Millsaps College is a private liberal arts college in Jackson, Mississippi. Founded in 1890 and affiliated with the United Methodist Church, Millsaps is home to 985 students; the college was founded in 1889–90 by a Confederate veteran, Major Reuben Webster Millsaps, who donated the land for the college and $50,000. Dr. William Belton Murrah was the college's first president, Bishop Charles Betts Galloway of the Methodist Episcopal Church South organized the college's early fund-raising efforts. Both men were honored with halls named in their honor. Major Millsaps and his wife are interred in a tomb near the center of campus; the current United Methodist Church continues to have affiliations with the college. Nearly 53 years after founding the college, Millsaps was chosen as one of 131 sites for the training of Navy and Marine officers in the V-12 Navy College Training Program. In April 1943, 380 students arrived for the Navy V-12 program, it offered pre-medical and pre-dental. Thereafter Millsaps began accepting students year-round for the program.
A total of 873 officer candidates went through Millsaps between 1943 and 1945. Traces of the Navy V-12 unit appear in the Bobashela in 1944; that year, the Bobashela staff decided to dedicate the yearbook to the unit and Dr. Sanders, one of the unit's advisers. One section memorialized students, killed in action. 1890: Major Reuben Webster Millsaps founds the college with a personal gift of $50,000. 1901: Millsaps builds the first golf course in Mississippi. 1902: Mary Letitia Holloman becomes the first female graduate of Millsaps. 1908: Sing-Ung Zung of Soochow, becomes the first international student to graduate from Millsaps. 1914: Old Main, one of the first buildings on campus, burns and is replaced by Murrah Hall. 1916: Major Millsaps dies and is buried on campus. 1931: The first night football game in Mississippi is played on the Millsaps campus between the Majors and Mississippi A&M. 1936: Millsaps College absorbs bankrupt Grenada College during the Great Depression. 1943: Johnny Carson attends Millsaps for V-12 naval officer training, entertaining his comrades with a magic and humor act.
1944: Louis H. Wilson, who graduated from the college in 1941, received the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of Guam during World War II. Wilson became a General and the 26th Commandant of the Marine Corps in 1975, he was the first Marine Corps Commandant. 1953: Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis judge a Millsaps beauty contest. 1965: Millsaps becomes the first all-white college in Mississippi to voluntarily desegregate. 1967: Robert Kennedy during his presidential campaign speaks at the college about obligations of young Americans to give back to their country. 1975: President Jimmy Carter speaks to Millsaps students about the crisis in the Middle East. 1988: Millsaps initiates the first campus chapter of Habitat for Humanity in Mississippi. 1989: Millsaps becomes the first school in Mississippi to have a chapter of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society. William Belton Murrah, 1890–1910 David Carlisle Hull, 1910–1912 Dr. Alexander Farrar Watkins, 1912–1923 Dr. David Martin Key, 1923–1938 Dr. Marion Lofton Smith, 1938–1952 Dr. Homer Ellis Finger, Jr. 1952–1964 Dr. Benjamin Barnes Graves, 1965–1970 Dr. Edward McDaniel Collins, Jr. 1970–1978 Dr. George Marion Harmon - After 22 years of leading Millsaps College, Dr. Harmon announced his resignation in the Spring of 1999.
His last day as president of Millsaps College was June 30, 2000. Dr. Frances Lucas - Dr. Lucas was the first female to hold the post at Millsaps. Dr. Lucas resigned on April 23, 2009. Lucas cited disagreements with faculty as the reason for her resignation. Howard McMillan, Dean of Millsaps' Else School of Management took over as Interim President in August 2009. Dr. Robert Pearigen, Vice President of University Relations at The University of the South, was selected to serve as the eleventh president of the college, he began his term in office on July 1, 2010. Despite its religious affiliation, the curriculum is secular; the writing-intensive core curriculum requires each student to compile an acceptable portfolio of written work before completion of the sophomore year. Candidates for an undergraduate degree must pass oral and written comprehensive exams in their major field of study; these exams last up to three hours, may cover any required or elective course offered by the major department. Unacceptable performance on comprehensive exams will prevent a candidate from receiving a degree if all course work has been completed.
