Las Meninas is a 1656 painting in the Museo del Prado in Madrid, by Diego Velázquez, the leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age. Its complex and enigmatic composition raises questions about reality and illusion, creates an uncertain relationship between the viewer and the figures depicted; because of these complexities, Las Meninas has been one of the most analyzed works in Western painting. The painting shows a large room in the Royal Alcazar of Madrid during the reign of King Philip IV of Spain, presents several figures, most identifiable from the Spanish court, according to some commentators, in a particular moment as if in a snapshot; some look out of the canvas towards the viewer. The young Infanta Margaret Theresa is surrounded by her entourage of maids of honour, bodyguard, two dwarfs and a dog. Just behind them, Velázquez portrays himself working at a large canvas. Velázquez looks outwards, beyond the pictorial space to. In the background there is a mirror that reflects the upper bodies of the queen.
They appear to be placed outside the picture space in a position similar to that of the viewer, although some scholars have speculated that their image is a reflection from the painting Velázquez is shown working on. Las Meninas has long been recognised as one of the most important paintings in Western art history; the Baroque painter Luca Giordano said that it represents the "theology of painting" and in 1827 the president of the Royal Academy of Arts Sir Thomas Lawrence described the work in a letter to his successor David Wilkie as "the true philosophy of the art". More it has been described as "Velázquez's supreme achievement, a self-conscious, calculated demonstration of what painting could achieve, the most searching comment made on the possibilities of the easel painting". In 17th-century Spain, painters enjoyed high social status. Painting was regarded as not an art such as poetry or music. Nonetheless, Velázquez worked his way up through the ranks of the court of Philip IV, in February 1651 was appointed palace chamberlain.
The post brought him status and material reward. During the remaining eight years of his life, he painted only a few works portraits of the royal family; when he painted Las Meninas, he had been with the royal household for 33 years. Philip IV's first wife, Elizabeth of France, died in 1644. Lacking an heir, Philip married Mariana of Austria in 1649, Margaret Theresa was their first child, their only one at the time of the painting. Subsequently, she had a short-lived brother Philip Prospero, Charles arrived, who succeeded to the throne as Charles II at the age of three. Velázquez painted portraits of Mariana and her children, although Philip himself resisted being portrayed in his old age he did allow Velázquez to include him in Las Meninas. In the early 1650s he gave Velázquez the Pieza Principal of the late Balthasar Charles's living quarters, by serving as the palace museum, to use as his studio, it is here. Philip had his own chair in the studio and would sit and watch Velázquez at work. Although constrained by rigid etiquette, the art-loving king seems to have had a close relationship with the painter.
After Velázquez's death, Philip wrote "I am crushed" in the margin of a memorandum on the choice of his successor. During the 1640s and 1650s, Velázquez served as both court painter and curator of Philip IV's expanding collection of European art, he seems to have been given an unusual degree of freedom in the role. He supervised the decoration and interior design of the rooms holding the most valued paintings, adding mirrors and tapestries, he was responsible for the sourcing, attribution and inventory of many of the Spanish king's paintings. By the early 1650s, Velázquez was respected in Spain as a connoisseur. Much of the collection of the Prado today—including works by Titian and Rubens—were acquired and assembled under Velázquez's curatorship; the painting was referred to in the earliest inventories as La Familia. A detailed description of Las Meninas, which provides the identification of several of the figures, was published by Antonio Palomino in 1724. Examination under infrared light reveals minor pentimenti, that is, there are traces of earlier working that the artist himself altered.
