The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is a comedy science fiction series created by Douglas Adams. A radio comedy broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in 1978, it was adapted to other formats, including stage shows, comic books, a 1981 TV series, a 1984 video game, 2005 feature film; the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy has become an international multi-media phenomenon. The first novel, The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, was ranked fourth on the BBC’s The Big Read poll; the sixth novel, And Another Thing, was written by Eoin Colfer with additional unpublished material by Douglas Adams. In 2017, BBC Radio 4 announced a 40th-anniversary celebration with Dirk Maggs, one of the original producers, in charge; the first of six new episodes was broadcast on 8 March 2018. The broad narrative of Hitchhiker follows the misadventures of the last surviving man, Arthur Dent, following the demolition of the Earth by a Vogon constructor fleet to make way for a hyperspace bypass. Dent is rescued from Earth's destruction by Ford Prefect—a human-like alien writer for the eccentric, electronic travel guide The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy—by hitchhiking onto a passing Vogon spacecraft.
Following his rescue, Dent explores the galaxy with Prefect and encounters Trillian, another human, taken from Earth by the two-headed President of the Galaxy Zaphod Beeblebrox and the depressed Marvin, the Paranoid Android. Certain narrative details were changed among the various adaptations; the different versions of the series spell the title differently−thus Hitch-Hiker's Guide, Hitch Hiker's Guide and Hitchhiker's Guide are used in different editions and compilations of the book, with some omitting the apostrophe. Some editions used different spellings on the title page; the h2g2's English Usage in Approved Entries claims that Hitchhiker's Guide is the spelling Adams preferred. At least two reference works make note of the inconsistency in the titles. Both, repeat the statement that Adams decided in 2000 that "everyone should spell it the same way from on." The various versions follow the same basic plot but they are in many places mutually contradictory, as Adams rewrote the story for each new adaptation.
Throughout all versions, the series follows the adventures of Arthur Dent, a hapless Englishman, following the destruction of the Earth by the Vogons, a race of unpleasant and bureaucratic aliens, to make way for an intergalactic bypass. Dent's adventures intersect with several other characters: Ford Prefect, an alien and a researcher for the eponymous guidebook, who rescues Dent from Earth's destruction. In their travels, Arthur comes to learn that the Earth was a giant supercomputer, created by another supercomputer, Deep Thought. Deep Thought had been built by its creators to give the answer to the "Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, Everything", after eons of calculations, was given as "42". Deep Thought was instructed to design the Earth supercomputer to determine what the Question is; the Earth was subsequently destroyed by the Vogons moments before its calculations were completed, Arthur becomes the target of the descendants of the Deep Thought creators, believing his mind must hold the Question.
With his friends' help, Arthur escapes and they decide to have lunch at The Restaurant at the End of the Universe, before embarking on further adventures. The first radio series comes from a proposal called "The Ends of the Earth": six self-contained episodes, all ending with Earth being destroyed in a different way. While writing the first episode, Adams realized that he needed someone on the planet, an alien to provide some context, that this alien needed a reason to be there. Adams settled on making the alien a roving researcher for a "wholly remarkable book" named The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy; as the first radio episode's writing progressed, the Guide became the centre of his story, he decided to focus the series on it, with the destruction of Earth being the only hold-over. Adams claimed that the title came from a 1971 incident while he was hitchhiking around Europe as a young man with a copy of the Hitch-hiker's Guide to Europe book: while lying drunk in a field near Innsbruck with a copy of the book and looking up at the stars, he thought it would be a good idea for someone to write a hitchhiker's guide to the galaxy as well.
