Cecil B. DeMille

Cecil Blount DeMille was an American filmmaker. Between 1914 and 1958, he made a total of both silent and sound films, he is acknowledged as a founding father of the American cinema and the most commercially successful producer-director in film history. His films were distinguished by his cinematic showmanship, his silent films included social dramas, Westerns, morality plays, historical pageants. DeMille began his career as a stage actor in 1900, he moved to writing and directing stage productions, some with Jesse Lasky, a vaudeville producer. DeMille's first film, The Squaw Man, was the first feature film shot in Hollywood, its interracial love story made it commercially successful and it first publicized Hollywood as the home of the U. S. film industry. The continued success of his productions led to the founding of Paramount Pictures with Lasky and Adolph Zukor, his first biblical epic, The Ten Commandments, was both a commercial success. DeMille directed The King of Kings, a biography of Jesus, which gained approval for its sensitivity and reached more than 800 million viewers.

The Sign of the Cross is said to be the first sound film to integrate all aspects of cinematic technique. Cleopatra was his first film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. After more than thirty years in film production, DeMille reached a pinnacle in his career with Samson and Delilah, a biblical epic which became the highest-grossing film of 1950. Along with biblical and historical narratives, he directed films oriented toward "neo-naturalism", which tried to portray the laws of man fighting the forces of nature, he received his first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Director for his circus drama The Greatest Show on Earth, which won both the Academy Award for Best Picture and the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama. His last and best known film, The Ten Commandments a Best Picture Academy Award nominee, is the eighth-highest-grossing film of all time, adjusted for inflation. In addition to his Best Picture Awards, he received an Academy Honorary Award for his film contributions, the Palme d'Or for Union Pacific, a DGA Award for Lifetime Achievement, the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award.

He was the first recipient of the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award, named in his honor. DeMille's reputation as a filmmaker has grown over time and his work has influenced many other films and directors. Cecil Blount DeMille was born on August 12, 1881 in a boarding house on Main Street in Ashfield, where his parents had been vacationing for the summer. On September 1, 1881, the family returned with newborn DeMille to their flat in New York. DeMille was named after his grandmothers Cecelia Margarete Blount, he was the second of three children of Henry Churchill de Mille and his wife Matilda Beatrice deMille, known as Beatrice. His brother, William C. DeMille, was born on July 25, 1878. Henry deMille, whose ancestors were of Dutch-Belgian descent, was a North Carolina-born dramatist and lay reader in the Episcopal Church. DeMille's father was an English teacher at Columbia College, he worked as a playwright and faculty member during the early years of the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, established in New York City in 1884.

Henry deMille collaborated with David Belasco when playwriting. Their most well known collaborations include The Wife, Lord Chumley, The Charity Ball, Men and Women. DeMille's mother Beatice, a literary agent and scriptwriter, whose parents were both of German Jewish heritage, married Henry deMille July 1, 1876 despite her parents' dissent due to their differing religions, she emigrated from England with her parents in 1871 when she was 18, they settled in Brooklyn. Beatrice grew up in a middle-class English household. DeMille's parents met as members of literary society in New York. Henry was a red-headed student. Beatrice was intelligent, educated and strong-willed; when they married, Beatrice converted to Episcopalianism. DeMille was a confident child, he gained his love of theater while watching his father and Belasco rehearse their plays and a lasting memory for DeMille was a lunch with his father and actor Edwin Booth. As a child, DeMille created an alter-ego called "Champion Driver", a Robin Hood-like character, evidence of his creativity and imagination.

The family lived in Washington, North Carolina until Henry built a three-story Victorian-style house for his family in Pompton Lakes, New Jersey. John Philip Sousa was a friend of the family and DeMille recalled throwing mud balls in the air so neighbor Annie Oakley could practice her shooting. DeMille's sister Agnes was born on April 23, 1891. Agnes would die on February 1894 at the age of three from spinal meningitis. DeMille's parents attended Christ Episcopal Church. DeMille recalled that this church was the place where he visualized the story of his 1923 version of The Ten Commandments. On January 8, 1893, at the age of forty, Henry de Mille died from typhoid fever, leaving Beatrice with three children. To provide for her family, she opened the Henry C. DeMille School for girls in her home in February 1893; the aim of the school was to teach young women to properly understand and fulfill the women's duty to herself, her home, her country

Hilina Slump

The Hilina Slump, on the south flank of the Kīlauea Volcano on the southeast coast of the Big Island of Hawaiʻi, is the most notable of several landslides that ring each of the Hawaiian Islands. These landslides are the means by which material deposited at a volcano's vents are transferred downward and seaward spilling onto the seabed to broaden the island. Kīlauea's entire south flank, extending out to Cape Kumukahi, is sliding seaward, with some parts of the central portion moving as much as 10 centimeters per year, pushed by the forceful injection of magma and pulled by gravity. Current movement of the Hilina slump and recent volcanic activity, coupled with evidence of massive submarine slides in the geological past, has led to sensationalistic claims of megatsunamis that might result if the south flank of Kīlauea should fail. Geologists are confident no such failure is and other experts have stated that the supposed threats of megatsunamis are exaggerated; the Hawaiian Islands are volcanoes, the newest part of the Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain, created by eruption of magma from the Hawaiʻi hotspot.

