Vina Fay Wray was a Canadian-American actress most noted for starring as Ann Darrow in the 1933 film King Kong. Through an acting career that spanned nearly six decades, Wray attained international recognition as an actress in horror films, she has been dubbed one of the first "scream queens". After appearing in minor film roles, Wray gained media attention after being selected as one of the "WAMPAS Baby Stars" in 1926; this led to her being contracted to Paramount Pictures as a teenager, where she made more than a dozen feature films. After leaving Paramount, she signed deals with various film companies, being cast in her first horror film roles, in addition to many other types of roles, including in The Bowery and Viva Villa, both of which starred Wallace Beery. For RKO Radio Pictures, Inc. she starred in King Kong. After the success of King Kong, Wray made numerous appearances in both film and television, before retiring in 1980. Wray was born on a ranch near Cardston in the province of Alberta, Canada, to Mormon parents, Elvina Marguerite Jones, from Salt Lake City and Joseph Heber Wray, from Kingston upon Hull, England.
She was a granddaughter of Daniel Webster Jones. Wray was never a Mormon herself, her family returned to the United States a few years. In 1919, the Wray family returned to Salt Lake City, relocated to Hollywood, where Fay attended Hollywood High School. In 1923, Wray appeared in her first film at the age of 16, when she landed a role in a short historical film sponsored by a local newspaper. In the 1920s, Wray landed a major role in the silent film The Coast Patrol, as well as uncredited bit parts at the Hal Roach Studios. In 1926, the Western Association of Motion Picture Advertisers selected Wray as one of the "WAMPAS Baby Stars", a group of women whom they believed to be on the threshold of movie stardom, she was at the time under contract to Universal Studios co-starring in low-budget Westerns opposite Buck Jones. The following year, Wray was signed to a contract with Paramount Pictures. In 1926, director Erich von Stroheim cast her as the main female lead in his film The Wedding March, released by Paramount two years later.
While the film was noted for its high budget and production values, it was a financial failure. It gave Wray her first lead role. Wray stayed with Paramount to make more than a dozen films and made the transition from silent films to "talkies". After leaving Paramount, Wray signed to various film companies. Under these deals, Wray was cast in various horror films, including Doctor X. However, her greatest known films were produced under her deal with RKO Radio Pictures, Inc, her first film under RKO was The Most Dangerous Game, co-starring Joel McCrea and shot at night on the same jungle sets that were being used for King Kong during the day, with Wray and Robert Armstrong starring in both movies. The Most Dangerous Game was followed by King Kong. According to Wray, Jean Harlow had been RKO's original choice, but because MGM put Harlow under exclusive contract during the pre-production phase of the film, she became unavailable and Wray was approached by director Merian C. Cooper to play the role of Ann Darrow, the blonde captive of King Kong.
Wray was paid $10,000 to play the role. The film was a commercial success. Wray was proud that the film saved RKO from bankruptcy. Wray's role would become the one, she continued to star in various films, including The Richest Girl in the World, a second film with Joel McCrea, but by the early 1940s, her appearances became less frequent. She retired from acting in 1942 after her second marriage but due to financial exigencies soon resumed her acting career, over the next three decades, Wray appeared in several films and frequently on television. Wray was cast in the 1953-54 ABC situation comedy The Pride of the Family as Catherine Morrison. Paul Hartman played Albie Morrison. Natalie Wood and Robert Hyatt played their children and Junior Morrison, respectively. In 1955, Wray appeared with Joan Crawford in Queen Bee. Wray appeared in three episodes of CBS's courtroom drama Perry Mason: "The Case Of The Prodigal Parent". In 1959, Wray was cast as Tula Marsh in the episode "The Second Happiest Day" of the CBS anthology series Playhouse 90.
