The Greatest Show on Earth is a 1952 American drama film produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille, shot in Technicolor, released by Paramount Pictures. Set in the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, the film stars Betty Hutton and Cornel Wilde as trapeze artists competing for the center ring, Charlton Heston as the circus manager running the show. James Stewart stars in a supporting role as a mysterious clown who never removes his make-up between shows, while Dorothy Lamour and Gloria Grahame play supporting roles. In addition to the film actors, the real Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey's Circus' 1951 troupe appears in the film, with its complement of 1400 people, hundreds of animals, 60 railroad cars of equipment and tents. The actors participated in the acts; the film's storyline is supported by lavish production values, actual circus acts, documentary, behind-the-rings looks at the massive logistics effort which made big top circuses possible. The film won two Academy Awards, those being for Best Picture and Best Story, was nominated for Best Costume Design, Best Director, Best Film Editing.
It won Golden Globe Awards for Best Cinematography, Best Director, Best Motion Picture – Drama. "We bring you the circus — that Pied Piper whose magic tunes lead the children of all ages from 6 to 60 into a tinseled and spun-candied world of reckless beauty and mounting laughter. "But behind all this, the circus is a massive machine whose life depends on discipline and speed — a mechanized army on wheels that rolls over any obstacle in its path — that meets calamity again and again, but always comes up smiling — a place where disaster and tragedy stalk the Big Top, haunt the back yard, ride the circus train — where Death is watching for one frayed rope, one weak link, or one trace of fear. "A fierce, primitive fighting force that smashes relentlessly forward against impossible odds: That is the circus — and this is the story of the biggest of the Big Tops — and of the men and women who fight to make it — The Greatest Show On Earth!" Brad Braden is the no-nonsense general manager of what was at the time the world's largest railroad circus.
He has a number of problems on his hands for the upcoming season. The show's board of directors plans to run a short 10-week season rather than risk losing $25,000 a day in a shaky postwar economy. Brad bargains to keep the circus on the road as long as it is making a profit, thus keeping employed the 1,400 performers and roustabouts who make Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus The Greatest Show On Earth. Brad's first problem is having to tell his girlfriend, Holly, a flyer, expecting to be the star of that season's show, that she is out of the center ring; the only way he was able to get management to agree to a full season was to hire the Great Sebastian, "the debonair King of the Air" and world-class trapeze artist, as the star of the show. Holly knows Brad must think of the circus first and personal feelings second, that he does not take chances with the show, but is infuriated at his decision, his second problem is keeping Sebastian under control. He has a well-deserved reputation as a ladies' man who has cut a wide swath through the female contingent of every show in which he has worked, to the detriment of the running of those shows.
His third problem is keeping an eye on Harry, a midway concessionaire he suspects of running crooked games of chance, who works for a mysterious gangster named Mr. Henderson. Another situation, unbeknownst to Brad, involves the beloved Buttons the Clown, never seen without his makeup. During a performance, Buttons converses with a female member of the audience — who warns him that an unnamed "they" are asking questions about him again, she is, in fact, his mother, they see each other only once a year. Hints about his former life are revealed as he gives first aid to performers and expertly wraps bandages around a trapeze for Holly. Holly finds a newspaper article about a doctor who had "mercy killed" his wife, but does not make the connection to Buttons; the competition between Holly and Sebastian for the center ring develops into a romantic triangle, as well, with both Sebastian and Brad vying for Holly as the aerialists' acts become daring and dangerous. Sebastian ignores his former lovers on the show: Angel.
