The Broadway Melody known as The Broadway Melody of 1929, is a 1929 American pre-Code musical film and the first sound film to win an Academy Award for Best Picture. It was one of the first musicals to feature a Technicolor sequence, which sparked the trend of color being used in a flurry of musicals that would hit the screens in 1929–1930. Today the Technicolor sequence is lost; the film was the first musical released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and was Hollywood's first all-talking musical. The Broadway Melody was written by Norman Houston and James Gleason from a story by Edmund Goulding, directed by Harry Beaumont. Original music was written by Arthur Freed and Nacio Herb Brown, including the popular hit "You Were Meant for Me"; the George M. Cohan classic "Give My Regards to Broadway" is used under the opening establishing shots of New York City, its film debut. Bessie Love was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance. Eddie Kearns sings "The Broadway Melody", tells some chorus girls that he brought the Mahoney Sisters vaudeville act to New York to perform it with him in the latest revue being produced by Francis Zanfield.
Harriet "Hank" Mahoney and her sister Queenie Mahoney are awaiting Eddie's arrival at their apartment. Hank, the older sister, prides herself on her business sense and talent, while Queenie is lauded for her beauty. Hank is confident they will make it big while Queenie is less eager to put everything on the line to become a star. Hank declines the offer of their Uncle Jed to join a 30-week traveling show but consents to think it over. Eddie, engaged to Hank and sees Queenie for the first time since she was a girl and is taken with her, he tells them to come to a rehearsal for Zanfield's revue to present their act. A blond woman sabotages their performance by placing a bag in the piano, which causes a fight with Hank. Zanfield isn't interested in it, but says he might have a use for Queenie, who begs him to give Hank a part as well, saying both will work for one wage, she convinces him to pretend that Hank's business skills won him over. Eddie witnesses this exchange and becomes more enamored of Queenie for her devotion to her sister.
During a dress rehearsal for the revue, Zanfield says the pacing is too slow for "The Broadway Melody" and cuts Hank and Queenie from the number. Meanwhile, another woman is injured after falling off a set prop and Queenie is selected to replace her. Nearly everyone is captivated by Queenie notorious playboy Jacques "Jock" Warriner. While Jock begins to woo Queenie, Hank is upset that Queenie is building her success on her looks rather than her talent. Over the following weeks, Queenie spends a lot of time with Jock, of which Hank and Eddie fervently disapprove, they forbid her to see him, which results in Queenie pushing them away and the deterioration of the relationship between the sisters. Queenie is only with Jock to fight her growing feelings for Eddie, but Hank thinks she's setting herself up to be hurt. Eddie and Queenie confess their love for each other, but Queenie, unwilling to break her sister's heart, runs off to Jock once again. Hank, after witnessing Queenie's fierce outburst toward Eddie and his devastated reaction to it realizes that they are in love.
She tells him to go after her. She claims that she'd only been using him to advance her career. After he leaves, she alternates between sobs and hysterical laughter, she composes herself enough to call Uncle Jed to accept the job with the 30-week show. There's a raucous party at the apartment Jock had purchased for Queenie, but he insists that they spend time alone; when she resists his advances, he says that it's the least that she could do after all he's done for her. He begins to get physical, but Eddie bursts in and attempts to fight Jock, who knocks him through the door with one punch. Queenie leaves Jock and the party behind. Sometime Hank and Uncle Jed await the return of Queenie and Eddie from their honeymoon; the relationship between the sisters is on the mend, but there is obvious discomfort between Hank and Eddie. Queenie announces she's through with show business and will settle down in their new house on Long Island, she insists. After Hank leaves with her new partner and Uncle Jed, Queenie laments the fact that she wasn't able to help her sister find the happiness she deserves.