For example, at first Velázquez's own head inclined to his right rather than his left. The painting has been cut down on both the right sides, it was damaged in the fire that destroyed the Alcázar in 1734, was restored by court painter Juan García de Miranda. The left cheek of the Infanta was completely repainted to compensate for a substantial loss of pigment. After its rescue from the fire, the painting was inventoried as part of the royal collection in 1747–48, the Infanta was misidentified as Maria Theresa, Margaret Theresa's older half-sister, an error, repeated when the painting was inventoried at the new Madrid Royal Palace in 1772. A 1794 inventory reverted to a version of the earlier title, The Family of Philip IV, repeated in the records of 1814; the painting entered the collection of the Museo del Prado on its foundation in 1819. In 1843, the Prado catalogue listed the work for the first time as Las Meninas. In recent years, the picture has suffered a loss of hue. Due to exposure to polluti
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
The New-York Tribune was an American newspaper, first established in 1841 by editor Horace Greeley. Between 1842 and 1866, the newspaper bore the name New-York Daily Tribune. From the 1840s through the 1860s it was the dominant Whig Party and Republican newspaper in the United States; the paper achieved a circulation of 200,000 in the 1850s, making it the largest daily paper in New York City. The Tribune's editorials were read and copied in other city newspapers, helping to shape national American opinion, it was one of the first papers in the north to send reporters and illustrators to cover the campaigns of the American Civil War. In 1924, after 83 years of independent existence, the New-York Tribune merged with another major daily newspaper in New York City, the New York Herald, to form the New York Herald Tribune; the "Trib", as it was known, ceased publication in 1966. The Tribune was created by Horace Greeley in 1841 with the goal of providing a straightforward, trustworthy media source.
Greeley had published a weekly newspaper, The New Yorker, in 1833, was publisher of the Whig Party's political organ, Log Cabin. In 1841, he merged operations of these two publications into a new newspaper that he named, the New-York Tribune. Greeley sponsored a host of reforms, including pacifism and feminism and the ideal of the hard-working free laborer. Greeley demanded reforms to make all citizens would be equal, he envisioned virtuous citizens. He talked endlessly about progress and freedom, while calling for harmony between labor and capital. Greeley's editorials promoted social democratic reforms, were reprinted, they influenced the free-labor ideology of the Whigs and the radical wing of the Republican Party in promoting the free-labor ideology. Before 1848 he sponsored an American version of Fourierist socialist reform, but backed away after the failed revolutions of 1848 in Europe. To promote multiple reforms Greeley hired a roster of writers who became famous in their own right, including Margaret Fuller, Charles Anderson Dana, George William Curtis, William Henry Fry, Bayard Taylor, George Ripley, Julius Chambers and Henry Jarvis Raymond, who co-founded The New York Times.
In 1852-62, the paper retained Karl Marx as its London-based European correspondent. Friedrich Engels submitted articles under Marx's by-line. Founded in a time of civil unrest, the paper joined the newly formed Republican Party in 1854, named it after the party of Thomas Jefferson, emphasized its opposition to slavery; the paper generated a large readership, with a circulation of 200,000 during the decade of the 1850s. This made the paper the largest circulation daily in New York City — gaining commensurate influence among voters and political decision-makers in the process. During the Civil War Greeley crusaded against slavery, lambasting Democrats while calling for a mandatory draft of soldiers for the first time in the U. S; this led to an Irish mob attempting to burn down the Tribune building in lower Manhattanan during the Draft Riots.. After failing to unseat Ulysses S. Grant in his bid for a second term as President in the 1872 Election, Whitelaw Reid assumed control of the Tribune. Greeley checked into Dr. George C.
S. Choate's Sanitarium. In 1886, with Reid's support, the Tribune became the first publication in the world to be printed on a linotype machine, invented by a German immigrant, inventor Ottmar Mergenthaler; this technique allowed them to exceed the standard newspaper size of only eight pages while still speeding up printing time per copy, thereby increasing the overall number of copies that could be printed. Under Reid's son, Ogden Mills Reid, the paper acquired and merged with the New York Herald in 1924 to form the New York Herald Tribune; the New York Herald Tribune continued to be run by Ogden M. Reid until his death in 1947. A "new" New York Tribune debuted in 1976 in New York City; the paper, named The News World and changed to The New York City Tribune, was published by News World Communications, Inc. owned by the Unification Church. It was published in the former Tiffany and Company Building at 401 Fifth Avenue until it printed its last edition on January 3, 1991, its sister paper, The Washington Times, is circulated in the nation's capital.
