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The Jeffersons

The Jeffersons is an American sitcom television series, broadcast on CBS from January 18, 1975, to July 2, 1985, lasting 11 seasons and a total of 253 episodes. The Jeffersons is one of the longest-running sitcoms, the second-longest-running American series with a African American cast, the first to prominently feature a married interracial couple; the show focuses on George and Louise Jefferson, a prosperous African-American couple who have been able to move from Queens to Manhattan owing to the success of George's dry-cleaning chain. The show was launched as the second spin-off of All in the Family, on which the Jeffersons had been the neighbors of Archie and Edith Bunker; the show was the creation of Norman Lear. The Jeffersons evolved into more of a traditional sitcom but did reference such issues as alcoholism, suicide, gun control, being transgender, the KKK and adult illiteracy; the epithets "nigger" and "honky" were used especially during the earlier seasons. The Jeffersons had one spin-off, titled Checking In.

The series was centered on Florence. Checking In lasted only four episodes, after which Florence returned to The Jeffersons; the Jeffersons shared continuity with the sitcom E/R, which featured Lynne Moody, who made a guest appearance in one episode of The Jeffersons. Sherman Hemsley guest-starred as George in two episodes of the series; the cancellation of The Jeffersons cleared the way for Marla Gibbs, who played Florence Johnston on the series, to move on to the new NBC sitcom 227 in the fall of 1985, a year earlier than scheduled. The Jeffersons ended in controversy after CBS abruptly canceled the series without allowing for a proper series finale; the cast was not informed until after the July 2, 1985, episode "Red Robins", actor Sherman Hemsley said he learned that the show was canceled by reading it in the newspaper. Sanford, who heard about the cancellation through her cousin who read it in the tabloids, has publicly stated that she found the cancellation with no proper finale to be disrespectful on the network's part.

Per an article in the May 8, 1985, Los Angeles Times, the series was cancelled by announcement at the CBS network "upfront" presentation the day before, nearly two months before the airing of the final episode. The cast reunited in a stage play based on the sitcom. In the 1996 series finale of The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, the Jeffersons made a guest appearance as the buyers of the Banks family house. In an episode of Tyler Perry's House of Payne in 2011, Sherman Hemsley and Marla Gibbs reprised their roles of George Jefferson and Florence Johnston. In 1985, Hemsley and Sanford made a special joint guest appearance in the Canale 5 comedy show Grand Hotel, starring Italian actors Paolo Villaggio, Franco & Ciccio comic duo and Carmen Russo, they were guests in the fictional hotel and their voices were dubbed by Italian actors Enzo Garinei and Isa di Marzio, who dubbed their characters for the full series. Louise Jefferson, played by Isabel Sanford, first appeared in the All in the Family episode "Lionel Moves Into the Neighborhood", broadcast on March 2, 1971.

The episode, the eighth of the series, centers on Louise, her son Lionel, her husband George's moving next door to Archie and Edith Bunker in the working-class section of Queens. Lionel, played by Mike Evans, first appeared in "Meet the Bunkers", the premiere episode of All in the Family. Norman Lear created the character of George Jefferson for Hemsley. Lear intended for George to appear in the first season of the series. Lear created the character of Henry Jefferson, George's younger brother, replaced George with Henry in the series's scripts until Purlie finished its run. Mel Stewart was cast as Henry. George was introduced in the episode "Henry's Farewell", Hemsley and Stewart share their only scene together in its final minutes; the episode marked the final appearance of Henry. George and Lionel continued to appear on All in the Family until 1975, when the spin-off The Jeffersons created by Lear, premiered; the characters of Lionel's biracial fiancée, her family, all of whom first appeared in the 1974 All in the Family episode "Lionel's Engagement", were written into the new series.

However, the roles were all recast, with Berlinda Tolbert taking over the role of Jenny, veteran actor Franklin Cover playing her father, Tom Willis, whose first name was changed from Louis, as it was in their first AITF appearance, Roxie Roker as her mother, Helen. Roxie Roker was asked during a casting interview if she'd be comfortable with her character having a white husband. In response she showed a picture of her husband, Sy Kravitz, white. During the January 11, 1975 episode of All in the Family, titled "The Jeffersons Move Up", Edith Bunker gave a tearful good-bye to her neighbor Louise Jefferson as her husband George, their son Lionel, she moved from a working-class section of Queens, New York, into the luxurious Colby East, a fictitious high-rise apartment complex in Manhattan; the Jeffersons premiered the following week, on January 18, 1975. George's career as a dry-cleaner began in the first season of All in the Family in the third episode "Oh, My Aching Back". After his car was rear-ended by a bus, he filed a civil action and won $3200, enough to open his first store in Queens.

