The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television variety show that ran on CBS from June 20, 1948, to June 6, 1971, was hosted by New York entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan. It was replaced in September 1971 by the CBS Sunday Night Movie. In 2002, The Ed Sullivan Show was ranked #15 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time. In 2013, the series finished No. 31 in TV Guide Magazine's 60 Best Series of All Time. From 1948 until its cancellation in 1971, the show ran on CBS every Sunday night from 8–9 p.m. E. T. and is one of the few entertainment shows to have run in the same weekly time slot on the same network for more than two decades. Every type of entertainment appeared on the show; the format was the same as vaudeville and, although vaudeville had undergone a slow demise for a generation, Sullivan presented many ex-vaudevillians on his show. Co-created and produced by Marlo Lewis, the show was first titled Toast of the Town, but was referred to as The Ed Sullivan Show for years before September 25, 1955, when that became its official name.
In the show's June 20, 1948 debut, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis performed along with singer Monica Lewis and Broadway composers Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II previewing the score to their then-new show South Pacific, which opened on Broadway in 1949. From 1948 through 1962, the program's primary sponsor was the Lincoln-Mercury Division of the Ford Motor Company; the Ed Sullivan Show was broadcast via live television from CBS-TV studio 51, the Maxine Elliott Theatre, at Broadway and 39th St. before moving to its permanent home at CBS-TV Studio 50 in New York City, renamed the Ed Sullivan Theater on the occasion of the program's 20th anniversary in June 1968. The last original Sullivan show telecast was on March 28, 1971, with guests Melanie, Joanna Simon, Danny Davis and the Nashville Brass and Sandler and Young. Repeats were scheduled through June 6, 1971. Along with the new talent Sullivan booked each week, he had recurring characters appear many times a season, such as his "Little Italian Mouse" puppet sidekick Topo Gigio, who debuted December 9, 1962, ventriloquist Señor Wences debuted December 31, 1950.
While most of the episodes aired live from New York City, the show aired live on occasion from other nations, such as the United Kingdom and Japan. For many years, Ed Sullivan was a national event each Sunday evening, was the first exposure for foreign performers to the American public. On the occasion of the show's tenth anniversary telecast, Sullivan commented on how the show had changed during a June 1958 interview syndicated by the Newspaper Enterprise Association: The chief difference is one of pace. In those days, we had maybe six acts. Now we have 11 or 12; each of our acts would do a leisurely ten minutes or so. Now they do three minutes, and in those early days I talked too much. Watching these kines I cringe. I look up at me talking away and I say "You fool! Keep quiet!" But I just keep on talking. I've learned; the show enjoyed phenomenal popularity in early 1960s. As had occurred with the annual telecasts of The Wizard of Oz in the 1960s and'70s, the family ritual of gathering around the television set to watch Ed Sullivan became a U.
S. cultural universal. He was regarded as a kingmaker, performers considered an appearance on his program as a guarantee of stardom, although this sometimes did not turn out to be the case; the show's iconic status is illustrated by the song "Hymn for a Sunday Evening" from the 1960 musical Bye Bye Birdie. In the song, a family of viewers expresses their regard for the program in worshipful tones. In September 1965, CBS started televising the program in compatible color, as all three major networks began to switch to 100 percent color prime time schedules. CBS had once backed its own color system, developed by Peter Goldmark, resisted using RCA's compatible process until 1954. At that time, it built its first New York City color TV studio, Studio 72, in a former RKO movie theater at 2248 Broadway. One Ed Sullivan Show was broadcast on August 22, 1954, from the new studio, but it was used for one-time-only specials such as Rodgers and Hammerstein's March 31, 1957 Cinderella. CBS Studio 72 was replaced by an apartment house.