Other roles around this time were in the episodes "Dip in the Pool" and "The Morning After" of CBS's Alfred Hitchcock Presents. In 1960, she appeared as Clara in an episode of 77 Sunset Strip, "Who Killed Cock Robin?" Another 1960 role was that of Mrs. Staunton, with Gigi Perreau as her daughter, in the episode "Flight from Terror" of the ABC adventure series The Islanders. Wray appeared in a 1961 episode of The Real McCoys titled "Theatre in the Barn". In 1963, she played Mrs. Brubaker in the episode "You're So Smart, Why Can't You Be Good?" of the NBC medical drama about psychiatry, The Eleventh Hour. She ended her acting career in the 1980 made-for-television film Gideon's Trumpet. In 1988, she published her autobiography, On the Other Hand. In her years, Wray continued to make public appearances. In 1991, she was crowned Queen of the Beaux Arts Ball presiding with King Herbert Huncke, she was approached by James Cameron to play the part of Rose Dawson Calvert for his 1997 blockbuster Titanic with Kate Winslet to play her younger self, but she turned down the role, w
Oscar C. Apfel was an American film actor, director and producer, he appeared in 167 films between 1913 and 1939, directed 94 films between 1911 and 1927. Apfel was born in Ohio. After a number of years in commerce, he decided to adopt the stage as a profession, he secured his first professional engagement in his hometown. He rose and soon held a position as director and producer and was at the time noted as being the youngest stage director in America, he spent eleven years on the stage on Broadway joined the Edison Manufacturing Company. Apfel first directed for Thomas A. Edison, Inc. in 1911–12, where he made the innovative short film The Passer-By. He did some experimental work at Edison's laboratory in Orange, on the Edison Talking Pictures devices; when Apfel left the Edison company, he joined Reliance-Majestic Studios, remaining with them eighteen months. In 1913, he became one of two main directors for the Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company, the other being Cecil B. DeMille. All the first Lasky pictures were produced under his direction.
Among these were the notable successes The Squaw Man, Brewster's Millions, The Master Mind, The Only Son, The Ghost Breaker, The Man on the Box, The Circus Man and Cameo Kirby. Apfel's directorial collaboration with DeMille was a crucial element in the development of DeMille's filmmaking technique. In late 1914, Apfel directed for various companies into the 1920s, his first move was to the producing staff of the William Fox Corporation where he directed a series of pictures in which William Farnum starred. Some of these were A Soldier's Oath, Fighting Blood, The End of the Trail, The Battle of Hearts and A Man of Sorrow. For the Paralta Company, to whom Apfel went after leaving the Fox Corporation, he produced Peter Kyne's A Man's a Man and The Turn of a Card in which J. Warren Kerrigan starred. Auction of Souls, a public-awareness picture for the Armenian Relief Committee, was Apfel's work; this production commanded wide attention and attracted great crowds at the special showings which took place at the Plaza and other prominent hotels.
The sympathetic interest evoked by its revelations helped in materially adding to the large sums that were subscribed to this cause. A series of pictures for the World Film Corporation, starring Kitty Gordon, Montague Love, June Elvidge, Louise Huff, Evelyn Greeley, were among Apfel's successful productions. After many years as a director, he returned to acting. On March 21, 1938, Apfel died in Hollywood from a heart attack. Oscar Apfel on IMDb Oscar Apfel at AllMovie Oscar Apfel at the Internet Broadway Database
For the politician, see James P. Gleason. Not to be confused with people named James Gleeson. James Austin Gleason was an American actor born in New York City, he was a playwright and screenwriter. Gleason was born in the son of Mina and William L. Gleason. Coming from theatrical stock, as a schoolboy he made stage appearances while on holiday, he began earning his living at the age of thirteen, being a messenger boy, printer's devil, assistant in an electrical store and a lift boy. He served three years in the Philippines. On discharge, he began his stage career taking it up professionally, he played in London for two years and following his return to the United States, he began in films by writing dialogue for comedies. He wrote a number of plays, he acted on Broadway, including in a couple of his own plays. When World War I broke out, Gleason reenlisted in the United States Army and served to the end of the war, his film debut was in Polly of the Follies. Balding and slender with a craggy voice and a master of the double-take, Gleason portrayed tough but warm-hearted characters with a New York background.
He co-wrote The Broadway Melody, the second film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture, had a small uncredited role in it. He co-wrote and appeared as a hot dog vendor in the 1934 Janet Gaynor vehicle Change of Heart, he performed in a number of films with his wife Lucile. In The Clock, he played a milk cart driver who gives lessons in marriage to the characters played by Judy Garland and Robert Walker, while Lucile played his wife; the same year, he played the bartender in the film adaptation of A Tree Grows in Brooklyn. In the Frank Capra classic Meet John Doe, he played the cynical, "hard boiled" editor brought in to pump up the newspaper that runs with the "John Doe" story. Gleason starred in two movie series, playing police inspector Oscar Piper in six Hildegarde Withers mystery films during the 1930s, starting with The Penguin Pool Murder, Joe Higgins in the first seven of nine films about the Higgins Family, in which his wife Lucile and son Russell played Lil and Sydney Higgins. Gleason was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance as boxing manager Max "Pop" Corkle in the 1941 film Here Comes Mr. Jordan.