"Comps" are associated with graduate degree requirements, so their inclusion at the undergraduate level is a source of pride for Millsaps students. Millsaps offers B. S. B. A. B. B. A. M. B. A. and MAcc degrees and corresponding programs. The current undergraduate population is 910 students on a 103 acre campus near downtown Jackson, Mississippi; the student to faculty ratio is 1:9 with an average class size around 15 students. Millsaps offers 32 majors and 41 minors, including the option of a self-designed major, along with a multitude of study abroad and internship opportunities. Millsaps employs 97 full-time faculty members. Of those, 94 percent of tenure-track faculty hold a Ph. D. or the terminal degree in their field. The professors on the tenure track have the highest degree in their field; the college offers research partnerships for undergraduate students, a variety of study abroad programs. Millsaps reports. Millsaps is home to 910 undergraduate, 75 graduate students from 26 states and territories
Washington, D. C. formally the District of Columbia and referred to as Washington or D. C. is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father; as the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually; the signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast. The U. S. Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the U. S. Congress, the District is therefore not a part of any state; the states of Maryland and Virginia each donated land to form the federal district, which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria.
The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. In 1846, Congress returned the land ceded by Virginia. Washington had an estimated population of 702,455 as of July 2018, making it the 20th most populous city in the United States. Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city's daytime population to more than one million during the workweek. Washington's metropolitan area, the country's sixth largest, had a 2017 estimated population of 6.2 million residents. All three branches of the U. S. federal government are centered in the District: Congress and the U. S. Supreme Court. Washington is home to many national monuments, museums situated on or around the National Mall; the city hosts 177 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profit, lobbying groups, professional associations, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, AARP, the National Geographic Society, the Human Rights Campaign, the International Finance Corporation, the American Red Cross.
A locally elected mayor and a 13‑member council have governed the District since 1973. However, Congress may overturn local laws. D. C. residents elect a non-voting, at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives, but the District has no representation in the Senate. The District receives three electoral votes in presidential elections as permitted by the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961. Various tribes of the Algonquian-speaking Piscataway people inhabited the lands around the Potomac River when Europeans first visited the area in the early 17th century. One group known as the Nacotchtank maintained settlements around the Anacostia River within the present-day District of Columbia. Conflicts with European colonists and neighboring tribes forced the relocation of the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement in 1699 near Point of Rocks, Maryland. In his Federalist No. 43, published January 23, 1788, James Madison argued that the new federal government would need authority over a national capital to provide for its own maintenance and safety.
Five years earlier, a band of unpaid soldiers besieged Congress while its members were meeting in Philadelphia. Known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, the event emphasized the need for the national government not to rely on any state for its own security. Article One, Section Eight, of the Constitution permits the establishment of a "District as may, by cession of particular states, the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States". However, the Constitution does not specify a location for the capital. In what is now known as the Compromise of 1790, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson came to an agreement that the federal government would pay each state's remaining Revolutionary War debts in exchange for establishing the new national capital in the southern United States. On July 9, 1790, Congress passed the Residence Act, which approved the creation of a national capital on the Potomac River; the exact location was to be selected by President George Washington, who signed the bill into law on July 16.
