The Cramps were an American punk rock band formed in 1976 and active until 2009. The band split after the death of lead singer Lux Interior, their line-up rotated during their existence, with the husband-and-wife duo of Interior and lead guitarist and occasional bass guitarist Poison Ivy comprising the only ever-present members. The addition of guitarist Bryan Gregory and drummer Pam Balam resulted in the first complete lineup in April 1976, they were part of the early CBGB punk rock movement. The Cramps were one of the first punk bands, widely recognized as one of the prime innovators of psychobilly, their music is in rockabilly form, played at varying tempos, with a minimal drumkit. An integral part of the early Cramps sound was dual guitars, without a bassist; the focus of their songs' lyrical content and their image was camp humor, sexual double-entendre, retro horror/sci-fi b-movie iconography. Their sound was influenced by early rockabilly and blues, rock and roll like Link Wray and Hasil Adkins, 1960s surf music acts such as the Ventures and Dick Dale, 1960s garage rock artists like the Standells, the Trashmen, the Green Fuz and the Sonics, as well as the post-glam/early punk scene from which they emerged, as well as citing Ricky Nelson as being an influence during numerous interviews.
They were influenced to a degree by the Ramones and Screamin' Jay Hawkins, who were an influence for their style of theatrical horror-blues. Despite being a Blues band by concept according to Ivy, the Cramps have influenced countless subsequent bands in the garage and revival rockabilly styles, helped create the psychobilly genre. "Psychobilly" was a term coined1 by the Cramps, although Lux Interior maintained that the term did not describe their own style. Lux Interior and Poison Ivy met in Sacramento, California in 1972. In light of their common artistic interests and shared devotion to record collecting, they decided to form the Cramps. Lux took his stage name from a car ad, Ivy claimed to have received hers in a dream. In 1973, they moved to Akron, to New York in 1975, soon entering into CBGB's early punk scene with other emerging acts like Suicide, the Ramones, Patti Smith, Blondie, Talking Heads, Mink DeVille; the lineup in 1976 was Poison Ivy Rorschach, Lux Interior, Bryan Gregory, his sister Pam "Balam" Gregory.
In a short period of time, the Cramps changed drummers twice. In the late 1970s, the Cramps shared a rehearsal space with the Fleshtones, performed in New York at clubs such as CBGB and Max's Kansas City, releasing two independent singles produced by Alex Chilton at Ardent Studios in Memphis in 1977 before being signed by Miles Copeland III to the young I. R. S. Records label, their first tour of Great Britain was as supporting act to the Police on that band's first UK tour promoting Outlandos d'Amour. In June 1978, they gave a landmark free concert for patients at the California State Mental Hospital in Napa, recorded on a Sony Portapak video camera by the San Francisco collective Target Video and released as Live at Napa State Mental Hospital. Once back to the east coast, they played the revamped 1940s swing club "The Meadowbrook" in New Jersey, which had a huge stage and dance floor; the Cramps were the featured act, with opening set by Nozon and the Smiths. Next they recorded two singles in New York City, which were re-released on their 1979 Gravest Hits EP, before Chilton brought them back that year to Memphis to record their first full-length album, Songs the Lord Taught Us, at Phillips Recording, operated by former Sun Records label owner Sam Phillips.
The Cramps hired guitarist Kid Congo Powers of the Gun Club. While recording their second LP, Psychedelic Jungle, the band and Miles Copeland began to dispute royalties and creative rights; the ensuing court case prevented them from releasing anything until 1983, when they recorded Smell of Female live at New York's Peppermint Lounge. Mike Metoff of the Pagans was the final second guitarist – albeit only live – of the Cramps' pre-bass era, he accompanied them on an extensive European tour in 1984 which included four sold out nights at the Hammersmith Palais. They recorded performances of "Thee Most Exalted Potentate of Love" and "You Got Good Taste" which were broadcast on'The Midsummer Night's Tube 1984.' Smell of Female peaked at No. 74 in the UK Albums Chart. The band appears in the 1982 film Urgh! A Music War. In 1985 the Cramps recorded a one-off track for the horror movie The Return of the Living Dead called "Surfin' Dead", on which Ivy played bass as well as guitar. With the release of 1986's A Date With Elvis, the Cramps permanently added a bass guitar to the mix, but had trouble finding a suitable player, so Ivy temporarily filled in as the band's bassist.
