Quadrophenia is the sixth studio album by the English rock band The Who, released as a double album on 26 October 1973 by Track Records. It is the group's second rock opera. Set in London and Brighton in 1965, the story follows a young mod named Jimmy and his search for self-worth and importance. Quadrophenia is the only Who album composed by Pete Townshend; the group started work on the album in 1972, trying to follow up Tommy and Who's Next, both of which had achieved substantial critical and commercial success. Recording was delayed while bassist John Entwistle and singer Roger Daltrey recorded solo albums and drummer Keith Moon worked on films; because a new studio was not finished in time, the group had to use Ronnie Lane's Mobile Studio. The album makes significant use of Townshend's multi-track synthesizers and sound effects, as well as Entwistle's layered horn parts, in addition to the group's typical playing styles from Moon. Relationships between the group and manager Kit Lambert broke down irretrievably during recording and Lambert had left the band's service by the time the album was released.
Quadrophenia was released to a positive reception in both the UK and the US, but the resulting tour was marred with problems with backing tapes replacing the additional instruments on the album, the stage piece was retired in early 1974. It was revived in 1996 with a larger ensemble, a further tour took place in 2012; the album made a positive impact on the mod revival movement of the late 1970s, the resulting film adaptation, released in 1979, was successful. The album has been reissued on compact disc several times, seen a number of remixes that corrected some perceived flaws in the original; the original release of Quadrophenia came with a set of recording notes for reviewers and journalists that explained the basic plotline. The narrative centres on a young working-class mod named Jimmy, he likes drugs, beach fights and romance, becomes a fan of the Who after a concert in Brighton, but is disillusioned by his parents' attitude towards him, dead-end jobs and an unsuccessful trip to see a psychiatrist.
He clashes with his parents over his usage of amphetamines. He has difficulty finding regular work and doubts his own self-worth, quits a job as a dustman after only two days. Though he is happy to be "one" of the mods, he struggles to keep up with his peers, his girlfriend leaves him for his best friend. After destroying his scooter and contemplating suicide, he decides to take a train to Brighton, where he had enjoyed earlier experiences with fellow mods. However, he discovers the "Ace Face", he feels everything in his life has rejected him, steals a boat, uses it to sail out to a rock overlooking the sea. On the rock and stuck in the rain, he contemplates his life; the ending is left ambiguous as to. 1972 was the least active year for the. The group had achieved great commercial and critical success with the albums Tommy and Who's Next, but were struggling to come up with a suitable follow-up; the group recorded new material with Who's Next collaborator Glyn Johns in May 1972, including "Is It In My Head" and "Love Reign O'er Me" which were released on Quadrophenia, a mini-opera called "Long Live Rock – Rock Is Dead", but the material was considered too derivative of Who's Next and sessions were abandoned.
In an interview for Melody Maker and bandleader Pete Townshend said "I've got to get a new act together… People don't want to sit and listen to all our past". He had become frustrated that the group had been unable to produce a film of Tommy or Lifehouse, decided to follow Frank Zappa's idea of producing a musical soundtrack that could produce a narrative in the same way as a film. Unlike Tommy, the new work would be grounded in reality and tell a story of youth and adolescence that the audience could relate to. Townshend became inspired by "Long Live Rock – Rock Is Dead"'s theme and in autumn 1972 began writing material, while the group put out unreleased recordings including "Join Together" and "Relay" to keep themselves in the public eye. In the meantime, bassist John Entwistle released his second solo album, Whistle Rymes, singer Roger Daltrey worked on solo material, Keith Moon featured as a drummer in the film That'll Be The Day. Townshend had met up with "Irish" Jack Lyons, one of the original Who fans, which gave him the idea of writing a piece that would look back on the group's history and its audience.
