The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London. Continuous publication began under its founder James Wilson in September 1843. In 2015, its average weekly circulation was a little over 1.5 million, about half of which were sold in the United States. For the year to March 2016, the Economist Group declared operating profit of £61m; the Economist takes an editorial stance of classical and economic liberalism that supports free trade, free immigration and cultural liberalism. The publication has described itself as "a product of the Caledonian liberalism of Adam Smith and David Hume", it claims an audience containing many influential policy-makers. The publication's CEO described this recent global change, first noticed in the 1990s and accelerated in the beginning of the 21st century as a "new age of Mass Intelligence"; the Economist was founded by the British businessman and banker James Wilson in 1843, to advance the repeal of the Corn Laws, a system of import tariffs.
A prospectus for the "newspaper" from 5 August 1843 enumerated thirteen areas of coverage that its editors wanted the publication to focus on: Original leading articles, in which free-trade principles will be most rigidly applied to all the important questions of the day. Articles relating to some practical, agricultural, or foreign topic of passing interest, such as foreign treaties. An article on the elementary principles of political economy, applied to practical experience, covering the laws related to prices, rent, exchange and taxes. Parliamentary reports, with particular focus on commerce and free trade. Reports and accounts of popular movements advocating free trade. General news from the Court of St. James's, the Metropolis, the Provinces and Ireland. Commercial topics such as changes in fiscal regulations, the state and prospects of the markets and exports, foreign news, the state of the manufacturing districts, notices of important new mechanical improvements, shipping news, the money market, the progress of railways and public companies.
Agricultural topics, including the application of geology and chemistry. Colonial and foreign topics, including trade, produce and fiscal changes, other matters, including exposés on the evils of restriction and protection, the advantages of free intercourse and trade. Law reports, confined chiefly to areas important to commerce and agriculture. Books, confined chiefly, but not so to commerce and agriculture, including all treatises on political economy, finance, or taxation. A commercial gazette, with prices and statistics of the week. Correspondence and inquiries from the news magazine's readers. Wilson described it as taking part in "a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress", a phrase which still appears on its masthead as the publication's mission, it has long been respected as "one of the most competent and subtle Western periodicals on public affairs". It was cited by Karl Marx in his formulation of socialist theory, because Marx felt the publication epitomised the interests of the bourgeoisie He wrote: "the London Economist, the European organ of the aristocracy of finance, described most strikingly the attitude of this class."In 1920, the magazine's circulation rose to 6,170.
In 1934, it underwent its first major redesign. The current logo was created by Reynolds Stone in 1959. In January 2012, The Economist launched a new weekly section devoted to China, the first new country section since the introduction of one on the United States in 1942. In August 2015, The Economist Group bought back five million of its shares from Pearson. Pearson's remaining shares were sold to Exor; the editors of The Economist have been: James Wilson 1843–1857 Richard Holt Hutton 1857–1861 Walter Bagehot, 1861–1877 Daniel Conner Lathbury, 1877–1881 Robert Harry Inglis Palgrave, 1877–1883 Edward Johnstone, 1883–1907 Francis Wrigley Hirst, 1907–1916 Hartley Withers, 1916–1921 Sir Walter Layton, 1922–1938 Geoffrey Crowther, 1938–1956 Donald Tyerman, 1956–1965 Sir Alastair Burnet, 1965–1974 Andrew Knight, 1974–1986 Rupert Pennant-Rea, 1986–1993 Bill Emmott, 1993–2006 John Micklethwait, 2006–2014 Zanny Minton Beddoes, 2015–present Pearson PLC held a 50% shareholding via The Financial Times Limited until August 2015.
At that time, Pearson sold their share in the Economist. The Agnelli family's Exor paid £287m to raise their stake from 4.7% to 43.4% while the Economist paid £182m for the balance of 5.04m shares which will be distributed to current shareholders. Aside from the Agnelli family, smaller shareholders in the company include Cadbury, Schroder and other family interests as well as a number of staff and former staff shareholders. A board of trustees formally appoints the editor. Although The Economist has a global emphasis and scope, about two-thirds of the 75 staff journalists are based in the London borough of Westminster; when the news magazine was founded, the term "economism" denoted what would today be termed "economic liberalism". The Economist supports free trade and free immigration; the activist
Zhou Zijian was the governor and Communist Party of China Provincial Committee Secretary for Anhui Province in the People's Republic of China from 1982 to 1983. Zhou was born on April 1, 1914. In 1930, he left his home in Linquan County and traveled to Beiping to study and participate in the student movement there. In 1932, he participated in a peripheral organization of the Communist Party of China, the Great Anti-Imperialist Alliance, for which he undertook underground communications work. In January 1936, Zhou formally joined the Communist Party. From 1940 to 1946, he worked in the Xi'an office of the Eighth Route Army, became the office's section chief and office chief. Under an atmosphere of White Terror, Zhou completed. For this, he received praise and affirmation from Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Ren Bishi, other central leaders. In April 1947, he was transferred to the secretariat of the United Front Work Department, where he became vice-head of the department, the department head. In January 1949, Zhou was one of four members selected to be sent in advance to Beiping to participate in preparations for the new Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, to occur.