Formed from land donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia, the initial shape of the federal district was a square measuring 10 miles on each side, totaling 100 square miles. Two pre-existing settlements were included in the territory: the port of Georgetown, founded in 1751, the city of Alexandria, founded in 1749. During 1791–92, Andrew Ellicott and several assistants, including a free African American astronomer named Benjamin Banneker, surveyed the borders of the federal district and placed boundary stones at every mile point. Many of the stones are still standing. A new federal city was constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of Georgetown. On September 9, 1791, the three commissioners overseeing the capital's construction named the city in honor of President Washington; the federal district was named Columbia, a poetic name for the United States in use at that time. Congress held its first session in Washington on November 17, 1800. Congress passed the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 that organized the District and placed the entire territory under the exclusive control of the federal
Jackson–Medgar Wiley Evers International Airport
Jackson–Medgar Wiley Evers International Airport is a city-owned civil-military airport in Jackson, six miles east of Jackson, across the Pearl River. It serves commercial and military aviation, it is named after Medgar Evers, the former Mississippi Field Secretary for the NAACP, is administered by the Jackson Municipal Airport Authority, which oversees aviation activity at Hawkins Field in northwest Jackson. In March 2011, the Jackson–Evers International Airport was ranked the 8th-best airport in a worldwide consumer survey conducted by Airports Council International, it was the only airport in the United States to be ranked in the top ten. What is now Jackson–Evers International Airport opened in 1963, a new airport to replace Hawkins Field, Jackson's airport since 1928. Delta Air Lines's first flight, from Dallas Love Field, landed at Hawkins Field in 1929; the new airport was named Allen C. Thompson Field, which remains the name for the land on which the airport is built; the airport was "Jackson Municipal Airport".
Following a decision by the Jackson City Council in December 2004, the airport name was changed to Jackson–Evers International Airport on January 22, 2005. The first jets scheduled to Jackson were Delta 880s in late 1963, Newark-Birmingham-Jackson-Shreveport-Dallas and back. In 1973 Delta Boeing 727s flew nonstop to Atlanta, Dallas/Ft. Worth, Montgomery, Meridian, New Orleans, Shreveport, which continued for some time afterward. In the mid-1980s, Delta 727s and McDonnell Douglas DC-9s flew nonstop to Atlanta, Dallas/Ft Worth, Mobile and Shreveport. In October 1991 Delta had nonstop 727s, DC-9s and McDonnell Douglas MD-88s to its hubs in Atlanta and Dallas/Ft Worth, in addition to Baton Rouge, Birmingham and Shreveport. Delta reduced its flights in the 2000s. In the 1960s Southern Airways Martin 404s connected Jackson with Natchez, Greenwood, Columbus and New Orleans, but in the next decade Southern replaced these with DC-9s. In the 1970s Southern flew to Memphis, Greenville and Mobile, but after it merged with North Central Airlines in 1979 to form Republic Airlines it flew only to Memphis and left by 1984.
In the 1970s Jackson had direct Convair 600s to Houston–Intercontinental on Texas International Airlines. In 1979 Frontier Airlines flew Boeing 737s direct to Little Rock, with connections to Denver and the rest of the airline's network. Royale Airlines flew Gulfstream turboprops to New Orleans. Between 1984 and 1986, Eastern Airlines had nonstop 727s to New Orleans. A Continental Airlines affiliate began turboprop flights to Houston–Intercontinental, which continued through June 2013. In 1981 American Airlines began direct flights to Dallas/Ft. Worth and Nashville, using MD-83s and Boeing 727s. In the early 1990s the airport's name became "Jackson International Airport" since it has facilities for international flights, it has an office for U. S. has established a Foreign Trade Zone. The airport saw US Airways as a new carrier during this time, gaining nonstop service to Charlotte and for a time, to New Orleans. Trans World Airlines began Trans World Express service to St. Louis in 1995. TWA had DC-9 DC-9-10, service to STL in 1996.
Low-cost Valujet began DC-9 flights from Jackson to Atlanta in 1994, lasting for two years before it filed for bankruptcy and became AirTran Airways in 1997. The mid-1990s saw a tightening in the airline industry of the hub-and-spoke system, many destinations from Jackson were eliminated. American downgraded service in 1995 from Jackson to American Eagle service only to Dallas/Ft. Worth and Nashville, only to Dallas, by 2004 Delta provided service only to Atlanta and Cincinnati, the latter only through subsidiary Comair. In 1997 Southwest Airlines began service to Jackson from Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Houston–Hobby and Orlando. In 2013 the airport saw 7,520 commercial aircraft and 53,096 aircraft overall. In 2006 the airport authority received a federal grant to recruit non-stop flight service to Newark, in the New York City area. Continental Airlines flights from Jackson to Newark began on September 25, 2007. American Airlines non-stop service between Chicago–O'Hare and Jackson–Evers ended, though the route has been resumed by United Airlines.
