Roadside Attractions is an American production company and film distributor based in Los Angeles, founded in 2003 by Howard Cohen and Eric d’Arbeloff, specializing in independent films. Lionsgate bought a portion of Roadside in 2007. All pictures distributed by Roadside. Official website Online Press Site Roadside Attractions on IMDb Roadside Attractions's channel on YouTube
Mary Laurence "Lauren" Hutton is an American model and actress. Raised in the southern United States, Hutton relocated to New York City in her early adulthood to begin a modeling career. Though she was dismissed by agents for a signature gap in her teeth, Hutton signed a modeling contract with Revlon in 1973, which at the time was the biggest contract in the history of the modeling industry. Over her career, Hutton has worked both as a model and an actress, making her film debut in the sports drama Paper Lion in 1968, opposite Alan Alda, she played central roles in The Gambler and American Gigolo, appeared on television in the network series Paper Dolls and Nip/Tuck. Hutton has continued to model into her seventies, appearing in numerous advertising campaigns for H&M, Lord and Taylor, Alexander Wang, performed on the runway for Tom Ford's spring 2012 collection, as well as for Bottega Veneta at the 2016 New York Fashion Week. Hutton was born Mary Laurence Hutton on November 17, 1943 in Charleston, South Carolina, to Lawrence and Minnie Hutton.
Her father was a native of Mississippi, where he grew up next-door to William Faulkner, was stationed in England during World War II. After the war, Hutton's mother divorced her father, she relocated to Miami, Tampa, where Hutton spent the remainder of her early life, not knowing her father, who died in 1955, at 36, while working as a reporter for the New Orleans Times-Picayune. "Never meeting my father was the most painful thing in my life," Hutton said in 1996. "I look just like him and I'm named for him, but all I have are these two books of his letters and drawings from the war. The day of my birth he wrote and told me about our ancestors, what he thought was important in the world, what books I should read and what he wanted for me."After her mother remarried, Hutton took the surname "Hall", although her stepfather never formally adopted her. She graduated from Chamberlain High School in Tampa in 1961, was among the first students to attend the University of South Florida in 1961. Hutton relocated with former Tampa disc jockey Pat Chamburs, 19 years her senior, to New York City, where she worked at the Playboy Club.
The pair moved to New Orleans, where she attended Newcomb College a coordinate college within Tulane University, graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1964. Hutton returned to New York in the late 1960s, changed her name to "Lauren Hutton", embarked on a career as a model, she was advised by agents to hide the gap in her teeth and tried using morticians' wax to cover the gap. Hutton retained this "imperfection" and the All Movie Guide stated that it "gave her on-camera persona a down-home sensibility that other, more ethereal models lacked." She continued to book modeling jobs, appeared in a Chanel advertisement in 1968, photographed by Richard Avedon. In 1973, Hutton signed a contract with Revlon cosmetics, worth US$250,000 a year for 20 days' work, a professional relationship that lasted for ten years. At the time, it was the biggest contract in the history of the modeling industry. Hutton's initial contract with Revlon involved representation of the Ultima II brand. Twenty years she signed a new contract with Revlon to be the spokeswoman for Results, a collection of corrective moisturizing treatments.
Her contract with Revlon garnered Hutton further modeling work, she became a "cover girl," appearing on the front cover of Vogue magazine a record 26 times. In 1988, she appeared in a campaign for Barneys New York, in 1993, performed as a runway model for designer Calvin Klein, to which The New York Times responded by publishing an article stating that Hutton was "just as good as the current flock of fledglings." In 1997, Hutton became a brand ambassador and appeared in multiple advertising campaigns for the Australian department store David Jones. Hutton was presented on the November 1999 Millennium cover of American Vogue as one of the "Modern Muses". Following her recovery from a motorcycle accident in 2000, she became the spokeswoman for her own signature brand of cosmetics, "Lauren Hutton's Good Stuff", a line of cosmetic products for mature women; the brand was sold in the USA, but was available through secondary distribution channels throughout Europe and South America. In October 2005, Hutton was interviewed on ABC's Good Morning America program in relation to the future release of an edition of Big magazine, dedicated to Hutton's career and included eight pages of nude photos.
