelligent beings by other, already-intelligent beings. This is accomplished by cultural, technological, or evolutional interventions like genetic engineering but any fictional or real process can be used; the earliest appearance of the concept is in H. G. Wells' 1896 novel The Island of Doctor Moreau, more appears in David Brin's Uplift series and other science fiction works; the concept can be traced to H. G. Wells' novel The Island of Doctor Moreau, in which the titular scientist transforms animals into horrifying parodies of humans through surgery and psychological torment; the resulting animal-people obsessively recite the Law, a series of prohibitions against reversion to animal behaviors, with the haunting refrain of "Are we not men?" Wells' novel reflects Victorian concerns about vivisection and of the power of unrestrained scientific experimentation to do terrible harm. Other early literary examples can be found in the following works: Mikhail Bulgakov's Heart of a Dog tells the story of a stray dog, found by a surgeon, undergoes extensive brain surgery for experimental purposes to create a New Soviet man.

L. Sprague de Camp's "Johnny Black" stories about a black bear raised to human-level intelligence, published in Astounding Science-Fiction from 1938–1940. Olaf Stapledon's Sirius explores a dog with human intelligence. In Cordwainer Smith's Instrumentality of Mankind series "underpeople" are created from animals through unexplained technological means explicitly to be servants of humanity, were treated as less than slaves by the society that used them, until the laws were reformed in the story The Ballad of Lost C'Mell. However, Smith's characterizations of individual underpeople are quite sympathetic, one of his most memorable characters is C'Mell, the cat-woman who appears in The Ballad of Lost C'Mell and in Norstrilia. David Brin has stated that his Uplift Universe was written at least in part in response to the common assumption in earlier science fiction such as Smith's work and Planet of the Apes that uplifted animals would, or should, be treated as possessions rather than people; as a result, a significant part of the conflict in the series revolves around the differing policies of Galactics and humans toward their client races.

Galactic races traditionally hold their uplifted "clients" in a hundred-millennium-long indenture, during which the "patrons" have extensive rights and claims over clients' lives and labor power. In contrast, humans have given their uplifted dolphins and chimpanzees near-equal civil rights, with a few legal and economic disabilities related to their unfinished state. A key scene in Startide Rising is a discussion between a self-aware computer and a leading human about how the events during their venture relate to the morality of the Galactics' system of uplift. Accelerated: In the graphic novel Grease Monkey, Tim Eldred uses the term "Accelerated" to describe gorillas uplifted in this fashion. Cultural Uplift: Cultural uplift is distinguished from biological uplift in that it does not physically alter the organism. A real cultural uplift experiment started with bonobos in 2005 in the Great Ape Trust in Iowa, USA. Forced Evolution: In her Canopus in Argos series, Doris Lessing uses the term forced evolution to encompass the conscious influencing of both biology and culture.

Progressor: Boris and Arkady Strugatsky coined the term "Progressor" for those who carry out this sort of work. Sergey Lukyanenko used it in two of his novels. Provolution: Orion's Arm uses the term provolution to describe the act of accelerating evolution: a species which has had its evolution accelerated is called a provolve. Raelian Uplift: Several UFO cults including Raelianism believe that humanity was biologically uplifted in the past or will be uplifted in the future; the Urantia Book claims Eve were beings whose job it was to biologically uplift humanity. Animal cognition Eugenics Intelligence amplification Talking animal Transhumanism Progressor All Together Now: Developmental and Ethical Considerations for biologically uplifting nonhuman animals by George Dvorsky Great Ape Trust Fiction with "Uplifted" Animals: An Annotated Bibliography David Langford. "Uplift". The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction edited by John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls and Graham Sleight. London: Gollancz, updated 21 December 2015.