He created the character of Jimmy from an amalgamation of six early fans of the group, including Lyons, gave the character a four-way split personality, which led to the album's title. Work was interrupted for most of 1972. Daltrey finished his first solo album, which included the hit single "Giving It All Away", fueling rumours of a split in the press. Things were not helped by Daltrey discovering that managers Kit Lambert and Chris Stamp had large sums of money unaccounted for, suggested they should be fired, which Townshend resisted. In order to do justice to the recording of Quadrophenia, the group decided to build their own studio, Ramport Studios in Battersea. Work started on building Ramport in November 1972, but five months still lacked an adequate mixing desk that could handle recording Quadrophenia. Instead, Townshend's friend Ronnie Lane, bassist for The Faces, loaned his mobile studio for the sessions. Lambert ostensibly began producing the album in May, but missed recording sessions and lacked discipline.
By mid-1973, Daltrey demanded. The band recruited
My Generation (album)
My Generation is the debut studio album by English rock band the Who, released on 3 December 1965 by Brunswick Records in the United Kingdom. In the United States, it was released on 25 April 1966 by Decca Records as The Who Sings My Generation, with a different cover and a altered track listing. Besides the members of the Who, being Roger Daltrey, Pete Townshend, John Entwistle and Keith Moon, the album features contributions by session musicians Nicky Hopkins and Jimmy Page and vocal group the Ivy League; the album was made after the Who got their first singles on the charts and according to the booklet in the Deluxe Edition, it was dismissed by the band as something of a rush job that did not represent their stage performance of the time. While it didn't sell as well as albums, peaking at #5 on the UK charts and failing to chart in the US, critics have since retrospectively rated it as one of the best rock albums of all time noting its hard sound unusual for the time, presaging various hard rock styles such as punk and heavy metal.
By 1965, the Who were all set after recruiting drummer Keith Moon and saw their former band name change from the Detours to the Who, after being called the High Numbers. In the spring of 1965, the album was started during the Who's early "Maximum R&B" period and features cover versions of the popular R&B songs "I Don't Mind" and "Please, Please", both by James Brown, in addition to the R&B leanings of the tracks written by the band's guitarist Pete Townshend. Nine tracks were recorded, but several of them were rejected for Townshend originals made at new sessions that began in October. According to the booklet in the Deluxe Edition, "I'm a Man" was eliminated from the US release due to its sexual content; the US album used the edited UK single version of "The Kids Are Alright", which cut a brief instrumental section laden with manic drum rolls and guitar feedback before the final verse. Many of the songs on the album saw release as singles. Aside from "My Generation", which preceded the album's release and reached No. 2 on the UK Singles Chart, "A Legal Matter", "La-La-La Lies", "The Kids Are Alright" were released as domestic singles by Brunswick after the band had started releasing new material on the Reaction label in 1966.
As they were not promoted by the band, they were not as commercially successful as "My Generation" or the Reaction singles. "The Kids Are Alright" was however a top 10 single in Sweden, peaking at No. 8. "My Generation" and "The Kids Are Alright" in particular remain two of the group's most-covered songs. The album is considered an important forerunner of the "power pop" movement. "Circles" was notably covered by contemporaries of the group, British freakbeat outfit Les Fleur de Lys. The cover version has found some notice after its inclusion on Nuggets II: Original Artyfacts from the British Empire and Beyond, 1964–1969; the UK release featured a cover image of the band standing beside some oil drums and looking upward to the camera, with splashes of colour added by the red and blue stencilled letters of the title and a jacket patterned after the Union Flag thrown over John Entwistle's shoulders. Pete Townshend was wearing his school scarf. For the US, release this was replaced with a portrait of the band standing beneath Big Ben.
The UK mono album was reissued in Britain in 1979 by Virgin Records, during the height of the country's Mod revival. The bands of that scene owed a direct debt to the Who for inspiration, the younger generations of their fans were keen to explore those original influences; this pressing of the album went out of print in 1980, meaning there was no official UK edition of "My Generation" again available until the Deluxe edition remaster of 2002. In 2002, the album was remastered for a Deluxe Edition by Shel Talmy; this was the first time. While sounding clearer in stereo, this edition omits many overdubs that are prominent in the original mono mixes, notably the lead guitar parts in "A Legal Matter" and "My Generation" and the double tracked vocals in "The Good's Gone", "Much Too Much", "La-La-La Lies" and "The Kids Are Alright". In 2008, the album's original UK mono mix was remastered for the Japanese market, appearing in limited numbers as a double-CD box set and a regular single CD album. Both variations included bonus tracks recorded in 1965.