In late 2018 Frontier Airlines started non-stop service to Orlando International Airport and Denver International Airport. They are the only airline to schedule the Airbus A320 Family to Jackson; the 172d Airlift Wing of the Mississippi Air National Guard has maintained an Air National Guard base on the airport since 1963, whin it moved from Hawkins Field. The 172 AW operated the C-119 Flying Boxcar, C-124 Globemaster, C-130 Hercules, C-141 Starlifter and now flies the C-17 Globemaster III; the airport has an L-shaped terminal, with the ramp extending north. The west concourse, with gates 15–19, extends nearly straight from the central part of the terminal with ticket counters, while the east concourse ext
American Civil War
The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U. S. history. As a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States; the loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery. Among the 34 U. S. states in February 1861, secessionist partisans in seven Southern slave states declared state secessions from the country and unveiled their defiant formation of a Confederate States of America in rebellion against the U. S. Constitutional government; the Confederacy grew to control over half the territory in eleven states, it claimed the additional states of Kentucky and Missouri by assertions from exiled native secessionists without territory or population.
These were given full representation in the Confederate Congress throughout the Civil War. The two remaining slave holding states of Delaware and Maryland were invited to join the Confederacy, but nothing substantial developed; the Confederate States was never diplomatically recognized by the government of the United States or by that of any foreign country. The states that remained loyal to the U. S. were known as the Union. The Union and the Confederacy raised volunteer and conscription armies that fought in the South over the course of four years. Intense combat left 620,000 to 750,000 people dead, more than the number of U. S. military deaths in all other wars combined. The war ended when General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Battle of Appomattox Court House. Confederate generals throughout the southern states followed suit. Much of the South's infrastructure was destroyed the transportation systems; the Confederacy collapsed, slavery was abolished, four million black slaves were freed.
During the Reconstruction Era that followed the war, national unity was restored, the national government expanded its power, civil rights were granted to freed black slaves through amendments to the Constitution and federal legislation. In the 1860 presidential election, led by Abraham Lincoln, supported banning slavery in all the U. S. territories. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to abolish slavery; the three pro-Union candidates together received an overwhelming 82% majority of the votes cast nationally: Republican Lincoln's votes centered in the north, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas' votes were distributed nationally and Constitutional Unionist John Bell's votes centered in Tennessee and Virginia; the Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a plurality of the popular votes and a majority of the electoral votes nationally. He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency.
However, before his inauguration, seven slave states with cotton-based economies declared secession and formed the Confederacy. The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, with an average of 49 percent. Of those states whose legislatures resolved for secession, the first seven voted with split majorities for unionist candidates Douglas and Bell, or with sizable minorities for those unionists. Of these, only Texas held a referendum on secession. Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession. Outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal. Lincoln's March 4, 1861, inaugural address declared that his administration would not initiate a civil war. Speaking directly to the "Southern States", he attempted to calm their fears of any threats to slavery, reaffirming, "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists.
I believe I have no lawful right to do so, I have no inclination to do so." After Confederate forces seized numerous federal forts within territory claimed by the Confederacy, efforts at compromise failed and both sides prepared for war. The Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on "King Cotton" that they would intervene, but none did, none recognized the new Confederate States of America. Hostilities began on April 1861, when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter. While in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theater, the battle was inconclusive during 1861–1862. In September 1862, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which made ending slavery a war goal. To the west, by summer 1862 the Union destroyed the Confederate river navy much of its western armies, seized New Orleans; the successful 1863 Union siege of Vicksburg split the Confederacy in two at the Mississippi River. In 1863, Robert E. Lee's Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg.