Hutton agreed to pose nude for the feature, titled "Lauren Hutton: The Beautiful Persists", when she was 61 years old, explained to GMA: I want them not to be ashamed of who they are when they're in bed. Society has told us to be ashamed... The important is that women understand not to listen to a 2,000-year-old patriarchal society. Hutton, one of four women offered US$1 million by Larry Flynt to pose nude explained that she first sought permission from her 14 godchildren, who told her the photographs would be "inspirational". In 2008, Hutton accepted an offer from Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen to appear in the lookbook for their clothing line The Row, explained in 2010: "I saw the clothes, they were wonderful, real simple, minimalist designs... Ash had a place on the beach, so we did it at her place... And they would dance on the deck, I would do what they were doing, and it was good." During the same year, retailer Mango launched a fashion collection inspired by Hutton's personal style, she appeared in Lord & Taylor's fall/w
2009 Toronto International Film Festival
The 34th annual Toronto International Film Festival was held in Toronto, Canada between September 10 and September 19, 2009. The opening night gala presented the Charles Darwin biography Creation; the Young Victoria, based on the early years of Queen Victoria, closed the festival on September 19. TIFF is a non-profit organization whose goal is to change the way people look at the world through film; the festival is Canada's largest film festival, receiving 4,209 submissions in 2008. Of this total, 312 films were screened coming from 64 different countries. TIFF creates an annual economic impact of $135 million CAD. Aided by over 2,000 volunteers, 100 full-time staff members and 500 seasonal or part-time staff are responsible for organizing the festival. Two screenings of each of the invited films are presented to the public and at least one screening is provided for press and industry; the 2009 festival contained categories of films. After the ten days of film, the Awards reception was held at Intercontinental Hotel on Front Street in Toronto.
The most prestigious of the awards was bestowed to Lee Daniels's Precious: based on the novel Push by Sapphire. This award was the 2009 Cadillac People's Choice Award and is based on votes by Festival audiences; this award carries a $15,000 cash prize and comes with a custom made award from Cadillac. It is considered to be the most prestigious because it has had the greatest impact on audiences and inspires film distributors to sign the winning film for larger international releases. Last year's winner Slumdog Millionaire directed by Danny Boyle, went on to reap huge international spotlight which culminated at the 2009 Academy Awards where it won Best Picture. Lee Daniel's Precious was a big Oscar contender as it was nominated for Best Picture and Best Director, however it lost to The Hurt Locker and its helmer Katheryn Bigelow; the First runner-up was Bruce Beresford's Mao's Last Dancer and the second runner-up was Jean-Pierre Jeunet's Micmacs. The City of Toronto and Astral Media's The Movie Network Award for Best Canadian Feature Film went to Cairo Time directed by Ruba Nadda.
Sponsored by Astral Media's the Movie Network and the City of Toronto, this award came with a cash prize of $30,000. Future endeavors by the TIFF will be aided by the ongoing construction of TIFF Bell Lightbox, a 1,750,000-square-foot facility with an estimated annual economic impact of over $200 million. Complete with 5 cinemas, learning studios, galleries and a rooftop lounge, this will become the hub of TIFF in 2010 when construction is scheduled to be completed. More than 1,500 people, including prominent filmmakers and writers signed a letter of protest directed at the Toronto International Film Festival regarding its decision to spotlight Tel Aviv and the work of 10 Israeli filmmakers; the protest leaders emphasized. The original protest letter in part reads: "As members of the Canadian and international film and media arts communities, we are disturbed by decision to host a celebratory spotlight on Tel Aviv. We protest that TIFF, whether intentionally or not, has become complicit in the Israeli propaganda machine.
