The Flintstones is an American animated sitcom produced by Hanna-Barbera. The series takes place in a romanticized Stone Age setting and follows the activities of the titular family, the Flintstones, their next-door neighbors, the Rubbles, it was broadcast on ABC from September 30, 1960, until April 1, 1966, as the first animated series to hold a prime time slot. The continuing popularity of The Flintstones rests on its juxtaposition of modern everyday concerns in the Stone Age setting; the Flintstones was the most financially successful and longest-running network animated television series for three decades, until The Simpsons debuted in late 1989. In 2013, TV Guide ranked The Flintstones the second-greatest TV cartoon of all time; the show is set in a comical version of the Stone Age but has added features and technologies which resemble mid-20th-century suburban America. The plots deliberately resemble the sitcoms of the era, with the caveman Flintstone and Rubble families getting into minor conflicts characteristic of modern life.
The show is set in the Stone Age town of Bedrock. In this fantasy version of the past, non-avian dinosaurs and other long-extinct animals are inaccurately portrayed to co-exist during the time of cavemen, saber-toothed cats, woolly mammoths; the earliest known humans inhabited the Earth 66 million years after the KT extinction. Animation historian Christopher P. Lehman considers that the series draws its humor in part from creative uses of anachronisms; the main one is the placing of 20th-century society in prehistory. This society takes inspiration from the suburban sprawl developed in the first two decades of the postwar period; this society has modern home appliances. They have automobiles; these cars burn no fuel. They are powered by people; this depiction is inconsistent, however. On some occasions, the cars are known requiring ignition keys and gasoline. Whether the car runs by foot or by gas varies according to the needs of the story; the stone houses of this society are cookie-cutter homes positioned into neighborhoods typical of mid-20th-century American suburbs.
Fred Flintstone is the main character of the series. Fred is an accident-prone bronto-crane operator at the Slate Rock and Gravel Company and the head of the Flintstone household, he is quick to anger, but is a loving husband and father. He is good at bowling and is a member of the fictional "Loyal Order of Water Buffaloes", a men-only club paralleling real-life fraternities such as the Loyal Order of Moose, his famous catchphrase is "Yabba Dabba Doo!" Wilma Flintstone is Pebbles' mother. She is more intelligent and level-headed than her husband, though she has a habit of spending money, she is a foil to Fred's poor behavior, but is a loyal wife to him. She is a jealous woman, angered if there's a hint of another woman having anything to do with Fred. Pebbles Flintstone is the Flintstones' infant daughter, born near the end of the third season. Dino is the Flintstones' pet dinosaur. A running gag in the series involves Fred coming home from work and Dino getting excited and knocking him down and licking his face repeatedly.
Baby Puss is the Flintstones' pet saber-toothed cat, seen in the actual series but is always seen throwing Fred out of the house during the end credits, causing Fred to pound on the front door and yell "Wilma!", waking the whole neighborhood in the process. Barney Rubble is Fred's best friend and next-door neighbor, his occupation is, for the most part of the series, though episodes depict him working in the same quarry as Fred. He shares many of Fred's interests such as bowling and golf, is a member of the "Loyal Order of Water Buffaloes". Though Fred and Barney get into feuds with one another, their deep fraternal bond remains evident. Betty Rubble is Wilma's best friend. Like Wilma, too, has a habit of spending money and is jealous of other pretty women being around her husband. Bamm-Bamm Rubble is the Rubbles' abnormally strong adopted son, whom they adopt during the fourth season. Hoppy is the Rubbles' pet hopparoo; when he first arrives and Fred mistake him for a giant mouse and are frightened of him, but they become best friends after Hoppy gets help when they are in an accident.
He babysits the kids as he takes them around in his pouch, which serves as a shopping cart for Betty. Over 100 other characters appeared throughout the program. Mr. George Slate is Barney's hot-tempered boss at the gravel pit. Mr. Slate fires Fred on several occasions throughout the series, only to give him his job back by the end of the episode. A running gag is Slate's ever-changing first name, revealed to be Sylvester, Nate and George as the series progressed. In the episode "The Long, Long Weekend" which aired on January 21, 1966, he is shown a
Prostitution in Nepal is illegal. The Human Trafficking and Transportation Act, 2064, Act Number 5 of the Year 2064, criminalises prostitution and living of the earnings of prostitution by including it in the definition of human trafficking. UNAIDS estimate there to be 67,300 prostitutes in the country. Although there are no laws in Nepal criminalizing sex work there are some laws that were enacted throughout the 1980s that criminalize trafficking within and outside of Nepal that are used towards sex work. Many of these laws are sometimes interpreted to accuse sex workers as well, which comes from a lack of knowledge in the distinction between the sex trafficking scene and sex work. Sex work is a term used to refer to all aspects of the lawful and unlawful sex industries around the world. There are various forms including physical and verbal forms; this distinction is one, not understood. Authorities and laws trying to stop true slavery—trafficking—get misapplied to sex workers and others involved in the sex industry.