Western successes led to Ulysses S. Grant's command of all Union armies in 1864. Inflicting an ever-tightening naval blockade of Confederate ports, the Union marshaled the resources and manpower to attack the Confederacy from all directions, leading to the fall of Atlanta to William T. Sherman and his march to th
Hattiesburg is a city in the U. S. state of Mississippi in Forrest County and extending west into Lamar County. The city population was 45,989 at the 2010 census, with an estimated population of 46,805 in 2015, it is the principal city of the Hattiesburg, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses Forrest and Perry counties. Development of the interior of Mississippi by European Americans took place after the American Civil War. Before that time, only properties along the major rivers were developed as plantations. Founded in 1882 by civil engineer William H. Hardy, Hattiesburg was named in honor of Hardy's wife Hattie; the town was incorporated two years with a population of 400. Hattiesburg's population first expanded as a center of the lumber and railroad industries, from, derived the nickname "The Hub City", it now attracts newcomers because of the diversity of its economy, strong neighborhoods, the central location in South Mississippi. Hattiesburg is home to The University of William Carey University.
South of Hattiesburg is Camp Shelby, the largest US National Guard training base east of the Mississippi River. This area was occupied by the Choctaw Native Americans, in the region for hundreds of years, their indigenous ancestors had communities for thousands of years before that. During European colonization, this area was first claimed by the French. Between 1763 and 1783 the area, Hattiesburg fell under the jurisdiction of the colony of British West Florida. After the United States gained its independence, Great Britain ceded this and other areas to it after 1783; the United States gained a cession of lands from the Choctaw and Chickasaw under the terms of the Treaty of Mount Dexter in 1805. After the treaty was ratified, European-American settlers began to move into the area. In the 1830s, the Choctaw and Chickasaw were forcibly removed by United States forces by treaties authorized by the Indian Removal Act, which sought to relocate the Five Civilized Tribes from the Southeast to west of the Mississippi River.
They and their slaves were moved to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Hattiesburg developed at the confluence of the Bouie rivers, it was founded in 1882 by a civil engineer. The city of Hattiesburg was incorporated in 1884 with a population of 400. Called Twin Forks and Gordonville, the city received its final name of Hattiesburg from Capt. Hardy, in honor of his wife Hattie. Hattiesburg is centrally located less than 100 miles from the state capital of Jackson, as well as from the Mississippi Gulf Coast, New Orleans and Mobile, Alabama. In 1884, a railroad — known as the New Orleans and Northeastern — was built from Meridian, Mississippi, in the center of the state, through Hattiesburg to New Orleans; the completion of the Gulf and Ship Island Railroad from Gulfport, to the capital of Jackson, Mississippi ran through Hattiesburg. It stimulated a lumber boom in 1897, with interior pine forests being harvested at a rapid pace. Although the railroad took 20 years to be developed, the G&SIRR more than fulfilled its promise.
It gave the state access to a deep water harbor at Gulfport, more than doubled the population of towns along its route, stimulated the growth of the City of Gulfport, made Hattiesburg a railroad center. In 1924, the G&SIRR operated as a subsidiary of the Illinois Central Railroad but lost its independent identity in 1946. Hattiesburg gained its nickname, the Hub City, in 1912 as a result of a contest in a local newspaper, it was named. U. S. Highway 49, U. S. Highway 98 and U. S. Highway 11, Interstate 59 intersected in and near Hattiesburg; the region around Hattiesburg was involved in testing during the development of weapons in the nuclear arms race of the Cold War. In the 1960s, two nuclear devices were detonated in the salt domes near Lumberton, about 28 miles southwest of Hattiesburg. Extensive follow-up of the area by the EPA has not revealed levels of nuclear contamination in the area that would be harmful to humans. Throughout the 20th century, Hattiesburg benefited from the founding of Camp Shelby, two major hospitals, two colleges, The University of Southern Mississippi and William Carey University.
The growing metropolitan area that includes Hattiesburg and Lamar counties, was designated a Metropolitan Statistical Area in 1994 with a combined population of more than 100,000 residents. Although about 75 miles inland, Hattiesburg was hit hard in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina. Around 10,000 structures in the area received major damage of some type from the heavy winds and rain, as the hurricane tracked inland. 80 percent of the city's roads were blocked by trees, power was out in the area for up to 14 days. The storm killed 24 people in the surrounding areas; the city has struggled to cope with a large influx of temporary evacuees and new permanent residents from coastal Louisiana and Mississippi towns to the south, where damage from Katrina was catastrophic. The City is known for its police department, as it was the first — and for a decade the only — Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies federally accredited law enforcement agency in the State of Mississippi; the department is served by its own training academy.