Gleason performed in other media. In 1931, he co-starred with Robert Armstrong in Armstrong, his television credits include several episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents, the Reed Hadley legal drama The Public Defender and ABC's The Real McCoys. In "The Child", the Christmas 1957 episode of John Payne's The Restless Gun on NBC, Gleason and Anthony Caruso played Roman Catholic priests who run an orphanage. Dan Blocker, just launching his acting career guest starred in the episode. For his contributions to the motion picture industry, Gleason has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7038 Hollywood Boulevard. James and Lucile Gleason had actor Russell Gleason. On December 26, 1945, the younger Gleason was in New York City awaiting deployment to Europe with his regiment, when he fell out of a fourth story window in the Hotel Sutton, which the army had commandeered to house the troops, resulting in his death. Reports varied. Russell's most prominent role had been as Muller in the Academy Award-winning version of All Quiet on the Western Front.
Russell Gleason was married to Cynthia Hobart, a swimmer and stunt woman who wrote a biography of family friend Boris Karloff. James Gleason was interred in the Holy Cross Cemetery in California. List of actors with Academy Award nominations James Gleason on IMDb James Gleason at the Internet Broadway Database James Gleason at Find a Grave
Paulette Goddard was an American actress, a child fashion model and a performer in several Broadway productions as a Ziegfeld Girl. Her most notable films were her first major role, as Charlie Chaplin's leading lady in Modern Times, Chaplin's subsequent film The Great Dictator, she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in So Proudly We Hail!. Her husbands included Chaplin, Burgess Meredith, Erich Maria Remarque. Goddard was the daughter of Joseph Russell Levy, the son of a prosperous Jewish cigar manufacturer from Salt Lake City, Alta Mae Goddard, of Episcopalian English heritage, they married in 1908 and separated while their daughter was young, although the divorce did not become final until 1926. According to Goddard, her father left them, but according to J. R. Levy, Alta absconded with the child. Goddard was raised by her mother, did not meet her father again until the late 1930s, after she had become famous. In a 1938 interview published in Collier's, Goddard claimed.
In response, Levy filed a suit against his daughter, claiming that the interview had ruined his reputation and cost him his job, demanded financial support from her. In a December 17, 1945 article written by Oliver Jensen in Life, Goddard admitted to having lost the case and being forced to pay her father $35 a week. To avoid a custody battle and her mother moved during her childhood relocating to Canada at one point. Goddard began modeling at an early age to support her mother and herself, working for Saks Fifth Avenue, Hattie Carnegie, others. An important figure in her childhood was her great-uncle, Charles Goddard, the owner of the American Druggists Syndicate, he played a central role in Goddard's career, introducing her to Broadway impresario Florenz Ziegfeld. In 1926, she made her stage debut as a dancer in Ziegfeld's summer revue, No Foolin', the first time that she used the stage name Paulette Goddard. Ziegfeld hired her for another musical, Rio Rita, which opened in February 1927, but she left the show after only three weeks to appear in the play The Unconquerable Male, produced by Archie Selwyn.
It was, closed after only three days following its premiere in Atlantic City. Soon after the play closed, Goddard was introduced to Edgar James, president of the Southern Lumber Company, located in Asheville, North Carolina, by Charles Goddard. Aged 17 younger than James, she married him on June 28, 1927 in Rye, New York, it was a short marriage, Goddard was granted a divorce in Reno, Nevada, in 1929, receiving a divorce settlement of $375,000. Goddard first visited Hollywood in 1929, when she appeared as an uncredited extra in two films, the Laurel and Hardy short film Berth Marks, George Fitzmaurice's drama The Locked Door. Following her divorce, she visited Europe before returning to Hollywood in late 1930 with her mother, her second attempt at acting was no more successful than the first, as she landed work only as an extra. In 1930, she signed her first film contract with producer Samuel Goldwyn to appear as a Goldwyn Girl in Whoopee!. She appeared in City Streets Ladies of the Big House and The Girl Habit for Paramount, Palmy Days for Goldwyn, The Mouthpiece for Warners.