As the Pacific plate, moving to the northwest, carries the existing volcanoes away from the hotspot, new volcanoes form at the southeastern end. The newest and largest island is the Big Island of Hawaiʻi, formed by the merger of seven volcanoes; the largest, at the trailing edge of the island, is Mauna Loa Volcano, on its seaward flank is the younger Kīlauea, with the still submerged Lōʻihi Seamount just off-shore. The Hawaiian volcanoes are shield volcanoes, distinguished from the more familiar stratovolcanoes by their greater breadth and lower gradient slopes; when the volcano is over the hotspot a plentiful supply of magma allows it to build a broad shield. Like the rest, Kīlauea is composed of alternating subaerial and submarine lava flows fractured by cooling joints and interbedded with weaker rock and tephra, resulting in what has been characterized as a fractured rock mass; these discontinuities form zones of weakness. The weight of the rock mass causes extension downhill, favoring the formation of vertical structures, such as dip-slip faults and rift zones, parallel to the slope.

These disconnect the rock mass from the upper flank, putting more stress on any non-vertical planes of weakness, which may fail and form a slip zone. On Kīlauea's seaward flank these tendencies are evident where magma oozing out of the caldera turns east and west to form the Southwest Rift Zone and East Rift Zone, both parallel to the shore, in the cliffs of the Hilina Pali – coincident with dip-slip faults of the Hilina fault system – which form the head-scarp where a large block of rock has slumped down and outward; the rift zones enable transport of lava tens of kilometers away from the caldera. They serve as wedges, forcing the south flank of Kīlauea downslope across a décollement – a nearly horizontal fault where the volcanic deposits rest on the oceanic crust – about 8 to 10 km deep; the combination of rifting and gravitationally driven slumping results in seaward movement of the entire south flank around the Hilina Pali, with seaward motions of up to 10 centimeters per year. On the central portion of the south flank of Kīlauea the thousand-foot high cliffs of the Hilina Pali and similar scarps were recognized as early as 1930 as headscarps resulting from slumping of the coast.

The Hilina Pali is the headscarp of the Hilina Slump, a type of landslide where a large and intact block slips along a concave surface, dropping vertically at the head, with the toe extending upward as well as outward The Hilina Slump extends seaward from both ends of the Hilina Pali out to a depth of 5000 meters. Whether this slump is shallow, or reaches down to the décollement that underlies the entire Kīlauea south flank, is still under debate. With the discovery in the late 1980s that the entire south flank of Kīlauea is involved with submarine landslides the term "Hilina slump" has been applied by some scientists to the broader area; the Hilina slump is sliding seaward on top of the southern flank of the Kīlauea volcano, at an average speed of average speed of 10 cm/year. Kīlauea is about 13.7 %, of the Big Island of Hawaii. Compared to the 25,000 to 35,000 km3 volume of Kīlauea, the submarine slide is between 10,000 and 12,000 km3, making up about 10% of the island. Model results based on present day slope and sea level suggest that earthquake accelerations stronger than about 0.4 to 0.6 g are enough to exceed the static friction coefficient resulting in a slip along a failure surface.

However, recent undersea measurements show that an undersea "bench" has formed a buttress at the forefront of the Hilina Slump, "this buttress may tend to reduce the likelihood of future catastrophic detachment." Earthquakes in Hawaiʻi result from either movement of magma, or sliding of the volcanic edifices which comprise the islands. Some of the seaward slippage of the flank occurs aseismically, without noticeable earthquakes. At other times there is a lurch. An earthquake on April 2, 1868, rocked the southeast coast of Hawaiʻi with a magnitude estimated between 7.25 and 7.75. It triggered a landslide on the slopes of the Mauna Loa volcano, five miles north of Pāhala, killing 31 people. A tsunami claimed 46 additional lives; the villag

Lin Powell

Lionel William "Lin" Powell is a former Australian politician. He was a Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Isis. Powell was born in Maryborough to née West. Lin Powell is a great-grandson of Native Police officer Walter David Taylor Powell, he was educated at state schools in Bundaberg and at Brisbane State High School. After studying at Kelvin Grove Teachers College and the University of Queensland, he became a schoolteacher, he taught at Stafford and Bundaberg and was a school principal at Lyndhurst, Forest Station and Cattle Creek Valley. A long-time member of the National Party, he was secretary of the Mundubbera branch from 1965 until his election as president in 1967, serving until 1970. In 1974 he was elected to the Queensland Legislative Assembly as the member for Isis. Promoted to the front bench as Minister for Education in 1982, he was Leader of Government Business in the House in 1987 before being elected Speaker in December after Joh Bjelke-Petersen's ousting by Mike Ahern.

On 3 May 1989, Powell declared himself an independent. He continued as Speaker until 5 July 1989, when the government voted against him on a matter of privilege, he remained a Member of Parliamen until his sudden resignation on 31 July 1989.