It is considered one of the most difficult basic academies in the country, with a more than 50% attrition rate. The Hattiesburg Zoo at Kam
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his assassination in 1968. Born in Atlanta, King is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience, tactics his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi helped inspire. King led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and in 1957 became the first president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. With the SCLC, he led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany and helped organize the nonviolent 1963 protests in Birmingham, Alabama, he helped organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. On October 14, 1964, King won the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. In 1965, he helped organize the Selma to Montgomery marches; the following year, he and the SCLC took the movement north to Chicago to work on segregated housing.
In his final years, he expanded his focus to include opposition towards the Vietnam War. He alienated many of his liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled "Beyond Vietnam". J. Edgar Hoover considered him a radical and made him an object of the FBI's COINTELPRO from 1963 on. FBI agents investigated him for possible communist ties, recorded his extramarital liaisons and reported on them to government officials, on one occasion mailed King a threatening anonymous letter, which he interpreted as an attempt to make him commit suicide. In 1968, King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D. C. to be called the Poor People's Campaign, when he was assassinated on April 4 in Memphis, Tennessee. His death was followed by riots in many U. S. cities. Allegations that James Earl Ray, the man convicted of killing King, had been framed or acted in concert with government agents persisted for decades after the shooting. Sentenced to 99 years in prison for King's murder a life sentence as Ray was 41 at the time of conviction, Ray served 29 years of his sentence and died from hepatitis in 1998 while in prison.
King was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of the Congressional Gold Medal. Martin Luther King Jr. Day was established as a holiday in numerous cities and states beginning in 1971. Hundreds of streets in the U. S. have been renamed in his honor, a county in Washington State was rededicated for him. The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D. C. was dedicated in 2011. King was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia, to the Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. King's given name at birth was Michael King, his father was born Michael King, after a period of gradual transition on the elder King's part, he changed both his and his son's names in 1934; the senior King was inspired during a trip to Germany for that year's meeting of the Baptist World Alliance. While visiting sites associated with reformation leader, Martin Luther, attendees witnessed the rise of Nazism; the BWA conference issued a resolution condemning anti-Semitism, the senior King gained deepened appreciation for the power of Luther's protest.
The elder King would state that "Michael" was a mistake by the attending physician to his son's birth, the younger King's birth certificate was altered to read "Martin Luther King Jr." in 1957. King's parents were both African-American, he had Irish ancestry through his paternal great-grandfather. King was a middle child, between older sister Christine King Farris and younger brother A. D. King. King sang with his church choir at the 1939 Atlanta premiere of the movie Gone with the Wind, he enjoyed singing and music, his mother was an accomplished organist and choir leader who took him to various churches to sing, he received attention for singing "I Want to Be More and More Like Jesus". King became a member of the junior choir in his church. King said that his father whipped him until he was 15. King saw his father's proud and fearless protests against segregation, such as King Sr. refusing to listen to a traffic policeman after being referred to as "boy," or stalking out of a store with his son when being told by a shoe clerk that they would have to "move to the rear" of the store to be served.
When King was a child, he befriended a white boy whose father owned a business near his family's home. When the boys were six, they started school: King had to attend a school for African Americans, the other boy went to one for whites. King lost his friend. King suffered from depression through much of his life. In his adolescent years, he felt resentment against whites due to the "racial humiliation" that he, his family, his neighbors had to endure in the segregated South. At the age of 12, shortly after his maternal grandmother died, King blamed himself and jumped out of a second-story window, but survived. King was skeptical of many of Christianity's claims. At the age of 13, he denied the bodily resurrection of Jesus during Sunday school. From this point, he stated, "doubts began to spring forth unrelentingly." However, he concluded that the Bible has "many profound truths which one cannot escape" and decided to enter the seminary. Growing up in Atlanta, King attended Booker T. Washington High School.
