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The Full Monty

The Full Monty is a 1997 British comedy film directed by Peter Cattaneo, starring Robert Carlyle, Mark Addy, William Snape, Steve Huison, Tom Wilkinson, Paul Barber and Hugo Speer. The screenplay was written by Simon Beaufoy; the film is set in Sheffield, England and, starting off with a travelogue of the city in 1972, tells the story of six unemployed men, four of them former steel workers, who decide to form a male striptease act in order to gather enough money to get somewhere else and for the main character, Gaz, to be able to see his son. Gaz declares that their show will be better than the Chippendales dancers because they will go "the full monty"—strip all the way—hence the film's title. Despite being a comedy, the film touches on serious subjects such as unemployment, fathers' rights, impotence, body image, working class culture and suicide; the Full Monty was a major critical success upon release and an international commercial success, grossing over $250 million from a budget of only $3.5 million.

It was the highest-grossing film in the UK. It won the BAFTA Award for Best Film, was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay and Best Original Musical or Comedy Score, winning the last; the British Film Institute ranked The Full Monty the 25th best British film of the 20th century. The film was adapted into the 2000 musical The Full Monty, the 2013 play The Full Monty; the once-successful steel mills of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, have shut down and most of the staff have been made redundant. Former steelworkers Gary "Gaz" Schofield and Dave Horsefall have resorted to stealing scrap metal from the abandoned mills to sell. Gaz is facing trouble from his former wife Mandy and her boyfriend Barry over child support payments that he has failed to pay since losing his job. Gaz's son Nathan loves his father but wishes they could do more "normal stuff" in their time together. One day, Gaz spots a crowd of women lined up outside a local club to see a Chippendales' striptease act.

He gets the idea to form his own striptease group using local men in hopes of making enough money to pay off his child support obligations. The first to join the group is Lomper, a security guard at the steel mill where Dave and Gaz once worked, who they interrupt while he is attempting suicide. Next, they recruit Gerald Cooper, their former foreman, hiding from his wife the fact that he is unemployed. Gaz and Dave see Gerald and his wife, Linda, at a dance class, recruit him to teach them some actual dance moves; the four men hold an open audition to recruit more members and settle on Horse, an older man, a good dancer, Guy, who can't dance but proves to be well-endowed. The six men begin to practise their act. Gaz learns that he has to pay £100 in order to secure the club for the night, he can not afford this. When they are greeted by two local women while they put up posters for the show, Gaz boasts that they are better than the real Chippendales because they go "the full monty". Dave gets a job as a security guard at Asda.

The others hold a public rehearsal at the mill in front of some female relatives of Horse, but are caught mid-show by a passing policeman, Gaz and Horse are arrested for indecent exposure. This costs Gaz the right to see Nathan. Lomper and Guy manage to escape to Lomper's house, where they look lovingly at each other, starting a relationship. Gerald is thrown out by Linda after bailiffs arrive at their house and seize their belongings to pay Gerald's debts, resulting in him having to stay with Gaz. Gaz goes to Asda and asks Dave if he could borrow a jacket for Lomper's mother's funeral. Dave agrees and decides to quit his job and they go to the funeral together. Soon, the group find their arrest has made them famous, they agree to forgo the plan. He convinces the others to do it for one night only. Gerald is unsure as he has now got the job that Gaz and Dave earlier tried to sabotage his interview for, but agrees to do it just once. Dave still refuses, but regains his confidence after encouragement from his wife and joins the rest of the group minutes before they go on stage.

Nathan arrives with Dave, having secretly come along, tells Gaz that Mandy is there but she would not let Barry go with her. Gaz refuses to do the act because there are men in the audience, when the posters were supposed to say it was for women only; the other five are starting the act. Gaz, proud of his son, joins the others and performs in front of the audience and Mandy, who seems to see him in a new light; the film finishes with the group performing on stage in front of a packed house, stripping to Tom Jones' version of "You Can Leave Your Hat On" with astounding success. Channel 4 Films paid for the screenplay to be written but declined to invest any equity in the film; the famous "Hot Stuff" scene, in which the characters dance in the queue at the job centre, was going to be cut from the final production as it was "too unrealistic". The cast agreed that all six of them would do the "full monty" strip at the end in front of 50 extras, provided they had to do only one take; the production and shooting was said to be challenging, with Robert Carlyle saying, "The Full Monty was a tough shoot, it really was.

Horrible" The film was shot on location in and around Sheffield, except for a coupl

Iran: From Religious Dispute to Revolution

Iran: From Religious Dispute to Revolution is a book by scholar Michael M. J. Fischer, written in 1980; the book is about the role of its relation to the 1979 Iranian revolution. The book was first published by Harvard University Press in 1980; the work examines Islam in Iran and its relation to the 1979 Iranian revolution and draws on Fischer's experiences with practitioners in the holy city of Qum. He pays close examination to the Madrasa, which Fischer calls "the scriptural school"; the work has received reviews from Middle Eastern Studies, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, American Anthropologist, Political Science Quarterly. The University of Wisconsin Press review

Repentance Day

Repentance Day, on 26 August, is a public holiday in Papua New Guinea. It is celebrated by "prayer ceremonies" across the country, it was established on 15 August 2011 by Prime Minister Peter O'Neill, who had come to power less than two weeks earlier. The announcement came only eleven days, it was made a public holiday at the request of "a group of churches", which had submitted the request to O'Neill's predecessor Sam Abal, before the latter was ousted in a motion of no confidence. No explanation of the day's purpose was provided by the government creating some confusion among Papua New Guineans as 26 August arrived. Pastor Jack Edward of the Shema Evangelism Ministry was made Repentance Day coordinator, said the purpose was for people to "come together and pray and ask the Lord to forgive us for the wrongs that are happening in our nation", it was intended in a predominantly Christian nation. Imam Mikail Abdul Aziz, described by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation as the "spiritual leader" of Papua New Guinea's "4,000 practising Muslims", said he did not oppose the idea, but it might send a "wrong message", as repentance should occur every time a wrong is committed, rather than once a year.

As the day was little publicised, many businesses were uncertain whether it was indeed supposed to be a public holiday, requiring them to give their employees the day off or pay them double. The Port Moresby Chamber of Commerce obtained a copy of the Government Gazette to convince its members that it was indeed a public holiday. On 26 August 2011, prayer ceremonies were held in churches throughout the country. In Port Moresby, the capital, a ceremony at the Rev Sioni Kami Memorial church was attended by "representatives of 20 provinces" and various "national leaders" and "church leaders", for "special prayer and Bible readings" and "thanksgiving prayers". Participants asked God to lead the nation. A parish priest in Boroko was reported by The National as saying that religious values were "essential to our identity and our culture", people's church attendance on such a public holiday revealed a difference between Papua New Guinean identity and that of many other countries. On Karanget Island in Madang, the day was celebrated through children depositing the national flag on a church altar, symbolically "deliver the nation to God"