However, he claimed that he had forgotten the incident itself, only knew of it because he'd told the story of it so many times. His friends are quoted as saying that Adams mentioned the idea of "hitch-hiking around the galaxy" to them while on holiday in Greece in 1973. Adams's fictional Guide is an electronic guidebook to the entire universe published by Megadodo Publications, one of the great publishing houses of Ursa Minor Beta; the narrative of the various versions of the story is punctuated with excerpts from the Guide. The voice of the Guide provides general narration; the first r
The Lake Eola Heights Historic District is a U. S. historic district located in the eastern part of Downtown Orlando, Florida. The district is bounded by Hillcrest Street, North Hyer Avenue, Ridgewood Street and North Magnolia Avenue, it contains 487 historic buildings. Citrus grower Jacob Summerlin, Orlando's first city council president, purchased 200 acres in the area during the late 19th century; the Great Freeze of 1894-95 brought Summerlin's citrus farm to an end, the property was subdivided for housing. Architectural styles include Farmhouse, Colonial Revival, Mediterranean Revival, Mission Revival, Art Deco, Minimal TraditionalIn 1989 the City of Orlando designated the neighborhood a local historic district in response to a petition by the Lake Eola Heights Historic Neighborhood Association. Three years the neighborhood was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Orange County listings at National Register of Historic Places Orlando Neighborhood Lake Eola Heights Population Demographics and Crime Statistics Tourist Travel Blog: Lake Eola Heights
Whidbey Telecom is a private, independent telecommunications company operating on the South End of Whidbey Island in Washington State, the community of Point Roberts and its affiliate Hat Island Telephone Company on Hat Island. Whidbey Telecom is unusual in the region because it is locally owned and has never been a part of a larger company. Whidbey Telecom is unusual in that 100% of the lines it services are buried underground; the company attributes this action to its mission to provide customer reliable telephone and Internet service in an area racked with storms that cause frequent down trees and power outages. Whidbey Telephone was founded in 1908 by local business farmers in Langley, Washington, they wanted to provide telephone service to the community but wanted to keep the ownership local to prevent an outside company from interfering in the affairs of the Whidbey Island community. All residents of South Whidbey had access to the Whidbey Telephone system by 1920; the company prospered, but after World War II an influx of new residents began to tax the small phone company.
By 1950, the company began to lose money. In 1953 local businessman, David C. Henny purchased a controlling interest in Whidbey Telephone Company. Under his leadership, the company was able to restructure and become profitable again, all the while completing much-needed upgrades to the infrastructure; the Henny family still controls the company. Winters in Washington bring many storms; until 1961, Whidbey Telephone had overhead wires, when the storms came, the lines went down due to wind and snow. After several winters, where more than 60% of their customers lost service, the company decided to bury its entire network. By 1961, 100% of its lines were buried, a first for local telephone companies. Since there has not been widespread service disruption due to infrastructure damage. Whidbey Telephone became the first local phone company to provide Internet access to its customers, in 1994. In 2000, while many phone companies were just beginning to offer DSL services, Whidbey began an aggressive campaign to provide the service to all of its customers.
In just two years, the entire service area, including Point Roberts and Hat Island had DSL service available. For a few years, the company's Whidbey. NET offered DSL to residents in Verizon territory on Whidbey Island and other local communities. Whidbey Telecom's current internet and phone service area includes all of South Whidbey Island, including Clinton, Langley and most of Greenbank, Washington. In 2017 Whidbey Telecom kicked off an ambitious program to bring The BiG GiG® Fiber Network to South Whidbey, becoming the only internet provider on Whidbey Island to provide synchronous upload and download speeds of up to 1000 Mbps for both residential and business subscribers. In 2019, Whidbey Telecom introduced The BiG GiG Fiber Network in Washington. Internet services on Whidbey Island began in 1994. Whidbey Telephone began Whidbey Internet Services to cover the telephone company's service area. At the same time, another company, Whidbey Connections, Inc. was founded to serve customers of GTE on the north end of the island.
