The Jester's Supper (film)
The Jester's Supper is a 1942 Italian historical film directed by Alessandro Blasetti and starring Amedeo Nazzari, Osvaldo Valenti and Clara Calamai. It was based on a play of the same title by Sem Benelli, turned into an opera by Umberto Giordano. Like the play, the film is set in the 15th century Florence of Lorenzo the Magnificent and portrays a rivalry that leads to a series of violent jokes, it was shot at Cinecittà in Rome using sets, constructed for Blasetti's earlier The Iron Crown, set in the same era. Amadeo Nazzari, the leading Italian star of the decade, was cast against type. Nazzari played romantic heroes or action men, but in the film he plays a loutish character and appeared without his trademark moustache. A popular catchphrase associated with Nazzari originated in the film "a plague on anyone who refuses to drink with me!"The film was popular and boosted the career of Clara Calamai in particular. In one scene she has her dress ripped off by Nazzari exposing her breasts in one of the first topless scenes in Italian cinema.
It was one of several films in which Osvaldo Valenti and Luisa Ferida extecuted in 1945, appeared together. Amedeo Nazzari as Neri Chiaramontesi Osvaldo Valenti as Giannetto Malespini Clara Calamai as Ginevra Alfredo Varelli as Gabriello Chiaramantesi Valentina Cortese as Lisabetta Memo Benassi as Il Tornaquinci Piero Carnabuci as Fazio Elisa Cegani as Laldòmine Luisa Ferida as Fiammetta Alberto Capozzi as Luca Lauro Gazzolo as Il Trinca Nietta Zocchi as Cinzia Silvio Bagolini as Il terzo cerusico Aldo Silvani as Il premio cerusico Umberto Sacripante as Il secondo cerusico Gildo Bocci as Il taverniere Antonio Acqua as Lapo Margherita Bagni as Una dama alla festa Ernesto Bianchi as Un servitore della taverna Lilla Brignone as Una dama alla festa Anna Carena as La moglie del taverniere Adele Garavaglia as La nonna di Elisabetta Carlo Minello as Un messere alla taverna Milla Papa as Una fantesca Gundle, Stephen. Mussolini's Dream Factory: Film Stardom in Fascist Italy. Berghahn Books, 2013. Moliterno, Gino.
The A to Z of Italian Cinema. Scarecrow Press, 2009; the Jester's Supper on IMDb
Cesare Polacco was an Italian actor and voice actor. Born in Venice, Polacco started his career in 1920 in the stage company of Emilio Zago, with whom he played most of the Goldoni's repertoire. In 1928 he moved to Rome, where in addition to theatre he started appearing in films and working as a dubber. Being of Jewish origin, he was temporarily forced to abandon acting because of the 1938 Fascist racial laws, resuming his activities at the end of the war, in 1945. Active on radio and television, he got a large popularity thanks to the Inspector Rock character he played in Carosello, in a series of giallo-comedy shorts aired between 1957 and 1968. Loyalty of Love Golden Arrow Hands Off Me! The Former Mattia Pascal Tonight at Eleven The Fornaretto of Venice A Thousand Lire a Month Mad Animals Kean Black Eagle The Adulteress Fury The Earth Cries Out Fear and Sand Toto Looks For a House Toto the Sheik Fugitive in Trieste Rigoletto e la sua tragedia Tipi da spiaggia The Employee Cesare Polacco on IMDb
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
Renato Castellani was an Italian film director and screenwriter. He won the 1952 Gran Prix of the Cannes Film Festival for his film Two Cents Worth of Hope; the Knight of San Marco The Document Department Store Castles in the Air The Iron Crown.
Palio (1932 film)
Palio is a 1932 Italian historical drama film directed by Alessandro Blasetti and starring Leda Gloria, Laura Nucci and Guido Celano. The film is set against the backdrop of the Palio di Siena during the Medieval era. Leda Gloria as Fiora Laura Nucci as Liliana Guido Celano as Zarre Mario Ferrari as Bachicche Mario Brizzolari as Dott. Turamini Olga Capri as La Cicciona, innkeeper Ugo Ceseri as Rancanino Vasco Creti as Brandano Mara Dussia as Vittoria de' Fortarrighi Anita Farra as Beatrice Umberto Sacripante as Saragiolo Gino Viotti as Gano Bondanella, Peter. A History of Italian Cinema. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2009. Palio on IMDb
Nerone (1930 film)
Nerone is an Italian comedy film, directed by Alessandro Blasetti. It stars Ettore Petrolini as the main actor, it has been described as a "Roman farce", a genre, popular in Italy at the time. It is a parody of the notorious Roman emperor, Nero, it was shot at the Cines Studios in Rome. According to some critics, this parody was a satire against the fascist dictatorship and Benito Mussolini. A full copy of the film no longer exists; the film features some unforgettable characters created by Ettore Petrolini: Gastone and Nero. Nero, who rides a bicycle, which burns Rome with a match, that calls the fire department by phone from the imperial palace. There is Petrolini in his dressing room surrounded by admirers, including a young girl who returns to the theater the next day, between the two was born a flirt, but the actor will not leave the theater to go out with her. Ettore Petrolini: Gastone/Nerone/Fortunello/Pulcinella/himself Grazia del Rio: l'ammiratrice Mercedes Brignone: Atte Alfredo Martinelli: Petronio Elma Krimer: Poppea, It is the first of three sound films interpreted by Ettore Petrolini who, flanked by some members of his theater company, performs here in some of the characters that had made him famous: Pulcinella, Fortunello, Nero.
