click links in text for more info


Plazma is a Russian musical group consisting of Roman Chernitsyn and Maxim Postelniy. The band was one of the first Russian pop groups to produce its songs in English for a Russian-speaking audience, their first and 2nd singles, "Take My Love", "The Sweetest Surrender", put the group on top of the Russian charts. In 2015, the band released a two singles called "Lucky Rider" and "Tame Your Ghosts". In December 2017, Plazma released the fourth studio album — Indian Summer. 2000: Take My Love 2002: 607 2006: Black & White 2017: Indian Summer 2000: Take My Love 2000: The Sweetest Surrender 2001: Jump in My Car 2001: Fading like a Rose 2001: Lonely 2002: You'll Never Meet an Angel 2003: A Bit of Perfection 2004: Lonely II 2005: One Life 2005: One of a Kind 2006: Save 2006: Black Would Be White 2008: Never Ending Story 2009: The Real Song 2010: Mystery 2010: Living in the Past 2012: Angel of Snow 2013: Black Leather Boys 2015: Lucky Rider 2015: Tame Your Ghosts 2018: Rescue Me 2000: Take My Love 2000: The Sweetest Surrender 2001: Lonely 2002: You'll Never Meet an Angel 2003: A Bit of Perfection 2004: Lonely II 2005: One Life 2010: Mystery 2016: Tame Your Ghosts Official page at iTunes Store Official page at Google Play Official site Official channel at Instagram Official page at VKontakte Official page at Facebook Official channel at YouTube Official page at

William Dwight

William Dwight, Jr. was a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. William Dwight was born July 1831 in Springfield, Massachusetts, his father was William Dwight of the New England Dwight family, born April 5, 1805. His mother was daughter of Judge Appleton White and Mary Wilder. Starting in 1846 he attended a military preparatory school, was admitted to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1849. However, he moved to Boston to work in manufacturing. On January 1, 1856 he married Anna Robeson. Dwight was moving to Philadelphia for his business, he took a commission of captain on May 14, 1861. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel on June 29, 1861 under Daniel Sickles, full colonel on July 1, 1861; as commanding officer of 70th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Dwight led his regiment during the Battle of Williamsburg, where he was wounded on May 5, 1862, along with losing half of his command. Left for dead on the battlefield, Dwight was found by Confederate forces and held as a prisoner of war until his eventual release in a prisoner exchange November 15, 1862.

In recognition of his gallantry on the field, Dwight was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers to rank from November 29, 1862, by Presidential nomination on March 4, 1863, U. S. Senate confirmation on March 9, 1863, he was transferred to the Western Theater where in 1863, he led his brigade in the attack of Port Hudson, Louisiana. He served as chief-of-staff to Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks during the Red River Campaign in early 1864, with service at the Battle of Mansfield and Battle of Pleasant Hill in De Soto Parish, Dwight was reassigned to the Eastern Theater and was attached to the 1st Division of the 19th Army Corps. Serving under General Philip H. Sheridan, Dwight participated in the Valley Campaigns of 1864 and saw action at the battles of Winchester and Fisher's Hill before the end of the war. Younger brother Wilder Dwight was born April 23, 1833, became lieutenant colonel the 2nd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, died September 19, 1862 from wounds at the Battle of Antietam.

Younger brother Howard Dwight was born October 29, 1837, became captain, died May 4, 1863 during the Battle of Port Hudson. Another younger brother Charles Dwight was born May 5, 1842 attended Harvard University but left to join the army. Charles was lieutenant in the 70th regiment, taken prisoner in Libby Prison, but lived until March 9, 1884. Distant cousin Colonel Augustus Wade Dwight died during the Battle of Fort Stedman. Following the war, Dwight went into the railroad business in Cincinnati, Ohio with another brother Chapman Dwight, born April 30, 1844, he had one son, William Arthur Dwight, born June 3, 1867. William Dwight died on April 21, 1888 in Boston and was buried in Forest Hills Cemetery in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. List of American Civil War generals List of Massachusetts generals in the American Civil War Massachusetts in the American Civil War Linedecker, Clifford L. ed. Civil War, A-Z: The Complete Handbook of America's Bloodiest Conflict. New York: Ballantine Books, 2002.