The Tribune carried an expansive "Commentary" section of editorials. Former New York City Mayor Ed Koch was one of the columnists; the New York Tribune building was the first home of Pace University. Today, the site where the building once stood is now the One Pace Plaza complex of Pace University's New York City campus. Dr. Choate’s residence and private hospital, where Horace Greeley died, today is part of the campus of Pace University in Pleasantville, New York. On December 15, 1921, The New York Tribune bought two plots of ground at 219 and 220 West 40th Street; the headquarters that The New York Tribune built at that site is now the home of the City University of New York Graduate School of Journalism. The Tribune was referenced in one rendition of the popular 19th-century ballad, "No Irish Need Apply", as performed by Tony Pastor, as the paper of choice for the anti-Irish antagonist in the song. Copies of the New-York Tribune are available on microfilm at many large libraries and online at the Library of Congress.
Indices from selected years in the late nineteenth century are available on the Library of Congress' website. The original paper articles from the newspaper's morgue are kept at The Center for American History at the University of Texas at Austin. Anon. "The New York Tribu
Wachovia was a diversified financial services company based in Charlotte, North Carolina. Before its acquisition by Wells Fargo and Company in 2008, Wachovia was the fourth-largest bank holding company in the United States, based on total assets. Wachovia provided a broad range of banking, asset management, wealth management, corporate and investment banking products and services. At its height, it was one of the largest providers of financial services in the United States, operating financial centers in 21 states and Washington, D. C. with locations from Connecticut to Florida and west to California. Wachovia provided global services through more than 40 offices around the world; the acquisition of Wachovia by Wells Fargo was completed on December 31, 2008, after a government-forced sale to avoid Wachovia's failure. The Wachovia brand was absorbed into the Wells Fargo brand in a process that lasted three years: on October 15, 2011, the last Wachovia branches in North Carolina were converted to Wells Fargo.
Wachovia was the product of a 2001 merger between the original Wachovia Corporation, based in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. The company was organized into four divisions: General Bank, Wealth Management, Capital Management, Corporate and Investment Bank, it served retail brokerage clients under the name Wachovia Securities nationwide as well as in six Latin American countries, investment banking clients in selected industries nationwide. In 2009, Wachovia Securities was the first Wachovia business to be converted to the Wells Fargo brand, when the business became Wells Fargo Advisors. Calibre was an independent consultant, hired by Wachovia for the Family Wealth Group to research managers; the group no longer uses Calibre. The company's corporate and institutional capital markets and investment banking groups operated under the Wachovia Securities brand, while its asset management group operated under the Evergreen Investments brand until 2010, when the Evergreen fund family merged with Wells Fargo Advantage Funds, institutional and high-net-worth products merged with Wells Capital Management and its affiliates.
Wachovia's private equity arm operated as Wachovia Capital Partners. Additionally, the asset-based lending group operated as Wachovia Capital Finance. Wachovia has its origins in the Latin form of the Austrian name Wachau; when Moravian settlers arrived in Bethabara, North Carolina, in 1753, they gave this name to the land they acquired, because it resembled the Wachau valley along the Danube River. The area known as Wachovia now makes up most of Forsyth County, the largest city is now Winston-Salem. First Union was founded as Union National Bank on June 2, 1908, a small banking desk in the lobby of a Charlotte hotel by H. M. Victor; the bank merged with First National Bank and Trust Company of Asheville, North Carolina, in 1958 to become First Union National Bank of North Carolina. First Union Corporation was incorporated in 1967. By the 1990s, it had grown into a Southern regional powerhouse in a strategy mirroring its longtime rival on Tryon Street in Charlotte, NCNB. In 1995, however, it acquired First Fidelity Bancorporation of New Jersey.