At the beginning of The Jeffersons, he was operating five stores thro


Sisauli is a town and a Nagar Panchayat in Muzaffarnagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated on Muzaffarnagar-Shamli border. Sisauli is located at 29.42°N 77.47°E / 29.42. It has an average elevation of 238 metres. Sisauli in Google Maps As of 2011 India census, Sisauli had a population of 15,245. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Sisauli has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, female literacy is 46%. In Sisauli, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. Sisauli is the center of the farmers' revolution against the price of the sugarcane and the other problems of farmers. There are schools associated with UP board. Well known schools are Moon Light Public School, DAV Inter College, Rajkiya Kanya Pathshala, Janta Inter College, Vaidic Inter College, Arya Samaj, Bhakti Vedant Public School, Shashwat Public School, There is one degree college for girls, Mukhtyari Devi Kanya Mahavidyalaya associated to CCS.

Chaudhary Mahendra Singh Tikait was a non-political leader of farmers. He was the head of Bharatiya Kisan Union and Baliyan Khap. Ch. Naresh Tikait is the head of Bhartiya Kisan Union after the death of Ch. Mahendra Singh Tikait. Balak Ram was a scholar and the Pradhan of 84 villages near Sisauli for 40 years in British era and the Chaudhary for 18 Khap for 20 years Sh. Ompal Singh Balyan preacher and social reformer, he is the mentor of hare krishna movement in sisauli and nearby. Yeshpal banji is the chairman of sisauli, he is the head of nagar panchayat sisauli. Holi Chowk, is the centre of economical activities of village. Roads from every side of village here collide and create a chaotic condition and shops. There is a Statue of Lord Shiva in the middle covering an old well, not visible now; every year, Ravan Dahan is done here, before Diwali. It is the only Dahan of quite giant too. Kisan Bhawan, is the national headquarters of Bharatiya Kisan Union headed by Mahendra Singh Tikait. Kali Singh, is the temple in memory of Kali Singh.

Kali Singh, as is said, was a well-known veterinarian. Today, every Sunday in Shukl Paksha, a lot of people come here to pray for the well being of their animals. Arya Samaj, Arya Samaj temple is the building in the center of village, it hosts a lot of other activities too. It was established by "Punjab Kesri" Lala Lajpat Rai. Shikarpur, Bhora Khurd, Bhora Kalan, Alawalpur Majra, Khedi Sundiyan, "Sawtoo",Hadoli Majra, Budina Kalan, Kutba, Mohammadpur Madan, Sonta

Ledbury Park

Ledbury Park is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Canada. It is located in the southern part of the North York area, just across the border from Midtown Toronto, its boundaries are Avenue Road to the east, Lawrence Avenue to the south, Bathurst Street to the West, Wilson Avenue and Highway 401 to the north. The western boundary of Ledbury Park along Bathurst Street is a predominantly Jewish neighbourhood as many moved from downtown Toronto after World War II; the area was settled by farmers in the 19th century. In 1918, most of the land was owned by real estate developers. Lawyer-developer and President of Melrose Realty Company Herbert Abraham Clark named a number of the new streets, such as Marmion, Deloraine and Falkirk, after the works of Sir Walter Scott, it was not until after the Second World War. The area was filled with small post-war bungalows and became a middle-class suburban area with easy access to Highway 401; the character of the neighbourhood began to change beginning in the 1990s. Ledbury Park is adjacent to one of Toronto's more upscale neighbourhoods.

Ledbury Park began to be redeveloped in its image, as many of the 1950s bungalows were demolished and replaced with much larger based structures. Two public school boards operate primary education institutions in Ledbury Park, the separate Toronto Catholic District School Board, the secular Toronto District School Board. TCDSB operates St. Margaret Catholic School, whereas TDSB operates Ledbury Park Elementary and Middle School. Neither school board operates a secondary school in the neighbourhood, with TCDSB and TDSB secondary school students residing in Ledbury Park attending institutions in adjacent neighbourhoods; the French first language public secular school board, Conseil scolaire Viamonde, it separate counterpart, Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir offer schooling to applicable residents of Ledbury Park, although they do not operate a school in the neighbourhood. CSCM and CSV students attend schools situated in other neighbourhoods in Toronto. Several municipal parks are located in Ledbury Park including Bathurst-Wilson Parkette, Bedford Parkette, Brookdale Park, Grey Parkette, Ledbury Park, Old Orchard Park, Woburn Park.