WIS soon expanded to cover people on the north end of the Island, WCI expanded to serve people on the south end of Whidbey Island. WCI's Internet domain was'whidbey.net', whereas WIS's was'whidbey.com'. Initial available Internet speeds were 14.4kbit/s and 28.8kbit/s, as demand grew. In 1995, Whidbey Telephone Company acquired the assets of Whidbey Connections, Inc. and integrated into Whidbey Internet Service to form WhidbeyNET. As a result of the merger, some customers of Whidbey. NET on the south end of Whidbey continue to have'.net' addresses whereas most south end customers have'.com'. Until 2001, WhidbeyNET maintained two different customer databases on their servers, leading some customers to have different passwords, different usernames depending on how and where they connected to the ISP. Whidbey. NET began to offer DSL services to some customers in 2000. By 2002, all Whidbey Telephone customers were capable of receiving Whidbey. NET DSL on south Whidbey Island and in Point Roberts. In 2005, the newly rebranded Whidbey Telecom Internet and Broadband began offering 5.5 Mbit/s DSL, set their other speeds at 512kbit/s, 2.5 Mbit/s.
However, Whidbey Telecom does not offer DSL services in Verizon territory on Whidbey Island, but does still provide dial-up services in those areas. In the spring of 2009, Whidbey Telecom began upgrading customers, free of charge, from ADSL to ADSL2+ services; this included speed upgrades to 18Mbit/s, 12Mbit/s, 6Mbit/s. A new 30Mbit/s bonded ADSL2+ service was made available at that time. Additionally, existing dial-up customers were offered a discounted 3Mbit/s service, in advance of Whidbey Telecom's phasing out their dial-up service on South Whidbey and in Point Roberts, completed by Summer 2010. With the addition of Television services faster Internet connections have become available, utilizing VDSL2+ technologies up to 50Mbit/s. In 2016, Whidbey Telecom announced n an aggressive campaign to install Fiber to the Home. Known as "The Big Gig", the service offers 1Gbit/s synchronous service to businesses; the first customers were connected by October of that same year. The initial build out is focusing on the communities of Langley, Freeland and Bayview.
Free WiFi Hotspots are available throughout the community, at public and private buildings, commun
Amy Barbour-James was a London-born Guyanese Black civil rights activist and civil servant. Caroline Amy Aileen Barbour-James was born in Acton, London, on 25 January 1906 to Guyanese parents and Caroline Barbour-James, one of their eight children; the Barbour-James family were a middle-class family who lived in west London in the early 20th century. Her father, John Barbour-James worked as administrator in West Africa and had access to a large network of contacts throughout the continent. In 1918, he founded the African Patriotic Intelligence Bureau. Inspired by her father, Barbour-James became active in the civil rights movements and was involved in the African Progress Union and the League of Coloured Peoples, becoming secretary of organisation in 1942. In 2011, a short drama based on Barbour-James's life was broadcast by BBC Radio 4. Barbour-James died in Harrow on 4 May 1988
Eric Steven Raymond referred to as ESR, is an American software developer, open-source software advocate, author of the 1997 essay and 1999 book The Cathedral and the Bazaar. He wrote a guidebook for the Roguelike game NetHack. In the 1990s, he edited and updated the Jargon File in print as The New Hacker's Dictionary. Raymond was lived in Venezuela as a child, his family moved to Pennsylvania in 1971. He developed cerebral palsy at birth. Raymond began his programming career writing proprietary software, between 1980 and 1985. In 1990, noting that the Jargon File had not been maintained since about 1983, he adopted it. Paul Dourish maintains an archived original version of the Jargon File, because, he says, Raymond's updates "essentially destroyed what held it together."In 1996 Raymond took over development of the open-source email software "popclient", renaming it to Fetchmail. Soon after this experience, in 1997, he wrote the essay "The Cathedral and the Bazaar", detailing his thoughts on open-source software development and why it should be done as as possible.
The essay was based in part on his experience in developing Fetchmail. He first presented his thesis at the annual Linux Kongress on May 27, 1997, he expanded the essay into a book, The Cathedral and the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary, in 1999. The essay has been cited; the internal white paper by Frank Hecker that led to the release of the Mozilla source code in 1998 cited The Cathedral and the Bazaar as "independent validation" of ideas proposed by Eric Hahn and Jamie Zawinski. Hahn would describe the 1999 book as "clearly influential". From the late 1990s onward, due in part to the popularity of his essay, Raymond became a prominent voice in the open source movement, he co-founded the Open Source Initiative in 1998, taking on the self-appointed role of ambassador of open source to the press and public. He remains active in OSI, stepped down as president of the initiative in February 2005. In 1998 Raymond received and published a Microsoft document expressing worry about the quality of rival open-source software.
