The Great Redeemer
The Great Redeemer is a 1920 American silent western drama film co-directed by Maurice Tourneur and Clarence Brown and starring House Peters, Marjorie Daw, Jack McDonald, Joseph Singleton. House Peters as Dan Malloy Marjorie Daw as The Girl Jack McDonald as The Sheirff Joseph Singleton as The Murderer John Gilbert This film was the first to be directed by producer and director Clarence Brown, it is not known whether the film survives. The Great Redeemer on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie
Flesh and the Devil
Flesh and the Devil is a romantic drama silent film released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and stars Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, Lars Hanson, Barbara Kent, directed by Clarence Brown, based on the novel The Undying Past by Hermann Sudermann. In 2006, Flesh and the Devil was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant"; the film is a romantic melodrama about two childhood friends and Ulrich, who grow up to be soldiers in Germany. Leo becomes infatuated with the wife of a powerful count; the count calls for a duel of honor with Leo, but insists that it be done under the false pretense that the quarrel was due to angry words exchanged between the two at a card game in order to protect the count's reputation. Leo kills the count in the duel, but is punished by the military, being sent to Africa for five years. Due to Ulrich's intervention, Leo only serves three years before being recalled home. On his return journey, he focuses on his dream of being reunited with Felicitas.
Before he left for Africa, Leo had asked Ulrich to take care of Felicitas' needs. Ulrich -- unaware that his friend is in love with Felicitas -- marries her. Upon his return, Leo finds himself torn between Felicitas — which the woman encourages — and his friendship for Ulrich. Condemned by a local pastor for continuing to associate with Felicitas, Leo loses control of his emotions, leading to a climactic duel between the two boyhood friends. While racing to stop the duel, Felicitas falls through a layer of thin ice and drowns. Meanwhile, the friends reconcile. Flesh and the Devil, produced in 1926, premiered at New York's Capitol Theater on January 9, 1927) and marked a turning point for Garbo's personal and professional life, she refused to participate in the film. She had just finished The Temptress and was tired, plus her sister had died of cancer and she was upset that her contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer did not allow her to take the long trip back to Sweden. A sternly worded letter from MGM warned her of dire consequences.
This was a rehearsal of sorts for a pitched battle Garbo would fight against studio heads after Flesh and the Devil was completed, which ended up with Garbo becoming one of the highest-paid actresses in Hollywood up to that time. The romantic chemistry between Garbo and Gilbert was a director's dream; the two actors became involved in their own romantic affair and before production of the film was completed had moved in together. Hollywood legend has it that it was during production that Gilbert proposed to Garbo. Paris disputes. Regardless of the chronology and the Devil marked the beginning of one of the more famous romances of Hollywood's golden age, they would continue making movies together into the Sound Era, though Gilbert's career would collapse in the early 1930s while Garbo's soared. Garbo was so impressed with Clarence Brown's direction and William Daniels's cinematography that she continued to work with both of them in her subsequent films at MGM, she was insistent on the use of Daniels as her prime cinematographer.
The film earned $1,261,000 worldwide. The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists: 2002: AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions – Nominated Flesh and the Devil was restored and released to DVD with The Temptress in September 2005 as part of a collection by Turner Classic Movies entitled Garbo Silents. The DVD includes an upbeat ending. Flesh and the Devil on IMDb Flesh and the Devil at the TCM Movie Database Flesh and the Devil at AllMovie
Barbara Bedford (actress)
Barbara Bedford was an American actress who appeared in dozens of silent movies. Her career declined after the introduction of sound, but she continued to appear in small roles until 1945. After high school she set out for Hollywood, she had written many fan letters to actor William S. Hart, he helped her get a small role in his 1920 movie The Cradle of Courage. While working as an extra that same year on The White Circle, she was noticed by fellow cast member John Gilbert, who recommended her to director Maurice Tourneur. Tourneur cast her alongside Gilbert in Deep Waters. Tourneur cast her in The Last of the Mohicans, where she was the love interest for Alan Roscoe, whom she married in real life. In 1925 she appeared opposite Hart in his final film, Tumbleweeds, a key western of the silent period, she starred in the 1926 silent film Old Loves and New and in Mockery with Lon Chaney the following year. When her career declined after the switch to sound, she signed with MGM in 1936 to play bit and extra parts.