The duel ends when, in response to a challenge from Holly, Sebastian removes his safety net and suffers serious injuries in a fall when a trick goes wrong. Buttons tends to him, when the show's doctor expresses admiration for the way he dealt with the injuries, the clown explains, a little nervously, that he used to be a pharmacist's mate. Holly has the center ring and star billing, but not the way she wanted it. Brad is unable to comfort her; when Harry is caught cheating circus attendees on the midway, Brad calls him on it and fires him, finishing the fight Harry started by throwing him into a puddle of mud. Harry leaves the lot, he is seen now and on the periphery of the show, shooting craps and sowing disaffection with Klaus the elephant trainer, obsessed with Angel, who works with his elephants as "the Sultan's Favorite." Several months Sebastian rejoins the show, but is unable to return to the trapeze because his injuries fro
The Mountain Club of South Africa is the largest and oldest mountaineering club in South Africa. It facilitates and engages in mountaineering, climbing of all types, hiking, international expeditions, mountain search and rescue, conservation of mountain areas, procurement of access for mountaineering; the MCSA hence is one of the oldest mountaineering clubs in the world. Since its establishment, the MCSA has been embedded with and reflected, the political ideology and interests of the social and governing class during the colonial and segregation eras; this situation prevailed for most of the apartheid era, when the club opened its membership to all, regardless of race and the first black member was admitted in 1986. The MCSA is the only mountain club in Africa affiliated with the world mountaineering body, the UIAA. Members of the MCSA have hiked on all the major mountain ranges throughout the world. Since its inception, the MCSA has published an annual journal; the MCSA Journal is one of the oldest mountain club journals still being published on an annual basis.
The Club consists of 14 sections spread over South Africa and Namibia and with more than 4000 members. Amajuba Cape Town Eastern Province Free State Hottentots Holland Johannesburg KwaZulu-Natal Magaliesberg Namibia Paarl/Wellington South Cape Stellenbosch Tygerberg WorcesterThe objectives of The Mountain Club of South Africa are to further the interests of mountaineering in South Africa and elsewhere, in doing so inter alia to: Organise and facilitate mountaineering Procure and protect real rights in and access to mountains and mountain areas Initiate and support actions towards protecting the natural beauty and wilderness character of mountains and to promote their effective conservation management Promote the safety and training of mountaineers Provide search and rescue resources Promote the study of mountains and their environments, the preservation of historical and archaeological sites on them and the dissemination of information on mountains and mountaineering. Keppel Harcourt Barnard Johannes de Villiers Graaff Rudolf Marloth Cathy O'Dowd Edwin Percy Phillips Marianne Pretorius Jan Smuts South African National Climbing Federation 2.
Farieda Khan 2018: A Century of Mountaineering: Race and the Politics of climbing Table Mountain, 1890 - 1990. Acta Academica, 50, pp.52-74. The Mountain Club of South Africa The MCSA - Cape Town Section Johannesburg Section MCSA Eastern Province Section UIAA website
Mannukku Mariyadhai is a 1995 Tamil drama film directed by T. R. Vijayan; the film features Vignesh and Sanghavi in the lead roles, with R. P. Viswam, Uday Prakash, Chinni Jayanth, newcomer Jayaprabhu and Mandai Seenu playing supporting roles; the film had musical score by Devadevan and was released on 22 September 1995. Thupakki Gounder is a ruthless village chief and a greedy moneylender, every villager are afraid of him and his henchmen. Thupakki Gounder is married to Lakshmi, they have a son, a womanizer and a daughter Bhavani, studying in the city, he has an illegitimate son Nagarajan who works as a blacksmith and Nagarajan wants his father to confess that he is his son in front of the villagers. Pandian, an angry young man and a jobless graduate, is giving tuition to the uneducated villagers which annoy Thupakki Gounder, but beyond that, Pandian spends time with his jobless friends. Pandian lives with his widow sister Kalyani, her husband died after two days of marriage, nobody wants to marry her after this tragedy.
Bhavani arrives from the city, her father insisted to come in their village. He wants his daughter to provide lessons for the uneducated villagers, her lessons become way more popular among the villagers than Pandian's lessons. After initial fights between Pandian and Bhavani, both fall in love. What transpires next forms the rest of the story; the film score and the soundtrack were composed by film composer Devadevan. The soundtrack, released in 1995, features 6 tracks with lyrics written by Piraisoodan, Udhaya Bharathi, Aruvi Radha and Mohana Priyan