A big-box store is a physically large retail establishment part of a chain of stores. The term sometimes refers, by extension, to the company that operates the store; the store may sell general dry goods, in which case it is a department store, or may be limited to a particular specialty or may sell groceries, in which case some countries use the term hypermarket. Typical architectural characteristics include the following: Large, free-standing, cuboid single-floor structure built on a concrete slab; the flat roof and ceiling trusses are made of steel, the walls are concrete block clad in metal or masonry siding. The structure sits in the middle of a large, paved parking lot, it is meant to be accessed by vehicle, rather than by pedestrians. Floor space several times greater than traditional retailers in the sector, providing for a large amount of merchandise. In countries where space is at a premium, such as the United Kingdom, the relevant numbers are smaller and stores are more to have two or more floors.
Commercially, big-box stores can be broken down into two categories: general merchandise, specialty stores which specialize in goods within a specific range, such as hardware, books, or consumer electronics respectively. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, many traditional retailers—such as Tesco and Praktiker opened stores in the big-box-store format in an effort to compete with big-box chains, which are expanding internationally as their home markets reach maturity. Big-box development has at times been opposed by labor unions because the employees of such stores are not unionized. Unions such as the United Food and Commercial Workers Local 770 and the Joint Labor Management Committee of the Retail Food Industry have expressed concern about the grocery market because stores such as Kmart and Walmart now sell groceries. Unions and cities are attempting to use land-use ordinances to restrict these businesses; because it is inaccessible to pedestrians and can only be reached by motor vehicles, the big-box store has been criticized as unsustainable and a failure of urban planning.
The first company in Australia to use the big-box model was IKEA beginning operation in Australia in 1975. Bunnings Warehouse followed in 1995 and Mitre 10 Australia adopted the model with the "Mitre 10 Mega" stores first opening at Beenleigh, Queensland in 2004. Costco has since expanded across Australia since opening its first store in 2009. Apart from major American big-box stores such as Walmart Canada and now-defunct Target Canada, there are many retail chains operating in Canada; these include stores such as Hudson's Bay/Home Outfitters, Loblaws/Real Canadian Superstore, Winners/HomeSense, Canadian Tire/Mark's/Sport Chek, Shoppers Drug Mart, Chapters/Indigo Books and Music and many others. The indigenous Loblaw Companies Limited has expanded and multiplied its Real Canadian Superstore branded outlets to try to fill any genuine big-box market and fend off the damaging competition that a large Walmart penetration would inflict on Canadian-based retailers. In the early 21st century, commercial developers in Canada such as RioCan chose to build big-box stores in lieu of traditional shopping malls.
Examples include Deerfoot Meadows, Stonegate Shopping Centre and Preston Crossing, South Edmonton Common, Heartland Town Centre. There are more than 300 power centers, which contain multiple big-box stores, located throughout Canada. Most large grocery stores in China are of the big box variety, selling big screen TVs, mobile phones and clothing. Many foreign names appear, such as Carrefour, Tesco, Lotte Mart, Walmart, as well as dozens of Chinese chains. Most stores are three stories with moving sidewalk-style escalators; some stores are so large as to have 60 checkout terminals and their own fleet of buses to bring customers to the store at no charge. To contend against Carrefour, PARKnSHOP opened the first superstore in 1996 based on the concept of a wet market. Most superstores in Hong Kong emphasizes one-stop shopping, such as providing car park services. Today, PARKnSHOP has more than 50 superstores and megastores, making it the largest superstore network in Hong Kong; the first Wellcome superstore opened in 2000 and it has only 17 superstores.
In addition, CRC has four superstores in Hong Kong. However, because Hong Kong is a densely populated city, the sizes of superstores are smaller than those in other countries; some superstores are running at deficit, such as Chelsea Heights which therefore has stopped selling fresh fish. Furthermore, some PARKnSHOP superstores and megastores, such as Fortress World, belong to the same corporation, Hutchison Whampoa. Many configurations exist: the hypermarket that sells many kinds of goods under one roof, most of which are integrated within a shopping mall.