In 1986, the Traffic in Humans Act was passed in Nepal and was aimed at stopping trafficking in the form of prostitution. However, this act, like many others, proved to be ineffective due to the fact that the act was “largely aimed at criminalizing prostitution rather than curbing trafficking activities.”In 2008, the Human Trafficking and Transportation Act, criminalised prostitution and living of the earnings of prostitution by including it in the definition of human trafficking. For many, entering into the sex industry is the only way in which they could survive economically in Nepal. However, sex work is not recognized among the industrial or service sectors of labor. There is a large case of sex trafficking in Nepal, but voluntary sex work is more common than many believe. Among the developing poor nations throughout Southeast Asia today, Nepal remains one of the most poverty-stricken. Research shows that about 38% of the Nepali population is living under US$1 per day, 82% under US$2 per day.
Due to this high rate of poverty, the rural poor Nepalese people have large families, are landless or have small landholdings, have high rates of illiteracy and are concentrated in specific ethnic and minority groups. These issues of poverty are part of why many people, including both cisgender and transgender men and women, go into the sex industry in Nepal. Due to their large families, these sex workers need to find a way to help out within the household. More there are not many opportunities for the women sex workers, women in general, to break out of the domestic environment and duties which have left them in poverty, so the only option left for them is going into sex work. Nepal, like many other Southeast Asian countries, has a limited amount of resources for women; the Nepalese government has recognized more rights for women in terms of family involvement, physical integrity, ownership rights, overall civil liberties. However, this does not change the fact that women are still underrepresented in Nepalese society, do not have the same rights that men do.
Women constitute a majority of these sex workers, because they have any opportunities otherwise. These women may feel empowered by the work that they do, in the sense that they can better provide for their families, be seen for something other than what society treats women. In some cases, girls that are put into the sex industry are forced to migrate to carpet factories outside of Nepal or in more centralized cities by their families to better provide for them. After a while, they are either coerced to join; the issue of poverty has driven many families in Nepal to desperation, to the point of putting their daughters out on the streets to earn money to help out in the home. Human trafficking in Nepal—more sex trafficking—is a common precursor to voluntary sex work. After escaping from the sex trafficking world, women return to sex work when they return to Nepal, for it is the only thing they know. Sex work in Nepal can be a short-term relief to the poverty and struggles encountered by these hundreds of women on a daily basis.
The long-term effects bring a new perspective to sex work, are a big part of the argument against sex work. Many people go into the sex work field in hopes of finding a better opportunity for their families and for themselves; this is true in Nepal, ranked as one of the countries with the lowest human development indicators in the world, ranked 143 in the United Nations Human Development Index, with an HDI of 0.458. Because sex workers belong to the lower castes of the caste system within Nepal and other Southeast Asian countries, they feel as though sex work is the only opportunity that they have to better their lives and that of their families; the Nepalese caste system makes it difficult for people of any class to rise up to a higher class. There have been rare instances in which members of a specific class have risen, in these cases, the members only rise within their own caste. Due to this social trap, sex work is seen as a way to escape from the social organization. Sex work can allow those in lower castes to provide for their family in a different way.
In the short-term, going into the sex industry would seem like a logical solution, since the money that many of these sex workers make can go towards the improvement of their families. Sex workers are
Aaron David Lewis is an American comic book and graphic novel writer. He is a comics scholar focusing on literary theory, religious studies, graphic medicine, he is the founder of the Caption Box comic book imprint. He has served as an instructor at Georgetown University, Northeastern University, MCPHS, Bentley University, Boston University. Additionally, he has given lectures at conferences such as WizardWorld, the San Diego Comic-Con, the New York Comic-Con, among others, he is an Editorial Board member for the International Journal of Comic Art under editor John Lent. He is an Executive Board Member for the Comics Studies Society, he has been involved in several podcasts. Lewis was raised in Massachusetts, he graduated from Brandeis University with a B. A. in English and Psychology in 1999. He earned his M. A. in English Literature from Georgetown University. He earned his PhD in Literature from Boston University. Lewis's 2005 work, The Lone and Level Sands, won a Howard E. Day Prize and has been nominated for three Harvey Awards in 2007.