Web. Accessed 25 January 2016

Babu Bajrangi

Babubhai Patel, known by his alias Babu Bajrangi, was a leader of the Gujarat-wing of the Bajrang Dal, a Hindu nationalist organization in India. He was a central figure during the 2002 Gujarat violence, he was sentenced to life term imprisonment by a special court for his role in masterminding the Naroda Patiya massacre in which 97 Muslims were murdered including 36 women, 26 men and 35 children. The Supreme Court of India granted him bail on medical grounds in March 2019. In 2007, the Indian journal Tehelka published a hidden-camera interview with Bajrangi, in which Bajrangi speaks candidly of his role in the violence against Indian Muslims in the Naroda Patiya massacre, a intense episode of brutality during the 2002 Gujarat riots: We didn't spare a single Muslim shop, we set everything on fire … we hacked, set on fire … we believe in setting them on fire because these bastards don't want to be cremated, they're afraid of it … I have just one last wish … let me be sentenced to death … I don't care if I'm hanged... just give me two days before my hanging and I will go and have a field day in Juhapura where seven or eight lakhs of these people stay...

I will finish them off … let a few more of them die... at least 25,000 to 50,000 should die. In the video, Bajrangi claimed that after the killings, he called the home minister Gordhan Zadaphia and the VHP General Secretary Jaideep Patel, told them about the killings. After a few hours, an FIR was lodged against him, the police commissioner issued orders to shoot him at sight, he was arrested, released on bail. He was out on bail at the time of the Tehelka interview, he claimed Narendra Modi changed judges three times to ensure that he was released from jail, as the first two judges wanted to sentence Bajrangi to hanging for his heinous crimes. In 2012, he was convicted in the Naroda Patiya massacre case along with Maya Kodnani and thirty other accused. All thirty-two of the accused were found guilty of "murder, attempt to murder, spreading enmity and communal hatred and unlawful assembly". On 31 August 2012, Bajrangi was sentenced to life imprisonment. However, he continues to be out of jail on bail.

As of 2016, Bajrangi had been granted temporary bail 14 times on the pretext of his wife's and his own poor health. After claiming to have developed partial blindness and deafness, Bajrangi was given an attendant in Sabarmati Central Jail. On 7 March 2019, the Supreme Court of India granted bail to Babu Bajrangi, after the Gujarat government informed the Supreme Court, in reply to a bail plea that Bajrangi had filed last year, that he was “in bad shape”; the state told the court that Bajrangi has suffered complete vision loss, besides various other ailments. Naroda Patiya massacre

Codename: Dustsucker

///Codename: Dustsucker is the second studio album by British post-rock band Bark Psychosis. It was released on 28 July 2004 on Fire Records; the album was recorded at DustSuckerSound, a private studio run by Bark Psychosis member Graham Sutton in east London, between 1999 and 2004. It notably features the contributions of Lee Harris, the drummer and percussionist of early post-rock purveyors Talk Talk. "400 Winters", along with remixes of three of the album's other tracks, was released as an EP in 2005. In the album the band continues to use conventional rock instruments in songs that are structured unconventionally, as they did in their earlier releases. Rather than the familiar alternation of verse and chorus, the songs develop as a succession of related sections. "400 Winters" has an intro, a verse, a long chorus-like section the rhythm and arrangement change for a long coda section, which fades to be replaced by a chord sequence on piano and what appears to be a distorted answerphone message.

"Shapeshifting" follows a similar structure. "Burning the City" is based around a three bar pattern, in contrast to rock's usual 4, 8 or 12 bar structures. All tracks are written by Bark Psychosis. Musicians Graham Sutton – vocal, bass guitar, keys, melodica, e-mu Lee Harris – drums, percussion Colin Bradley – guitar Pete Beresford – vibraphone Rachel Dreyer – piano, vocal T. J. Mackenzie – trumpet Anja Buechele – vocal Chicken – gonk vocal Neil Aldridge – indicators Shaun Hyder – sindhi tamboura David Panos – bass guitar Alice Kemp – bowed guitar Silke Roch – vocal Mark Simnett – found drums Del Crabtree – found trumpetTechnical personnel Graham Sutton – engineering, mastering Noel Summerville – mastering Bark Psychosis Official Site Fire Records