John C. Reilly
John Christopher Reilly is an American actor, singer, voice actor and producer who made his film debut in Brian De Palma's war film Casualties of War. Reilly gained exposure through his supporting roles in Days of Thunder, What's Eating Gilbert Grape, The River Wild, he starred in Paul Thomas Anderson's films, Hard Eight, Boogie Nights and Magnolia. For his performance in Chicago, Reilly was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and the corresponding Golden Globe Award, he worked with director Martin Scorsese on both Gangs of The Aviator. In 2007, he starred in the comedy Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story, garnering him a Grammy Award nomination and a second Golden Globe Award nomination for the song performed in the film, "Walk Hard". Reilly starred with Will Ferrell and Sacha Baron Cohen in the Adam McKay-directed comedies Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby and Step Brothers, he voiced the title character in the commercially successful animated film Wreck-It Ralph and appeared in the superhero film Guardians of the Galaxy, as well as Kong: Skull Island.
Since 2010, Reilly has been starring in the television series Check It Out! with Dr. Steve Brule, playing the titular character that originated on Tim and Eric Awesome Show, Great Job!. In 2018 he starred as the comedian Oliver Hardy in Ollie; the role won him the Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor. Reilly performs with his band John Reilly and Friends and worked as a stage actor in True West, for which he was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play. Reilly was born in Chicago, the fifth of six children, his father was of Irish and Scottish descent, his mother was of Lithuanian ancestry. His father ran an industrial linen supply company. Reilly has described himself as being mischievous during his childhood, highlighting an event when he was 12 in which he and his friends stole 500 boxes of Sugar Corn Pops from a freight train. Reilly grew-up in the Chicago Lawn neighborhood. Reilly attended Brother Rice High School, he is an alumnus of The Theatre School at DePaul University in Chicago.
Reilly made his film debut in the Brian De Palma war film Casualties of War as PFC Herbert Hatcher in 1989. Although his role was written as a small one, De Palma liked Reilly's performance so much that the role was expanded, he played Buck, Tom Cruise's character's NASCAR car chief in Tony Scott's Days of Thunder in June 1990. That September, he played an Irish hoodlum named Stevie McGuire in the crime film State of Grace, which starred Sean Penn. In 1992's Hoffa, Reilly played Jimmy Hoffa's associate. Reilly appeared in a supporting role in What's Eating Gilbert Grape, playing one of the titular character's friends, his next role was in The River Wild, in which Reilly appeared alongside Kevin Bacon as a pair of criminals who terrorise a family during a rafting trip. In 1995, Reilly appeared in the psychological thriller Dolores Claiborne as a police constable and in the drama Georgia as a drug-addict drummer in the band Jennifer Jason Leigh's character joins. Reilly collaborated with filmmaker Paul Thomas Anderson in his directorial debut Hard Eight, playing a man in need of $6,000 to pay for the burial of his mother, taken under the wing of experienced gambler Sydney.
Reilly further collaborated with Anderson, playing pornographic actor Reed Rothchild in Boogie Nights. Terrence Malick's ensemble war film, The Thin Red Line featured Reilly in a supporting role, written as a larger one, but much of his scenes were deleted along with many other cast members. In 1999, Reilly starred in the independent film The Settlement alongside William Fichtner, which Variety writer Robert Koehler dismissed as a "write-off" despite praising his performance; that same year, Reilly was cast in the romantic comedy Never Been Kissed, playing the role of Drew Barrymore's newspaper managing editor. In Sam Raimi's sports drama For Love of the Game, released the same year, Reilly played fictional baseball catcher Gus Sinski; the box office hit The Perfect Storm was his only release of 2000 and featured Reilly as a veteran crew member on the Andrea Gail fishing vessel, caught in the 1991 Perfect Storm. In the Jennifer Jason Leigh and Alan Cumming directed comedy The Anniversary Party, he played director Mac Forsyth.
His first release of 2002 was Miguel Arteta's comedy-drama The Good Girl, in which Reilly played Jennifer Aniston's character's stoner husband, treated unfaithfully by his wife with a younger man, played by Jake Gyllenhaal. In the year, Reilly appeared in three of the year's Academy Award for Best Picture nominees – Chicago, Gangs of New York and The Hours. In Chicago, he played Amos Hart, Roxanne's trusting husband and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, as well as the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor. Zellweger remarked that "John is so the best thing about the movies he's in" and critic Roger Ebert praised the "pathetic sincere naivete" that Reilly brought to the role. Martin Scorsese's Gangs of New York featured Reilly as corrupt 19th-century constable "Happy Jack" Mulraney, while Stephen Daldry's drama The Hours saw him play the husband to Ju
Black comedy known as dark comedy or gallows humor, is a comic style that makes light of subject matter, considered taboo subjects that are considered serious or painful to discuss. Comedians use it as a tool for exploring vulgar issues, thus provoking discomfort and serious thought as well as amusement in their audience. Popular themes of the genre include death and violence, disease, sexuality and barbarism. Black comedy differs from blue comedy which focuses more on crude topics such as nudity and bodily fluids. Although the two are interrelated, black comedy is different from straightforward obscenity in that it is more subtle and does not have the explicit intention of offending people. In obscene humor, much of the humorous element comes from shock and revulsion, while black comedy might include an element of irony, or fatalism. For example, an archetypal example of black comedy in the form of self-mutilation appears in the English novel Tristram Shandy. Tristram, five years old at the time, starts to urinate out of an open window for lack of a chamber pot.
The sash circumcises him. Literary critics have associated black comedy and black humor with authors as early as the ancient Greeks with Aristophanes. Whereas the term black comedy is a broad term covering humor relating to many serious subjects, gallows humor tends to be used more in relation to death, or situations that are reminiscent of dying. Black humor can be related to the grotesque genre; the term black humor was coined by the Surrealist theorist André Breton in 1935 while interpreting the writings of Jonathan Swift. Breton's preference was to identify some of Swift's writings as a subgenre of comedy and satire in which laughter arises from cynicism and skepticism relying on topics such as death. Breton coined the term for his book Anthology of Black Humor, in which he credited Jonathan Swift as the originator of black humor and gallows humor. In his book, Breton included excerpts from 45 other writers, including both examples in which the wit arises from a victim with which the audience empathizes, as is more typical in the tradition of gallows humor, examples in which the comedy is used to mock the victim.
In the last cases, the victim's suffering is trivialized, which leads to sympathizing with the victimizer, as analogously found in the social commentary and social criticism of the writings of Sade. Among the first American writers who employed black comedy in their works were Nathanael West and Vladimir Nabokov, although at the time the genre was not known in the US; the concept of black humor first came to nationwide attention after the publication of a 1965 mass-market paperback titled Black Humor, of which the editor was Bruce Jay Friedman. The paperback was one of the first American anthologies devoted to the concept of black humor as a literary genre. With the paperback, Friedman labeled as "black humorists" a variety of authors, such as J. P. Donleavy, Edward Albee, Joseph Heller, Thomas Pynchon, John Barth, Vladimir Nabokov, Bruce Jay Friedman himself, Louis-Ferdinand Celine. Among the writers labeled as black humorists by journalists and literary critics are today Roald Dahl, Kurt Vonnegut, Warren Zevon, Christopher Durang, Philip Roth.
The motive for applying the label black humorist to all the writers cited above is that they have written novels, stories and songs in which profound or horrific events were portrayed in a comic manner. Comedians, like Lenny Bruce, that since the late 1950s have been labeled for using "sick comedy" by mainstream journalists, have been labeled with "black comedy". Sigmund Freud in his 1927 essay Humour puts forth the following theory of black comedy: "The ego refuses to be distressed by the provocations of reality, to let itself be compelled to suffer, it insists. Some other sociologists elaborated this concept further. At the same time, Paul Lewis warns that this "relieving" aspect of gallows jokes depends on the context of the joke: whether the joke is being told by the threatened person themselves or by someone else. Black comedy has the social effect of strengthening the morale of the oppressed and undermines the morale of the oppressors. According to Wylie Sypher, "to be able to laugh at evil and error means we have surmounted them."Black comedy is a natural human instinct and examples of it can be found in stories from antiquity.
Its use was widespread from where it was imported to the United States. It is rendered with the German expression Galgenhumor; the concept of gallows humor is comparable to the French expression rire jaune, which has a Germanic equivalent in the Belgian Dutch expression groen lachen. Italian comedian Daniele Luttazzi discussed gallows humour focusing on the particular type of laughter that it arouses, said that grotesque satire, as opposed to ironic satire, is the one that most
Holden Morrisey Caulfield is a fictional character in author J. D. Salinger's 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye. Since the book's publication, Holden has become an icon for teenage rebellion and angst, now stands among the most important characters of 20th-century American literature; the name Holden Caulfield was used in an unpublished short story written in 1942 and first appeared in print in 1945. Although it has been conjectured that J. D. Salinger got the name for Holden Caulfield in The Catcher in the Rye when he saw a marquee for the 1947 film Dear Ruth, starring William Holden and Joan Caulfield, Salinger's first Holden Caulfield story, "I'm Crazy," appeared in Collier's on December 22, 1945, a year and a half before this movie was released. Holden is naive and at the same time resentful of the adult world. One of Holden's most striking and quintessential qualities is his powerful revulsion for "phony" qualities, a catch-all term for the perceived hypocrisy that irritates Holden, it is this cynicism that causes him to distance himself from other people, despite wanting connection as well.
Holden is much a character of contradiction. He continually fails classes, yet is thought of as a "hot shot" by his English teacher, with an obvious flair for writing. Holden Caulfield is the narrator and main character of The Catcher in the Rye; the novel recounts Holden's week in New York City during Christmas break following his expulsion from Pencey Prep, a preparatory school in Pennsylvania based loosely on Salinger's alma mater Valley Forge Military Academy. Holden Caulfield tells his story with surprising honesty from a hospital in California in a cynical and jaded language; the character, as Holden Morrisey Caulfield, appears in Salinger's "Slight Rebellion off Madison", published in the December 21, 1946, issue of The New Yorker. An earlier version of this story, titled "Are You Banging Your Head Against a Wall?" was accepted for publication by The New Yorker in October 1941, but was not published because editors found the tone to be too desolate for its readership. An edited version of this short story became the basis of several chapters in the middle-late section of The Catcher in the Rye dealing with Caulfield's date with Sally Hayes, during which he confesses his desire to run away with her, meets Carl Luce for drinks, makes a drunken phone call to the Hayes' home.
Unlike the similar sequence in the novel, Caulfield is on a Christmas break from school, and, in the story, the interlude with Sally is split into two occurrences. The meeting with Carl Luce is briefer in the story than in the novel. Caulfield figures as a character in the short story "I'm Crazy", published in Colliers, other members of the Caulfield family are featured in "Last Day of the Last Furlough", published in The Saturday Evening Post and the unpublished short stories "The Last and Best of the Peter Pans" and "The Ocean Full of Bowling Balls". "I'm Crazy" is related to the first chapter of The Catcher in the Rye. It begins with Caulfield standing on a hill at "Pencey Prep" watching a football game below, develops as Holden visits with his history teacher, Mr. Spencer, for a talk about his expulsion from school and his future. Several other details match those found in the first chapter of Catcher, including a reference to the mother of one of Caulfield's schoolmates and to his own mother sending him a gift of ice skates, but the story ends with his returning home instead of running away from school.
Once home, he is not shown confronting his parents, according to the maid, are playing bridge. Instead, he goes to speak to Phoebe, their dialogue is similar to that which appears in the chapters of The Catcher in the Rye. The other notable feature of the story is that his sister Viola gets her first, only, mention in the Caulfield saga. "This Sandwich Has No Mayonnaise" has a mention of Holden missing in action during the war. "Last Day of the Last Furlough" relates the final day of Babe Gladwaller before he leaves to fight in World War II. Gladwaller spends part of the day with his little sister. At that point Vincent is a fellow soldier about to leave for the war. Vincent announces that his brother, has been declared missing in action. Gladwaller's relationship with his younger sister can be seen as a parallel to Caulfield's relationship with Phoebe. "The Last and Best of the Peter Pans" relates the story of Vincent's draft questionnaire being hidden by his mother. The events occur just after the death of Kenneth and reveal the anxiety of Mary Moriarity, an actress and Caulfield's mother.
The story is notable for the appearance of Phoebe and Vincent's statements about a child crawling off a cliff. In "The Ocean Full of Bowling Balls," Vincent recalls the day; the story is set at the Caulfield summer home on Cape Cod. Several details make their way from this story into Catcher, including the characterization of Allie. While the cause of death in Catcher is leukemia, here it is due to an unspecified heart condition. Toward the end of the story and Vincent are on the beach. Kenneth is knocked out by a wave. Holden, just home from camp, is waiting on the porch with his suitcases as Vincent comes back with Kenneth's uncons
Based in Santa Monica, Myriad Pictures is a leading independent entertainment company specializing in production and worldwide distribution of feature films and television programming. President and CEO Kirk D’Amico opened the company in 1999 and has built a diverse library of art house and mainstream programming. Mr. D’Amico was named one of the Top 50 independent producers in the annual list published by The Hollywood Reporter, is a member of the Board of Directors of IFTA. In 2009 Myriad supported the Academy Award campaign for director Bruno Barreto’s Last Stop 174, Brazil’s Official Selection to the 2009 Academy Awards in the Best Foreign Language Film category. Myriad’s library includes. 1999 Kirk D'Amico founds Myriad Pictures with a staff of three Philip von Alvensleben joins senior management2000 Co-produces Tangled Good Advice Double WhammyAcquires film sales company J&M Entertainment. 2001 Co-produces The Good Girl People I Know Van Wilder2002 Opens London office. In spring 2010 Myriad theatrically released the thriller The Cry of the Owl, based on the book by Patricia Highsmith and starring Julia Stiles and Paddy Considine.
The DVD will be released through Paramount Home Entertainment summer 2010. Myriad is going to release Ben Kingsley starring A Common Man in 2012. Equity Pictures Medienfonds GmbH & Co. KG pursued legal proceedings in the U. S. Central California District Court in 2014; the case was dismissed on grounds of the settlement agreement requiring arbitration as a means of conflict resolution. The Indie Power 50 The Hollywood Reporter January 17, 2008
The Good Girl (2004 film)
The Good Girl is a 2004 Spanish independent pornographic short film directed by Erika Lust and produced by Lust Films. The story is a traditional "pizza delivery guy" takes place from a female perspective; the film does not take itself too by making fun of typical porn clichés. The duration of the film is 21 minutes; the Good Girl was nominated for best short film of the year at the Barcelona International Erotic Film Festival. A Digg poster claimed that it was first porn film under a Creative Commons license when its internet version was released in 2006. LustFilm stopped distributing it for free in 2007 when it became part of a movie named Cinco historias para ellas, though the original clip distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 License can be still downloaded from other places. Alex is a smart and successful businesswoman, a good girl who thinks about sex but doesn't act upon it, her friend Julie challenges her to be more sexually active and risqué. When Alex meets an attractive pizza delivery man, she doesn't just think, but decides to act upon her sexual desire.
Julie: Unknown Erika Lust is the porn-name of Swedish filmmaker Erika Hallqvist, who used and was known under her real name. She is the co-founder of Lust Films and is a journalist, she was born in Stockholm, Sweden in 1977 and has a master's degree in political science and audiovisual management with a specialization in feminism and sexual studies from Lund University. Lust Films is a small Spanish adult audiovisual entertainment company. Notable works include The Good Girl and media attention surrounding the "Deborah y el Sexo" program on MTV Spain. Women's erotica Lust Films homepage The Good Girl on IMDb the Good Girl DVD cover Comstock films, 2006-04-03, Erika Lust Enters the Blogosphere, Kicks Me in the Nuts HotMoviesForHer: Erika Lust spotlight
William Bradley Pitt is an American actor and film producer. He has received multiple awards and nominations including an Academy Award as producer under his own company Plan B Entertainment. Pitt first gained recognition as a cowboy hitchhiker in the road movie Louise, his first leading roles in big-budget productions came with the drama films A River Runs Through It and Legends of the Fall, horror film Interview with the Vampire. He gave critically acclaimed performances in the crime thriller Seven and the science fiction film 12 Monkeys, the latter earning him a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor and an Academy Award nomination. Pitt starred in the cult film Fight Club and the heist film Ocean's Eleven and its sequels, Ocean's Twelve and Ocean's Thirteen, his greatest commercial successes have been Troy, Mr. & Mrs. Smith, World War Z. Pitt received his second and third Academy Award nominations for his leading performances in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button and Moneyball, he produced The Departed and 12 Years a Slave, both of which won the Academy Award for Best Picture, The Tree of Life and The Big Short, all of which garnered Best Picture nominations.
As a public figure, Pitt has been cited as one of the most influential and powerful people in the American entertainment industry. For a number of years, he was cited as the world's most attractive man by various media outlets, his personal life is the subject of wide publicity. In 2000, he married actress Jennifer Aniston. In 2014, Pitt married actress Angelina Jolie, they have six children together. In 2016, Jolie filed for a divorce from Pitt, pending. Pitt was born in Shawnee, Oklahoma, to William Alvin Pitt, the proprietor of a trucking company, Jane Etta, a school counsellor; the family soon moved to Springfield, where he lived together with his younger siblings, Douglas Mitchell and Julie Neal. Born into a conservative household, he was raised as Southern Baptist but has since stated that he does not "have a great relationship with religion" and that he "oscillate between agnosticism and atheism". Pitt has described Springfield as "Mark Twain country, Jesse James country", having grown up with "a lot of hills, a lot of lakes".
Pitt attended Kickapoo High School, where he was a member of the golf and tennis teams. He participated in the school's Key and Forensics clubs, in school debates, in musicals. Following his graduation from high school, Pitt enrolled in the University of Missouri in 1982, majoring in journalism with a focus on advertising; as graduation approached, Pitt did not feel ready to settle down. He loved films—"a portal into different worlds for me"—and, since films were not made in Missouri, he decided to go to where they were made. Two weeks short of completing the coursework for a degree, Pitt left the university and moved to Los Angeles, where he took acting lessons and worked odd jobs, he has named his early acting heroes as Sean Penn and Mickey Rourke. While struggling to establish himself in Los Angeles, Pitt took lessons from acting coach Roy London. Pitt's acting career began in 1987, with uncredited parts in the films No Way Out, No Man's Land and Less Than Zero. In May 1987, his television debut came with a two-episode role on the NBC soap opera Another World.
In November of the same year, Pitt had a guest appearance on the ABC sitcom Growing Pains. He appeared in four episodes of the CBS primetime series Dallas between December 1987 and February 1988 as Randy, the boyfriend of Charlie Wade. In 1988, Pitt made a guest appearance on the Fox police drama 21 Jump Street. In the same year, the Yugoslavian–U. S. Co-production The Dark Side of the Sun gave Pitt his first leading film role, as a young American taken by his family to the Adriatic to find a remedy for a skin condition; the film was shelved at the outbreak of the Croatian War of Independence, was not released until 1997. Pitt made two motion picture appearances in 1989: the first in a supporting role in the comedy Happy Together, he made guest appearances on television series Head of the Class, Freddy's Nightmares and Growing Pains. Pitt was cast as Billy Canton, a drug addict who takes advantage of a young runaway in the 1990 NBC television movie Too Young to Die?, the story of an abused teenager sentenced to death for a murder.
Ken Tucker, television reviewer for Entertainment Weekly wrote: "Pitt is a magnificent slimeball as her hoody boyfriend. The same year, Pitt co-starred in six episodes of the short-lived Fox drama Glory Days and took a supporting role in the HBO television film The Image, his next appearance came in the 1991 film Across the Tracks. After years of supporting roles in film and frequent television guest appearances, Pitt attracted wider recognition in his supporting role in Ridley Scott's 1991 road film Thelma & Louise, he played J. D. a small-time criminal. His love scene with Davis has been cited as the event. After Thelma & Louise, Pitt starred in the 1991 film Johnny Suede, a low-budget picture about an aspiring rock star, the 1992 live-action/animated fantasy film Cool Wor