Ledbury Park contains a swimming pool in the summer. Municipal parks in the neighbourhood are managed by the Toronto Parks and Recreation Division; the division manages one community centre in the northeast of the neighbourhood, Armour Heights Community Centre. The Armour Heights branch of the Toronto Public Library is situated in the neighbourhood, next to the community centre; the neighbourhood is bounded by several major roadways, Avenue Road to the east, Lawrence Avenue to the south, Bathurst Street to the west. Portions of Highway 401, a controlled access highway, passes through the northwest portion of the neighbourhood. Public transportation is provided by several Toronto Transit Commission's bus routes

Harold E. Puthoff

Harold E. Puthoff is an American engineer and parapsychologist. In the 2010s, he co-founded the company To the Stars with Tom DeLonge. In 1967, Puthoff earned a Ph. D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University. He worked with, invented, tunable lasers and electron beam devices, concerning which he holds patents, he is co-author of Fundamentals of Quantum Electronics, published in English, French and Chinese. Puthoff published papers on polarizable vacuum and stochastic electrodynamics topics, which are examples of alternative approaches to general relativity and quantum mechanics. Puthoff took an interest in the Church of Scientology in the late 1960s and reached what was the top OT VII level by 1971. Puthoff wrote up his "wins" for a Scientology publication, claiming to have achieved "remote viewing" abilities. In 1974, Puthoff wrote a piece for Scientology's Celebrity magazine, stating that Scientology had given him "a feeling of absolute fearlessness". Puthoff severed all connection with Scientology in the late 1970s.

In the 1970s and'80s Puthoff directed a CIA/DIA-funded program at SRI International to investigate paranormal abilities, collaborating with Russell Targ in a study of the purported psychic abilities of Uri Geller, Ingo Swann, Pat Price, Joseph McMoneagle and others, as part of the Stargate Project. Both Puthoff and Targ became convinced Swann had genuine psychic powers. However, Geller employed sleight of hand tricks. In 1985, Puthoff founded a for-profit company, EarthTech International in Austin, TX. At about the same time, he founded an academically-oriented scientific research organization, Institute for Advanced Studies at Austin in Austin, TX, where he is Director. Independent of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, NJ, IASA pursues more focused research on topics related to energy generation and space propulsion, with funding from anonymous donors. Puthoff and EarthTech were granted a US Patent 5,845,220 in 1998 after five years delay; the claims were disputed that information could be transmitted through a distance using a modulated potential with no electric or magnetic field components.

The case is used for educational purposes in patent law as an example of a valid patent where "The lesson of the Puthoff patent is that in a world where both types of patents are more and more common a competent examiner may fail to distinguish innovation from pseudoscience." Uri Geller was studied by Russell Puthoff at the Stanford Research Institute. Targ and Puthoff declared to have demonstrated that Geller had genuine psychic powers, though it was reported that there were flaws with the controls in the experiments and Geller was caught using sleight of hand on many other occasions. According to Terence Hines: Geller turned out to be nothing more than a magician using sleight of hand and considerable personal charm to fool his admirers; the tests at SRI turned out to have been run under conditions. Few limits were placed on Geller's behavior, he was more or less in control of the procedures used to test him. Further, the results of the tests were incorrectly reported in Puthoff's Nature paper.

The psychologists David Marks and Richard Kammann attempted to replicate Targ and Puthoff's remote viewing experiments. In a series of thirty-five studies, they were unable to replicate the results so investigated the procedure of the original experiments. Marks and Kammann discovered that the notes given to the judges in Targ and Puthoff's experiments contained clues as to which order they were carried out, such as referring to yesterday's two targets, or they had the date of the session written at the top of the page, they concluded. Terence Hines has written: Examination of the few actual transcripts published by Targ and Puthoff show that just such clues were present. To find out if the unpublished transcripts contained cues and Kammann wrote to Targ and Puthoff requesting copies, it is unheard of for a scientist to refuse to provide his data for independent examination when asked, but Targ and Puthoff refused to allow Marks and Kammann to see copies of the transcripts. Marks and Kammann were, able to obtain copies of the transcripts from the judge who used them.

