The Greatest Showman

The Greatest Showman is a 2017 American musical biographical drama film directed by Michael Gracey in his directorial debut, written by Jenny Bicks and Bill Condon and starring Hugh Jackman, Zac Efron, Michelle Williams, Rebecca Ferguson, Zendaya. Featuring nine original songs from Benj Pasek and Justin Paul, the film is inspired by the story of P. T. Barnum's creation of Barnum's American Museum and the lives of its star attractions. Principal photography began in New York City in November 2016; the film premiered on December 8, 2017, aboard the RMS Queen Mary 2. It was released in the United States on December 20, 2017, by 20th Century Fox, seven months after Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus ceased operations, grossed over $434 million worldwide, making it the fifth-highest grossing live-action musical of all time. The Greatest Showman received mixed reviews from critics, with praise for the performances and production values, but criticism for its artistic license, with some reviewers calling it "faux-inspiring and shallow".

At the 75th Golden Globe Awards, the film received nominations for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and Best Actor – Musical or Comedy for Jackman. For the song "This Is Me", the film won the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song and was nominated for Best Original Song at the 90th Academy Awards and won the Best Compilation Soundtrack for Visual Media at the 61st Annual Grammy Awards. In the mid-19th century, P. T. Barnum and his troupe perform a show at the circus; as a child and his tailor father Philo work for the Hallett family. He loves their daughter Charity, being sent to finishing school; the two keep in touch through letters marrying and raising two daughters and Helen, in New York City. They live a humble life. Barnum loses his job as a clerk at a shipping company after the company goes bankrupt, returns home for Caroline's birthday, he takes out a loan from a bank, deceiving them into accepting his former employer's lost ships as collateral. He uses this loan to set up Barnum's American Museum in downtown Manhattan, an attraction showcasing various wax models.

Sales are slow. On the suggestion of his children to showcase something "alive", Barnum searches for "freaks" to serve as performers for his museum, he gathers a large group including bearded lady Lettie Lutz. This attracts a large audience despite protests and poor reviews from well-known critic James Gordon Bennett, prompting Barnum to rename his venture "Barnum's Circus". Searching for ways to further his reputation, Barnum meets playwright Phillip Carlyle and convinces him to join his venture. Phillip is mesmerized by the African American trapeze artist Anne Wheeler, but he hides his feelings. During a trip, Phillip arranges for his troupe to meet Queen Victoria. Afterwards, Barnum convinces famed Swedish singer Jenny Lind to perform in America with him as her manager. Lind's first American performance is a rousing success; as Barnum gains favor with the aristocratic patrons, he begins to distance himself from his troupe as he advises them to work on their performances without him. Dejected, they decide to stand against their local harassers.

Phillip and Anne attend the theatre but they run into Phillip's parents, who chastise Phillip for "parading around with the help". Anne runs off, Phillip angrily berates them chases Anne and tries to convince her that they can be together, but she rejects him; as Barnum takes Lind on a US tour, Charity feels isolated from her husband as she stays home with their daughters. While on tour, Lind begins falling in love with Barnum; when he refuses her advances, she threatens to quit and orchestrates a kiss with him at the end of her last show, photographed by the press. Barnum returns home to find his circus on fire, caused by a fight between the protesters and the troupe. Phillip runs into the burning building, believing that Anne is still inside, suffers serious injuries before being rescued by Barnum. Barnum gets word from a sympathetic Bennett that the culprits have been caught and that Lind has canceled her tour after her and Barnum's "scandal". Barnum's mansion is foreclosed upon and Charity takes their daughters to her parents' home.

Devastated by his selfishness, Barnum retreats to a local bar where his troupe find him and explain that despite their disappointments, they still consider themselves a family that needs him. Inspired, he resolves to start a new show and not let ambition overtake his love. Phillip wakes in a hospital with Anne by his side. Barnum finds Charity and they mend their relationship. Barnum is faced with the financial difficulty of rebuilding the circus, but the recovering Phillip steps in, offering to use his share of the circus's profits to rebuild it under condition of becoming a full partner, which Barnum accepts. To save money, Barnum transforms the enterprise into an open-air tent circus by the docks; the revamped circus is a huge success. Barnum gives full control of the show to Phillip to spend more time with his family. Pointe Ballerinas portrayed by Emerson Tate Alexander, Victoria Llodra, Louise Hindsbo, Laci Justice, GiaNina Paolantonio, Rachel Quiner, Madison Smith, Brando Speach During rehearsals for the 81st Academy Awards in 2009, producers Laurence Mark and Bill Condon compared host Jackman to Barnum.

After Jackman expressed interest in a Barnum project and Condon approached J

Curse of the Colonel

The Curse of the Colonel refers to a 1985 Japanese urban legend regarding a reputed curse placed on the Japanese Kansai-based Hanshin Tigers baseball team by the ghost of deceased KFC founder and mascot Colonel Sanders. The curse was said to be placed on the team because of the Colonel's anger over treatment of one of his store-front statues, thrown into the Dōtonbori River by celebrating Hanshin fans following their team's victory in the 1985 Japan Championship Series; as is common with sports-related curses, the Curse of the Colonel was used to explain the team's subsequent 18-year losing streak. Some fans believed the team would never win another Japan Series until the statue had been recovered, they have appeared in the Japan Series three times since losing in 2003, 2005 and 2014. Comparisons are made between the Hanshin Tigers and the Boston Red Sox, who were said to be under the Curse of the Bambino until they won the World Series in 2004; the "Curse of the Colonel" has been used as a bogeyman threat to those who would divulge the secret recipe of eleven herbs and spices that result in the unique taste of his chicken.

