The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim is an action role-playing video game developed by Bethesda Game Studios and published by Bethesda Softworks. It is the fifth main installment in The Elder Scrolls series, following The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion, was released worldwide for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 on November 11, 2011; the game's main story revolves around the player's character, the Dragonborn, on their quest to defeat Alduin the World-Eater, a dragon, prophesied to destroy the world. The game is set 200 years after the events of Oblivion and takes place in Skyrim, the northernmost province of Tamriel. Over the course of the game, the player completes quests and develops the character by improving skills; the game continues the open-world tradition of its predecessors by allowing the player to travel anywhere in the game world at any time, to ignore or postpone the main storyline indefinitely. Skyrim was developed using the Creation Engine, rebuilt for the game; the team opted for a unique and more diverse open world than Oblivion's Imperial Province of Cyrodiil, which game director and executive producer Todd Howard considered less interesting by comparison.
The game was released to critical acclaim, with reviewers mentioning the character advancement and setting, is considered to be one of the greatest video games of all time. Nonetheless it received some criticism, predominantly for its melee combat and numerous technical issues present at launch; the game shipped over seven million copies to retailers within the first week of its release, over 30 million copies on all platforms as of November 2016, making it one of the best selling video games in history. Three downloadable content add-ons were released—Dawnguard and Dragonborn—which were repackaged into The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim – Legendary Edition and released in June 2013; the Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim – Special Edition is a remastered version of the game released for Windows, Xbox One, PlayStation 4 in October 2016. It includes all three DLC expansions and a graphical upgrade, along with additional features such as modding capabilities on consoles. Versions were released in November 2017 for the Nintendo Switch and PlayStation VR, a stand-alone virtual reality version for Windows was released in April 2018.
These versions were based on the remastered release, but the Switch version's graphics upgrade was relative to its hardware capabilities, it did not include the modding features. The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim is an action role-playing game, playable from either a first or third-person perspective; the player may roam over the land of Skyrim, an open world environment consisting of wilderness expanses, cities, towns and villages. Players may navigate the game world more by riding horses or by utilizing a fast-travel system which allows them to warp to discovered locations; the game's main quest can be completed or ignored at the player's preference after the first stage of the quest is finished. However, some quests rely on the main storyline being at least completed. Non-player characters populate the world and can be interacted with in a number of ways: the player may engage them in conversation, marry an eligible NPC, kill them or engage in a nonlethal "brawl"; as in previous The Elder Scrolls games, killing certain NPCs can make some quests or items unobtainable.
Some NPCs cannot be killed due to their importance in storylines. If witnessed, crimes like murder and theft accrue the player a bounty, tracked independently in each of Skyrim's nine holds. Should the player be stopped by a guard, they may wipe their bounty with gold or jail time or may resist arrest which will trigger an aggressive pursuit, it is possible to bribe a guard, or convince him to forget the crime, if it is a minor offense. NPCs may offer the player additional side-quests and some side-quests have parameters adjusted based on nearby dungeons which the player has yet to explore; some NPCs who are befriended or hired by the player may act as companions who will accompany the player and aid them in combat. The player may choose to join factions which are organized groups of NPCs — for example, the Dark Brotherhood, a band of assassins; each of the factions has an associated quest path to progress through. Each city and town in the game world has jobs. Players have the option to develop their character.
At the beginning of the game, players create their character by selecting their sex and choosing between one of several races including humans, orcs and anthropomorphic cat or lizard-like creatures and customizing their character's appearance. Over the course of the game, players improve their character's skills which are numerical representations of their ability in certain areas. There are eighteen skills divided evenly among the three schools of combat and stealth; when players have trained skills enough to meet the required experience, their character levels up. Each time their character levels, the players may choose to select a skill-specific ability called a perk or store perk points for use. Earlier entries in The Elder Scrolls series used a character class system to determine which skills would contribute to the character's leveling but Skyrim allows players to discover preferred skills as they play the game and it rewards them with more experience when a used skill is leveled. A head-up display appears.