Goldwyn and she did not get along, she began working for Hal Roach Studios, appearing in a string of uncredited supporting roles for the next four years, including Show Business, Young Ironsides, Pack Up Your Troubles, Girl Grief with Charley Chase. Goldwyn used Goddard in The Kid from Spain, The Bowery, Roman Scandals, Kid Millions; the year she signed with Goldwyn, Goddard began dating Charlie Chaplin, a relationship that received substantial attention from the press. It marked a turning point in Goddard's career when Chaplin cast her as his leading lady in his next box office hit, Modern Times, in 1936, her role as "The Gamin", an orphan girl who runs away from the authorities and becomes The Tramp's companion, was her first credited film appearance and garnered her positive reviews, Frank S. Nugent of The New York Times describing her as "the fitting recipient of the great Charlot's championship". Following the success of Modern Times, Chaplin planned other projects with Goddard in mind as a co-star, but he worked and Goddard worried that the public might forget about her if she did not continue to make regular film appearances.
She signed a contract with David O. Selznick and appeared with Janet Gaynor in the comedy The Young in Heart before Selznick lent her to MGM to appear in two films; the first of these, Dramatic School, co-starred Luise Rainer, but the film received mediocre reviews and failed to attract an audience. Her next film, The Women, was a success. With an all-female cast headed by Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, Rosalind Russell, the film's supporting role of Miriam Aarons was played by Goddard. Pauline Kael wrote of Goddard, "she is a stand-out. She's fun." Selznick was pleased with Goddard's performances her work in The Young in Heart, considered her for the role of Scarlett O'Hara. Initial screen tests convinced Selznick and director George Cukor that Goddard would require coaching to be effective in the role, but that she showed promise, she was the first actress given a Technicolor screen test. Russell Birdwell, the head of Selznick's publicity department, had strong misgivings about Goddard, he warned Selznick of the "tremendous avalanche of criticism that will befall us a
Charles Middleton (actor)
Charles B. Middleton was an American film actor. During a film career that began at age 46 and lasted 30 years, he appeared in nearly 200 films as well as numerous plays, he is best remembered for his role as the villainous emperor Ming the Merciless in the three Flash Gordon serials made between 1936 and 1940. Born in Elizabethtown, Middleton worked in a traveling circus, in vaudeville, acted in live theatre before he turned to motion pictures in 1920. Middleton's career as a character actor came into full flower with the advent of sound movies, his ominous baritone voice proved ideal for villainous roles, he became an excellent foil for comedy stars Harold Lloyd, Eddie Cantor, Wheeler & Woolsey, Laurel and Hardy. He was cast in Warner Bros.' 1931 film Safe in Hell, in Warners' 1932 hit The Strange Love of Molly Louvain opposite Ann Dvorak and Richard Cromwell. In Pack Up Your Troubles, he portrays a villainous welfare association officer, the foil of Laurel & Hardy, he is the district attorney in Cecil B.
DeMille's 1933 film This Day and Age. In Universal Pictures' classic 1936 screen version of the musical Show Boat, he is Sheriff Ike Vallon, the official who tries to arrest Julie La Verne and her husband for being illegally married. Since Middleton's facial features resembled those of Abraham Lincoln, he was cast to portray Lincoln in the 1933 public-service short The Road Is Open Again. Four years in an uncredited role in the comedy Stand-In, he appears as an actor dressed as Lincoln who complains of being typecast as the former president. Middleton's association with Lincoln did not end there, although in the 1940 feature film Abe Lincoln in Illinois, he performs not as Abe but as Thomas, Lincoln's father. Middleton has prominent roles in many serials from 1935 to 1947, he is well known for his characterization of Ming the Merciless, the evil adversary of the heroic outer-space adventurer Flash Gordon. He appears as Ming in three related serials from the cited period: Flash Gordon, Flash Gordon's Trip to Mars, Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe.
