The Jam

The Jam were an English mod revival/punk rock band during the 1970s and early 1980s, which formed in 1972 at Sheerwater Secondary School in Woking, in the county of Surrey. While it shared the "angry young man" outlook and fast tempo of the contemporary mid-1970s' British punk rock movement, in contrast with it the band wore smartly tailored suits reminiscent of English pop-bands in the early 1960s, incorporated mainstream 1960s rock and R&B influences into its sound from The Who's work of that period, drew influence from the work of the Kinks and the music of American Motown; this placed the act at the forefront of the 1970s/1980s nascent Mod Revival movement. The band released 18 consecutive Top 40 singles in the United Kingdom, from their debut in 1977 to their break-up in December 1982, including four number one hits; as of 2007, "That's Entertainment" and "Just Who Is the 5 O'Clock Hero?" remained the best-selling import singles of all time in the UK. They released one live album and six studio albums, the last of which, The Gift, hit number one on the UK Albums Chart.

When the group disbanded in 1982, their first 15 singles were re-released and all placed within the top 100. The band drew upon a variety of stylistic influences over the course of their career, including 1960s beat music, soul and blues and psychedelic rock, as well as 1970s punk and new wave; the trio were known for their melodic pop songs, their distinctly English flavour and their mod image. The band launched the career of Paul Weller, who went on to form The Style Council and had a successful solo career. Weller wrote and sang most of the Jam's original compositions, he played lead guitar, using a Rickenbacker 330. Bruce Foxton provided backing vocals and prominent basslines, which were the foundation of many of the band's songs, including the hits "Down in the Tube Station at Midnight", "The Eton Rifles", "Going Underground" and "Town Called Malice" using a Rickenbacker 4001 or a Fender Precision Bass, as well as, on rare occasions, an Epiphone Rivoli. Jam biographer Sean Egan said of the Jam that they "took social protest and cultural authenticity to the top of the charts."

The Jam formed in Woking, England, in 1972. The line-up was fluid at this stage, consisting of Paul Weller on bass and lead vocals together with various friends at Sheerwater Secondary School, they played their first gigs at a local club. The line-up began to solidify in the mid-1970s with Weller, guitarist/vocalist Steve Brookes and drummer Rick Buckler. In their early years, their sets consisted of covers of early American rock and roll songs by the likes of Chuck Berry and Little Richard, they continued in this vein until Weller discovered the Who's debut album My Generation and became fascinated with Mod music and lifestyle. As he said "I saw that through becoming a Mod it would give me a base and an angle to write from, this we did. We went out and bought suits and started playing Motown and Atlantic covers. I bought a Rickenbacker guitar, a Lambretta GP 150 and tried to style my hair like Steve Marriott's circa'66." Brookes left the band, was not replaced. Up to this point Weller had been playing bass and Foxton had been the band's second guitar player.

The line-up of Weller and Buckler would persist until the end of The Jam's career. Throughout, the band were managed by Weller's father, John Weller, who managed Paul's career until John died in 2009. In the following two years, the Jam gained a small following around London from playing minor gigs, becoming one of the new lights on the nascent punk scene. In many ways, they stood out from their punk peers. Though they shared an "angry young men" outlook, short hair, crushing volume and lightning-fast tempos, the Jam wore neatly tailored suits where others wore ripped clothes, played professionally where others were defiantly amateurish, displayed clear 1960s rock influences where others were disdainful of such music. Indeed, the band were tagged by some journalists as "revivalists", they were signed to Polydor Records by Chris Parry in early 1977. On 29 April 1977, Polydor released the Jam's debut single, "In the City", which charted in the Top 40 in the UK. On 20 May, the band released their debut album of the same name.

The album, like those of the Clash and the Sex Pistols, featured fast and pointed songs. What set it apart from the records of those two bands was its more prevalent 1960s rock influences; the Jam covered Larry Williams's "Slow Down" and the theme song of the 1960s TV series Batman, somewhat of a standard for 1960s rock bands. Their originals revealed the influence of the Beatles and the Who; the Jam had condemning police brutality and expansionist development. However, one of their most political songs, "Time For Truth", bemoaned the decline of the British Empire and expressed disparaging sentiments about "Uncle Jimmy" in no uncertain terms; these pro-Empire sentiments and ostentatious displays of the Union Flag began to earn the group the tag of "Conservative". After the non-LP single "All Around the World" nearly reached the UK Top 10, The Jam, having achieved a notable and loyal following in such a short time, were pressed to produce more material quickly, their seco


Fædrelandsvennen is a regional newspaper based in Kristiansand, Norway. It covers the southernmost part of the country, focusing on the area between Mandal and Lillesand. Fædrelandsvennen was established by Petrus Emilius Johanssen and Ole Christian Tangen in 1875, it has its headquarters in Kristiansand. Eivind Ljøstad was appointed editor-in-chief of the paper in 2010, it was Fædrelandsvennen which first reported on 29 December 1999 the relationship of Crown Prince of Norway with his future wife, Mette-Marit. On 16 September 2006 Fædrelandsvennen was switched from broadsheet to tabloid format. On 14 May 2012, the newspaper introduced paid content for their online site—only subscribers can access the online newspaper in full. Fædrelandsvennen has 116,000 daily readers, it is published six days per week. The circulation of Fædrelandsvennen was 45,000 copies in 2003. Confirmed circulation figures by Mediebedriftenes Landsforening, Norway: 2006: 42,642 2007: 41,326 2008: 40,729 2009: 39,454 2010: 37,934 2012: 35,441 2014: 34,065 2015: 32,739 Schibsted website

Dahl Al Hamam

Dahl Al Hamam is a district in Qatar, located in the municipality of Ad Dawhah. Together with Madinat Khalifa North, which it is adjacent to in the south-west, it makes up Zone 32 which has a population of 12,364. In Arabic, dahl translates to "cavern"; the second constituent, "hamam", translates to pigeon. The district earned its name from a prominent cavern, presently found in Dahl Al Hamam Park, in which pigeons laid their eggs. Dahl Al Hamam Park is among the most popular parks in Qatar. Most notable about the park is the presence of an iconic cavern in its northern section which earned the district its name. For the landscaping, over 50 ornamental plants are found throughout the park, many non-native to the country. Concerts and theatrical plays are held in the park's amphitheater. There are three playgrounds for children of varying ages; the park is equipped with typical amenities, such as bathrooms and a restaurant. Found in the district is the Qatar Social Cultural Centre for the Blind. Major roads that run through the district are Al Markhiya Street and Al Shamal Road