Its Northeastern footprint grew larger in 1998, when it acquired CoreStates Financial Corporation of Philadelphia. One of CoreStates' predecessors, the Bank of North America, had been the first bank proposed and incorporated in America on December 31, 1781. A former Bank of North America branch in Philadelphia remains in operation today as a Wells Fargo branch Wachovia Corporation began on June 16, 1879 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina as the Wachovia National Bank; the bank was co-founded by James Alexander William Lemly. In 1911, the bank merged with Wachovia Loan and Trust Company, "the largest trust company between Baltimore and New Orleans", founded on June 15, 1893. Wachovia grew to become one of the largest banks in the Southeast on the strength of its accounts from the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, headquartered in Winston-Salem. On December 12, 1986, Wachovia purchased First Atlanta. Founded as Atlanta National Bank on September 14, 1865, renamed to First National Bank of Atlanta, this institution was the oldest national bank in Atlanta.
This purchase made Wachovia one of the few companies with dual headquarters: one in Winston-Salem and one in Atlanta. In 1991, Wachovia entered the South Carolina market by acquiring South Carolina National Corporation, founded as the Bank of Charleston in 1834. In 1998, Wachovia acquired two Virginia-based banks, Jefferson National Bank and Central Fidelity Bank. In 1997, Wachovia acquired both 1st United Bancorp and American Bankshares Inc, giving its first entry into Florida. In 2000, Wachovia made its final purchase, Republic Security Bank. On April 16, 2001, First Union announced it would acquire Wachovia, through the exchange of $13.4 billion in First Union stock. First Union offered two of its shares for each Wachovia share outstanding; the announcement was made by Wachovia chairman L. M. "Bud" Baker Jr. and First Union chairman Ken Thompson. Baker would become chairman of the merged bank, while Thompson would become president and CEO. First Union was the nominal survivor, the merged bank was based in Charlotte and adopted First Union's corporate structure and retained First Union's pre-2001 stock price history.
However, as an important part of th
Susan Macdowell Eakins
Susan Hannah Macdowell Eakins was an American painter and photographer. Her works were first shown at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, she won the Mary Smith Prize there in 1879 and Charles Toppan prize in 1882. One of her teachers was artist Thomas Eakins, who became her husband, she made portrait and still life paintings. She was known of her photography. After her husband died in 1916, Eakins became a prolific painter, her works were exhibited in group exhibitions in her lifetime, but her first solo exhibition was held after she died. She was the fifth of eight children of William H. Macdowell, a Philadelphia engraver and photographer, who a skilled painter, he passed on to his three sons and five daughters his interest in freethought. Both Susan and her sister Elizabeth displayed early interest in art, encouraged by their father. Susan was given an attic studio for her artwork. Aside from her artistic talents, she was a proficient pianist, she was 25 when she met Eakins at the Hazeltine Gallery where his painting The Gross Clinic was being exhibited in 1876.
It was shown at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. Unlike many, she was impressed by the controversial painting and she decided to study with him at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, which she attended for six years. At that time Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts was considered the best art school in the United States. Before she studied with Eakins, she studied with Christian Schussele. Under Eakins, she adopted a realistic style similar to her teacher's, she was an outstanding student and winner of the Mary Smith prize for the best painting by a matriculating woman artist. Her sister, studied at the academy beginning in 1876, too. Other female art students were Mary Cassatt, Cecilia Beaux, Emily Sartain, Alice Barber Stephens, they were restricted from painting nude male models. During her time as a student, she became class secretary, during which time she pulled for inclusion of women artists in the life-drawing classes of nude models, she married Eakins in 1884. As director of the Pennsylvania of Fine Arts, Eakins had made the decision to use female and male nude models for the life studies classes for students of both genders.
As a result of recriminations, he was asked to resign one year after their marriage. Though he had support from some family and friends, it was a life-changing event that affected relationships in their lives and the Eakins' enthusiasm for life. Eakins spent most of her time supporting her husband’s career, entertaining guests and students, faithfully backing him in his difficult times with the Academy when some members of her family aligned against Eakins; the couple had no children. Eakins painted portraits, many of which included family members, scenes of domestic life. Between 1876 and 1882, Eakins exhibited her work at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. While she was married, Eakins only painted sporadically. Both had separate studios in their home, she shared a passion for photography with her husband, both as photographers and subjects, employed it as a tool for their art. She posed nude for many of his photos and took images of him. In 1898 she became a member and exhibited her works at the Philadelphia Photographic Salon, including Child with Doll, one of her best photographs.