He was in charge of receiving Beijing restaurants. In 1950, Zhou was transferred to the Government Administration Council, the predecessor to the State Council of the People's Republic of China, where he was appointed vice-director of the secretariat, vice-chief of the administration bureau, the first secretary of the Party Leadership Group of the administration bureau. In 1952, he was transferred to the first Ministry of Machine Building, where he became bureau chief, assistant to the Minister, Vice-Minister, Minister. In 1981, Zhou became Party Secretary for Anhui province. In 1983, he accepted an appointment to be a special advisor to the State Planning Commission. Zhou was an alternate member of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, a member of the 12th Central Committee. Zhou died on March 24, 2003
Mate Parlov was a Croatian boxer, Olympic gold medalist, European and World Champion as an amateur and as a professional. Mate Parlov was born in Split, the older of two brothers in a Croatian family from the village of Ričice near the town of Imotski. In 1958, the family moved to Pula. In his amateur career he participated in 310 matches and lost 13, he was eight-time champion of Yugoslavia in the light heavyweight category, five-time champion of the Balkans, two-time champion of Europe, world champion at the inaugural 1974 World Championships in Havana, Cuba. He won the Golden Glove award twice, in 1967 and 1969, he participated in the Munich 1972 Summer Olympics, winning the gold medal in the light heavyweight division. Parlov won twelve of his first thirteen fights as a professional boxer before challenging for the European light-heavyweight title. In 1976, he faced. In their first fight in Milan, scheduled for eight rounds, he was defeated following the referee's decision. In a rematch, he and Muhammad struggled to a ten-round draw.
After defending the European title three times, he met Miguel Angel Cuello in Milan for the WBC world light-heavyweight title in January 1978. The two men had been scheduled to meet in the quarter-finals at the Munich Olympics, but Cuello withdrew due to an injury. Parlov knocked out Cuello in the ninth round to become the first professional world champion from a communist country. Parlov lost the title on his second defense and would challenge for the World cruiser-weight title without success. In retirement, Parlov ran a coffee bar in Pula, he returned to boxing as coach of the Yugoslavian Olympic team prior to the 1984 Olympics, when Yugoslav boxers achieved their best results ever: one gold, one silver and two bronzes. He moved to Fažana near Pula, away from boxing and the public. In March 2008, he was diagnosed with lung cancer, died four months later. Mate Parlov was married to Laura Parlov with whom he had daughter Mira and son Matko, he was an economist by profession, had one graduate exam left before gaining the title of Master of Economics.
Golden Gloves: 1967, 1969 Croatian Sportsman of the Year: 1971, 1972, 1973 Yugoslavian Sportsman of the Year: 1971, 1972, 1974 Golden Badge award for best athlete of Yugoslavia: 1972, 1974 Croatian Sportsman of the 20th century Lifetime Honorary President of Croatian Boxing Federation WBC Honorary Champion: 2006 Croatian Walk of Fame: 2008 Mate Parlov Sport Centre, a multi-functional hall in Pula named after him since 2008 Franjo Bučar State Award for Sport - Award for Life Achievement: 2018 Record: 310–13 Eight-time champion of Yugoslavia Five-time champion of the Balkans Silver at the 1969 European Championships: Bucharest, Romania: Defeated Ewald Jarmer by decision Defeated Janusz Gortat by decision Defeated Reima Virtanen by decision Lost to Vladimir Tarasenko by decisionRepresented Yugoslavia at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City, Mexico: Defeated Lahcen Ahidous by decision Defeated Jan van Ispelen by decision Lost to Chris Finnegan by decision Gold at the 1971 European Championships: Madrid, Spain: Defeated Anthony Roberts by decision Defeated Vladimir Metelev RSC 2 Defeated Janusz Gortat by decision Defeated Horst Stump by decision Defeated Ottomar Sachse by decision Gold at the 1972 Olympics in Munich, Germany: Defeated Noureddine Aman Hassan KO 2 Defeated Imre Toth KO 2 Defeated Miguel Angel Cuello by walkover Defeated Janusz Gortat by decision Defeated Gilberto Carrillo RSC 2 Gold at the 1973 European Championships: Belgrade, Yugoslavia: Defeated Michael Imrie RSC 1 Defeated William Knight RSC 3 Defeated Oleg Karatayev RSC 2 Defeated Janusz Gortat by decision Gold at the 1974 World Championships, Cuba: Defeated Constantin Dafinoiu by decision Defeated Gilberto Carrillo by decision Defeated Ottomar Sachse by decision Defeated Oleg Karatayev RSC 2 Professional boxing record for Mate Parlov from BoxRec Olympiad Medal Results for 1972: Boxing 75-81kg Men