His 2002 creation, Mortal Coils, was named one of the winners of the 2003 Cinescape Literary Genre Competition, in 2004 it was given the Paper Screen Gem Award for Mystery/Suspense. It was republished as color edition by Archaia Comics. In the late 2006, Lewis started a PhD program studying literature at Boston University. There he helped organize the "Graven Images: Religion in Comic Books and Graphic Novels Conference" and co-edit its text Graven Images: Religion in Comic Books and Graphic Novels published in 2010, he completed his PhD in 2012 and revamped his dissertation work into the book American Comics, Literary Theory, Religion: The Superhero Afterlife published in 2014 by Palgrave Macmillan. In 2011, Lewis became co-editor of Muktatafaht: A Middle East Comics Anthology through the Harvard University Center of Middle East Studies' Outreach Center but, due to administrative circumstances, shopped elsewhere, he is the organizer of the Chain World Freeform Comics Experiment and its customized book The Tome, and, in 2014, a founding member of Sacred and Sequential, an organization of religion & comics scholars.
In 2015, Lewis's co-edited volume with Christopher Moreman, entitled Digital Death: Mortality and Beyond in the Online Age, was a winner of the Ray at Pat Browne Award for "Best Edited Collection", his American Comics, Literary Theory, Religion: The Superhero Afterlife was nominated for "Best Scholarly/Academic Work" in the Will Eisner Comic Industry Awards. In 2017, Lewis edited and contributed to Muslim Superheroes: Comics and Representation as co-editor with Martin Lund. In a 2018 interview with Nicholas Yanes of Sequart Organization, Lewis stated that his next work would focus on an academic manuscript of the depictions of cancer battles in comics, to tentatively be called: Cancer in Comic Books. "Alabaster Cities" in 9-11: Emergency Relief Mortal Coils The Lone and Level Sands Empty Chamber "Res Libero" in Postcards: True Stories That Never Happened Some New Kind of Slaughter, or Lost in the Flood: Diluvian Myths from Around the World Kismet, Man of Fate Graven Images: Religion in Comic Books and Graphic Novels as co-editor with Christine Hoff Kraemer Digital Death: Mortality and Beyond in the Online Age as co-editor with Christopher Moreman American Comics, Literary Theory, Religion: The Superhero Afterlife Muslim Superheroes: Comics and Representation as co-editor with Martin Lund
Student housing at University of Florida is governed by the Division of Student Affairs, provides housing for undergraduate and professional students on and off-campus. 8,100 students live in single-student residence halls. Nearly 1,600 students and their families live on campus in 980 apartments arranged in Village Communities; the University of Florida Honors Program offers housing for freshmen at Hume Hall. This residentially-based academic community consists of two residence halls and integrates the housing needs of Honors residents with facilities and programs in support of the Honors Program. In total 608 residents can be accommodated, Hume Hall is located in the heart of the UF campus; the facility has a commons building, a number of multimedia-capable classrooms, faculty offices with an on-site academic advisers, a large activity room, an information desk. The graduate and family housing complexes are: Corry Village, Diamond Village, Maguire Village, Tanglewood Village, University Village South.
In addition they may reside in the UF affiliate The Continuum. Dependent children residing in the student housing with their parents are assigned to schools in the Alachua County Public Schools; as of 2015, residents of Diamond Village, Maguire Village, Tanglewood Village, University Village South are assigned to Idylwild Elementary School. Corry Village and The Continuum are in the zone for Finley Elementary School. Kanapaha Middle School and Gainesville High School are the assigned secondary schools for all of the properties except for Tanglewood Village, instead assigned to Lincoln Middle School and Eastside High School. Corry Memorial Village Corry Village Units: 1 bedrooms — 100 2 bedrooms — 108 3 bedrooms — 8Emory Gardner Diamond Memorial Village Diamond Village Units: 1 bedrooms — 104 2 bedrooms — 104Raymer Francis Maguire Memorial Village Maguire Village Units: 1 bedrooms — 110 2 bedrooms — 110University Village South Units: 1 bedrooms — 64 2 bedrooms — 64Tanglewood Village Units: 1 bedrooms — 89 2 bedrooms — 81 2 bedroom townhouses — 30 Efficiencies — 8 There have been some buildings at the University of Florida that were used for housing, but have since been demolished or converted to other uses.
After rapid increases in enrollment after World War II and the allowing of women to enroll, several temporary buildings were erected on the campus. These included Flavets - Named after a contraction of the term "Florida Veterans," these former military housing units were located at three locations on campus, including Flavet I near the current site of the J. Wayne Reitz Union, Flavet II at the current location of Beaty Towers, Flavet III at the current location of the Keys Residential Complex. Temporary Frame Residence Halls - One story frame buildings built in several locations on campus, including the current site of the O'Connell Center and the current Computer Science and Engineering building. Grove Hall - Reconstructed military building relocated from Camp Blanding located on the current site of the Architecture and Fine Arts collegesOther facilities built after World War II included: The King’s House - Two white framed buildings on University Avenue built in 1921 and used for experimental housing arrangements.
