The Great Dictator is a 1940 American political satire comedy-drama film written, produced, scored by, starring British comedian Charlie Chaplin, following the tradition of many of his other films. Having been the only Hollywood filmmaker to continue to make silent films well into the period of sound films, Chaplin made this his first true sound film. Chaplin's film advanced a stirring condemnation of Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, fascism and the Nazis. At the time of its first release, the United States was still formally at peace with Nazi Germany. Chaplin plays both leading roles: a persecuted Jewish barber; the Great Dictator was popular with audiences. Modern critics have praised it as an significant film and an important work of satire, in 1997, it was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being "culturally or aesthetically significant"; the Great Dictator was nominated for five Academy Awards – Outstanding Production, Best Actor, Best Writing, Best Supporting Actor for Jack Oakie, Best Music.
In his 1964 autobiography, Chaplin stated that he could not have made the film if he had known about the true extent of the horrors of the Nazi concentration camps at the time. On the Western Front in 1918, a Jewish Private fighting for the Central Powers nation of Tomainia valiantly saves the life of a wounded pilot, Commander Schultz, who carries valuable documents that could secure a Tomainian victory. However, their plane crashes mid-flight, the Private subsequently suffers memory loss. Upon being rescued, Schultz is informed that Tomainia has surrendered to the Allied Forces, while the Private is carried off to a hospital. Twenty years still suffering from amnesia, the Private leaves the hospital to return to his previous profession as a barber in the ghetto; the ghetto is now governed by Schultz, promoted in the Tomainian regime under the ruthless dictator Adenoid Hynkel. The Barber falls in love with a neighbor and together they try to resist persecution by military forces; the troops capture the Barber and are about to hang him, but Schultz recognizes him and restrains them.
By recognizing him, reminding him of World War I, Schultz helps the Barber regain his memory. Meanwhile, Hynkel tries to finance his ever-growing military forces by borrowing money from a Jewish banker called Hermann Epstein, but the banker refuses to lend him the money. Furious, Hynkel orders a purge of the Jews. Schultz is sent to a concentration camp, he hides in the ghetto with the Barber. Schultz tries to persuade the Jewish family to assassinate Hynkel in a suicide attack, but they are dissuaded by Hannah. Troops search the ghetto, arrest Schultz and the Barber, send both to a concentration camp. Hannah and her family flee to freedom at a vineyard in the neighboring country of Osterlich. Hynkel has a dispute with the dictator of the nation of Bacteria, a man named Benzino Napaloni, over which country should invade Osterlich; the two dictators argue over a treaty to govern the invasion, while dining together at an elaborate buffet, which happens to provide a jar of "English Mustard". The quarrel becomes heated and descends into a food fight, only resolved when both men eat the hot mustard and are shocked into cooperating.
After signing the treaty with Napaloni, Hynkel orders the invasion of Osterlich. Hannah and her family are beaten by a squad of arriving soldiers; the squad leader strikes Hannah to the ground, stands over her, cruelly eats her basket of grapes. Escaping from the camp in stolen uniforms and the Barber, dressed as Hynkel, arrive at the Osterlich frontier, where a huge victory-parade is waiting to be addressed by Hynkel; the real Hynkel is mistaken for the Barber while out duck hunting in civilian clothes and is knocked out and taken to the camp. Schultz tells the Barber to go to the platform and impersonate Hynkel, as the only way to save their lives once they reach Osterlich's capital; the Barber has never given a public speech in his life. The terrified Barber is inspired to seize the initiative. Announcing that he has had a change of heart, he makes an impassioned plea for brotherhood and goodwill. "I'm sorry. That's not my business. I don't want to conquer anyone. I should like to help everyone.