The Hanshin Tigers are located in the second largest metropolitan area in Japan. They are considered the eternal underdogs of Nippon Professional Baseball, in opposition to the Yomiuri Giants of Tokyo, who are considered the kings of Japanese baseball; the devoted fans flock to the stadium no matter. In 1985, much to the nation's surprise, the Hanshin Tigers faced the Seibu Lions and took their first and only victory in the Japan Series due to the efforts of star slugger Randy Bass, an American playing for the team; the fan base went wild, a riotous celebration gathered at Ebisu Bridge in Dōtonbori, Osaka. There, an assemblage of supporters yelled the players' names, with every name, a fan resembling a member of the victorious team leaped from the bridge into the waiting canal. However, lacking a Caucasian person to imitate MVP Randy Bass, the rabid crowd seized a plastic statue of Colonel Sanders from a nearby KFC and tossed it off the bridge as an effigy. According to the urban legend, this impulsive maneuver cost the team beginning the Curse of the Colonel, which states that the Tigers will not win the championship again until the statue is recovered.

Subsequently, numerous attempts had been made to recover the statue as part of a variety TV show. After their success in the 1985 series, the Hanshin Tigers began an 18-year losing streak placing last or next-to-last in the league. Brief rallies in 1992 and 1999 brought hope to fans. During this time attempts were made to recover the statue, including sending divers down and dredging the river, but they all failed. Fans apologized to the store manager, but the statue remained in the canal and the Tigers "cursed". Although the leap into Dōtonbori canal and the Curse of the Colonel is associated only with a Hanshin Tigers victory, in 2002, when Japan beat Tunisia in the World Cup, some 500 fans jumped into the canal as a celebration, in spite of heavy police security. In addition, a Colonel Sanders statue was taken from the storefront of a KFC in nearby Kōbe, its hands were cut off in imitation of Sharia law. In 2003, the Tigers had an unexpectedly strong season, their chief rivals, the Yomiuri Giants, lost their star player Hideki Matsui to the New York Yankees, while the Tigers saw the return of pitcher Hideki Irabu back to NPB after playing with the Texas Rangers.

The Tigers won the Central League to qualify for the Japan Series, many newspapers speculated that the Curse of the Colonel had been broken. The Tigers lost the Japan Series, this time to the Fukuoka Daiei Hawks, so the curse is intact. Fans were enthusiastic about winning the Central League, repeated the celebratory leap into Dōtonbori Canal. However, instead of the individual leapers representing the players, over 5,300 fans plunged into the canal. Many KFC outlets in Kobe and Osaka moved their Colonel Sanders statues inside until the series was over to protect them from rabid Tigers fans; the newly replaced Colonel Sanders statue in the Dōtonbori KFC branch was bolted down to prevent a repeat of the incident. For 24-year-old Hanshin Tigers fan Masaya Shitababa, the 2003 celebration was a tragedy, he drowned with all reports being that he had been shoved in by the revelers. To prevent future incidents, the Osaka city council ordered the construction of a new Ebisubashi bridge beginning in 2004, which will make it more difficult for fans to take the celebratory leap should the Curse of the Colonel be broken and the Tigers win again.

The Colonel was discovered in the Dōtonbori River on March 10, 2009. Divers who recovered the statue at first thought it was only a large barrel, shortly after a human corpse, but Hanshin fans on the scene were quick to identify it as the upper body of the long-lost Colonel; the right hand and lower body were found next day, but the statue is still missing its glasses and left hand. It is said that the only way the curse can be lifted is by returning his long-lost glasses and left hand; the statue was recovered and returned to KFC Japan. As the KFC restaurant that the statue belonged to no longer exists, the statue was now placed in the branch near Koshien Stadium. Baseball superstition Curse of the Bambino – A similar superstition surrounding the Boston Red Sox Curse of the Billy Goat – A similar superstition surrounding the Chicago Cubs Curse of the


Dutse is a city located in northern Nigeria. It is the capital city of Jigawa State, it is home to Federal University, Dutse established in November 2011. In addition to the Federal University Dutse, there is a Research Institute for Date Palm and state polytechnic in Dutse; the Jigawa State Polytechnic has its College of Management Studies at Dutse. With an estimated population of 153,000, Dutse is the largest city in Jigawa State followed by Hadejia and Birnin Kudu. Dutse is the capital of Jigawa state of Nigeria; the state was created in 1991 during the military regime of General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida. Dutse got its name from the rocky topography peculiar to the area. Different forms of rocks can be seen spread across the town. Igneous in nature, the rocky town got its name from this endowed resources, Dutse. Dutse and its environ are well known for Date Trees of different variety; the area is characterised with undulating hilly walls. The name Jigawa is attributed to such topology. Peculiar to the North-Western states, the population of Dutse are predominantly Fulani.

With availability of agrarian land, the inhabitants of Dutse are predominantly farmers. The agitation for the creation of Jigawa state was chaired by Malam Inuwa-Dutse, former commissioner of Agriculture and Natural Resources in the old Kano State during late Alhaji Audu Bako governorship, it started in the late-1970s but it was curtailed as result of military coup. There was renewed interest at different times since the first call; when the call for states creation resurfaced in the late-1980s, Jigawa people were not hesitant to lend their voices. The victorious moment came in the early-1990s during the military regime of President Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida. Although the call for state creation was won, majority of the constituting local governments submitted in the original report for the creation of the state were phased out and new ones were introduced; some of the areas left out include Albasu, Wudil, Sumaila and Takai. Only few among those that agitated for such state creation were in the New World.

Federal University Dutse official website