We do not protest the individual Israeli filmmakers included in City to City, nor do we in any way suggest that Israeli films should be unwelcome at TIFF. However in the wake of this year's brutal assault on Gaza, we object to the use of such an important international festival in staging a propaganda campaign on behalf of what South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu, former US President Jimmy Carter, UN General Assembly President Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann have all characterized as an apartheid regime." The signatories and supporters include Ken Loach, David Byrne, Naomi Klein, Alice Walker, Jane Fonda, Wallace Shawn, Danny Glover, John Greyson, Viggo Mortensen and the American Jewish group Jewish Voice for Peace. John Greyson's letter of protest highlighted an interview "Israeli Consul General Amir Gissin gave to Canadian Jewish News in which he described the TIFF spotlight as a culmination of his year-long Brand Israel campaign, which included ads on buses and television." Greyson claims that "This isn't the right year to celebrate Brand Israel, or to demonstrate an ostrich-like indifference to the realities of the region, or to pointedly ignore the international economic boycott campaign against Israel."The protest letter was met with condemnation by some, such as Simcha Jacobovici, "a Toronto filmmaker who moved with his family to Israel, noted in a statement that the Palestinian government in Gaza had called a U.
N. proposal to teach the Holocaust in Palestinian schools a war crime." Jacobovici asked "Why does want to align himself with Holocaust deniers?" Others accused those. Rabbi Marvin Hier, the founder of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, has stated that "it is clear that the script are reading from might as well have been written by Hamas."Patrick Goldstein, writing in the Los Angeles Times, wrote against the protest and made an analogy to actions by musician Paul Simon: "At the height of apartheid in South Africa, Paul Simon made "Graceland", an album of glorious music with South African musicians. He was criticized at the time for breaking a worldwide cultural boycott, but Simon believed that exposing the musicians' gifts to the world far outweighed any tacit endorsement his use of South African musicians would have provided for the country's repressive regime. History long ago proved him right; the same openness should apply to a film festival." In response to the protest, a number of Hol
Mexico the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States. Covering 2,000,000 square kilometres, the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity, the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana and León. Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of five cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain.
Three centuries the territory became a nation state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes; the Mexican–American War led to a territorial cession of the extant northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century; the Porfiriato was ended by the start of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system as a federal, democratic republic. Mexico has the 11th largest by purchasing power parity; the Mexican economy is linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement partners the United States. In 1994, Mexico became the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, it is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts.
The country is considered both a regional power and a middle power, is identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Mexico is an ecologically megadiverse country, ranking fourth in the world for its biodiversity. Mexico receives a huge number of tourists every year: in 2018, it was the sixth most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus group of the UN, the Pacific Alliance trade bloc. Mēxihco is the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire, namely the Valley of Mexico and surrounding territories, with its people being known as the Mexica, it is believed to be a toponym for the valley which became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result, although it could have been the other way around.
In the colonial era, back when Mexico was called New Spain this territory became the Intendency of Mexico and after New Spain achieved independence from the Spanish Empire it came to be known as the State of Mexico with the new country being named after its capital: the City of Mexico, which itself was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Mexica capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl and nōchtli and is thought to mean "Among the prickly pears rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggests the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain; the suffix -co is the Nahuatl locative, making the word a place name. Beyond that, the etymology is uncertain, it has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexica, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "place where Huitzilopochtli lives".
Another hypothesis suggests that Mēxihco derives from a portmanteau of the Nahuatl words for "moon" and navel. This meaning might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco; the system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the moon rabbit. Still another hypothesis suggests that the word is derived from Mēctli, the name of the goddess of maguey; the name of the city-state was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the letter x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative during the 16th century; this led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries, México was the preferred spelling. In recent years, the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish l
David William Duchovny is an American actor, producer, director and singer-songwriter. He is known for playing FBI agent Fox Mulder on the television series The X-Files and writer Hank Moody on the television series Californication, both of which have earned him Golden Globe awards. Duchovny appeared in both X-Files films, the 1998 science fiction-thriller of the same name and the supernatural-thriller The X-Files: I Want to Believe, he executive-produced and starred in the based cop drama Aquarius. Duchovny earned a A. B. in English literature from Princeton University, an M. A. in English literature from Yale University, has since published three books, Holy Cow: A Modern-Day Dairy Tale in 2015, Bucky F*cking Dent in 2016 and Miss Subways in 2018. Duchovny was born in New York, in 1960, he is the son of Margaret "Meg", a school administrator and teacher, Amram "Ami" Duchovny, a writer and publicist who worked for the American Jewish Committee. Duchovny's mother is a Scottish Presbyterian emigrant from Scotland.