Raymond named this document, together with others subsequently leaked, "the Halloween Documents". In 2000–2002 he created Configuration Menu Language 2, a source code configuration system. Raymond attributed this rejection to "kernel list politics". Linus Torvalds on the other hand said in a 2007 mailing list post that as a matter of policy, the development team preferred more incremental changes, his 2003 book The Art of Unix Programming discusses user tools for programming and other tasks. Raymond is the administrator of the project page for the Global Positioning System data tool gpsd; some versions of NetHack include his guide. He has contributed code and content to the free software video game The Battle for Wesnoth. Raymond is the main developer on NTPSec, a "secure, hardened replacement" for the Unix utility NTP. Raymond coined an aphorism he dubbed Linus's law, inspired by Linus Torvalds: "Given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow", it first appeared in his book the Bazaar. Raymond has refused to speculate on whether the "bazaar" development model could be applied to works such as books and music, saying that he does not want to "weaken the winning argument for open-sourcing software by tying it to a potential loser".
Raymond has had a number of public disputes with other figures in the free software movement. As head of the Open Source Initiative, he argued that advocates should focus on the potential for better products; the "very seductive" moral and ethical rhetoric of Richard Stallman and the Free Software Foundation fails, he said, "not because his principles are wrong, but because that kind of language... does not persuade anybody". In a 2008 essay he "defended the right of programmers to issue work under proprietary licenses because I think that if a programmer wants to write a program and sell it, it's neither my business nor anyone else's but his customer's what the terms of sale are". In the same essay he said that the "logic of the system" puts developers into "dysfunctional roles", with bad code the result. Raymond is a member of the Libertarian Party, he is a gun rights advocate. He has endorsed the open source firearms organization Defense Distributed, calling them "friends of freedom" and writing "I approve of any development that makes it more difficult for governments and criminals to monopolize the use of force.
As 3D printers become less expensive and more ubiquitous, this could be a major step in the right direction."In 2015 Raymond accused the Ada Initiative and other women in tech groups of attempting to entrap male open source leaders and accuse them of rape, saying "Try to avoid being alone because there is a chance that a'women in tech' advocacy group is going to try to collect your scalp."Raymond has claimed that "Gays experimented with unfettered promiscuity in the 1970s and got AIDS as a consequence", that "Police who react to a random black male behaving suspiciously who might be in the critical age range as though he is an near-imminent lethal threat, are being rational, not racist." Progressive campaign The Great Slate was successful in raising funds for candidates in part by asking for contributions from tech workers in return for not posting similar quotes by Raymond. Matasano Security employee and Great Slate fundraiser Thomas Ptacek said, "I’ve been torturing Twitter with lurid Eric S. R
Stanfield is a city in Umatilla County, United States. The population was 2,043 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Pendleton–Hermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.53 square miles, all of it land. The location was named "Foster" for John R. Foster, of Portland, an associate of Allen & Lewis; the firm purchased 4,000 acres northeast of Echo. They established a large ranch there and a store and small community followed. In 1882, the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company siding and stop was named "Fosters". A post office with the name of Foster was established in 1883. S. senator from Oregon. As of the census of 2010, there were 2,043 people, 682 households, 513 families living in the city; the population density was 1,335.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 735 housing units at an average density of 480.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 66.9% White, 0.1% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 27.2% from other races, 4.1% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.9% of the population. There were 682 households of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 24.8% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.42. The median age in the city was 31.8 years. 31.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,979 people, 661 households, 497 families living in the city; the population density was 1,372.0 people per square mile. There were 714 housing units at an average density of 495.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 68.12% White, 0.56% African American, 1.31% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 25.82% from other races, 3.64% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.03% of the population. There were 661 households out of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.8% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.40. In the city, the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $35,286, the median income for a family was $38,145. Males had a median income of $28,578 versus $18,841 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,842. About 10.6% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
Entry for Stanfield in the Oregon Blue Book