Attributes regenerate over time, although this process can be accelerated by using potions or regenerative spells. Health is depleted when the player takes damage a
Peppimenarti is an Aboriginal Australian community in the Daly River region of the Northern Territory, Australia. Peppimenarti is situated on Tom Turner Creek 320 kilometres south west of Darwin, it is 120 kilometres west of the Daly River crossing along the Port Keats Road. There is road access to Peppimenarti seven months of the year, with the remainder being flooded during the wet season, or roads in too poor condition to drive on; the only access to Peppimenarti during the wet season is via plane. The mail plane flies to the community once a week; the main language spoken in Peppimenarti is Tyemirri, with English being the second most predominant in the area. The population in the was 178; the locality name is drawn from the Aboriginal words Peppi and menarti, referring to the rock formation that overlooks the community. At its base is a wide stream and a series of pools which form a significant sacred site. In the early 1970s, the independent Aboriginal organisation Unia campaigned for the establishment of a cattle station within the Daly River Aboriginal Reserve as a permanent home for the local Ngangikurrunggurr people.
As a result, a 2,000 square kilometres pastoral lease was granted, consolidated by the Northern Territory Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1976. Harold Wilson, a prominent member of Unia, was instrumental in the community’s establishment. Wilson was born in Peppimenarti country, after being removed from his family and sent to government institutions as a child, he decided to return there as an adult with his wife Regina Pilawuk Wilson and family, to set up a permanent settlement, he became the President of the Peppimenarti Association and used his Aboriginal and European heritage to negotiate the ‘translation of Aboriginal needs into European contexts while preserving authentic Aboriginal voices in the decision making process’. At the 2006 census, Peppimenarti had a population of 185. A group of artists from the community launched an art program named'Durrmu Arts'in 2001. Durrmu Arts is now renowned for its contemporary acrylic fibre weaving work. Regina Pilawuk Wilson and fellow artist Teresa Lemon took part in the 2003 Pacific Arts Festival in Nouméa and have since been included in numerous exhibitions both in Australia and internationally.
Regina Pilawuk Wilson won the General Painting Prize at the 2003 Telstra Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Art Award. In 2009, Wilson's work was included in Against Exclusion: Third Moscow Biennale of Contemporary Art, curated by Jean-Martin Hubert, her paintings were included in the exhibition Dreaming their Way at the National Museum for Women in the Arts, Washington DC, USA. In 2016-19, Regina Pilawuk Wilson's work was included in the exhibition Marking the Infinite: Contemporary Women Artists from Aboriginal Australia, which toured to five museums in the US and Canada. Slim Dusty has a popular country song titled'Plains of Peppimenarti' where he sings that Peppimenarti " one place I like to go."
Emil Haussmann was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era. He was part of Einsatzkommando 12 of Einsatzgruppe D, which perpetrated the Holocaust in occupied Ukraine. Haussmann was charged with crimes against humanity in 1947 in the Einsatzgruppen Trial, he committed suicide while in prison. Emil Haussmann was the son of an accountant in Ravensburg. Haussmann joined the NSDAP in January 1930 – three years before the Machtergreifung – at the age of 19, he was a grade school teacher. In 1937, he became a full-time employee of the Sicherheitsdienst, took over the SD-Oberabschnitt Southwest, based in the Judenreferat in Stuttgart. During the Invasion of Poland, Haussmann was part of Einsatzgruppe VI. There he was the "right hand man" for Albert Rapp. Commanding this Einsatzgruppe was Erich Naumann, who became a co-defendant of Haussmann. After the end of hostilities, Haussmann remained with Rapp in Poland; this office coordinated the expulsion of Poles and Jews in Reichsgau Wartheland, Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia, East Upper Silesia and Aktion Zamość.
Haussmann took part in Einsatzkommando 12 during the invasion of the Soviet Union. In 1947 he was one of 24 defendants at the Einsatzgruppen Trial. On 29 July 1947, he received the indictment along with his co-defendants: crimes against humanity, war crimes, membership in a criminal organization. Two days before the arraignment, Haussmann committed suicide in his cell and was removed from the process. Thus, he was the only defendant at the Einsatzgruppen trial. Hilary Earl: The Nuremberg SS-Einsatzgruppen Trial, 1945–1958: Atrocity and History. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2009, ISBN 978-0-521-45608-1. Klaus-Michael Mallmann, Jochen Böhler and Jürgen Matthäus: Einsatzgruppen in Polen: Darstellung und Dokumentation. University Press, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-534-21353-5. Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10, Vol. 4: United States of America vs. Otto Ohlendorf, et. al.. US Government Printing Office, District of Columbia 1950. In: „National Archives Microfilm Publications“, NM Series 1874-1946, Microfilm Publication M936.
National Archives and Record Service, Washington 1973