ISBN 0-89141-878-4 Winslow Homer. "Colonel Dwight Inspecting His Regiment. Sickle's Brigade". National Portrait gallery. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved February 5, 2011. Battlefield sketch

Sea turtle

Sea turtles, sometimes called marine turtles, are reptiles of the order Testudines and of the suborder Cryptodira. The seven existing species of sea turtles are the green sea turtle, loggerhead sea turtle, Kemp's ridley sea turtle, olive ridley sea turtle, hawksbill sea turtle, flatback sea turtle, leatherback sea turtle. For each of the seven types of sea turtles and males are the same size, i.e. there is no sexual dimorphism. In general, sea turtles have a more fusiform body plan than their terrestrial or freshwater counterparts; this tapering at both ends reduces volume and means that sea turtles can't, as can other turtles and tortoises, retract their head and limbs into their shells for protection. But the streamlined body plan reduces friction and drag in the water and allows sea turtles to swim more and swiftly; the leatherback sea turtle is the largest sea turtle, measuring 2–3 meters in length, 1-1.5 m in width, weighing up to 700 kilograms. Other sea turtle species are smaller, being 60–120 cm long and proportionally narrower.

Sea turtles, along with other tortoises, are part of the order Testudines. All species except the leatherback sea turtle are in the family Cheloniidae; the leatherback sea turtle is the only extant member of the family Dermochelyidae. The origin of sea turtles goes back to the Late Jurassic with genera such as Plesiochelys, from Europe. In Africa, the first sea turtle is Angolachelys, from the Turonian of Angola. However, neither of these are related to extant sea turtles. A lineage of unrelated marine testudines, the pleurodire bothremydids survived well into the Cenozoic. Other pleurodires are thought to have lived at sea, such as Araripemys and extinct pelomedusids. Modern sea turtles constitute a single radiation that became distinct from all other turtles at least 110 million years ago. Sea turtles' limbs and brains have evolved to adapt to their diets. One of the main things sea turtles consume is jellyfish and the use of their limbs to hold and forage their food has helped them eat more efficiently.

Sea turtles' limbs have evolved for locomotion but now they have evolved to aid them in the ability to get food. Below is a cladogram showing the phylogenetic relationships of living and extinct sea turtles in the Chelonioidea based on Evers et al.: Sea turtles can be found in all oceans except for the polar regions. The flatback sea turtle is found on the northern coast of Australia; the Kemp's ridley sea turtle is found in the Gulf of Mexico and along the East Coast of the United States. Sea turtles are found in the waters over continental shelves. During the first three to five years of life, sea turtles spend most of their time in the pelagic zone floating in seaweed mats. Green sea turtles in particular are found in Sargassum mats, in which they find shelter food,and water. Once the sea turtle has reached adulthood it moves closer to the shore. Females will come ashore to lay their eggs on sandy beaches during the nesting season. Sea turtles migrate to reach their spawning beaches. Living in the ocean therefore means they migrate over large distances.

All sea turtles have large body sizes, helpful for moving large distances. Large body sizes offer good protection against the large predators found in the ocean, it takes decades for sea turtles to reach sexual maturity. Mature sea turtles may migrate thousands of miles to reach breeding sites. After mating at sea, adult female sea turtles return to land to lay their eggs. Different species of sea turtles exhibit various levels of philopatry. In the extreme case, females return to the same beach; this can take place every two to four years in maturity. The mature nesting female hauls herself onto the beach, nearly always at night, finds suitable sand in which to create a nest. Using her hind flippers, she digs a circular hole 40 to 50 centimetres deep. After the hole is dug, the female starts filling the nest with her clutch of soft-shelled eggs. Depending on the species, a typical clutch may contain 50–350 eggs. After laying, she re-fills the nest with sand, re-sculpting and smoothing the surface, camouflaging the nest with vegetation until it is undetectable visually.

The whole process takes 30 to 60 minutes. She returns to the ocean, leaving the eggs untended. Females may lay 1–8 clutches in a single season. Female sea turtles laying their eggs on land. Most sea turtle species nest individually, but ridley sea turtles come ashore en masse. With the Kemp's ridley sea turtle this occurs during the day. Sea turtles have temperature-dependent sex determination, meaning the developing baby sea turtle's sex depends on the temperature it is exposed to. Warmer temperatures produce female hatchlings; the eggs will incubate for 50–60 days. The eggs in one nest hatch together over a short period of time; the baby sea turtles break free of the egg shell, dig through the sand, crawl into the sea. Most species of sea turtles hatch at night. However, the Kemp's ridley sea turtle hatches during the day. Sea turtle nests that hatch during the day are more vulnerable to predators, may encounter more human activity on the beach. Larger hatchlings have a higher probability of survival than smaller individuals, which can be explained by the fact that larger offspring are faster and thus less exposed to predation.