The stereo mixes were taken from the 2002 Deluxe Edition release. In 2012, the album was released using a flat transfer from the original master tapes and released in Japan in 2012 as part of a two-disc mono and stereo set with bonus tracks. In the same year, My Generation was released in mono in the UK as a single disc without bonus tracks, using newer generation tapes several times removed from the original master tape. In 2014, My Generation was released on iTunes and HDtracks in mono and stereo versions with bonus tracks; the mono version was mastered from the same source as the 2012 Japanese release. The stereo version are mixes different from the 2002 Deluxe Edition release. On 18 November 2016, Brunswick/Polydor Europe released a 5-CD deluxe edition that includes most previous versions of this complicated product in one collection; the Set includes, Disc 1: The Original Mono Mixes.
Jangle pop is a style of rock music that emphasizes trebly, ringing guitars and 1960s-style pop influenced melodies. The Everly Brothers and the Searchers laid the foundations for jangle pop in the late 1950s to mid 1960s. However, the Beatles and the Byrds are credited with launching the popularity of the "jangly" sound that defined the genre; the Beatles' use of the jangle sound in the songs "A Hard Day's Night", "What You're Doing", "Words of Love", "Ticket to Ride" encouraged many artists to use the jangle sound or purchase a Rickenbacker 12-string guitar. Rickenbacker guitars were expensive and rare, but could create a clear, ringing sound that could not be reproduced with the more "twangy" Telecaster or the "fatter, less sharp" sound of the Les Paul. After seeing the Beatles' 1964 film A Hard Day's Night, the Byrds modeled their sound on the Beatles and prominently featured a Rickenbacker electric 12-string guitar in many of their recordings; the term "jangle pop" is derived from the lyric "In the jingle jangle morning, I'll come following you" from the Byrds' 1965 rendition of Bob Dylan's "Mr. Tambourine Man", as well as the chiming sound of its 12-string electric guitar.
Though many subsequent bands drew hugely from the Byrds, they did not fit into the folk rock continuum as the Byrds did. Groups such as the Who, the Beach Boys, the Hollies and Paul Revere & the Raiders incorporated 12-string Rickenbackers. Folk rock artists Simon and Garfunkel crossed over into jangle pop by adding 12-string guitars to their music, which helped launch their commercial success. From and into the 1970s, jangle pop saw a crossover with other subgenres, including power pop artists like Raspberries and Big Star who blurred the line between the two styles. In the 1980s, the term "New Sincerity" was loosely used for a similar group of bands in the Austin, Texas music scene, led by the Reivers, Wild Seeds and True Believers. List of jangle pop bands
I'm a Boy
"I'm a Boy" is a 1966 rock song written by Pete Townshend for the Who. The song, like other early recordings by the band, such as "I Can't Explain", "The Kids Are Alright" and "Happy Jack", centres on the early power pop genre; the song was intended to be a part of a rock opera called'Quads', to be set in the future where parents can choose the sex of their children. The idea was scrapped, but this song survived and was released as a single; the song is about a family who "order" four girls, but a mistake is made and three girls and one boy are delivered instead. The boy dreams of partaking in sports and other boy-type activities, but his mother forces him to act like his sisters and refuses to believe the truth; the track was produced by Kit Lambert at IBC Studios around 31 July - 1 August 1966 and released just over three weeks on 26 August 1966 with "In the City" as the B-side. The single was successful in the British Isles, reaching number 2 in the UK Singles Chart and Number 7 in Ireland.