Her last known film appearance was in 1945. Bedford played Andre in Ayn Rand's Woman on Trial when it opened at the Hollywood Playhouse on October 22, 1934. Bedford was born Violet May Rose in Eastman and was educated in Chicago, where she graduated from Lake View High School. Before she began her career as an actress, Bedford taught swimming and gymnastics and worked as an accountant. In 1921 she married Irvin Willat, they divorced in less than a year. In August 1922 she married fellow actor Alan Roscoe, they divorced in 1928, but remarried in 1930. They had Barbara Edith Roscoe; when her husband died in 1933, Bedford had a legal dispute with his friend Wallace Beery over life insurance money that Beery claimed was owed to him for debts, but which Bedford said was intended for her daughter's education. Bedford's third and longest marriage was to actor Terry Spencer, they were married from 1940 until his death in 1954. After Spencer died, Bedford lived in Jacksonville, using the name Violet Spencer as she worked in retail sales.
She and her daughter moved to Shreveport in the 1970s. Bedford died in Jacksonville, Florida, on October 25, 1981. Barbara Bedford on IMDb Barbara Bedford at the TCM Movie Database Barbara Bedford at AllMovie Last of the Mohicans, starring Wallace Beery and Barbara Bedford, on YouTube Tumbleweeds, starring William S. Hart and Barbara Bedford, on YouTube
James Fenimore Cooper
James Fenimore Cooper was an American writer of the first half of the 19th century. His historical romances draw a picture of frontier and American Indian life in the early American days which created a unique form of American literature, he lived most of his life in Cooperstown, New York, founded by his father William on property that he owned. Cooper contributed generously to it, he attended Yale University for three years. Cooper served in the U. S. Navy as a midshipman, which influenced many of his novels and other writings; the novel that launched his career was The Spy, a tale about counter-espionage set during the American Revolutionary War and published in 1821. He wrote numerous sea stories, his best-known works are five historical novels of the frontier period known as the Leatherstocking Tales. Cooper's works on the U. S. Navy have been well received among naval historians, but they were sometimes criticized by his contemporaries. Among his most famous works is the Romantic novel The Last of the Mohicans regarded as his masterpiece.
James Fenimore Cooper was born in Burlington, New Jersey in 1789 to William Cooper and Elizabeth Cooper, the eleventh of 12 children, most of whom died during infancy or childhood. He was descended from James Cooper of Stratford-upon-Avon, England, who immigrated to the American colonies in 1679. Shortly after James' first birthday, his family moved to Cooperstown, New York, a community founded by his father on a large piece of land which he had bought for development, his father was elected to the United States Congress as a representative from Otsego County. Their town was in a central area of New York along the headwaters of the Susquehanna River, patented to Colonel George Croghan by the Province of New York in 1769. Coghan mortgaged the land before the Revolution and after the war part of the tract was sold at public auction to William Cooper and his partner Andrew Craig. By 1788, William Cooper had surveyed the site where Cooperstown would be established, he erected a home on the shore of Otsego lake and moved his family there in the autumn of 1790.
He soon began construction of the mansion that became known as Otsego Hall, completed in 1799 when James was ten. Cooper was enrolled at Yale University at age 13, but he incited a dangerous prank which involved blowing up another student's door—after having locked a donkey in a recitation room, he was expelled in his third year without completing his degree, so he obtained work in 1806 as a sailor and joined the crew of a merchant vessel at age 17. By 1811, he obtained the rank of midshipman in the fledgling United States Navy, conferred upon him on an officer's warrant signed by Thomas Jefferson. At 20, Cooper inherited a fortune from his father, he married Susan Augusta de Lancey at Mamaroneck, Westchester County, New York on January 1, 1811 at age 21. She was from a wealthy family; the Coopers had seven children. Their daughter Susan Fenimore Cooper was a writer on nature, female suffrage, other topics, she and her father edited each other's work. Among his descendants was Paul Fenimore Cooper, who became a writer.