Andrew Taylor Still

Andrew Taylor Still, MD, DO was the founder of osteopathy and osteopathic medicine. He was a physician and surgeon, author and Kansas territorial and state legislator, he was one of the founders of Baker University, the oldest four-year college in the state of Kansas, was the founder of the American School of Osteopathy, the world's first osteopathic medical school, in Kirksville, Missouri. Still was the son of a Methodist minister and physician. At an early age, Still decided to follow in his father's footsteps as a physician. After studying medicine and serving an apprenticeship under his father, he entered the Civil War as a hospital steward, but stated in his autobiography that he served as a "de facto surgeon". Despite biographical accounts of him earning an MD there appears to be no record that he was conferred one. At the time, the hospital stewards of the Army had many responsibilities, including maintaining hospital stores and supplies for the sick. Since pharmacists were not provided for the hospitals, the hospital stewards filled prescriptions, when the medical officers were not present, they took care of the patients.

Hospital Stewards were sometimes rewarded with promotions to assistant surgeon. After the Civil War and following the death of his wife, three of his children, an adopted child from spinal meningitis in 1864, Still concluded that the orthodox medical practices of his day were ineffective and sometimes harmful, he devoted the next thirty years of his life to studying the human body and finding alternative ways to treat disease. During this period, he completed a short course in medicine at the new College of Physicians and Surgeons in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1870. Still adopted the ideas of spiritualism sometime around 1867, it "held a prominent and lasting place in his thinking." Still was active in the abolition movement and a friend and ally of the Free State leaders John Brown and James H. Lane, he became embroiled in the fight over whether Kansas would be admitted to the Union as a slave state or a free state. The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 provided that the settlers in those two territories would decide the question for themselves.

Civil war raged in Kansas. In October 1857, Still was elected to represent Douglas and Johnson counties in the Kansas territorial legislature. Still and his brothers took up arms in the cause and participated in the Bleeding Kansas battles. By August 1858, a free-state constitution had been passed. Still was fascinated by machines, whenever faced with a mechanical problem, his answer was always to devise a better approach. In the 1870s, he patented, he made improvements to a mowing machine designed to harvest wheat and hay, but before a patent could be submitted, his idea was stolen by a visiting sales representative from the Wood Mowing Machine Co. In 1910, he patented a smokeless furnace burner but had "some difficulty producing a full-sized working model. Heartbroken after his wife, Mary Elvira's, death in May 1910, he did not have the will to pursue the matter further, the invention was never marketed." Still and his family were among the founders of Baker University in Baldwin City in 1858, the first four-year university in the state of Kansas.

Still was involved in selecting the location for the site of Baker University's first building. Along with his brother, Still donated 640 acres of land for the university campus. While maintaining his medical practice, where he treated patients afflicted with small-pox and cholera, Still spent five years building the facilities. Still believed that osteopathy was a necessary discovery because the current medical practices of his day caused significant harm and conventional medicine had failed to shed light on the etiology and effective treatment of disease. At the time Still practiced as a physician, medications and other traditional therapeutic regimens caused more harm than good; some of the medicines given to patients during this time were arsenic, castor oil and opium. Additionally, unsanitary surgical practices resulted in more deaths than cures. Dr. Still sought to reform existing 19th-century medical practices. Still investigated alternative treatments, such as hydropathy, diet and magnetic healing.

Still found appeal in the tame side effects of those modalities and imagined that someday "rational medical therapy" would consist of manipulation of the musculoskeletal system and sparing use of drugs, including anesthetics and antidotes. He invented the name osteopathy by blending two Greek roots osteon- for bone and -pathos for suffering in order to communicate his theory that disease and physiologic dysfunction were etiologically grounded in a disordered musculoskeletal system. Thus, by diagnosing and treating the musculoskeletal system, he believed that physicians could treat a variety of diseases and spare patients the negative side-effects of drugs. Still founded the first school of osteopathy based on this new approach to medicine - the school was called the American School of Osteopathy in Kirksville, Missouri in 1892. Still was one of the first physicians to promote the idea of preventive medicine and the philosophy that physicians should focus on treating the disease rather than just the symptoms.

Still defined osteopathy as: that science which consists of such exact and verifiable knowledge of the structure and function of the human mechanism, physi

Lamin Samateh

Lamin Basmen Samateh is a Gambian football defender playing for Muaither. Lamin Samateh plays as central defender, although he can play as right-back. While playing in his home country, he was known by the nickname of Gunman, he came to Zagreb in January 2011 during the 2010–11 Prva HNL winter break, signed from Gambian Championnat National D1 club Steve Biko FC, which ended up relegated. For the rest of the season, he made 7 league appearances scoring one goal, with Lokomotiva in the 2010-11 season. During 2009 he was part of the Gambian U-17 squad. During 2010 he was part of Gambian U-20 team. In early 2011 he was part of the Gambian squad at the 2011 African Youth Championship. On September 3, 2011, he made his debut for the Gambian national team in a match against Namibia for the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations qualification. Lamin Samateh at Soccerway Lamin Samateh – FIFA competition record