The Caves of Steel

The Caves of Steel is a science fiction novel by American writer Isaac Asimov. It is a detective story and illustrates an idea Asimov advocated, that science fiction can be applied to any literary genre, rather than just being a limited genre in itself; the book was first published as a serial in Galaxy magazine, from October to December 1953. A Doubleday hardcover followed in 1954. In this novel, Isaac Asimov introduces Elijah Baley and R. Daneel Olivaw his favorite protagonists, they live three millennia in Earth's future, a time when hyperspace travel has been discovered, a few worlds close to Earth have been colonized — fifty planets known as the "Spacer worlds". The Spacer worlds are rich, have low population density, use robot labor heavily. Meanwhile, Earth is overpopulated and strict rules against robots have been passed. In The Caves of Steel and its sequels, Asimov paints a grim situation of an Earth dealing with an large population, of luxury-seeking Spacers, who limit birth to permit great wealth and privacy.

Asimov described himself as a claustrophile: "I wrote a novel in 1953 which pictured a world in which everyone lived in underground cities, comfortably enclosed away from the open air. People would say,'How could you imagine such a nightmarish situation?' And I would answer in astonishment,'What nightmarish situation?'" The "caves of steel" are vast city complexes covered by huge metal domes, capable of supporting tens of millions each: the New York City of that era encompasses present-day New York City, as well as large tracts of New Jersey. Asimov imagines the present day's underground transit connected to malls and apartment blocks, until no one exits the domes, most of the population suffer from extreme agoraphobia. Though the Robot and Foundation series were not considered part of the same fictional universe until much the "caves of steel" resemble the planet Trantor; the book's central crime is a murder. The victim is Roj Nemmenuh Sarton, a Spacer Ambassador who lives in Spacetown, the Spacer outpost just outside New York City.

For some time, he has tried to convince the Earth government to loosen its anti-robot restrictions. One morning, he is discovered outside his chest imploded by an energy blaster; the New York police commissioner charges Elijah with finding the murderer, in cooperation with a advanced robot named R. Daneel Olivaw, visually identical to a human and is equipped with a scanner, able to detect human emotions through their encephalographic waves. A faction of Spacers have come to the realization that Spacer culture is stagnating due to negative population growth and longevity, feels that the solution is to encourage further space exploration and colonization by Earthmen in concert with robots. However, Earthmen would first need to overcome their antagonism of robots. To this end, they have established habitations on Earth through which they hope to introduce humanoid robots to Earth. New York City Police Commissioner Julius Enderby is secretly a member of the Medievalists, a subversive anti-robot group which pines for the'olden days' where men did not live in the'caves of steel'.

He uses his position to engineer meetings with Spacer Dr. Sarton under the guise of further cooperation, but he intends to destroy R. Daneel - who lives with and resembles Dr. Sarton. Enderby orders R. Sammy to bring a blaster through the unmonitored'open air', but in the heat of the moment Enderby drops his glasses and fails to distinguish between the human and robot, accidentally shooting the human. Knowing that Baley's wife is a Medievalist, he assigns Baley to the case, working with R. Daneel who represents the Spacers, spreads a rumour about humanoid robots amongst the subversives to throw suspicion on Baley when Enderby destroys R. Sammy with radiation. Furthermore, Daneel rules out Enderby as the murderer as his brain patterns show him incapable of deliberately killing; the novel follows Olivaw as Baley begins to suspect Olivaw but is proved wrong twice. Olivaw learns more about Earth humans and starts to display curiosity in aspects of human behaviour and Earth technology; as part of the investigation, Baley makes a visit to Spacetown where he meets with Dr. Fastolfe, who injects him with a mildly suggestive drug while speaking about the relative merits and shortcomings of Earth and Spacer society.