His father was Jewish. His father dropped the h in his last name to avoid the sort of mispronunciations he encountered while serving in the Army. Duchovny attended The Collegiate School For Boys, he graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Princeton University in 1982 with an A. B. summa cum laude in English literature. He was a member of one of the university's eating clubs. In 1982, his poetry received an honorable mention for a college prize from the Academy of American Poets; the title of his senior thesis was The Schizophrenic Critique of Pure Reason in Beckett's Early Novels. He played junior varsity basketball at Princeton, he earned a Master of Arts in English Literature from Yale University and subsequently began work on a Ph. D. that remains unfinished. The title of his uncompleted doctoral thesis is Magic and Technology in Contemporary Fiction and Poetry. Duchovny appeared in an advertisement for Löwenbräu beer in 1987; the next year he appeared in two scenes in Working Girl. He had a recurring role as a transgender DEA agent on the series Twin Peaks and played the narrator and host in the long-running Showtime erotica/soft-core TV series Red Shoe Diaries.
In 1992, he played the role of Rollie Totheroh, in the biographic film Chaplin, directed by Richard Attenborough and based on the life of Charlie Chaplin. In 1992 he had a small role in the family film Beethoven. In 1993, Duchovny began starring in the science fiction series The X-Files, as FBI Special Agent Fox Mulder, a conspiracy theorist who believed his sister had been abducted by aliens; the show evolved into a cult hit and became one of The Fox Network's first major television hits. According to X-Files creator Chris Carter, Duchovny turned out to be one of the best-read people he knew. After getting the role, Duchovny thought the show would not last for long or that it would not make as much impact as it did. Executive producer Frank Spotnitz called Duchovny "amazingly smart". Spotnitz further stated that Duchovny was behind some of the main characteristic ideas behind Mulder. In 1993, Duchovny was cast alongside Brad Pitt and Juliette Lewis, in the Dominic Sena-directed thriller Kalifornia.
During The X-Files run, in between the fifth and sixth seasons, Duchovny co-starred alongside Gillian Anderson in titled The X-Files, a 1998 motion picture that continued the X-Files storyline. He remained with the series until quitting in 2001 because of a contract dispute that occurred after season seven finished filming. Duchovny appeared in half of the season eight episodes, but did not appear in season nine until the series finale in 2002, he provided the voice for a parody of his Mulder character in, the episode "The Springfield Files" of the animated comedy series The Simpsons. Duchovny has been nominated for four Emmy Awards. Duchovny caused controversy when it became public that he was the primary reason for which filming of The X-Files series was moved from Vancouver, British Columbia, to Los Angeles in 1998. Many residents of Vancouver were upset with Duchovny over scripted jokes on Late Night with Conan O'Brien about the city's heavy rainfall, he stated, "Of course, I'm tired of the rain.
But if I wasn't married to a woman that lives in L. A. I'd stay in Vancouver. It's a lovely city." During the run of The X-Files, he made several guest appearances in the cult TV satire The Larry Sanders Show, playing himself, but adding a strong attraction to Sanders. In the final episode of the series, he performed a parody of Sharon Stone's'flashing' scene from Basic Instinct and a parody of Dr. Hannibal Lecter being introduced to Agent Clarice Starling in The Silence of the Lambs. Duchovny has guest hosted Saturday Night Live twice. Both shows were season finales. In 2000 he starred in the feature film Return to Me, a romantic comedy/drama directed by Bonnie Hunt and co-starring Minnie Driver and Carroll O'Connor. In 2001, Duchovny starred as Ira Kane in the sci-fi comedy film Evolution, alongside Seann William Scott, had a cameo as hand model J. P. Prewitt in the Ben Stiller comedy Zoolander, he appeared in a celebrity edition of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? in May 2000. He got to the $250,000 question, but answered his $500,000 question incorrectly and lost $218,000, leaving him with $32,000.