Wembley is an area of northwest London and part of the London Borough of Brent. It is home to the Wembley Arena and Wembley Stadium, Wembley formed a separate civil parish from 1894 and was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1937. In 1965, the merged with the Municipal Borough of Willesden to create the London Borough of Brent. Wembley is derived from the Old English proper name Wemba and the Old English Lea for meadow or clearing, the name was first mentioned in the charter of 825 of Selvin. The village of Wembley grew up on the hill by the clearing with the Harrow Road south of it, much of the surrounding area remained wooded. In 1547 there were but six houses in Wembley, though small, it was one of the wealthiest parts of Harrow. At the dissolution of the monasteries in 1543, the manor of Wembley fell to Richard Andrews and Leonard Chamberlayne, who sold it to Richard Page, Esq. of Harrow on the Hill, the same year. The Page family continued as lords of the manor of Wembley for several centuries, Wembley Park thus derived its name from Reptons habit of referring to the areas he designed as parks.
There was a mill on Wembley Hill by 1673, in 1837, the London and Birmingham Railway was opened from London Euston through Wembley to Hemel Hempstead, and completed to Birmingham the following year. The changing names of the local station demonstrated the importance of the Wembley name. Sudbury station opened in 1845, renamed as Sudbury and Wembley in 1882, renamed as Wembley for Sudbury in 1910, renamed as Wembley Central in 1948, at the time of the Olympic Games. To modernise the service, a new Watford DC Line was built alongside the lines and Bakerloo line trains. Electric trains to London Euston began running in 1922, since 1917, there have been six platforms at what is now Wembley Central station. In 1880, the Metropolitan Railway opened its line from Baker Street through the side of Wembley. There are now three separate services, the London to Aylesbury Line, the Metropolitan line, and the Jubilee line. Only the latter two services have platforms at Wembley Park station, in November 1905, the Great Central Railway opened a new route for fast expresses that by-passed the congested Metropolitan Railway tracks.
It ran between Neasden Junction, south of Wembley, and Northolt Junction, west of London, where a new joint main line with the Great Western Railway began. After a long planning and redevelopment process dogged by a series of funding problems and construction delays, Wembley Hill station was renamed Wembley Complex in May 1978, before getting its present name of Wembley Stadium in May 1987
The South Bank is an entertainment and commercial district of Central London, next to the River Thames opposite the City of Westminster. It forms a narrow, unequal strip of land within the London Borough of Lambeth. As with most central London districts its edges evolve and are informally defined however its central area is bounded by Westminster Bridge, both the County Hall and the Shell Centre contain major residential parts. South Bank is 800 metres southeast of Charing Cross, the pedestrianised embankment is The Queens Walk which is part of the Albert Embankment built not only for public drainage but to raise the whole tract of land and prevent flooding. In 1951 the Festival of Britain redefined the area as a place for arts and it now forms a significant tourist district in central London, stretching from the Blackfriars Bridge in the east to Westminster Bridge in the west. A series of central London bridges connect the area to the bank of the Thames Golden Jubilee. During the Middle Ages this area developed as a place of entertainment outside the regulation of the City of London on the north bank.
By the 18th century the more genteel entertainment of the gardens had developed. The shallow bank and mud flats were ideal locations for industry and docks, there was a shift in use when the London County Council required a new County Hall, which was built between 1917 and 1922 on the south bank near North Lambeths Lower Marsh. The construction of County Hall returned the first section of frontage to public use. This was extended eastwards in 1951 when the Festival of Britain caused a considerable area to be redeveloped and it was renamed South Bank as part of promoting the Festival. The South Bank stretches two miles along the southern bank of the River Thames. The western section is in the Bishops ward of the London Borough of Lambeth, there are significant amounts of public open space along the riverside. Between the London Studios and the Oxo Tower lies Bernie Spain Gardens, named after Bernadette Spain, the South Bank is a significant arts and entertainment district. The Southbank Centre comprises the Royal Festival Hall, the Queen Elizabeth Hall, the Royal National Theatre, the London IMAX super cinema and BFI Southbank adjoin to the east, but are not strictly part of the centre.
County Hall is non-administrative and has converted into The London Marriott Hotel County Hall, Sea Life London Aquarium. It contains the Jubilee Gardens, home to the Udderbelly Festival for 15 weeks in the summer, the OXO Tower Wharf is towards the eastern end of South Bank, and houses Gallery@Oxo and boutiques, and the OXO Tower Restaurant run by Harvey Nichols. The London Studios, the home of ITV faces the Thames
Lorraine Kelly, OBE is a Scottish television presenter and actress, best known as a presenter for TV-am, and GMTV and ITV Breakfast, on Daybreak and Lorraine. Previously, she was a reporter and main presenter of TV-ams Good Morning Britain, between 2012 and 2014, Kelly was a main female presenter of ITVs Daybreak, which she co-hosted from Monday to Thursdays with Aled Jones. Since 2011, Kelly has hosted the annual STV Childrens Appeal and she hosts the telethon and sister shows such as STV Appeal Stories and Lorraine & Friends. Kelly was born in the Gorbals, Glasgow and she is of Irish ancestry and Kellys father, worked as a television repairman. She spent the first few years of her life in Glasgow before the family moved to East Kilbride where she attended Claremont High School. She turned down a university place to read English and Russian in favour of a job on the East Kilbride News, her local newspaper and she moved to TV-am as an on-screen reporter covering Scottish news in 1984. In early October 1984, Kelly joined TV-am as Scotland Correspondent, in July 1989, Kelly presented TV-ams Summer Sunday programme with chief reporter Geoff Meade.