Fur joined them on the world tour to promote the album. Their popularity in the UK was at its peak as evidenced by the six nights at Hammersmith in London, three at the Odeon and three at the Palais when they returned from the continent; each night of the tour opened with the band coming on one at a time each: Knox, Fur and Lux before launching into their take on E
A. K. M. Shahidul Haque is a Bangladeshi police officer who served as the 27th Inspector General of Bangladesh Police. Haque was born in Shariatpur District, he joined Bangladesh Police in 1986 as an Assistant Superintendent of Police. He held other positions, which include Police Commissioner, Dhaka Metropolitan Police, DIG Chittagong Range, DIG Rajshahi Range, DIG, Police Headquarters, SP Sirajganj, Chittagong and Chandpur. Before promoted to IGP, he was Additional IGP at the status of Secretary of Bangladesh Police. Haque served in three UN Peace Keeping Mission in Cambodia and Sudan and awarded UN Peace Medal for his performance. Haque is the author of different books like - 1. Police and Community with Concept of Community Policing, 2. Community Policing Ki Ebong Keno 3. Somaje Police Ebong Community Policing 4. Bangladesh Police Sarrgrontho 5. Community Policing: Concept and Objectives and 6. Bangladesh Police Hand Book etc
Paúl Fernando Carrera Velasteguí, known better as Polo Carrera, is an Ecuadorian retired football player and former manager. He has played for clubs in Ecuador and Uruguay, as well as the Ecuadorian football team Carrera started his career at LDU Quito at the age of 15 in 1960, where he stayed until transferred to Peñarol of Uruguay in 1968, he transferred to cross-town team River Plate de Montevideo in 1970. He returned to Ecuador to play for several clubs until his retirement in 1984, he was the all-time top goalscorer in the Copa Libertadores tournament for LDU Quito with 12 goals, until surpassed by Patricio Urrutia. Since retiring from football, Carrera started his coaching career in 1990 with LDU Quito as a manager at senior level, he was the senior team coach from 1990–1991, where he guided the club to their improbable 4th Serie A title in 1990, after a 15-year title drought. He coached the Ecuador national team in 1998 with little success. Starting in 2000 he held various elected positions in government.
Botrytis cinerea is a necrotrophic fungus that affects many plant species, although its most notable hosts may be wine grapes. In viticulture, it is known as "botrytis bunch rot"; the fungus gives rise to two different kinds of infections on grapes. The first, grey rot, is the result of wet or humid conditions, results in the loss of the affected bunches; the second, noble rot, occurs when drier conditions follow wetter, can result in distinctive sweet dessert wines, such as Sauternes or the Aszú of Tokaji/Grasă de Cotnari. The species name Botrytis cinerea is derived from the Latin for "grapes like ashes"; the fungus is referred to by its anamorph name, because the sexual phase is observed. The teleomorph is an ascomycete, Botryotinia fuckeliana known as Botryotinia cinerea. "Botrytis" is derived from the Ancient Greek botrys meaning "grapes", combined with the New Latin suffix -itis for disease. The disease, gray mold, affects more than 200 dicotyledonous plant species and a few monocotyledonous plants found in temperate and subtropical regions.
Serious economic losses can be a result of this disease to both greenhouse grown crops. The causal agent, Botrytis cinerea can infect mature or senescent tissues, plants prior to harvest, or seedlings. There is a wide variety of hosts infected by this pathogen including protein crops, fiber crops, oil crops, horticultural crops. Horticultural crops include vegetables and small fruit crops, these are most affected and devastated by gray mold. Plant organs affected include fruits, leaves, storage organs, shoots. Symptoms vary across plant tissues. B. cinerea is a soft rot that will have a collapsed and water soaked appearance on soft fruit and leaves. Brown lesions may develop on undeveloped fruit. Twigs infected with gray mold will die back. Blossoms will mature fruit. Symptoms are visible at wound sites. Gray masses with a velvety appearance are conidia on the plant; these conidia are asexual spores that will continue to infect the plant and surrounding hosts throughout the growing season making this a polycyclic disease.
Plants have evolved to produce localized lesions. An oxidative burst causes; this soft rot can trigger HR to assist in colonization. Botrytis cinerea, as a necrotrophic pathogen, exploits the dead tissue for its pathogenicity or its ability to cause disease. Susceptible plants cannot use the HR to protect against Botrytis cinerea. See: Botrytis cinerea is characterized by abundant hyaline conida borne on grey, branching tree-like conidiophores; the fungus produces resistant sclerotia as survival structures in older cultures. It overwinters as sclerotia or intact mycelia, both of which germinate in spring to produce conidiophores; the conidia, dispersed by wind and by rain-water, cause new infections. Different Botrytis cinerea strains show considerable genetic variability. Gliocladium roseum is a fungal parasite of Botrytis cinerea. Gray mold favors moist and warm environmental conditions between 18.3-23-9℃. Temperature, relative humidity, wetness duration produce a conducive environment, favorable for inoculation of mycelium or conidia.
