The Hindu is an English-language daily newspaper owned by The Hindu Group, headquartered in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It was started as a weekly in 1878 and became a daily in 1889, it is one of the Indian newspapers of record and the second most circulated English-language newspaper in India, after The Times of India. As of March 2018, The Hindu is published from 21 locations across 11 states; the Hindu was founded in Madras on 20 September 1878 as a weekly newspaper, by what was known as the Triplicane Six consisting of 4 law students and 2 teachers:- T. T. Rangacharya, P. V. Rangacharya, D. Kesava Rao Pantulu and N. Subba Rao Pantulu, led by G. Subramania Iyer and M. Veeraraghavacharyar, a lecturer at Pachaiyappa's College. Started in order to support the campaign of Sir T. Muthuswamy Iyer for a judgeship at the Madras High Court and to counter the propaganda against him carried out by the Anglo-Indian press, The Hindu was one of the newspapers of the period established to protest the policies of the British Raj.
About 100 copies of the inaugural issue were printed at Srinidhi Press, Georgetown, on one rupee and twelves annas of borrowed money. Subramania Iyer became the first editor and Veera Raghavacharya, the first managing director of the newspaper; the paper was printed from Srinidhi Press but moved to Scottish Press to The Hindu Press, Mylapore. Started as a weekly newspaper, the paper became a tri-weekly in 1883 and an evening daily in 1889. A single copy of the newspaper was priced at four annas; the offices moved to rented premises at 100 Mount Road on 3 December 1883. The newspaper started printing at its own press there, named "The National Press,", established on borrowed capital as public subscriptions were not forthcoming; the building itself became The Hindu's in 1892, after the Maharaja of Vizianagaram, Pusapati Ananda Gajapati Raju, gave The National Press a loan both for the building and to carry out needed expansion. The Hindu was liberal in its outlook and is now considered left leaning.
Its editorial stances have earned it the nickname, the'Maha Vishnu of Mount Road'. "From the new address, 100 Mount Road, to remain The Hindu's home till 1939, there issued a quarto-size paper with a front-page full of advertisements—a practice that came to an end only in 1958 when it followed the lead of its idol, the pre-Thomson Times —and three back pages at the service of the advertiser. In between, there were more views than news." After 1887, when the annual session of Indian National Congress was held in Madras, the paper's coverage of national news increased and led to the paper becoming an evening daily starting 1 April 1889. The partnership between Veeraraghavachariar and Subramania Iyer was dissolved in October 1898. Iyer quit the paper and Veeraraghavachariar became the sole owner and appointed C. Karunakara Menon as editor. However, The Hindu's adventurousness began to decline in the 1900s and so did its circulation, down to 800 copies when the sole proprietor decided to sell out.
The purchaser was The Hindu's Legal Adviser from 1895, S. Kasturi Ranga Iyengar, a politically ambitious lawyer who had migrated from a Kumbakonam village to practise in Coimbatore and from thence to Madras. Iyengar's son, Kasturi Srinivasan, became managing editor of The Hindu upon his father's death in 1923 and Chief Editor in February 1934; the descendants of Kasturi Ranga Iyengar have since owned and, through most of the paper's life, held the top editorial positions in the company. In the late 1985s, when its ownership passed into the hands of the family's younger members, a change in political leaning was observed. Worldpress.org lists The Hindu as a left-leaning independent newspaper. Joint managing director N. Murali said in July 2003, "It is true that our readers have been complaining that some of our reports are partial and lack objectivity, but it depends on reader beliefs." N. Ram was appointed on 27 June 2003 as its editor-in-chief with a mandate to "improve the structures and other mechanisms to uphold and strengthen quality and objectivity in news reports and opinion pieces", authorised to "restructure the editorial framework and functions in line with the competitive environment".
On 3 and 23 September 2003, the reader's letters column carried responses from readers saying the editorial was biased. An editorial in August 2003 observed that the newspaper was affected by the'editorialising as news reporting' virus, expressed a determination to buck the trend, restore the professionally sound lines of demarcation, strengthen objectivity and factuality in its coverage. In 1987–88, The Hindu's coverage of the Bofors arms deal scandal, a series of document-backed exclusives, set the terms of the national political discourse on this subject; the Bofors scandal broke in April 1987 with Swedish Radio alleging that bribes had been paid to top Indian political leaders and Army officers in return for the Swedish arms manufacturing company winning a hefty contract with the Government of India for the purchase of 155 mm howitzers. During a six-month period, the newspaper published scores of copies of original papers that documented the secret payments, amounting to $50 million, into Swiss bank accounts, the agreements behind the payments, communications relating to the payments and the crisis response, other material.