The King's House was an unofficial name for the eastern building. The buildings housed the Institute of Black Culture and the Institute of Hispanic Culture before being demolished in 2017. Lonilair & Michael Halls, Pierce & Patrick Courts - Leased off-campus housing for women, located north of University Avenue near Anderson Hall and Library West Trailervet Village, Alachua Army Air Base, Stengel Air Field - Temporary housing consisting of trailers and military barracks was located at the Alachua Army Air Base and Stengel Air Field Yon Hall - Athlete housing located in the east side of the Ben Hill Griffin Stadium; when the NCAA ruled against athletic housing, the Springs Residential Complex was constructed and the facilities at the stadium were converted into offices for several university departments. Schucht Village - Apartment buildings constructed for veterans and their families, graduate students and their families; the facility was located near Shands, the complex was sold to Shands in 1997.
Shands subsequently demolished all of the buildings except for Building 271, refurbished and is now used to house transplant patients. Hume Hall - "Old Hume" was large multi-story residence hall located at the intersection of Gale Lemerand Drive and Museum Road; the building was demolished in 2000 to construct the current Honors Residential College at Hume Hall. University of Florida Campus Historic District Official UF Housing Website UF Housing Statistics Past Residences College Board Statistics
Naselle Air Force Station is a closed United States Air Force General Surveillance Radar station. It is located 3.9 miles north of Washington. It was decommissioned by the Air Force in 1966 and used for commercial and recreational uses. Naselle Air Force Station was one of twenty-eight stations built as part of the second segment of the Air Defense Command permanent radar network. Prompted by the start of the Korean War, on July 11, 1950, the Secretary of the Air Force asked the Secretary of Defense for approval to expedite construction of the permanent network. Receiving the Defense Secretary's approval on July 21, the Air Force directed the Corps of Engineers to proceed with construction at the site; the radars being located on a mountain peak about 4 miles north of Naselle, Washington. Some of the original buildings still stand and are part of Naselle Youth Camp, a state operated forestry camp for juvenile inmates; the 759th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron was assigned to Naselle AFS on 27 November 1950.
The squadron began operating AN/FPS-3 long-range search and AN/FPS-5 height-finder radars, which allowed for the closing of the temporary "Lashup" sites at Fort Stevens, OR, Pacific Beach, WA, operated beginning in September 1950. The station functioned as a Ground-Control Intercept and warning station; as a GCI station, the squadron's role was to guide interceptor aircraft toward unidentified intruders picked up on the unit's radar scopes. In 1955 an AN/FPS-8 search radar was placed on the site, subsequently converted to and redesignated as an AN/GPS-3. In 1958 the 759th AC&W Sq began operating an AN/FPS-20 search radar, as well as AN/FPS-6 and AN/FPS-6A height-finder radars. In 1962 the AN/FPS-20 was upgraded to become an AN/FPS-67 radar. In February 1960 Naselle AFS joined the Semi Automatic Ground Environment system, feeding data to DC-12 at McChord AFB, Washington. After joining, the squadron was redesignated as the 759th Radar Squadron on 1 April; the radar squadron provided information 24/7 the SAGE Direction Center where it was analyzed to determine range, direction altitude speed and whether or not aircraft were friendly or hostile.
On 31 July 1963, the site was redesignated as NORAD ID Z-57. In 1965 an AN/FPS-26A height-finder was added to the site; the AN/FPS-6A was retired in early 1966. Naselle Air Force Station was closed on 30 June 1966 due to budget reductions, the squadron was inactivated. Today, the radar site is now a commercial transmitter site; the original Air Force station facilities have been incorporated into the Fort Stevens Historic Site, the latter converted into Washington State operated Naselle Youth Camp. Constituted as the 759th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron on 15 November 1950Activated at Naselle AFS on 27 November 1950 Redesignated 759th Radar Squadron on 1 April 1960 Inactivated on 25 June 1966 505th Aircraft Control and Warning Group, 1 January 1951 25th Air Division, 6 February 1952 4704th Defense Wing, 1 January 1953 25th Air Division, 8 October 1954 Seattle Air Defense Sector, 1 March 1960 25th Air Division, 1 April – 25 June 1966 United States general surveillance radar stations This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.