Hank's new partner is the blond who tried to sabotage the act when the sisters first arrived in New York. The final scene shows Hank on her way to the train station, she promises her new partner. Music by Nacio Herb Brown, lyrics by Arthur Freed, except as noted. "Broadway Melody" "Love Boat" "You Were Meant for Me" "Wedding of the Painted Doll" "Boy Friend" "Truthful Deacon Brown" – music and lyrics by Willard Robison "Lovely Lady" As this was not just one of the first sound features made, but one of the first sound musicals, the production used trial-and-error to learn how to record sound properly. After the rushes were seen, the sets would be changed to improve the recording qualities, scenes would be re-shot, resulting in long days for the actors and an overall long shooting schedule, it took over three hours to film Bessie Love's brief ukulele-playing scene. For earlier takes, a full orchestra was just off-camera, for takes, the actors sang and danced to prerecorded music. A silent version of the film was produced, as there were still many motion picture theaters without
Jiva Goswami was an Indian philosopher and saint from the Gaudiya Vaishnava school of Vedanta tradition, producing a great number of philosophical works on the theology and practice of Bhakti yoga, Vaishnava Vedanta and associated disciplines. He was a member of Six Goswamis of Vrindavan, being the nephew of the two leading figures, Rupa Goswami and Sanatana Goswami. There seems to be some controversy amongst biographers about Jiva Goswami's birth; some opine that he lived from 1511–1596 CE, while others claim that he lived from 1533 to 1618 CE. Not much is known about Jiva Goswami's childhood, he was born in Ramakeli in the district of Maldah, West Bengal as the son of Srivallabha Mallika, the younger brother of Rupa and Sanatana. He had a strong affinity to the worship of Krishna from his childhood and excelled in his education completing his studies in Sanskrit Vyakarana and Kavya within a short period; when Jiva was three or four years old, his uncles resigned from their ministerial posts at the court of Alauddin Hussein Shah after their initial meeting with Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and they decided to join his ranks as mendicants.
Jiva's father, Anupama met with Chaitanya at this time and followed in the footsteps of his elder brothers and proceeded to travel with Rupa to Vrindavana. Hearing that his father and uncles had made their decision to work in the service of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the young Jiva desired to join them also. According to the biographical work Bhakti Ratnakara of Narahari Chakravarti, Jiva had a dream of Chaitanya at this time; this gave him the impetus to join Rupa and Sanatana. It is unclear from his biographies whether or not Jiva ever met Chaitanya personally. Jiva travelled to Navadvipa in West Bengal and met with Nityananda Rama, one of the foremost followers of Chaitanya mahaprabhu. Nityananda took Jiva to all the holy places in Navadvipa and they circumambulated the entire area together; this marked the beginning of the Gaudiya tradition of Navadvipa parikrama. After the pilgrimage, Nityananda gave his blessings for the young Jiva to proceed towards Vrindavana. Jiva went on to Benares where he studied for some time under the tutelage of Madhusudana Vachaspati, the disciple of the famous logician and Vedantist, Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya.
Under Vachaspati, Jiva mastered the six systems of Indian philosophy known as Sad Darsana. In 1535 Jiva arrived in Vrindavana where he remained under the tutelage of his uncles and Sanatana, he accepted initiation from Rupa Goswami and was taught the esoteric principles of devotion to Krishna. Jiva helped to edit the writings of Rupa and Sanatana and assisted them in their work in propagating Gaudiya Vaishnavism and excavating the lost holy places of Vrindavana. After the passing of Rupa and Sanatana, Jiva Goswami became the foremost authority in the Gaudiya Vaishnava line. In 1542 Jiva established one of the prominent and important temples in the Vrindavana area, the Radha Damodara mandir, installing deities of Radha and Krishna, carved by Rupa Goswami. At that time he established the Vishva Vaishnava Raja Sabha and the Rupanuga Vidyapitha, an educational facility for Gaudiya Vaishnavas to study the works of Rupa and Sanatana, his erudition and spirituality were so famous that the Moghul emperor Akbar became his ardent admirer and donated paper for his writing.