The investigation was led by a part-time correspondent of The Hindu, Chitra Subramaniam, reporting from Geneva, was supported by Ram in Chennai. The scandal was a major embarrassment to the party in power at the centre, the Indian National Congress, its leader Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi; the paper's editorial accused the Prime Minister of being party to massive cover-up. In 1991, Deputy Editor N. Ra
Meredith Anne Burgmann is an Australian politician and Labor Party member and a former President of the New South Wales Legislative Council. Burgmann was born in July 1947 at Beecroft, New South Wales to parents Victor Dudley Burgmann and Lorna Constance Bradbury, her late father was a chairman of the CSIRO. Her sister is Verity Burgmann, she attended Blackfriars Correspondence School and Abbotsleigh School in Sydney, where she was headgirl. She attended Sydney University and obtained a Bachelor of Arts in 1969, majoring in English and Government, she continued her studies at the University and obtained a Master of Arts in 1973 specialising in Foreign Policy. In 1981 she completed her doctorate on Industrial Relations at Macquarie University, she became the first female President of the National Tertiary Education Union. Burgmann joined the Australian Labor Party in 1971, she was involved in the Industrial Relations Committee between 1990 and 1995, the Foreign Affairs Committee between 1986 and 1990, as well as being a delegate to the Sydney Federal Executive Council.
She was a Member of the New South Wales Labor Council between 1978 and 1991 and of the ACTU Congress between 1983 and 1989. She was a tutor and lecturer at Macquarie University from 1974, became a senior lecturer at Macquarie University in 1989 and remained in that role until 1991, she taught Politics. In 1985 she married Glen Batchelor and they have one son. Batchelor and Burgmann divorced in 1990; some of her first forays into politics have been as an activist. She has been arrested 21 times and spent time in prison for running onto the Sydney Cricket Ground in 1971 during the Springboks tour, she claims to be the only person sent to prison for running onto a sporting field during a major sporting event. She was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Council on 25 May 1991; as an upper house member of parliament, she served as the chair on the Parliamentary Privileges and Ethics Committee. In that committee, she led an inquiry into certain paedophile conspiracy allegations made by former politician Franca Arena.
It was acknowledged that the committee observed procedural fairness during that inquiry, that her time as a politician has shown her to be an "independent and intellectual member" of the New South Wales Parliament. On 8 April 1999, she was appointed as the President of the Council by the Premier Bob Carr to replace retiring president Virginia Chadwick, she was elected as President of the Council on 11 May. As President, she continued to reduce the size and scale of the traditional opening of State Parliament. For the 1999 opening, she axed the nineteen gun salute and she invited just three ambassadors, one from Thailand and the other two from Cuba and Vietnam; this was criticised for being left leaning. She further angered monarchists when she ordered the removal of the Queen’s portrait from the President’s Office and replaced it instead with an Aboriginal dot painting, she retired as President on 27 March 2007 at the expiry of her term as a member of the Council. She is the longest serving female presiding officer in Australia.
She is aunt of comedian Charles Firth and former New South Wales Minister for Education and Training, Women Verity Firth. In 1993, Burgmann started the Ernie Awards to draw attention to comments regarded as misogynist, in 2007 published with Yvette Andrews The Ernies Book: 1000 Terrible Things Australian Men Have Said About Women, she has published articles on industrial and Aboriginal rights issues. In 1998 Burgmann and her sister Verity Burgmann wrote Green Bans, Red Union: Environmental Activism and the New South Wales Builders Labourers' Federation, published through University of New South Wales Press. In the September 2008 New South Wales Council elections, Burgmann ran for the positions of Lord Mayor and councillor in the City of Sydney Council, she was defeated in the mayoral ballot by incumbent Lord Mayor Clover Moore, becoming Labor's only councillor on the Council. Burgmann is a Consultant to the United Nations Development Program. Burgmann was made a Member of the Order of Australia in the 2020 Australia Day Honours for "significant service to the people and Parliament of New South Wales."Burgmann is an Ambassador for the Sydney Swans.
Burgmann is President of the Australian Council for International Development, the peak body for the Australian NGO international aid and development sector
Barry Graham Legge is a retired professional ice hockey player who played 107 games in the National Hockey League and 345 games in the World Hockey Association. He played for the Winnipeg Jets, Quebec Nordiques, Michigan Stags, Baltimore Blades, Denver Spurs, Ottawa Civics, Cleveland Crusaders, Minnesota Fighting Saints, Cincinnati Stingers. Barry Legge spent part of three seasons with the team Quebec Nordiques, the Winnipeg Jets in the early 1970s and the 1980s, he was well known for his defensive play from a young age. The Winnipeg native first made a name for himself with the Fort St. James Canadians before joining the home town Jets of the WCJHL. Legge opted to join the Michigan Stags of the WHA and ended up playing on a half dozen more teams before the league disbanded in 1979. Legge's best season was a 29-point effort on the Cincinnati Stingers in 1976-77. Following the NHL/WHA merger, the Winnipeg Jets claimed Legge off the Stingers' roster. A few days he was traded to the Nordiques for rugged defenceman Barry Melrose.
He recorded three assists in 31 games for the Nords but the team decided to make changes after failing to make the playoffs. Legge was sent to the Jets for cash and split the next season between the NHL and the CHL's Tulsa Oilers, he retired the next year after battling injuries. Barry Legge career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database