Cornett, Lloyd H. and Johnson, Mildred W. A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946–1980, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson AFB, CO. Winkler, David F. & Webster, Julie L. Searching the Skies, The Legacy of the United States Cold War Defense Radar Program, US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories, Champaign, IL. Information for Naselle AFS, WA
Amazon Conservation Association is a 5013 non-profit organization working to conserve the biodiversity of the Amazon basin through the development of new scientific understanding, sustainable resource management and rational land-use policy. Founded in 1999 by tropical ecologists Adrian Forsyth and Enrique Ortiz, the organization works in close partnership with the Peruvian nonprofit organization Asociación para la Conservación de la Cuenca Amazónica, headquartered in Cuzco, ACA-Bolivia, headquartered in La Paz. ACA and its sister organizations work by conducting scientific research and establishing partnerships with governments, local communities and other conservation organizations to expand the amount of land protected in the region. A principal objective of the organization is to develop field research sites ranging from high elevation cloud forest to the lowland Amazon, it is this altitudinal gradient. At the ACA field sites university students and researchers are brought to study and observe this diverse ecosystem.
MAAP uses remotely sensed images of deforestation events in the Andean Amazon to identify potential causes of forest loss. They combine the use of NASA Earth observations and derived forest loss datasets with high-resolution imagery from Planet and DigitalGlobe to identify drivers of deforestation; these case studies are published and have documented a variety of deforestation drivers including hydroelectric dams, cattle ranching, gold mining, oil palm plantations, oil extraction, agriculture. Results are synthesized to identify patterns in deforestation in the region. MAAP reports have led to improved policies and conservation actions in the Amazon. ACA works with castanheiros in the southwestern Amazon to both ensure that local and indigenous populations have a sustainable source of income and provide an incentive to conserve native forests. Land areas that contain castanhais, or Brazil nut forests, range from several hundred to several thousand acres in size and are given in concession to local families for the nut collecting known as extraction.
This extractive activity represents more than half the yearly income for thousands of families in these areas, so far has politically justified the protection of the Brazil nut concession areas for extractive purposes. ACA's program offers technical support to castanheiros, helping them map their trees, redesign extractive trails, earn more by teaching more efficient gathering techniques. Through its partner in Peru, La Asociación para la Conservación de la Cuenca Amazoncia, ACA has helped to increase the number of Brazil nut producers in the department of Madre de Dios, Peru who have contracts and formal management plans to extract this sustainable resource. In 2006, ACCA assisted 93 small-scale producers gain government approval for Brazil nut extraction in 80,598 acres of forest; the organization worked with these producers to map their stands, develop forest management plans, win 40-year concession contracts with the Peruvian National Institute for Natural Resources. Producers were trained in sustainable forest management through workshops and technical assistance.
In 2000, ACA and its local partner ACCA established the world's first private conservation concession, called Los Amigos. The Los Amigos Conservation Concession lies at the mouth of the Los Amigos River and covers 360,000 acres of old growth of Amazonian forest in the department of Madre de Dios in southeastern Peru. Here, the organization focuses on sustainable forest management, research activities, conservation education in local schools, natural resource management training for communities; the Los Amigos Biological Station known by its Spanish acronym, CICRA sits on a high terrace at the confluence of the Madre de Dios and Los Amigos rivers, contiguous to the Los Amigos Conservation Concession. In 2005-2007, CICRA was the most active research station in the Amazon basin, hosting an average of 25 researchers and assistants per day. During the same period, it hosted 145 different research projects addressing animal behavior, botany, conservation biology, hydrology, zoology, as well as biological inventories of 25 different taxa, ranging from copepods to marsupials.
Most research visitors are associated with universities in Peru or abroad, many receive funding to visit the station through ACA's and ACCA's grant programs. CICRA is a leading training site for young Amazonian scientists and conservationists. Between 2002 and 2007, the station hosted 19 field courses, ranging from introductory courses on Amazonia to specialized courses on plant identification and arthropod biology; the Wayqecha Research Center covers 1,450 acres of cloud forest habitat, serves as an ecological buffer for Peru's Manú National Park. At 3,000 meters above sea level, the Wayqecha Biological Station sponsors research on cloud forest ecology and climate change and species adaptation. ACA offers a competitive grant program for Peruvian students and international researchers that are interested in cloud forest science and conservation. ACA-Bolivia works to understand the ecology of the Madidi National Park and the last portion of the pampas ecosystem, home of the maned wolf. ACA Official Website Brazil Nut Homepage An Introduction to the Botany of the Los Amigos Conservation Area Janovec, John.
"The Los Amigos Conservation Area", "Connexions", August 14, 2003. Accessed October 26, 2007. Salaverri, Jorge. "The kings of the national park system: Cloud For