The transcripts were found to contain a wealth of cues. According to Marks, when the cues were eliminated the results fell to a chance level. James Randi noted that controlled tests by several other researchers, eliminating several sources of cuing and extraneous evidence present in the original tests, produced negative results. Students were able to solve Puthoff and Targ's locations from the clues that had inadvertently been included in the transcripts. Marks and Kamman concluded: "Until remote viewing can be confirmed in conditions which prevent sensory cueing the conclusions of Targ and Puthoff remain an unsubstantiated hypothesis."Massimo Pigliucci has written Puthoff's research into zero-point energy is considered to be a pseudoscience. According to Martin Gardner, Puthoff "imagined they could do research in parapsychology but instead dealt with'psychics' who were cleverer than they were". Pantell, Richard H.. E.. Fundamentals of Quantum Electronics. New York: Wiley. ISBN 0-471-65790-5. H. E. Puthoff, CIA-Initiated Remote Viewing At Stanford Research Institute, 1996, from the website of Ingo Swann said to be an ex-employee of Project SCANATE.

Puthoff, H. E.. "Searching for the Universal Matrix in Metaphysics". Research News and Opportunities in Science and Theology. 2: 22. Puthoff, H. E.. "Polarizable Vacuum Approach to General Relativity". Fo

2014–15 Pakistan Premier League

The 2014–15 Pakistan Premier League is the 60th season of Pakistan domestic football and the 11th season of the Pakistan Premier League. The league began on 20 September 2014. Khan Research Laboratories were the defending champions, having won the league championship for the last three seasons; the season sees the league reduce to 12 teams from 16 after six sides were relegated in the previous season with two promoted. Pakistan Navy, HBL, Baloch Nushki, Pak Afghan Clearing, ZTBL and Lyallpur were relegated at the end of the 2013–14 campaign, they were replaced by Pakistan Railways. Fastest goal in a match: 50 seconds – Zahid Majeed for Pakistan Airlines against K-Electric First hat-trick of the season: Muhammad Asif for National Bank against Karachi Port Trust Widest winning margin: 5 goals – Afghan Chaman 6–1 Baloch Quetta Team with most goals scored: 43 goals – K-Electric Team with fewest goals scored: 6 goals – Baloch Quetta Team with fewest goals conceded: 7 goals – Pakistan Army Team with most goals conceded: 64 goals – Baloch Quetta 4 Player scored four goalsNote: Baloch Quetta played with only 7 players on 2 November 2014 against Afghan Chaman, as most of the players went back to home after losing several family members in 2014 Quetta Airbase attack, Pakistan Football Federation did not rescheduled the match, which earned them the negative criticism.

Baloch Quetta lost the match 6-1. Following is the list of annual award winners

Soviet occupation of Manchuria

The Soviet occupation of Manchuria took place after the Red Army invaded the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo in August 1945 and would continue until the last of the Soviet forces left in May 1946. On February 11, 1945, the Big Three signed the Yalta Agreement, which obligated the Soviet Union to enter the war against Japan within three months after Germany's surrender in exchange for territorial concessions and Soviet influence in post-war Manchuria. True to his word, Stalin would order the invasion of Manchukuo on August 9, 1945, which broke the 1941 pact between the two countries and inaugurated in one of the largest campaigns in the Second World War; the massive and battle-hardened Red Army not only steamrolled into Manchuria, brushing aside scattered Japanese resistance, but they liberated Mengjiang, southern Sakhalin, the northern half of the Korean peninsula as well. The rapid defeat of the Kwantung Army in Manchuria, along with the recent atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the Americans, contributed to the Japanese surrender on the 15th.

The invasion, along with the surrender, prompted the Kuomintang to jockey for position vis-a-vis the Chinese Communists in mainland China. They did so by signing a Treaty of Friendship and Alliance with the Soviet Union on August 14, 1945, which affirmed Chinese sovereignty over Manchuria in exchange for Chinese recognition of the Soviet-aligned Mongolian People's Republic; the Soviets began withdrawing from Manchuria within three weeks of Japan's surrender—although they would delay the process several times. The resumption of the Chinese Civil War in early 1946 prompted the Red Army to finish the withdrawal, but not before secretly turning Manchuria over to the Chinese Communists in March in violation of the Agreement. Soviet invasion of Manchuria Soviet occupation of Mongolia Soviet occupations