Baley is converted to the cause of spreading humanity throughout the galaxy. Although the Spacers deem Baley inadequate to convert enough Earthmen, they find their target when Baley arrests Clousarr on suspicion of inciting a riot and Olivaw provides him with suggestive statements, their job accomplished, the Spacers make plans to leave Earth as their continued presence would be to the detriment of their cause and accept Dr. Sarton's unsolved death as a necessary sacrifice. Baley has a flash of inspiration when he connects Enderby's emotional highs and lows to how close or far away Baley was to solving the murder, obtaining a recording of the crime scene, manages to demonstrate that fragments of Enderby's glasses remain in situ. Given that the Spacers have accepted that Sarton's death is unsolved, they are willing to not prosecute Enderby for t

Bob Iger

Robert Allen Iger is an American media executive and film producer, Executive Chairman of The Walt Disney Company, having served as CEO from 2005 to 2020. Before working for Disney, Iger served as the President of ABC Television from 1994 to 1995, as President/COO of Capital Cities/ABC, Inc. from 1995 until Disney's acquisition of the company in 1996. He was named President and COO of Disney in 2000, succeeded Michael Eisner as CEO in 2005, after a successful effort by Roy E. Disney to shake up the management of the company; as part of his yearly compensation, Iger earned $44.9 million in 2015. During Iger's tenure, Disney broadened the company's roster of intellectual properties and its presence in international markets. Iger was a driving force behind the reinvigoration of Walt Disney Animation Studios and the branded-release strategy of its film studio's output. Under Iger, Disney has experienced increases in revenue across its various divisions, with the company's market capitalization value increasing from $48.4 billion to $257 billion over a period of thirteen years.

On February 25, 2020, Iger announced he would step down as CEO of The Walt Disney Company effective naming Bob Chapek, chairman of Disney Parks and Products, as his successor, making him the 7th CEO in the company’s history. Iger will continue to serve as Executive Chairman of The Walt Disney Company and Chairman of the Board of Directors until December 2021. Iger was born to a Jewish family in New York City, he is the oldest son of Arthur L. Iger, his father was a World War II Navy veteran who served as the executive vice president and general manager of the Greenvale Marketing Corporation, was a professor of advertising and public relations. His mother worked at Boardman Junior High School in New York. Arthur's father Joe was cartoonist Jerry Iger's brother, he was raised in Oceanside, where he attended the Fulton Avenue School and graduated from Oceanside High School in 1969. Iger developed a love of books from a young age. In 1973, he graduated magna cum laude from the Roy H. Park School of Communications at Ithaca College with a Bachelor of Science degree in Television and Radio.

Iger began his media career in 1972 as the host of an Ithaca College television show. He dreamed of becoming a news anchor while he worked as a weatherman in Ithaca for five months, before shifting his career goals. In 1974, Iger joined the American Broadcasting Company, his first job was performing menial labor on television sets for $150 a week. In 1989, he was named head of ABC Entertainment, he served as president of the ABC Network Television Group from January 1993 to 1994, was appointed as Capital Cities/ABC senior vice president in March 1993 and executive vice president in July 1993. In 1994, Iger was named president and chief operating officer of ABC's corporate parent, Capital Cities/ABC. In 1996, The Walt Disney Company purchased Capital Cities/ABC and renamed it ABC, Inc. where Iger remained president until 1999. On February 25, 1999, Disney named Iger the president of Walt Disney International, the business unit that oversees Disney's international operations, as well as chairman of the ABC Group, removing him from day-to-day authority at ABC.

Disney called the change a promotion for Iger. Disney named Iger the president and chief operating officer on January 24, 2000, making him Disney's No. 2 executive under chairman and CEO, Michael Eisner. Disney had been without a separate president since Eisner assumed the role following the departure of Michael Ovitz in 1997, after sixteen months at Disney; as a result of a successful effort by Roy E. Disney to shake up the management of the company, Disney began a search for the next CEO to replace Eisner. On March 13, 2005, Disney announced that Iger would succeed Michael Eisner as CEO, Iger was placed in charge of day-to-day operations, though Eisner held the title of CEO until he resigned on September 30, 2005. One of Iger's first major decisions as CEO was to reassign Disney's chief strategic officer, Peter Murphy, disband the company's Strategic Planning division. Prior to Iger being named CEO, board members Roy E. Disney and Stanley Gold began a campaign called "save Disney" against Eisner.