It failed to repeat that success in the US. The original recording which features John Entwistle's French horn arrangement prominently in the mix is available on the album Who's Missing; the version included on most compilations, since the 1966 release, is the same recording, with French horns removed. A different, slower version was recorded in London in the week of 3 October 1966 and was intended for an early version of A Quick One titled Jigsaw Puzzle but was released on Meaty Beaty Big and Bouncy in 1971. Another similar version was released on a bonus disc of The Ultimate Collection in 2002 and is unique to that album; the song was performed at The Who's legendary concert at Leeds, released in album format as Live at Leeds. On the Live at Leeds album, Pete Townshend comments on the song by saying
The Kids Aren't Alright
"The Kids Aren't Alright" is a song by The Offspring. It is the fifth track from the band's fifth studio album Americana and was released as the third single from the album, it became another top 10 hit on the US Modern Rock Tracks chart. Its title is an allusion to the Who song "The Kids Are Alright". Despite not being as commercially successful as its predecessor singles, "The Kids Aren't Alright" remains the most-listened to Offspring song amongst Last. FM users, still receives some radio play; the song was used in the opening scene of the film The Faculty, appears on the soundtrack album. It is available as downloadable content for the Rock Band video game series; the song appears as the ninth track on their Greatest Hits album of 2005. Cassette Single It features a room with a background of abandonment or family activity at different times. In the center of the room, there are scenes of various persons, including an appearance by Bif Naked, doing stereotypical things and moves; the camera pans around the changing of the scenes of persons.
The background can be seen shifting between two time lines, one where the scene is the past, where things are new and white, modern days where it is dreary and drab. The music video, directed by Yariv Gaber, released a month before the CD single, received heavy airplay on MTV, it was nominated for Best Direction on the MTV Video Music Awards. The visuals in the video are made with rotoscoping techniques; the music video appears on the Complete Music Video Collection DVD, released in 2005. The album art features two different drawings for this song; the first depicts a scarecrow falling into the tentacles shown prominently in other single and album covers from "Americana". This art appeared in the accompanying booklet for the album; the second, alternative cover shows a young child reaching for a gun, with ominous blood near to it. The song was released as downloadable content for the game Rock Band, released on March 10, 2009. Hardcore band Evergreen Terrace recorded a cover of The Kids Aren't Alright for their album Writer's Block, comprised exclusively of covers.
The "blue cover" version of the "She's Got Issues" single includes as B-sides a remix of The Kids Aren't Alright by The Wiseguys, an instrumental of this remix. The remix takes a different approach to the song, removing the energetic, angry guitars and instead trying to create something bleaker, more of a sad lament than an angry one; this version appears as a bonus track on the European and South American releases of the band's Greatest Hits. The college marching band version can be heard in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum during home football games of the USC Trojans; the USC Trojan Marching Band plays the song during referee time-outs for viewing replays of critical plays. The song has thus been broadcast on network television on weekly ABC network College Game Day broadcasts, several Rose Bowl broadcasts, at least two BCS National Championship game broadcasts; the marching band added the song to its game day repertoire back during the year Offspring appeared with the band during a half time show for fans.
One of the two versions of the "Want You Bad" single released in the UK has a live version of the song as one of the B-sides. The guitars in it are different from the original's. Another live version of the song appears on the "Hit That" single; this version comes from a session recorded for BBC Radio 1, features more subdued instrumentation than the original. On The Making of the Da Hui Video, in the Music DVD Bonus Material, a Hawaiian guitar version of the song can be heard; this version is included as an MP3 download on the Splinter album as "The Kids Aren't Alright". The Logarhythms, an all-male a cappella group from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, recorded an a cappella version of the song for their 2004 album Soundproof, their version of the song was chosen for included in the 2005 "Best of College A Cappella" album. While it is not a cover of the song, Chris Webby's "Fragile Lives" includes recordings of The Kids Aren't Alright and uses a similar beat throughout the song. While it is not a cover of the song, in 2014, Fall Out Boy recorded a promotional single with the same title
The Raveonettes are a Danish indie rock duo, consisting of Sune Rose Wagner on guitar and vocals, Sharin Foo on bass and vocals. Their music is characterized by close two-part vocal harmonies inspired by The Everly Brothers coupled with hard-edged electric guitar overlaid with liberal doses of noise, their songs juxtapose the structural and chordal simplicity of 1950s and 1960s rock with intense electric instrumentation, driving beats, dark lyrical content, similar to another of the band's influences, The Velvet Underground. The duo met in Copenhagen and, after forming the band, began recording Whip It On at Once Was & Sauna Recording Studio, a former Sony Studios facility, they booked the studio for three weeks during non-session down time late in 2001 and handled all production chores by themselves. Adding guitarist Manoj Ramdas and jazz drummer Jakob Hoyer, The Raveonettes booked one of their first gigs at the SPOT festival in Aarhus, the second largest city in Denmark. After the release of Whip It On on the seminal Danish Crunchy Frog label and Ramdas would contribute to the next three Raveonettes albums, along with other additional musicians.