She exhibited in 1905 at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Of her paintings, Thomas Eakins said of her that she was more adept with color than he and that she was "as good as a woman painter as he had seen." Susan Casteras, art historian, said of her Portrait of a Lady, made in 1880, that it showed her "firm handling and solid anatomical construction blended with dark tonalities."After Thomas Eakin's death in 1916, she returned to painting, working nearly every day, adding to her output. Her paintings were made in a style that became warmer and brighter in tone. In 1936 her works and those of her husband and sister Elizabeth were exhibited at the Philadelphia Art Club, she died in 1938 and is buried in the Woodlands Cemetery, Pennsylvania. It was not until 35 years after her death, in 1973, that she had her first one-woman exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. In 1976 her work was included in the Nineteenth Century Women Artists exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art.
In September and October 1977 an exhibition was held of the photographs and paintings of Susan, her sister Elizabeth and husband Thomas in Roanoke, Virginia at the North Cross School. Her works included: Traditional Fine Arts Organization Artwork by Susan Macdowell Eakins in the Bryn Mawr College Art and Artifacts Collection
Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York City, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States. With 6,953,927 visitors to its three locations in 2018, it was the third most visited art museum in the world, its permanent collection contains over two million works, divided among seventeen curatorial departments. The main building, on the eastern edge of Central Park along Museum Mile in Manhattan's Upper East Side is by area one of the world's largest art galleries. A much smaller second location, The Cloisters at Fort Tryon Park in Upper Manhattan, contains an extensive collection of art and artifacts from Medieval Europe. On March 18, 2016, the museum opened the Met Breuer museum at Madison Avenue on the Upper East Side; the permanent collection consists of works of art from classical antiquity and ancient Egypt and sculptures from nearly all the European masters, an extensive collection of American and modern art. The Met maintains extensive holdings of African, Oceanian and Islamic art.
The museum is home to encyclopedic collections of musical instruments and accessories, as well as antique weapons and armor from around the world. Several notable interiors, ranging from 1st-century Rome through modern American design, are installed in its galleries; the Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in 1870 for the purposes of opening a museum to bring art and art education to the American people. It opened on February 20, 1872, was located at 681 Fifth Avenue; the Met's permanent collection is curated by seventeen separate departments, each with a specialized staff of curators and scholars, as well as six dedicated conservation departments and a Department of Scientific Research. The permanent collection includes works of art from classical antiquity and ancient Egypt and sculptures from nearly all the European masters, an extensive collection of American and modern art; the Met maintains extensive holdings of African, Oceanian and Islamic art. The museum is home to encyclopedic collections of musical instruments and accessories, antique weapons and armor from around the world.
A great number of period rooms, ranging from 1st-century Rome through modern American design, are permanently installed in the Met's galleries. In addition to its permanent exhibitions, the Met organizes and hosts large traveling shows throughout the year; the current chairman of the board, Daniel Brodsky, was elected in 2011 and became chairman three years after director Philippe de Montebello retired at the end of 2008. On March 1, 2017, the BBC reported that Daniel Weiss, the Met's president and COO, would temporarily act as CEO for the museum. Following the departure of Thomas P. Campbell as the Met's director and CEO on June 30, 2017, the search for a new director of the museum was assigned to the human resources firm Phillips Oppenheim to present a new candidate for the position "by the end of the fiscal year in June" of 2018; the next director will report to Weiss as the current president of the museum. In April 2018, Max Hollein was named director. Beginning in the late 19th century, the Met started acquiring ancient art and artifacts from the Near East.