CBS Studio 50 was "colorized" in 1965. The 1965–66 season premiere starred the Beatles in an episode airing on September 12, the last episode to air in black and white; this occurred because the episode was taped at the Beatles' convenience on August 14, the eve of their Shea Stadium performance and a two-week tour of North America before the program was ready for color transmission. In the late 1960s, Sullivan remarked, he realized that to keep viewers, the best and brightest in entertainment had to be seen, or else the viewers were going to keep on changing the channel. Along with declining viewership, Ed Sullivan attracted a higher median age for the average viewer as the seasons went on; these two factors were the reason the show was cancelled by CBS on March 16, 1971 as part of a mass cancellation of adve
The Phoenix Arizona Temple is a temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in the city of Phoenix, Arizona. It is the 144th temple of the LDS Church; the announcement of the planned construction of the temple on May 24, 2008, came a month after the Gila Valley and Gilbert temples were announced for Arizona. The announcement to build a temple in Phoenix came in part as a response to the high concentration of church members in the area and to help ease the load on the nearby Mesa Arizona Temple; the original design of the temple, which resembled the Draper Utah Temple in design, exceeded the maximum height restrictions imposed by existing zoning law and required an exception be granted by the Phoenix city council. The primary issue was not the planned steeple height of 126 feet, as church steeples are exempt from zoning laws, but the temple's structural height of 40 feet; the exterior color of the temple was changed from the traditional white to a more natural stone color in an effort to address the concerns of residents in the neighborhood.
The city council voted to approve the requested zoning exemptions on December 2, 2009. Local residents opposed to the construction mounted a successful campaign to call for a voter referendum on the council's decision, delivering the requisite signatures by December 31 delaying the approval process until September 2011 when the issue could be put to a vote. After a series of talks with the opposition, LDS Church representatives announced on January 26, 2010, that the temple would be redesigned to comply with the zoning restrictions by limiting the structural height to 30 feet, obviating the need for any exceptions and eliminating the need for any further approval process. LDS Church representatives indicated that the redesign process would take between eight months and a year; the height of the steeple, building color and lighting are not regulated by zoning laws and it was unclear at that time if the steeple height would be changed with the redesign, or previous design concessions would be retained in the new design.
On August 17, 2010, the redesign was submitted to the city of Phoenix for preliminary approval. A meeting for neighbors of the temple was held that same day; the redesigned structure is 30 feet high with a 90-foot spire. This met the 30-feet zoning limit on building heights, the total height is 9 feet lower than the proposed design. Ronald A. Rasband, of the Presidency of the Seventy, presided at a small groundbreaking ceremony held on June 4, 2011. A public open house was held from October 10 to November 1, 2014; the temple was formally dedicated on November 16, 2014, by Thomas S. Monson, ended up being the last one he dedicated before his death. Comparison of temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints List of temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints List of temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by geographic region Temple architecture The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Arizona Phoenix Arizona Temple at LDS.org Mormon Temples: Phoenix Arizona Temple - "A Resource for Neighbors and Communities" from the LDS Church Phoenix Arizona Temple at LDSChurchTemples.com
Changzhou Changjiang Bus was a bus manufacturer based in Changzhou, China. Changzhou Changjiang was reported to be the largest bus builder in China. Buses are manufactured under the Changjiang brand, it was reported in 2007 that Liaoning Shuguang Automotive Group has taken over Changzhou Changjiang Bus and merge the bus operations with Huanghai Bus. In 1994, Flxible's parent company, General Automotive Corporation, three other American companies, Penske Corporation, Mark IV Industries, Carrier Corporation, entered into a joint venture with Changzhou Changjiang Bus, a Chinese manufacturer located in Changzhou, Jiangsu, to produce buses based on the Flxible Metro design and with the Flxible name; the resulting company, China Flxible Auto Corporation, manufactured buses in a variety of lengths, from 8 m to 11 m. These buses, which include both front- and rear-engine designs, share only their general exterior appearance with the American-built Flxibles, were sold to many transit operators in major Chinese cities, including Beijing and Shanghai.
A trolleybus version was manufactured for just one operator, the Hangzhou trolleybus system, which bought a total of 77 between the late 1990s and 2001. However, for these vehicles, Changzhou Changjiang supplied the chassis and Metro-style bodies to the Hangzhou Changjiang Bus Company, that company equipped them as trolleybuses. Changzhou Changjiang and Iveco of Italy set up a 50:50 joint venture in 2001 called Changzhou Iveco Bus Co; the company produced various types of bus chassis and parts. The joint venture was dissolved in 2007; the j.v. could manufacturer 6,000 to 7,000 buses per year