In 1806 at the age of 17, Cooper joined the crew of the merchant ship Sterling as a common sailor. At the time, the Sterling was commanded by young John Johnston from Maine. Cooper served as a common seaman before the mast, his first voyage took some 40 stormy days at sea and brought him to an English market in Cowes with a cargo of flour. There Cooper saw his first glimpses of England; the Sterling arrived at Cowes, where she dropped anchor. Britain was in the midst of war with Napoleon's France at the time, so their ship was approached by a British man-of-war and was boarded by some of its crew, they impressed him into the British Royal Navy. Their next voyage took them to the Mediterranean along the coast of Spain, including Águilas and Cabo de Gata, where they picked up cargo to be taken back to America, their stay in Spain lasted several weeks and impressed the young sailor, the accounts of which Cooper referred to in his Mercedes of Castile, a novel about Columbus. After serving aboard the Sterling for 11 months, Cooper joined the United States Navy on January 1, 1808, when he received his commission as a midshipman.
Cooper had conducted himself well as a sailor, his father, a former U. S. Congressman secured a commission for him through his long-standing connections with politicians and naval officials; the warrant for Cooper's commission as midshipman was signed by President Jefferson and mailed by Naval Secretary Robert Smith, reaching Cooper on February 19. Along with the warrant was a copy of naval rules and regulations, a description of the required naval uniform, along with an oath that Cooper was to sign in front of a witness and to be returned with his letter of acceptance. Cooper signed the oath and had it notarized by New York attorney William Williams, Jr. who had certified the Sterling's crew. After Williams had confirmed Cooper's signature, Cooper mailed the document to Washington. On February 24, he received orders to report to the naval commander at New York City. Joining the United States Navy fulfilled an aspiration Cooper had had since his youth. Cooper's first naval assignment came in March 21, 1808 aboard the USS Vesuvius, an 82-foot bomb ketch that carried twelve guns and a thirteen-inch mortar.
For his next assignment
Wallace Fitzgerald Beery was an American film actor. He is best known for his portrayal of Bill in Min and Bill opposite Marie Dressler, as Long John Silver in Treasure Island, as Pancho Villa in Viva Villa!, his titular role in The Champ, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor. Beery appeared in some 250 films during a 36-year career, his contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer stipulated in 1932 that he would be paid $1 more than any other contract player at the studio. This made Beery the highest-paid actor in the world, he was uncle of actor Noah Beery Jr.. For his contributions to the film industry, Beery was posthumously inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame with a motion pictures star in 1960, his star is located at 7001 Hollywood Boulevard. Beery was born the youngest of three boys in 1885 in Clay County, near Smithville; the Beery family left the farm in the 1890s and moved to nearby Kansas City, where the father was a police officer. Wallace Beery attended the Chase School in Kansas City and took piano lessons as well, but showed little love for academic matters.
He ran away from home twice, the first time returning after a short time, quitting school and working in the Kansas City train yards as an engine wiper. Beery ran away from home a second time at age 16, joined the Ringling Brothers Circus as an assistant elephant trainer, he left two years after being clawed by a leopard. Wallace Beery joined his older brother Noah in New York City in 1904, finding work in comic opera as a baritone and began to appear on Broadway as well as summer stock theatre, he appeared in The Belle of the West in 1905. His most notable early role came in 1907. In 1913, he moved to Chicago to work for Essanay Studios, his first movie was a comedy short, His Athletic Wife. Beery was cast as Sweedie, a Swedish maid character he played in drag in a series of short comedy films from 1914-16. Sweedie Learns to Swim co-starred Ben Turpin. Sweedie Goes to College starred Gloria Swanson. Other Beery films from this period included In and Out, The Ups and Downs, Cheering a Husband, Madame Double X, Ain't It the Truth, Two Hearts That Beat as Ten, The Fable of the Roistering Blades.