However, by the time Lust Lust Lust was released in 2007, Sune and Sharin would be the only two musicians credited, showing a return to the dynamic around the time of the mini-album. The band was discovered by Rolling Stone editor David Fricke at the SPOT festival, his rave review of the duo resulted in a number of offers from major labels. Unofficially, the band discovered that David Fricke would be present at the SPOT festival, they rushed a band together and headed for the festival; the band is managed by Richard Gottehrer, with them from the start. Whip It On was named "Best Rock Album of the Year" at the Danish Music Awards on 1 March 2003, while The Raveonettes were picked by Rolling Stone and Q Magazine as being among the harbingers of the "Next Wave" of contemporary music. In 2006, Blender named Sharin Foo one of rock's hottest women, alongside Courtney Love, Joan Jett, Liz Phair; the band's first full-length album, Chain Gang of Love, was produced by Richard Gottehrer and The Raveonettes' own Sune Rose Wagner.
The album was recorded in Denmark and New York from 9–17 October, 6–12 November, 4–10 December 2002, mixed in London in early 2003. The thirteen songs on Chain Gang of Love are written by Sune Rose Wagner with the exception of "That Great Love Sound", which Sune co-wrote with Gottehrer. Portions of this song were featured in a U. S. ad for Kmart. The album is notable in; the band's follow-up album, Pretty in Black, broadened their musical palette, featuring guest vocals from Ronnie Spector of The Ronettes as well as guest instrumental spots from Maureen Tucker and Martin Rev. This was their first album. Christensen toured with the band. At the end of the 2005 tour, guitar player Manoj Ramdas left the band to concentrate on his new band SPEKTR; the video for the single "Love in a Trashcan", directed by Peder Pedersen, features pink bars and blocks with words like "Vamp" and "Teaser" scrolling by the band members, is reminiscent of an early-1960s cosmetic ad. The duo's third studio album, Lust Lust Lust, was released in November 2007 in Europe and February 2008 in the U.
S. The album received positive reviews, with the NME's Hardeep Phull describing it as "their most engrossing album."In December 2008, Sune Rose Wagner released a solo album titled Sune Rose Wagner. All of the songs are sung in his native language of Danish; the Raveonettes' fourth album, In and Out of Control, was released 6 October 2009, with "Last Dance" released as the lead-off single. The album was co-written and produced by Thomas Troelsen. Both "Last Dance" and "Suicide", another song from the album, have been featured on The CW's Gossip Girl. Raven in the Grave, The Raveonettes fifth album, was released 4 April 2011; the album has produced three singles to date. The duo released a new album, titled Observator, on 11 September 2012; the lead single'Observations' was released 25 June. The second single'She Owns the Streets' was released 9 July; the band's seventh album, Pe'ahi, was released 22 July 2014. Due to the purposeful lack of promotion or formal announcement of a release date the album was dubbed a "surprise" release.
In 2015 the band announced the Rave-Sound-of-the-Month saying that in every month of 2016 the band were recording and releasing a new song. Dubbed by the band as the Anti-Album, the twelve songs were released individually for download online in each month of the year and were released 21 April 2017 as a full album titled 2016 Atomized. In March 2018 the band surprise released a song called "Ghost", a unreleased track from 2016 Atomized; the duo are set to embark on an indefinite hiatus to allow Sune to release a solo album in 2018. During live performances, the band utilizes Fender instruments. Sune plays a number of different guitars and basses on their albums, including different Fenders and Gretsches. In the fall of 2005, the tour van containing the band's equipment was stolen during their tour of the U. S. On their 2007 tour, the band used the following effects pedals:Sune: Electro-Harmonx Pulsar ProCo Rat Distortion Boss