In Italy it grossed nearly 5 million lire, an impressive success for the time, compared to €35,000,000 today. Blasetti, despite self-defining his role as just a "technical coordinator", without any directorial role, he left his mark, starting from the idea of the "spoken" opening titles, he was critically appreciated for the choice of shots and camera movements, including the initial use of camera dolly, technically challenging for the time. Nerone on IMDb
This article is about Giovanni Pastrone's 1914 silent film. Cabiria is a 1914 Italian epic silent film, directed by Giovanni Pastrone and shot in Turin; the film is set in ancient Sicily and Cirta during the period of the Second Punic War. It follows a melodramatic main plot about an abducted little girl and features an eruption of Mt. Etna, heinous religious rituals in Carthage, the alpine trek of Hannibal, Archimedes' defeat of the Roman fleet at the Siege of Syracuse and Scipio maneuvering in North Africa. Apart from being a classic on its own terms, the film is notable for being the first film in which the long-running film character Maciste makes his debut. According to Martin Scorsese, in this work Pastrone invented the epic movie and deserves credit for many of the innovations attributed to D. W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille. Among those was the extensive use of a moving camera, thus freeing the feature-length narrative film from "static gaze"; the historical background and characters in the story are taken from Livy's Ab Urbe Condita.
In addition, the script of Cabiria was based on Gustave Flaubert's 1862 novel Salammbo and Emilio Salgari's 1908 novel Cartagine in fiamme. Batto and his young daughter, live in a lavish estate in the shadow of Mount Etna, at Catana, on the island of Sicily. Cabiria plays with dolls with Croessa; when the volcanic Etna erupts violently, Batto prays to the god Pluto for deliverance but receives only a brief respite before his home and gardens are destroyed. While attempting to escape, servants discover a secret stairway leading underground. Taking advantage of the chaos and plundering Batto's hidden underground treasure, the servants, along with Croessa and Cabiria, flee to the countryside. Batto and his wife mourn the loss of Cabiria; the fugitive servants divide up the treasure and make for the sea but soon run afoul of Phoenician pirates who take Croessa and Cabiria to Carthage, where the little girl is sold to Karthalo, the High Priest. He intends to sacrifice her to the great god Moloch. In Carthage are two Roman spies: Fulvius Axilla, a Roman patrician, Maciste, his huge, muscular slave.
The innkeeper, welcomes Fulvius and Maciste to his Inn of the Striped Monkey. Croessa tries to prevent the sacrifice of Cabiria by pretending that the child is ill, but Croessa is whipped for her deception, she chances upon Fulvius and Maciste. Recognizing them as fellow countrymen, she implores them to assist her; the entrance to the huge Temple of Moloch is a gigantic three-eyed head, with the mouth as portal. One hundred young children are to perish as offerings. Inside the temple are frenzied devotees, the colossal seated statue of the wingbed god Moloch is a hollow bronze furnace; the great chest opens for each victim, when a youngster is slid into the inferno, the door closes and the open mouth belches flame. Croessa and Maciste sneak into the temple, the slave boldly snatches Cabiria away from the priest. Pursued by a frenzied mob, they make their way up to the roof, down the gargantuan façade, back to the inn. However, Croessa pays a fatal price for the rescue. Meanwhile and his troops make their way across the snow-laden Alps towards Rome.
Soldiers and other animals pick their way through the passes. Learning of the military events, Fulvius resolves to flee back to Rome after further intimidating the innkeeper to ensure silence. Numidian King Massinissa is visiting Carthage, Hasdrubal, brother of Hannibal, promises him his beautiful daughter, Sophonisba, in marriage. In a great audience hall with two huge elephantine columns, Massinissa dispatches gifts and a message to meet secretly to Sophonisba, who, on receiving them, is giddy with anticipation. Bodastoret, the innkeeper, sneaks into the Temple of Moloch and for a reward betrays the Romans' whereabouts and intentions. Fulvius and Cabiria are ambushed by the Priest's henchmen as they attempt to flee the city the next morning, but Fulvius escapes by leaping spectacularly from a high precipice and swimming away. Maciste and Cabiria flee with henchmen hard on their heels to the cedar garden of Hasdrubal and encounter Massinissa and Sophonisba just as their secret tryst is commencing.
Maciste implores the aristocratic couple, who have both concealed their true identities, to rescue Cabiria. Amid the chaos, Cabiria, a servant run away while Massinissa falsely denies to the Priest's men that he has seen any little girl. Maciste, however, is captured and chained to a great millstone, which he must turn, but he can still manage to intimidate everyone around him; the Roman navy has besieged Syracuse, a Greek ally of Carthage, Fulvius is now participating in the fighting. The Romans, are frustrated by a giant array of mirrors, producing a heat ray, deployed by the great inventor Archimedes to set fire to the ships' sails; the Roman fleet is spectacularly destroyed. Fulvius, still bearing the ring Croessa had given him, is cast adrift and soon rescued. Although his rescuers rob the unconscious Fulvius, one of them recognizes the ring on his finger, he is carried to Batto's house, rebuilt; the parents are overjoyed to learn. As he takes his leave, Fulvius vows to seek Cabiria if he should return to Carthage.
An intertitle relates that Syphax, King of Cirta, a rival desert kingdom, has deposed Massinissa and caused him to disappear into the desert. Hasdrubal now gives Sophonisba to the victor instead to strengthen his new alliance against Rome. So