The Slim Princess, with Francis X. Bushman, was a feature. Beery did The Broken A Dash of Courage, both with Swanson. Beery was a German soldier in The Little American with Mary Pickford, directed by Cecil B. De Mille, he did some comedies for Mack Sennett, Maggie's First False Step and Teddy at the Throttle, but he would leave that genre and specialize in portrayals of villains prior to becoming a major leading man during the sound era. In 1917 Beery portrayed Pancho Villa in Patria at a time. Beery was a villainous German in The Unpardonable Sin with Blanche Sweet. For Paramount he did The Love Burglar with Wallace Reid. Beery was the villain in five major releases in 1920: 813. Beery continued his villainy cycle that year with The Last of the Mohicans. Beery had a supporting part in The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse with Rudolph Valentino, he was a villainous Tong leader in A Tale of Two Worlds and was the bad guy again in Sleeping Acres, Wild Honey, I Am the Law, which featured his brother Noah Beery Sr..
Beery had a large then-rare heroic part as King Richard I in Robin Hood, starring Douglas Fairbanks in the titular role. The movie was a huge success and subsequently spawned a sequel the following year starring Beery in the title role. Beery had an important unbilled cameo as "the Ape-Man" in A Blind Bargain starring Lon Chaney Sr. and a supporting role in The Flame of Life. He played King Philip IV of Spain in The Spanish Dancer with Pola Negri. Beery starred in an action melodrama, Stormswept for FBO Films alongside his elder brother, Noah Beery Sr.. The tagline on the movie's posters was "Wallace and Noah Beery - The Two Greatest Character Actors on the American Screen." Beery played his third royal, the Duc de Tours, in Ashes of Vengeance with Norma Talmadge did Drifting with Priscilla Dean for director Browning. Beery had the titular role in Bavu, about the Russian Revolution, he co-starred with Buster Keaton in the comedy Three Ages, the first feature Keaton wrote, produced and starred in.
Beery was a villain in The Eternal Struggle, a Mountie drama, produced by Louis B. Mayer, who would become crucial to Beery's career, he was reunited with Dean and Browning in White Tiger played the title role in the aforementioned Richard the Lion-Hearted, a sequel to Robin Hood based on Sir Walter Scott's The Talisman. Beery was in The Drums of Jeopardy and had a support role in The Sea Hawk for director Frank Lloyd, The Signal Tower. Beery signed a contract with Paramount Pictures, he had a support role in Adv
Masterpiece, magnum opus or chef-d’œuvre in modern use is a creation, given much critical praise one, considered the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, profundity, or workmanship. A "masterpiece" was a work of a high standard produced to obtain membership of a guild or academy in various areas of the visual arts and crafts; the form masterstik is recorded in English or Scots in a set of Aberdeen guild regulations dated to 1579, whereas "masterpiece" is first found in 1605 outside a guild context, in a Ben Jonson play. "Masterprize" was another early variant in English. In English, the term became used in a variety of contexts for an exceptionally good piece of creative work, was "in early use applied to man as the'masterpiece' of God or Nature"; the term masterpiece referred to a piece of work produced by an apprentice or journeyman aspiring to become a master craftsman in the old European guild system. His fitness to qualify for guild membership was judged by the masterpiece, if he was successful, the piece was retained by the guild.