He became k
University of Mississippi Medical Center
University of Mississippi Medical Center is the health sciences campus of the University of Mississippi and is located in Jackson, United States. UMMC referred to as the Medical Center, is the state's only academic medical center. UMMC houses seven health science schools: Medicine, Nursing, Health Related Professions, Graduate Studies in the Health Sciences, Population Health and Pharmacy; the 164-acre campus includes University Hospital, Wiser Hospital for Women and Infants, Conerly Critical Care Hospital, Batson Children's Hospital, the state's only children's hospital, Rowland Medical Library. As the academic health sciences campus of the University of Mississippi, the Medical Center functions as a separately accredited, semi-autonomous unit responsible to the chancellor of the university and through him to the constitutional Board of Trustees of the State Institutions of Higher Learning; the University of Mississippi Medical Center is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges to award baccalaureate, master's and doctorate degrees.
The Medical Center is accredited by The Joint Commission. The IHL Board of Trustees appoints the UM chancellor, who recommends a candidate for UMMC's vice chancellor for health affairs; the vice chancellor serves as the dean of the University of Mississippi School of Medicine. LouAnn Woodward, MD, was named March 2015, to fill the vice chancellor position, she is responsible for the overall strategic direction of the Medical Center. She is the 10th person to hold the post in the Medical Center's 60-year history. Enrollment in UMMC's 28 degree programs is more than 2,900 students. Admission preference is given to Mississippi residents in an effort to supply professionals to meet the state's health-care needs; the Associated Student Body is the student government association for UMMC. It serves as a mechanism to organize student extracurricular activities and to voice student concerns and questions to the administration and community. UMMC is the only hospital in the state designated as a Level 1 trauma center.
Specialized hospital services include: an interventional MRI. A portion of land on the UMMC campus was once the site of the Mississippi Insane Asylum, which moved its operations in 1935 and became Mississippi State Hospital. UMMC has the only hospital in the state designated as a Level 1 trauma center, the state's only Level 4 neonatal intensive care unit located in the Wiser Hospital for Women and Infants; the Medical Center has the only organ transplant program and OB/GYN emergency room in Mississippi. With a total of 1,003 beds, including Holmes County and Grenada locations, UMMC is the largest diagnostic and referral care system in the state. Based on the latest fiscal year statistics, inpatient admissions at the multiple locations totaled more than 33,000, with more than 487,000 hospital outpatient visits; the UMMC emergency rooms in Jackson had 70,000 visits, while Grenada had 18,324 and Holmes County had 6,657. Hospitals include: University Hospital Wallace Conerly Critical Care Hospital Winfred L. Wiser Hospital for Women and Infants Blair E. Batson Children's Hospital UMMC Holmes County UMMC GrenadaUniversity Physicians, the faculty group practice of the School of Medicine, includes about 500 doctors in the university hospitals and in clinics on campus, around the Jackson metro area, in outreach clinics around the state.
UP providers see about 404,870 patients each year in 170 locations in 38 counties. UMMC faculty and advanced practice providers see patients at several on- and off-site clinics. Specialized clinics include: UP Pavilion -- Miss.. UP Grants Ferry – Flowood, Miss. UP Lakeland Medicine Center – Jackson, Miss UP Northeast Jackson at Select Specialty Hospital – Jackson, Miss. Women's Specialty Care at Mirror Lake – Flowood, Miss; the Face & Skin Center of University Physicians – Ridgeland, Miss. UMMC Cancer Institute at Jackson Medical Mall – Jackson, Miss. UP Clinics at Jackson Medical Mall – Jackson, Miss. Other features and facilities include separate medical, cardiac and pediatric ICUs. In 2007, professional football standout Eli Manning undertook a five-year campaign to improve Batson's pediatric clinics. More than $2.9 million was raised, the clinics were renamed Eli Manning Children's Clinics. In 2014, father Archie Manning and his family joined with UMMC to launch the Manning Family Fund for a Healthier Mississippi.
The donor-supported program boosts the Medical Center's commitment to improving Mississippians’ health. The partnership between the Mannings and UMMC raises money to attack heart disease, kidney disease, cancer and other health challenges confronting Mississippians. UMMC outreach programs help fulfill the Medical Center's mission of improving the overall health of Mi