In July 2005, Disney and Gold agreed to work with Iger. On January 24, 2006, under Iger's leadership, Disney announced it would acquire Pixar for $7.4 billion in an all-stock transaction. In the same year, Iger re-acquired the rights to Walt Disney's first star, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, from NBCUniversal by releasing sportscaster Al Michaels from ABC Sports to NBC Sports. In 2006, Roy E. Disney issued this statement regarding Iger: Animation has always been the heart and soul of The Walt Disney Company, it is wonderful to see Bob Iger and the company embraces that heritage by bringing the outstanding animation talent of the Pixar team back into the fold; this solidifies The Walt Disney Company's position as the dominant leader in motion picture animation and we applaud and support Bob Iger's vision. In August 2009, Iger spearheaded negotiations that led Disney to acquire Marvel Entertainment and its associated assets for $4 billion; as of August 2014, Disney has recouped over $4 billio


Ladwa is a town and a municipal committee in Kurukshetra district in the Indian state of Haryana. In 2007, Ladwa legislative assembly constituency was created comprising 126,704 registered voters and come under Kurukshetra; the Member of Parliament is Nayab Singh & Member of the Legislative Assembly is Mewa Singh. Ladwa has an average elevation of 209 m, it is located on the Kurukshetra - Yamunanagar - Saharanpur road and is close to the towns of kurukshetra, Shahbad and Indri, India. The nearest major Highway is National Highway 1 known as Grand Trunk Road, 14.5 km west direction of downtown. Ladwa has one of the best new grain markets all over Asia. Ladwa is a tehsil in Kurukshetra district. Ladwa tehsil includes total number of 98 villages. Ladwa includes 53. Villages under Ladwa-- Badarpur, Bakali, Bani, Bapdi, Baraunda, Baraut, Bhalar, Bharthauli, Bhut majra, Bir Bhartauli, Budha, Chhapra, Dab khera, Dhandla, Dhanora Jattan, Dudha, Gadli, Gharaula, Gudha, Jainpur, Jalaludin Majra, Jogi majra, Kheri Dabdalan, Lathi dhanaura, Mehuwa Kheri, Murad Nagar, Niwarsi, Salempur, Shahzadpur, Sura.

Villages under Babain-- Babain, Berthla, Bhaini, Bint, Bir Kalwa, Bir Mangoli Rangan, Bir Sujra, Danani, Guhan, Haripura, Jandaula, Kali Rano, Kandoli, Kasithal, Khairi, Khirki Viran, Lohara, Mangoly Jattan, Mangoly Rangdan, Phallsanda Jattan, Phallsanda Rangdan, Ram Nagar-112, Ram Nagar-156, Ram Saran Majra, Rurki, Simbalwal, Sujri, Tatka, Tatki. According to the 2011 Census of India, Ladwa has a total population of 28,887 person comprising 15345 Males and 13542 Females. Males females 46.87 % of the population. Ladwa has an average literacy rate of 72.3%, lower than the national average of 72.99%: male literacy is 76.3%, female literacy is 67.8%. In Ladwa, 12.4% of the population lies between age group 0-6 years. Paddy and wheat are the main crops which are cultivated in Ladwa in rainy season and winter season respectively. Other crops are sunflowers, sugar cane, turmeric, etc. Government Senior Secondary School Government Girls High School Jawahar Navodaya VidyalayaSanjay Gandhi memorial public school Hindu High School Guru Nanak High School Sant Nischal Singh Public School New Janta Sr.

Sec. School Sugni Devi Arya Girls Sr. Sec. School Om Parkash Garg Memorial Public School Doon Public School Unique Shiksha Niketan Jai Bharat High School Tagore High School Sanjay Gandhi Memorial Public School GENIUS VOICE INSTITUTE CAMBRIDGE MONTESSORY PRE-SCHOOL India is a country of festivals where everyday is a new festival and people of Ladwa celebrate many of them; the main festivals of Ladwa are: Dipawali is the festival of happiness, connected with their religious history. Teej is celebrated by girls in which they distribute sweets among them. Holy is the festival of colour. Ladwa is a small town. There is access to colleges and universities. Community Health Center and Primary Health Center is the only government infrastructure which serves local community. In the past few years many private hospitals have come up in the town to provide better medical facilities to the people of Ladwa; the diverse connection of rural roads and state highways provides well-connectivity to the city. Indira Gandhi International Airport is the nearest major international airport, situated in delhi at a distance of 180 kilometres.

In addition, Chandigarh International Airport situated in the proximity of approx. 106 kilometres, is serving few non-stop domestic flights. The closest Train Stations are located at Kurukshetra, Yamunanagar and Ambala; the divisional headquarters of Northern Railway Zone and major Train station are located at Ambala Cantonment in the Ambala, about 45 km away. The road transportation is provided by Haryana Roadways which runs on all the Inter State and City routes. Moreover, Village are well-connected by Bus. General references Location on Bing Maps Location on Google Maps