Some of the other serials in which Middleton can be seen include Dick Tracy Returns, Daredevils of the Red Circle, Jack Armstrong. He portrays the ranch foreman Buck Peters in the 1935 movie Hopalong Cassidy Enters, the first entry in that long-running Western series. Middleton died of a heart attack in Los Angeles just two months after the 1949 release of The Last Bandit, the last film in which he appeared, his grave site is located in Hollywood Forever Cemetery and is situated next to the grave of his wife of many years and film actress Leora Spellman. Charles Middleton on IMDb Charles Middleton at the Internet Broadway Database Charles Middleton at AllMovie Charles Middleton at Find a Grave
Manhattan's Chinatown is a neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City, bordering the Lower East Side to its east, Little Italy to its north, Civic Center to its south, Tribeca to its west. With an estimated population of 90,000 to 100,000 people, Chinatown is home to the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere. Manhattan's Chinatown is one of the oldest Chinese ethnic enclaves; the Manhattan Chinatown is one of nine Chinatown neighborhoods in New York City, as well as one of twelve in the New York metropolitan area, which contains the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, comprising an estimated 893,697 uniracial individuals as of 2017. Chinatown was populated by Cantonese speakers. However, in the 1980s and 1990s, large numbers of Fuzhounese-speaking immigrants arrived and formed a sub-neighborhood annexed to the eastern portion of Chinatown, which has become known as Little Fuzhou; as many Fuzhounese and Cantonese speakers now speak Mandarin—the official language in China and Taiwan—in addition to their native languages, this has made it more important for Chinatown residents to learn and speak Mandarin.
Although now overtaken in size by the growing Flushing Chinatown, located in the nearby borough of Queens – within New York City – the Manhattan Chinatown remains a dominant cultural force for the Chinese diaspora, as home to the Museum of Chinese in America and as the headquarters of numerous publications based both in the U. S. and China that are geared to overseas Chinese. Chinatown is part of Manhattan Community District 3 and its primary ZIP Codes are 10013 and 10002, it is patrolled by the 5th Precinct of the New York City Police Department. Although a Business Improvement District has been identified for support, Chinatown has no defined borders, but they have been considered to be approximated by the following streets: Hester Street or Grand Street to the north, bordering or overlapping Little Italy Worth Street to the southwest, bordering Civic Center East Broadway to the southeast, bordering Two Bridges Essex Street to the east, bordering the Lower East Side Lafayette Street to the west, bordering Tribeca The Manhattan Chinatown is one of nine Chinatown neighborhoods in New York City, as well as one of twelve in the New York metropolitan area, which contains the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, enumerating an estimated 779,269 individuals as of 2013.
In addition, Manhattan's Little Fuzhou, an enclave populated by more recent Chinese immigrants from the Fujian Province of China, is technically considered a part of Manhattan's Chinatown, albeit now developing a separate identity of its own. A new and growing Chinese community is now forming in East Harlem, Uptown Manhattan, nearly tripling in population between the years 2000 and 2010, according to U. S. Census figures; this neighborhood has been described as the precursor to a new satellite Chinatown within Manhattan itself, which upon acknowledged formation would represent the second Chinese neighborhood in Manhattan, the tenth large Chinese settlement in New York City, the twelfth within the overall New York City metropolitan region. As the city proper with the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia by a wide margin, estimated at 628,763 as of 2017, as the primary destination for new Chinese immigrants, New York City is subdivided into official municipal boroughs, which themselves are home to significant Chinese populations, with Brooklyn and Queens, adjacently located on Long Island, leading the fastest growth.
After the City of New York itself, the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn encompass the largest Chinese populations of all municipalities in the United States. Ah Ken is claimed to have arrived in the area during the 1850s; as a Cantonese businessman, Ah Ken founded a successful cigar store on Park Row. He first arrived around 1858 in New York City, where he was "probably one of those Chinese mentioned in gossip of the sixties as peddling'awful' cigars at three cents apiece from little stands along the City Hall park fence – offering a paper spill and a tiny oil lamp as a lighter", according to author Alvin Harlow in Old Bowery Days: The Chronicles of a Famous Street. Immigrants would find work as "cigar men" or carrying billboards, Ah Ken's particular success encouraged cigar makers William Longford, John Occoo, John Ava to ply their trade in Chinatown forming a monopoly on the cigar trade, it has been speculated that it may have been Ah Ken who kept a small boarding house on lower Mott Street and rented out bunks to the first Chinese immigrants to arrive in Chinatown.
It was with the profits he earned as a landlord, earning an average of $100 per month, that he was able to open his Park Row smoke shop around which modern-day Chinatown would grow. Faced with increasing racial discrimination and new laws that prevented participation in many occupations on the U. S. West Coast, some Chinese immigrants moved to the East Coast cities in search of employment. Early businesses in these cities included hand restaurants. Chinatown started on Mott, Park and Doyers Streets, east of the notorious Five Points district. By 1870, there was a Chinese population of 200. By the time the Ch