Jew—Gentile—Black Man, White. We all want to help one another, human beings are like that. We want to live by each other's happiness. Not by each other's misery. We don't want to despise one another, and this world has room for everyone, the good Earth is rich can provide for everyone. The way of life can be free and beautiful. Greed has poisoned men's souls, has barricaded the world with hate, has goose-stepped us into misery and bloodshed. We have developed speed. Machinery that gives us abundance has left us in want. Our knowledge has made us cynical. Our cleverness and unkind. We think too much, feel too little. More than machinery, we need humanity. More than cleverness, we need gentleness. Without these qualities life will be violent, all will be lost; the aeroplane and the radio have brought us closer together. The nature of these inventions cries out for the goodness in men—cries out for universal brotherhood—for the unity of us all. Now my voice is reaching millions throughout the
Title V of the Higher Education Act is a federally funded grant program, created in 1998 to assist certain colleges and universities in improving the higher education of Hispanic students in the United States. It is known as the Developing Hispanic-Serving Institutions Program, being directed towards what are designated as Hispanic-serving institutions; the United States Higher Education Act of 1965 was signed into law on November 8, 1965. The law was intended "to strengthen the educational resources of our colleges and universities and to provide financial assistance for students in postsecondary and higher education"; the research that led to the creation of Title V found that HSIs provided a significant proportion of postsecondary opportunities for Hispanic students, whilst receiving less in State and local funding per student than other institutions of higher education. This was found to be limiting their ability to expand and improve programs and institutional strength. HSIs were defined as those with low education and general expenditures, 25 percent or more full-time equivalent undergraduate Hispanic students of whom 50 percent or more were low-income.
Title V funding was granted to higher educational institutions to enable them to improve and expand their provision for Hispanic students and other low-income students. Such activities could include the renovation of instructional facilities, faculty development, the purchase of scientific or laboratory equipment for teaching and administrative management and improvement of academic programs, joint use of facilities, academic tutoring, counseling programs, student support services. Grants covered a period of up to 5 years. In 2006, $95 million was awarded to 151 HSIs under Title V. Research found that the "sustained institutional funding" provided under Title V had an effect on the number of degrees awarded. In 2009 Title V was expanded. For the first time it provided funding for graduate programs of HSIs in its new "Part B" section; the stated purposes were to expand postbaccalaureate educational opportunities for, improve the academic attainment of, Hispanic students. Developing Hispanic-Serving Institutions Program—Title V, U.
S. Department of Education
Naya Zamana is a 1971 Hindi film produced and directed by Pramod Chakrovorty. The film stars Dharmendra, Hema Malini, Ashok Kumar, Pran, Lalita Pawar and Aruna Irani; the music is by S. D. Burman, it was written by Aghajani Kashmeri, who wrote Love in Tokyo and Ziddi for Pramod Chakravorty. The movie is loosely based on the 1944 Bengali movie Udayer Pathey. Dharmendra as Anoop Hema Malini as Seema Choudhury Ashok Kumar as Sachin Choudhury Mehmood as Mahesh Aruna Irani as Rekha Lalita Pawar as Anoop's mom Pran as Rajendranath Choudhury / Rajan Indrani Mukherjee as Asha Manmohan as Ashok Shabnam as Lilly Jankidas as Sitaram Dhumal as Dharamdas Raj Mehra as IGP Anand Mohan V. Gopal as Pandit Baby Guddi as Guddi Anoop is a struggling writer. One day he meets with both fall in love; when Seema's brother Rajan Choudhury finds out, he forbids Seema to see Anoop again. On the other hand Anoop's sister and Rajan's brother-in-law Mahesh have fallen in love with each other; this angers Rajan more and he turns Mahesh out of his house.
Rajan finds out that Anoop has authored a book called "Naya Zamana", decides to publish it and sell it under his name. Anoop and Seema find out when the book is a big hit. Rajan is unapologetic. Rajan tries to evict the poor people living in small tenements with Anoop and his mother, but Anoop and Seema intervene, as a result Rajan orders the tenements to be burnt secretly by his henchman Sitaram. Anoop is arrested by the police. Seema's dad, Sachin Choudhury forbids Seema to see Anoop anymore as well as stay away from the poor people's lives. Seema will now to chose between her father. All lyrics written by Anand Bakshi. "Raamaa Raamaa Gajab Hui Gavaa Re" - Lata Mangeshkar "Naya Zamana Aayega, Kitne Din Yu Dil Tarsenge" - Lata Mangeshkar "Das Gayi Chuhi, Raina Kajrari Mai HaariKya Karu Jaanu Na, O Champa O Chameli" - Lata Mangeshkar "Aaya Mai Laya Chalta Phirta Hotel, Garma Garma Garam Pakode" - Mehmood, Manna Dey "Choro Ko Saare Nazar Aate Hai Chor" - Lata Mangeshkar "Duniyaa O Duniyaa, Teraa Javaab Nahin" - Kishore Kumar "Wah Re Naujawan Aajkal Ke, Rang Roop Apna Badal Ke" - Kishore Kumar Naya Zamana on IMDb