Controlled environments, such as crop production greenhouses, provide the moisture and high temperatures that favor the spreading and development of the pathogen Botrytis cinerea. Standing water on plant leaf surfaces provides a place for spores to germinate. Humid conditions can result from improper irrigation practice, plants placed too close together, or the structure of the greenhouse not allowing for efficient ventilation and air flow. Ventilation at night reduces the incidence of gray mold. Melanized sclerotium allows Botrytis cinerea to survive for years in the soil. Sclerotia and the asexual conidia spores contribute to the widespread infection of the pathogen. A low pH is preferred by the gray mold to perform well. Botrytis cinerea can acidify its environment like oxalic acid. By acidifying its surroundings, cell wall degrading enzymes are enhanced, plant-protection enzymes are inhibited, stomatal closure is deregulated, pH signaling is mediated to facilitate its pathogenesis. In the Botrytis infection known as "noble rot", the fungus removes water from the grapes, leaving behind a higher percent of solids, such as sugars, fruit acids and minerals.
This results in a concentrated final product. The wine is said to have an aroma of honeysuckle and a bitter finish on the palate. A distinct fermentation process caused by nature, the combination of geology and specific weather led to the particular balance of beneficial fungus while leaving enough of the grape intact for harvesting; the Chateau d'Yquem is the only Premier Cru Supérieur due to the vineyard's susceptibility to noble rot. Botrytis complicates winemaking by making fermentation more complex. Botrytis produces an anti-fungal that kills yeast and results in fermentation stopping before the wine has accumulated sufficient levels of alcohol. Makers of fine German dessert wines have
The 2010 Crocs Challenge Cup is a new annual European competition in beach soccer. This tournament is promoted by Beach Soccer Worldwide. There are eight teams participating in this tournament; the competing teams were determined by their current ranking from ninth to sixteenth in the Beach Soccer Worldwide European rankings, with some exceptions. All matches were played at the same time as Stage 4 of the 2010 Euro Beach Soccer League from July 23 to 25 at the Beach Stadion in The Hague in the Netherlands. Andorra Azerbaijan Czech Republic England Germany Norway Netherlands Turkey MVP: Patrick Ax Best goalkeeper: Gokhan Crocs top goal scorer: Tamer Ay - 5 goals Beach soccer Euro Beach Soccer League Beach Soccer Worldwide Crocs.eu Beach Soccer
Giuseppe Verdi is a 1938 Italian biographical film directed by Carmine Gallone and starring Fosco Giachetti, Gaby Morlay and Germana Paolieri. The film portrays the life of the composer Giuseppe Verdi; the casting of Giachetti as Verdi was intended to emphasise the composer's patriotism, as he had played patriotic roles in films such as The White Squadron. The film was made at the Cinecittà Studios in Rome; the film is known by the alternative title The Life of Giuseppe Verdi. Fosco Giachetti as Giuseppe Verdi Gaby Morlay as Giuseppina Strepponi Germana Paolieri as Margherita Barezzi Camillo Pilotto as Antonio Barezzi Cesco Baseggio as Papà Verdi Maria Jacobini as Luigia Uttini, madre di Verdi Maria Cebotari as Teresina Stolz Febo Mari as Marelli, il direttore della Scala di Milano Carlo Duse as Temistocle Solera Eugenio Duse as L'impressario Massini Enrico Glori as Il maestro Mariani Clara Padoa as La contessa Maffei Achille Majeroni as Il maestro Basili Carlo Tamberlani as Demalde Augusto Di Giovanni as Antonio Ghislanzoni Gustavo Serena as Salvatore Cammarano Guido Celano as Francesco Maria Piave Henri Rollan as Victor Hugo Lamberto Picasso as Gaetano Donizetti Gabriel Gabrio as Honoré de Balzac Pierre Brasseur as Alexandre Dumas fils Landy, Marcia.
The Folklore of Consensus: Theatricality in the Italian Cinema, 1930-1943. SUNY Press, 1998. Giuseppe Verdi on IMDb