From a few cuneiform tablets and seals, the Met's collection of Near Eastern art has grown to more than 7,000 pieces. Representing a history of the region beginning in the Neolithic Period and encompassing the fall of the Sasanian Empire and the end of Late Antiquity, the collection includes works from the Sumerian, Sasanian, Assyrian and Elamite cultures, as well as an extensive collection of unique Bronze Age objects; the highlights of the collection include a set of monumental stone lamassu, or guardian figures, from the Northwest Palace of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II. Though the Met first acquired a group of Peruvian antiquities in 1882, the museum did not begin a concerted effort to collect works from Africa and the Americas until 1969, when American businessman and philanthropist Nelson A. Rockefeller donated his more than 3,000-piece collection to the museum. Today, the Met's collection contains more than 11,000 pieces from sub-Saharan Africa, the Pacific Islands, the Americas and is housed in the 40,000-square-foot Rockefeller Wing on the south end of the museum.
The collection ranges from 40,000-year-old indigenous Australian rock paintings, to a group of 15-foot-tall memorial poles carved by the Asmat people of New Guinea, to a priceless collection of ceremonial and personal objects from the Nigerian Court of Benin donated by Klaus Perls. The range of materials represented in the Africa and Americas collection is undoubtedly the widest of any department at the Met, including everything from precious metals to porcupine quills; the Met's Asian department holds a collection of Asian art, of more than 35,000 pieces, arguably the most comprehensive in the US. The collection dates back to the founding of the museum: many of the philanthropists who made the earliest gifts to the museum included Asian art in their collections. Today, an entire wing of the museum is dedicated to the Asian collection, spans 4,000 years of Asian art; every Asian civilization is represented in the Met's Asian department, the pieces on display include every type of decorative art, from painting and printmaking to sculpture and metalworking.
The department is well known for its comprehensive collection of Chinese calligraphy and painting, as well as for its Indian sculptures and Tibetan works, the arts of Burma and Thailand. All three ancient religions of India – Hinduism and Jainism – are well represented in these s
Alexandre-Georges-Henri Regnault was a French painter. Regnault was born in the son of Henri Victor Regnault. On leaving school he successively entered the studios of Antoine Montfort, Louis Lamothe and Alexandre Cabanel, was beaten for the Prix de Rome by Joseph Layraud and Xaiver Monchablon, in 1864 exhibited two portraits in no way remarkable at the Paris Salon. In 1866, however, he carried off the Prix de Rome with a work of unusual force and distinction Thetis bringing the Arms forged by Vulcan to Achilles; the past in Italy did not touch him, but his illustrations to Wey's Rome show how observant he was of actual life and manners. At Rome, Regnault came into contact with the modern Hispano-Italian school, a school materialistic and inclined to regard the human subject only as one amongst many sources whence to obtain amusement for the eye; the vital, if narrow, energy of this school told on Regnault with ever-increasing force during the few remaining years of his life. In 1868 he had sent to the Salon a life-size portrait of a lady in which he had made one of the first attempts to render the actual character of fashionable modern life.
While making a tour in Spain, he saw General Juan Prim pass at the head of his troops, received that lively image of a military demagogue which he afterwards put on canvas, somewhat to the displeasure of his subject. But this work made an appeal to the imagination of the public, whilst all the productions of Regnault were addressed to the eye. After a further trip to Africa, abridged by the necessities of his position as a pensioner of the school of Rome, he painted Judith in 1870, Salomé, and, as a work due from the Roman school, dispatched from Tangier the large canvas, Execution Without Hearing Under the Moorish Kings, in which the painter had played with the blood of the victim as if he were a jeweller toying with rubies; the Franco-Prussian War arose, found Regnault foremost in the devoted ranks of the Battle of Buzenval, where he fell on 19 January 1871. His friend, the composer Camille Saint-Saëns dedicated his Marche héroïque to Regnault's memory; the sculptor Henri Chapu erected a monument to him in the courtyard of the École des Beaux-Arts in 1872.
Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier painted him in the centre of his Le siège de Paris as the soldier collapsed against the personification of Paris. List of Orientalist artists Orientalism This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Regnault, Henri". Encyclopædia Britannica. 23. Cambridge University Press. P. 46. Marc Gotlieb, The Deaths of Henri Regnault, University of Chicago Press, 2016