Great care was therefore taken to produce a fine piece in whatever the craft was, whether confectionery, goldsmithing, leatherworking, or many other trades. In London, in the 17th century, the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths, for instance, required an apprentice to produce a masterpiece under their supervision at a "workhouse" in Goldsmiths' Hall; the workhouse had been set up as part of a tightening of standards after the company became concerned that the level of skill of goldsmithing was being diluted. The wardens of the company had complained in 1607 that the "true practise of the Art & Mystery of Goldsmithry is not only grown into great decays but dispersed into many parts, so as now few workmen are able to finish & perfect a piece of plate singularly with all the garnishings & parts thereof without the help of many & several hands...". The same goldsmithing organization still requires the production of a masterpiece but it is no longer produced under supervision. In Nuremberg, between 1531 and 1572, apprentices who wished to become master goldsmith were required to produce columbine cups, dice for a steel seal, gold rings set with precious stones before they could be admitted to the goldsmiths' guild.
If they failed to be admitted they could continue to work for other goldsmiths but not as a master themselves. In some guilds, apprentices were not allowed to marry. In its original meaning the term was restricted to tangible objects, but in some cases, where guilds covered the creators of intangible products, the same system was used; the best-known example today is Richard Wagner's opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, where much of the plot is concerned with the hero's composition and performance of a "masterpiece" song, to allow him to become a meistersinger in the Nuremberg guild. This follows the surviving rulebook of the guild; the practice of producing a masterpiece has continued in some modern academies of art, where the general term for such works is now reception piece. The Royal Academy in London uses the term "diploma work" and it has acquired a fine collection of diploma works received as a condition of membership. In modern use, a masterpiece is a creation in any area of the arts, given much critical praise one, considered the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, profundity, or workmanship.
For example, the novel David Copperfield is considered by many as a masterpiece written by author Charles Dickens. Artistic merit Classic Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity Painting the Century: 101 Portrait Masterpieces 1900–2000 Virtual Collection of Masterpieces Western canon Masterpieces at the Louvre
The Light in the Dark
The Light in the Dark is a 1922 American silent drama film directed by Clarence Brown and stars Lon Chaney. Coat-check girl Bessie MacGregor, is struck by the car of wealthy society woman Mrs. Templeton Orrin, who takes Bessie into her home while she recovers. Mrs. Orrin's brother, J. Warburton Ashe, says he loves Bessie, but when she learns he does not mean it, she flees the home, heartbroken. Unable to find work, Bessie collapses one day in the boarding house; the landlady, Mrs. Flaherty and another boarder, Tony Pantelli start to nurse Bessie back to health. Ashe, realizing he was wrong in his treatment of Bessie, goes on a trip to England to forget about her. During a hunting expedition he finds a mysterious chalice. Mrs. Orrin urges her brother to return home to help locate Bessie. Seeing Bessie needs medical care, Tony tries to raise money by stealing the chalice; the police recover the chalice in a raid on a pawnbroker's shop. News of the cup's mysterious healing powers, the way it glows in the dark, reaches the newspapers.
After Bessie tells Tony the story of the Holy Grail, he again steals the chalice, this time to cure Bessie who makes a recovery, but Tony is caught and put on trial for the theft. During the trial and Ashe are reunited and when Ashe refuses to press the charges against Tony, he is acquitted; the pawnbroker, now in Sing Sing prison, confesses that the mysterious glow was from some radium he had placed in the chalice. The Light in the Dark was filmed at the Paragon studio in Fort Lee, New Jersey. A review of The Light in the Dark in Moving Picture World noted: "In introducing the new process of color photography, Associated First National has made doubly secure an offering that from the standpoint of material and treatment promises to give wide satisfaction... Lon Chaney has the type of role, his is a real sympathetic contribution." The Variety review said, "If its story possessed half the merit of its technical equipment, it might have proved a world-beater. It doesn't, so it isn't... Mr. Chaney is a somewhat more kindly crook than is his wont, Mr. Lincoln struggles along in the fat, but unconvincing hero role."
The original seven-reel film was re-edited into a condensed 33-minute version known as The Light of Faith, circulated to schools and churches in the 1920s. A copy of the film is in the George Eastman House Motion Picture Collection; the Light in the Dark on IMDb The Light in the Dark at the TCM Movie Database The Light in the Dark is available for free download at the Internet Archive