In 1558, Jiva instructed his students, Narottama Dasa, Srinivasa Acarya and Shyamananda, to go to Bengal and propagate the Gaudiya Vaishnava philosophy and to take with them the original manuscripts, written by Rupa and Sanatana. One of Jiva’s main theological contributions was to present Chaitanya’s teachings as “the epitome of the Vedas.” To do so, Jiva should claim that the Bhagavata Purana, which Chaitanya regarded as the key Hindu scripture, was indeed part of the Vedas, while it was not considered as “part of the canonical Veda” at that time. Jiva proceeded to “extend the scope of the Veda to include the epics and the Purānas,” and concluded that the Bhagavata Purana was “scripture par excellence”. In fact, he shifted “the locus of scriptural authority from the Veda to the Bhāgavata,” which had important, if controversial, consequences for the subsequent development of Hindu theology, it was in his Sarva-samvadini commentary to the Sat Sandarbhas of Hindu philosophy that Jiva Goswami first wrote of Achintya Bheda Abheda, the philosophy of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
In essence, the philosophy of Achintya bheda abheda, or "inconceivable oneness and difference", avoids the extremes of Shankara's monistic Advaita vedanta and Madhva's pure dualism by interpreting the material and spiritual potencies of the Supreme Person as being one and different with Him. There are about 25 literary works attributed to Jiva Goswami: Hari-namamrta-vyakarana: This work is a book on Sanskrit grammar wherein each and every word and grammatical rule is explained in relation to Krishna and his pastimes. Sutra-malika: A grammatical work dealing with the derivation of Sanskrit words. Dhatu-sangraha: A work on the verb roots of Sanskrit words Radha-Krishna Archana Chandrika Rasamrita-sesa: A work dealing with Sanskrit composition. Jiva has based this work on the Sahitya Darpana of Viswanatha Kaviraja, but has used many examples of his own as well as examples from other Goswamis. Madhava-mahotsava: A work describing the coronation ceremony of Radha when she is given the position of Queen of Vrindavana.
Sankalpa-kalpadruma:An explanation of the eightfold daily pastimes of
Everett Edward "Tuck" Kelly was an American football player, an All-Southern guard for the Vanderbilt Commodores football team of Vanderbilt University. Everett was born January 8, 1898 in Whitesville, Kentucky to Charles Alphonzo Kelley and Mary Alice Ralph, his father was a service station operator. Centre College star "Hump" Tanner was from nearby Owensboro. Kelly played for the Kentucky Wildcats football teams of the University of Kentucky, selected for All-Kentucky teams in an era dominated by Centre, he was elected treasurer of the freshman class. Tuck Kelly started at guard for Dan McGugin's Vanderbilt football teams from 1922 to 1924, he was a prominent member of Commodores teams that compiled a win-loss-tie record of 20–2–3 over his three years, won two conference titles. Kelly transferred to Vanderbilt in 1922, having played center for the Kentucky Wildcats. Tuck was a starter for the scoreless tie with Michigan at the dedication of Dudley Field. After the season, he was selected for Billy Evans's All-Southern team.
The rematch with the Michigan Wolverines at Ferry Field in 1923, saw Michigan win a bitterly fought contest 3 to 0. Michigan went on to have an undefeated season, is one of the teams to claim a national title in'23. After the game, the referee McDonald approached Kelly and told him, "You are the first individual I've complimented after a game in which I officiated, but I want to tell you that I never saw a better guard than you are." One of the four touchdowns by Gil Reese in the 35 to 7 victory over the Georgia Bulldogs was a 5-yard run behind Kelly. At the end of the year, Kelly was selected for the All-Southern squad, he was elected to captain the Commodores the next year. The 1924 team, captained by Kelly, was dubbed in Fred Russell's Fifty Years of Vanderbilt Football "the most eventful season in the history of Vanderbilt football." On opening day against Henderson-Brown, Vanderbilt won 13–0. One of Vandy's two scores came on a punt blocked by Kelly, recovered by Hek Wakefield; the third week of play saw the Commodores tie with the Quantico Marines by a score of 13–13.
Kelly was injured in this game. He would sit on the bench the rest of the year except for five minutes of the Tulane game the next week. Lynn Bomar suffered a brain hemorrhage in the game against Georgia that year, in the final game against Sewanee, Wakefield broke his leg, thus as the season finished, three of Vanderbilt's All-Southern selections for 1923 sat on the bench