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Arandas (crater)

Arandas Crater is a crater in the Mare Acidalium quadrangle of Mars, located 42.77° North and 15.17° West. It is named after the town of Arandas in Mexico. Gullies are visible in the pictures below. On the basis of their form, aspects and location amongst and apparent interaction with features thought to be rich in water ice, many researchers believed that the processes carving the gullies involve liquid water. However, this remains a topic of active research; as soon as gullies were discovered, researchers began to image many gullies over and over, looking for possible changes. By 2006, some changes were found. With further analysis it was determined that the changes could have occurred by dry granular flows rather than being driven by flowing water. With continued observations many more changes were found in others. With more repeated observations and more changes have been found. Before-and-after images demonstrated the timing of this activity coincided with seasonal carbon-dioxide frost and temperatures that would not have allowed for liquid water.

When dry ice frost changes to a gas, it may lubricate dry material to flow on steep slopes. In some years frost as thick as 1 meter. Impact craters have a rim with ejecta around them, in contrast volcanic craters do not have a rim or ejecta deposits; as craters get larger they have a central peak. The peak is caused by a rebound of the crater floor following the impact. Sometimes craters expose layers. Rocks from deep underground are tossed onto the surface. Hence, craters can show us. Impact crater Impact event List of craters on Mars Mare Acidalium quadrangle Martian Gullies Ore resources on Mars Planetary nomenclature Water on Mars

Mount Everett

Mount Everett at 2,608 ft - or 793.1 m - is the highest peak in the south Taconic Mountains of Massachusetts and New York. The mountain is known for its expansive views of the southern Berkshires; the mountain is named after a 19th-century governor of Edward Everett. The name was proposed in 1841 by Edward Hitchcock, geologist to the state, in his "Final Report on the Geology of Massachusetts." Hitchcock wrote that at the time of his proposal, the mountain was known as Bald Mountain or Ball Mountain. Some old maps at the Sheffield Historical Society label the mountain as "The Dome". Guilder Pond, a highland lake, is located in the cirque-like ravine between Mount Everett and Undine Mountain to the north. A seasonal auto road climbs to just short of the summit, though the road's upper reaches have been closed to motorized vehicles for many years; the summit and west side of Mount Everett is located in the town of Mount Washington. Much of the mountain is located within the Mount Everett State Reservation.

The east side of the mountain drains into Race Brook, thence into Schenob Brook, the Hubbard Brook, the Housatonic River, Long Island Sound. The west side drains into Guilder Brook and City Brook, thence into Bash Bish Brook, the Roeliff Jansen Kill, the Hudson River and New York Bay of the Atlantic Ocean. Massachusetts Trail Guide. Boston: Appalachian Mountain Club. South Taconic Range trail map. Mount Washington State Forest. Massachusetts DCR. Mount Everett State Reservation. Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. Mount Washington State Forest map Berkshire Natural Resource Council Berkshire Chapter of the Appalachian Mountain Club Commonwealth Connections proposal PDF download. Retrieved March 2, 2008. Appalachian Trail Conservancy

Thomas Smith (missionary)

The Very Rev Dr Thomas Smith DD LLD was a 19th-century Scottish missionary and mathematician, instrumental in establishing India's zenana missions in 1854. He served as Moderator of the General Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland 1891/92. Smith was born in the manse at Symington, Lanarkshire, on 8 July 1817, the eighth of ten children on Jean Stodard and Rev John Smith, he was educated at the local parish school in Symington and studied mathematics and physics at the University of Edinburgh, matriculating in 1830 aged 13. In 1834 he studied theology at Divinity Hall in Edinburgh under Rev Dr Thomas Chalmers. In 1839, under the influence of Rev Alexander Duff, Smith was ordained by the Church of Scotland and travelled to Calcutta in India, as a missionary, teaching mathematics and physics in the schools. From 1840 he suggested the use of female missionaries as male missionaries were not permitted to speak to the Indian females. At the Disruption of 1843 Smith joined the Free Church of Scotland.

The Free Church set up its own mission in Smith transferred to this new building. From 1851 to 1857 he was editor of the Calcutta Calcutta Christian Observer. In 1840 he proposed the establishment of what would become known as the zenana missions, his scheme was implemented in the 1850s by John Fordyce; when the Indian Mutiny broke out in 1857, Smith acted as the chaplain of the 42nd Highlanders at Calcutta, accompanying the regiment when it was on active service. Smith resigned his post in Calcutta in 1858 due to ill-health, he returned to Scotland in 1859 when he was recovered enough to travel and settled in Edinburgh to do mission work in the poorest parishes. The following year he became minister of the Free Cowgatehead Mission Church, he lived in a modest flat at 4 Keir Street, south of the Grassmarket. In 1880 he was appointed Professor of Evangelistic Theology at New College, Edinburgh, a role in which he continued until 1893, his new-found wealth allowed him to purchase a large villa in the Grange district at 10 Mansionhouse Road.

In 1891 he succeeded Rev Thomas Brown as Moderator of the General Assembly, the highest position in the Free Church. He received two honorary doctorates from the University of Edinburgh, a Doctor of Divinity in 1867 and a Doctor of Laws in 1900, he died at home 28 Hatton Place in Edinburgh on 26 May 1906. He is buried in the Grange Cemetery. Smith wrote on both mathematical and religious subjects: An Elementary Treatise on Plane Geometry The Christian's Patrimony Treatise on Plane Geometry Medieval Missions The Life of Alexander Duff Memoirs of James Begg. Euclid: His Life and System The Puritans In 1839, before his departure to India, he married Grace Whyte, the daughter of D. K. Whyte, a Royal Navy paymaster and sometime bookseller of 10 Scotland Street in Edinburgh, their five children included Rev William Whyte Smith, minister of Newington and David Whyte Ewart Smith, Sheriff Substitute for Haddingtonshire. His portrait by John Henry Lorimer RSA hangs in New College, Edinburgh


Arasvikfjord or Arasvikfjorden is a fjord in Møre og Romsdal and Trøndelag counties in Norway. The fjord is located between Heim Municipality; the fjord is part of the larger Vinjefjorden, near where the Valsøyfjorden branches off to the south. European route E39 runs through the village of Valsøyfjord; the ferry from Hennset to Arasvika crosses the fjord. The Arasvikfjorden is known for its fishery of cod, pollock, common ling and several types of flatfish, it was in Arasvikfjord the famous killer whale Keiko, from the movies. List of Norwegian fjords

Basler Kantonalbank

Basler Kantonalbank is a Swiss cantonal bank, one of the 24 cantonal banks serving Switzerland's 26 cantons. Founded in 1899, in 2019 Basler Kantonalbank had 15 branches with 842 employees. Basler Kantonalbank has a full state guarantee of its liabilities. Since 1999, it has had a majority ownership of Bank Cler. In October 2012 the bank's CEO, Hans Rudolf Matter, resigned after 620 clients lost more than CHF 100 million in a scandal involving ASE investments; the number of affected clients grew to about 1,500. In 2013, Chairman Andreas Albrecht was forced to resign following the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority determined that the bank had rigged sales of its own participation certificates. On 21 November 2013, BKB was ordered to pay back CHF 2.6 million that it had earned through these improper sales. The highest governing body of Basler Kantonalbank is the Bank Council; this council has 9 members, with Adrian Bult as the current president. Operational responsibility lies with the executive Board, which has six members and is headed by Basil Heeb.

Cantonal bank List of banks in Switzerland Official website The BKB Financial Year in 2019 Documents and clippings about Basler Kantonalbank in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW