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The Grange, Edinburgh

The Grange is a suburb of Edinburgh, about one and a half miles south of the city centre, with Morningside and Greenhill to the west, Newington to the east, Marchmont to the north. It is a conservation area characterised by large late Victorian stone-built villas with large gardens. Many have now been sub-divided into flats, with further flats being built on the grounds. There are mentions of'Sanct-Geill-Grange' in charters of King David and King Edgar, as church lands attached to St. Giles parish church in Edinburgh, the king retaining the superiority; the word grange is common across Britain and links to an extensive farm with a central mansionhouse. On 16 June 1376, King Robert II granted the superiority of the barony and lands of St Giles to his eldest son, Earl of Carrick, Steward of Scotland. In 1391 the estate was conferred upon the Wardlaw family. On 29 October 1506, St Giles Grange passed to John Cant, a Burgess of Edinburgh, his spouse Agnes Carkettle, in 1517 they granted the use of 18 acres of land to the nuns of St. Catherine of Siena.

On 19 March 1691 a John Cant sold St Giles Grange in its entirety to William Dick. At that time, the 18 acres feued to the nuns was now in the possession of Sir John Napier, the famous inventor of logarithms; when Isabel Dick, the heiress, married Sir Andrew Lauder, 5th Baronet of Fountainhall, in 1731, The Grange passed to him. The original tower house appears to be of a early date the 13th century, ornamented with two turrets and a battlemented roof; the mansion, The Grange House, was enlarged over the centuries, a major restoration being carried out by Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, Bt. On 16 May 1836, Lord Cockburn recorded in his diary: "There was an annular eclipse of the sun yesterday afternoon....it was a beautiful spectacle...... I was on the top of the tower at The Grange House, with Sir Thomas Dick Lauder and his family." The house survived until 1936. Stone wyverns from its gateposts, known locally as the'Lauder griffins', were re-erected in Grange Loan. One was placed at the entrance to a stretch of Lover's Loan, a centuries-old path, preserved in a late 19th-century redevelopment and is marked out with high stone walls separating it from the gardens on either side.

At one point the path borders the Grange Cemetery where various well-known people are buried, including Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, Hugh Miller, Thomas Chalmers. In 1825 Thomas Dick Lauder the owner of the Grange, sold off a large area of land for development (now the area between Dick Place and Grange Road; this linked to a new access road to the east. Lauder controlled development of the land through a strong feuing plan and developments required his approval; the original feuing plan included curious plot names such as Little Transylvania and Greater Transylvania. Grange House remained in a large plot in the centre of Grange Loan. From the 1840s The Grange was developed as an early suburb, built upon the lands of The Grange estate — still owned by the Dick Lauder family; the area was laid out by the architect David Cousin but the feuing was altered and extended southwards by the architect Robert Reid Raeburn. Some of the Victorian villas still retain substantial mature trees and gardens which pre-date the housing.

In 1835 Earl Grey stayed with Sir Thomas Dick Lauder at The Grange House, commemorated his visit by planting an oak-tree in a conspicuous spot in The Avenue, upon the bank of the north side, not far from the ivy-clad arch. It was called'Earl Grey's Oak' and was still healthy in 1898, it is not known. Within the area lies the campus of the Astley Ainslie Hospital; this large area of ground was gifted as a hospital in 1921 as part of the will of John Ainslie. The Carlton Cricket Club in Edinburgh is the last vestige of the major open space which used to surround Grange House; this was laid out in 1847 by the Edinburgh architect David Bryce and is more rectilinear in layout than its predecessors, Warriston Cemetery and Dean Cemetery. It was original entitled the Southern Edinburgh Cemetery, it includes a interesting "Egyptian portal" to the land of the dead for the wife of a William Stuart on the north wall, by the sculptor Robert Thomson. Sculptures by William Birnie Rhind and Henry Snell Gamley can be found.

There are multiple ornate Celtic crosses by Stewart McGlashan. The graves of Isabella Russell and Margaret McNicoll were designed by Robert Lorimer in 1904. Other notable graves include: John Brown Abercromby, artist Harry Burrows Acton Prof David Laird Adams Sir Andrew Agnew, 7th Baronet Rev William Arnot Rev David Arnott DD Sir William James and Sir James Gardiner Baird, 7th and 8th Baronets of Saughton Hall Very Rev John Baillie, Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, 1943/44 Sir Andrew Balfour, physician James Bannerman and his son William Burney Bannerman and his wife Helen Bannerman John Bartholomew, Sr. and John Bartholomew Jr. mapmakers John Begg Henry McGrady Bell traveller and author Sir Robert Duncan Bell senior civil servant in the Indian Raj George Bertram and paper-maker Benjamin Blyth Robert Henry Bow FRSE photogr

Dracula (2006 film)

Dracula is a television adaptation of Bram Stoker's 1897 novel, produced by Granada Television for WGBH Boston and BBC Wales in 2006. It was directed by Bill Eagles. Arthur Holmwood is diagnosed with syphilis soon after becoming engaged to Lucy Westenra. Knowing that the disease would kill both him and his fiancée, he contacts an occult group called the Brotherhood, being led by a man named Singleton. Singleton claims that they know someone who can cure him for a price. Lucy's best friend is Mina Murray, engaged to Jonathan Harker, a solicitor. Arthur hires his firm to sell several properties to a Count Dracula in Transylvania. Soon after his departure, his employer is murdered and all documents about the transaction go missing. Singleton calmly confesses the deed, telling Arthur the "young man" will never return from Transylvania. In Transylvania, Jonathan meets a nine hundred year old vampire. Dracula murders Harker, assumes a youthful appearance after drinking his blood, is soon en route to England aboard the Demeter.

The Demeter reaches Whitby, but struggles to dock during a storm. The next morning, the beached ship is revealed to be empty, save for the deceased captain and some empty crates. Mina senses that something has happened to Jonathan, Lucy invites her to stay with Lucy and Arthur in Whitby. Mina's worries are confirmed when she discovers that Jonathan was supposed to have been aboard the ship. Arthur is becoming cold and distant, Lucy expresses anxiety over their marriage not yet being consummated. On, she encounters Count Dracula who consoles her, he introduces himself to Lucy. Arthur, enraged to find Dracula in his home, finds himself powerless as Lucy falls victim to the vampire. Arthur's old friend, Dr. Seward, is suspicious, he forces Seward at gunpoint to give her a blood transfusion from his own arm. However, Lucy dies the next morning and Seward is convinced that Arthur is responsible for her sudden death, he investigates and finds the Chelsea home of the Brotherhood, where Singleton and others have been murdered.

In the basement, surrounded by crosses made of twigs, he finds Professor Abraham Van Helsing, living like an animal, who insists they must free him at once. Van Helsing explains that he was employed as a folklorist by the Brotherhood to investigate vampires, he found Dracula, was released with a message to the Brotherhood: he would come to them if invited, but only if provided with property. Frightened by Van Helsing's ordeal with Dracula, they sent Jonathan instead, imprisoned Van Helsing. Seward attempts to explain this to Mina but she is skeptical. Seward confronts a grief-stricken and remorseful Arthur, who explains that his syphilis prevented him from consummating his marriage, that he arranged for Dracula to come to England in the hope that he would cure him of the disease; the three go after a now undead Lucy, while Dracula pursues Mina, who soon realises Seward was telling the truth when Dracula attempts to bite her, however Arthur is forced to destroy his wife when she attempts to bite him and Seward.

Dracula senses this. Seward and Van Helsing meet her at her home where they agree to go after Dracula, just before dawn where he'll be at his weakest. Marc Warren as Count Dracula David Suchet as Abraham Van Helsing Sophia Myles as Lady Holmwood/Lucy Westenra Stephanie Leonidas as Mina Murray Dan Stevens as Lord Holmwood Rafe Spall as Jonathan Harker Tom Burke as Dr. John Seward Critical reaction to the film was mixed. MaryAnn Johanson of FlickFilosopher.com called the film "fresh and erudite" and "a valuable new angle on an old story." The SF, Horror and Fantasy Film Review wrote that "the film does gain some sizzle when it comes to the scenes of Marc Warren’s Dracula seducing Sophia Myles’s Lucy but added that "Warren creates a dark magnetism, but looks too cute and boyish to fill a role as big as Dracula." Felix Vasquez Jr. of Cinema Crazed said, "Your best bet for your fanged fix would be to sit down and watch Bram Stoker’s Dracula and for the hell of it, Horror of Dracula, Universal’s Dracula, because they’re worthy variations.

This isn't.... It's not awful, but it's still rather anemic." It was first aired on 28 December 2006 in the United Kingdom. It premiered in the USA on PBS as part of the WGBH series Masterpiece on 11 February 2007. One member of the cast, Sophia Myles, had portrayed a vampire in. Marc Warren had worked with David Suchet in the film Five Little Pigs for Poirot, while Donald Sumpter had appeared in The A. B. C. Murders. Bram Stoker's Dracula's Curse - Another Dracula film released in 2006, produced by The Asylum Vampire film Official BBC microsite Official BBC Press Release Information from a Sophia Myles fansite Article on the Adaptation Listing for the DVD BBC Promotion Second BBC Promotion Dracula on IMDb Dracula at AllMovie

164th Regiment (United States)

The 164th Regiment is a training unit of the North Dakota Army National Guard. As the 164th Infantry Regiment, it was formed in the 1920s but traced its history to North Dakota units formed in the 1900s; the regiment was the first United States Army unit to land on Guadalcanal during World War II The 164th Infantry Regiment began its history on 8 December 1906 in the North Dakota Army National Guard as Company E, First Infantry Regiment, North Dakota. It was activated in federal service on 18 June 1916 for service on the Mexican border. On 14 February 1917, Company E was inactivated at Minnesota. Company E was re-activated on 25 March 1917 and drafted into federal service on 5 August 1917; the company was reorganized and redesignated 4 October 1917 as Company E, 164th Infantry, an element of the 41st Infantry Division. The company was inactivated 28 February 1919 at New Jersey; the company was reorganized and federally recognized 22 January 1921 as Company E, 1st Infantry, North Dakota. It was reorganized and redesignated 21 October 1921 as Company E, 164th Infantry, an element of the 34th Infantry Division.

L. R. Baird attained the rank of Brigadier General and commanded the 164th Infantry from 1931 to 1941; the 164th Infantry, Company G was based out of Montana. The 164th Infantry, a unit of the North Dakota National Guard, was activated into Federal service 10 February 1941 at Williston. Before deployment overseas, the 164th was relieved from assignment to the 34th Infantry Division on 8 December 1941. Commanded by Colonel Earle Sarles, the 164th transited the South Pacific ferry route in January 1942 to New Caledonia. There they joined the 182nd Infantry Regiment and the 132nd Infantry Regiment, in addition to artillery and other support units to form a new division on 24 May 1942, designated the Americal Division; the name Americal was derived from a combination of the words New Caledonia. The regiment spent nearly five months in combat training. In September, Colonel Sarles, a National Guard officer, was replaced as commander of the regiment by Colonel Bryant E. Moore, a West Point graduate.

Moore would subsequently be promoted to command an infantry division in Europe, the regiment would serve under other commanders all of whom advanced to general's stars. Arriving at Guadalcanal on 13 October 1942 ahead of its brother regiments as emergency reinforcement for the 1st Marine Division, the Regiment was the first U. S. Army unit to engage in offensive action during World War II in the Battle of Guadalcanal. Between 24 and 27 October, elements of the regiment withstood repeated assaults from Japanese battalions and inflicted some two thousand enemy casualties; the First Marine commander, Major General A. A. Vandegrift, was so impressed by the soldiers' stand that he issued a unit commendation to the regiment for having demonstrated "an overwhelming superiority over the enemy." In addition, the Marines took the unusual step of awarding Lt. Colonel Robert Hall, commander of the 3rd Battalion, 164th, with the Navy Cross for his role in these battles; until the Americal Division commander, Major General Alexander M. Patch, other units of the division arrived, the 164th fought alongside the Marines in a series of encounters with Japanese units in the Point Cruz area, where they dislodged enemy troops from two hilltop strongpoints.

The action earned them the nickname "The 164th Marines." Members of the 164th were known as "jungle fighters" within the U. S. media because of the terrain on which they fought. The 164th participated in extensive jungle patrols as well as organized offensive sweeps of the island to eliminate remaining Japanese resistance; this experience gained the regiment valuable combat experience in jungle travel and navigation and counter-ambush, small-unit tactics using small arms and light support weapons. After the Battle of Guadalcanal, the regiment returned to Fiji with the rest of the Americal Division to refit and replenish losses. At this point, many veteran officers and men of the 164th volunteered to join the 5307th Composite Unit, better known as Merrill's Marauders, for service in Burma. With the rest of the Americal, the Regiment participated in the Bougainville campaign fought to secure the islands of Leyte, Cebu and Bohol, in the Philippines; the regiment was slated to be part of the invasion of Japan.

Woodrow W. Keeble, the first Sioux Medal of Honor awardee, served with the 164th throughout the war, he was wounded several times and awarded the Purple Heart and multiple awards for valor during World War II. His Medal of Honor recognized in 2008, came for his actions in the Korean War. Refer to US Army records, Master Sergeant Woodrow Wilson Keeble https://www.army.mil/medalofhonor/keeble/profile/index.html Corporal Kenneth S. Foubert of the 164th Infantry has been recognized as the first U. S. Army soldier to die in combat after the attack on Pearl Harbor; as he landed on the beach on Guadalcanal, he was struck by shrapnel from a bomb dropped by a Japanese plane. The 164th was inactivated 24 November 1945 at Washington. On 10 June 1946, the 164th Infantry was relieved from assignment to the Americal Division and assigned to the 47th Infantry Division. On 1 May 1947, the 164th was reorganized and federally recognized 1 May 1947 as Company E of the 164th Infantry at Williston; the 164th was ordered to federal service 16 January 1951 at Williston.

Company C of the 164th Infantry organized and federally recognized 16 January 1953 at Williston while the 164th Infantry was on federal service. The 164th was inactivated from active federal Service 2 December 1954 and reverted to state control and redesignated as Compan

Willem van Dedem

Baron Willem van Dedem styled as Willem, Baron van Dedem, was a Dutch businessman, art collector, art historian and philanthropist. He donated artworks to the National Gallery in the Rijksmuseum and the Mauritshuis. After donating five works to the Mauritshuis, he was awarded both the Museum Medal and the Officer's Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau, he was president of the board of The European Fine Art Fair. His art collection was catalogued in a 2002 book by Peter C. Sutton. A 2012 supplement by Sutton described fifteen additions. At various times, the collection included works by Rembrandt, Pieter Claesz and Adriaen Coorte. van Dedem died on 26 November 2015. His wife Ronny, who survived him, is an artist, they had lived for many years in London. His great uncle was the shipping magnate Daniel George van Beuningen. Works owned by van Dedem included: The Adoration of the Magi, Pieter Brueghel the Younger Christ with the Woman Taken in Adultery, Pieter Brueghel the Younger A Calm Sea with Ships near the Shore, Jan van de Cappelle Still Life with Tazza, Pieter Claesz Still Life of a Bowl of Wild Strawberries, Adriaen Coorte Still Life with Fruit and Wine Glasses on a Silver Plate, Willem Kalf A Young Woman Seated at a Table, Gabriel Metsu Brazilian Landscape with a House under Construction, Frans Post Three Singers, Rembrandt Winter Landscape at Arnhem, Salomon van Ruysdael Peasants Dancing outside a Bohemian Inn, Roelant Savery Interior of a Gothis Protestant Church, Emanuel de Witte Sutton, Peter C..

Dutch & Flemish Paintings: The Collection of Willem Baron Van Dedem. Frances Lincoln Ltd. ISBN 978-0711220102. Sutton, Peter C.. Dutch and Flemish Paintings: A supplement, The Collection of Willem Baron van Dedem. Frances Lincoln Ltd

Geoffrey Cox (Australian politician)

Brigadier Geoffrey Souter Cox, was an Australian soldier and politician. A decorated officer during the Second World War, he entered politics, serving as a Liberal Party member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1957 to 1964, representing the electorate of Vaucluse. Cox was born in Bondi, educated at Cleveland Street High School and Sydney Grammar School, he worked as an insurance clerk before the Second World War, but was active in the Citizens Military Force from 1936. Rising to the rank of sergeant by 1939, Cox was commissioned as a lieutenant that year and enlisted in the Second Australian Imperial Force for active service in the Second World War, he was a platoon commander in the Middle East and Greece in the early stages of the war, where he met his wife, whom he married during a brief return to Australia in 1942. He was subsequently deployed to New Guinea. Cox was promoted to major and lieutenant colonel, was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his role in administering two successful operations in 1945, during the closing stages of the war.

Cox returned to Bondi after the war, working as a real-estate agent in the family business, remaining active in the Citizens Military Force, where he rose to the rank of brigadier. Cox was elected to the Legislative Assembly for the state seat of Vaucluse at a 1957 by-election following the retirement of Liberal leader Murray Robson, he served on the Liberal executive from 1963 to 1964, but did not hold parliamentary or ministerial office. Cox committed suicide in his office at Parliament House on 16 November 1964, was buried in a churchyard at Rose Bay

Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital

The Royal National Throat and Ear Hospital is a specialist otolaryngologic hospital located on Gray's Inn Road in London, a part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Established in 1874, its motto is Audient surdi mutique loquentur. All outpatient services moved to the Royal National ENT and Eastman Dental Hospitals, Huntley Street in October 2019. Theatres, sleep diagnostics and allergy daycase services continue to be provided from the Gray's Inn Road site; the hospital was founded in 1874 by Lennox Browne, Llewellyn Thomas, Alfred Hutton, George Wallis and Ernest Turner. The hospital opened in Manchester Street, but demand for its services was such that new premises were acquired on Gray's Inn Road: the foundation stone was laid by Adelina Patti, a leading singer, in 1875; the new facility opened, as the Central London Throat Nose and Ear Hospital, in 1877. A new wing was opened by Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll in 1906, she laid the foundation stone for the Princess Louise Wing, built between 1928 and 1929.

In January 1942 the hospital was amalgamated with the Hospital for Diseases of the Throat in Golden Square to form The Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital. It joined the National Health Service in 1948. In April 1991 the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, comprising the Royal Free Hospital and the Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital, became one of the first NHS trusts established under the provisions of the NHS and Community Care Act 1990. In April 2012, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust took over management of the hospital from the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust. In October 2019 UCLH opened a new hospital in Huntley Street to house the Royal National Throat and Ear Hospital and the Eastman Dental Hospital and many departments moved there; the wards, operating theatre, sleep unit, the UCL Ear Institute & Action on Hearing Loss Library will remain at Gray's Inn Road until September/October 2020. There are two notable pieces of art in the entrance: on the left there is a plaque commemorating the Royal Ear Hospital as a memorial to the parents of Geoffrey Duveen, by Felix Joubert, on the right there is a carving of St. Blaise, by Cecil Thomas.

The following services are provided at the new Royal National ENT and Eastman Dental Hospitals on Huntley Street: Together with the UCL Ear Institute, which it is located adjacent to, the hospital constitutes the largest centre for audiological research in Europe. Professor Ronald Hinchcliffe was a consultant at the hospital in the 1960s, where he established a vestibular research laboratory. Edith Whetnall led the way in treating the deaf. Healthcare in London List of hospitals in England Official Site