In February 1990, she became a presenter of Good Morning Britain alongside Mike Morris. In January 1993, Kelly helped launch GMTV by presenting a range of programmes and her first job was presenting the new Top of the Morning. In March, when Fiona Armstrong walked out of the main GMTV show, in June 1994, Kelly went on maternity leave, but shortly afterwards she was sacked from the main presenting roles, Lorraine returned in November 94 to do a mum and baby slot. This led to her becoming the presenter of Nine OClock Live, the show proved so popular that it was moved to the earlier 08,35 slot, retitled Lorraine Live. In Autumn 2000, as GMTV rebranded to GMTV Today, Kellys show changed its name to LK Today. As part of the rebrand that took place in 2009, Lorraine moved for the first time into the main GMTV studio, instead of having her own part of the studio to host from. In April 2010, to make GMTVs programming more consistent, GMTV with Lorraine began airing all year round, instead of breaking during school holidays, in November 2009, ITV plc took full control of the broadcaster after purchasing The Walt Disney Companys 25% share.
On 6 September 2010, GMTV ended with ITV Breakfast taking over, Lorraine launched with a brand new look, alongside Daybreak. In 2011, Kelly presented the ITV series Childrens Hospital, and was a guest presenter on the BBC Two series Never Mind the Buzzcocks in Series 25 and she provides voice-over and narration on the CBeebies show Raa Raa the Noisy Lion. On 4 May 2012, it was confirmed that Kelly would take over from Christine Bleakley as presenter on Lorraines sister programme Daybreak and she debuted on 3 September 2012. She co-hosted the programme with Aled Jones from Monday to Thursday, in February 2014, Kelly announced that she would leave Daybreak to focus on Lorraine which she began hosting five days a week from 28 April 2014
Melvyn Bragg, Baron Bragg, FRSL, FBA, FRS, is an English broadcaster and parliamentarian. He is best known for his work with ITV as editor and presenter of the The South Bank Show, and for the Radio 4 discussion series In Our Time. Earlier in his career, Bragg worked for the BBC in various roles including presenter, a connection that resumed in 1988 when he began to host Start the Week on Radio 4. After his ennoblement in 1998, he switched to presenting the new In Our Time, an academic discussion radio programme, which has run to over 700 broadcast editions and he is currently Chancellor of the University of Leeds. Bragg was born on 6 October 1939 in Carlisle, the son of Mary Ethel, a tailor, and Stanley Bragg and he was given the name Melvyn by his mother after she saw the actor Melvyn Douglas at a local cinema. He was raised in the town of Wigton, where he attended the Wigton primary school and the Nelson Thomlinson Grammar School. He was a child, born a year after his parents married. His father was away from serving with the Royal Air Force for four years during the war.
His upbringing and childhood experiences were typical of the working environment of that era. From the age of 8 until he left for university, his home was above a pub in Wigton. Into his teens he was a member of the Scouts and played rugby in his schools first team, at university he read Modern History at Wadham College, Oxford in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Throughout his working life, Bragg has combined a career in broadcasting with one in writing, Bragg began his career in 1961 as a general trainee at the BBC. He was the recipient of one of only three traineeships awarded that year and he spent his first two years in radio at the BBC World Service, at the BBC Third Programme and BBC Home Service. He joined the team of Huw Wheldons Monitor arts series on BBC Television. He presented the BBC books programme Read All About It and The Lively Arts and he is best known for the London Weekend Television arts programme The South Bank Show, which he edited and presented from 1978 to 2010. His interview with playwright Dennis Potter shortly before his death is regularly cited as one of the most moving, by being just as interested in popular as well as classical genres, he is credited with making the arts more accessible and less elitist.
He was Head of Arts at LWT from 1982 to 1990 and he is known for his many programmes on BBC Radio 4, including Start the Week, The Routes of English, and In Our Time, which in March 2011 broadcast its 500th programme. In February 2012, he began Melvyn Bragg on Class and Culture, in 2012 he brought back The South Bank Show to Sky Arts 1
Central London is the innermost part of London, UK. Over time a number of definitions have been used to define the scope of central London for statistics, urban planning and local government. From 2004 to 2008, the London Plan included a sub-region called Central London comprising Camden, Islington and Chelsea, Southwark, Wandsworth and it had a 2001 population of 1,525,000. The sub-region was replaced in 2008 with a new structure which amalgamated inner and outer boroughs together and this was altered in 2011 when a new Central London sub region was created, now including the City of London and excluding Wandsworth. However, districts at the edge of this subregion such as Streatham, Dulwich. During the Herbert Commission and the subsequent passage of the London Government Bill, the first two were detailed in the 1959 Memorandum of Evidence of the Greater London Group of the London School of Economics. It had an population of 350,000 and occupied 7,000 acres. The area had an population of 400,000 and occupied 8,000 acres.
During the passage of the London Government Bill an amendment was put forward to create a central borough corresponding to the used at the 1961 census. The population was estimated to be 270,000
Liverpool is a major city and metropolitan borough in North West England.24 million people in 2011. Liverpool historically lay within the ancient hundred of West Derby in the south west of the county of Lancashire and it became a borough from 1207 and a city from 1880. In 1889 it became a county borough independent of Lancashire, Liverpool sits on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary and its growth as a major port is paralleled by the expansion of the city throughout the Industrial Revolution. Along with general cargo, raw materials such as coal and cotton, the city was directly involved in the Atlantic slave trade. Liverpool was home to both the Cunard and White Star Line, and was the port of registry of the ocean liner RMS Titanic and others such as the RMS Lusitania, Queen Mary, and Olympic. The city celebrated its 800th anniversary in 2007, and it held the European Capital of Culture title together with Stavanger, several areas of Liverpool city centre were granted World Heritage Site status by UNESCO in 2004.
The Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City includes the Pier Head, Albert Dock, tourism forms a significant part of the citys economy. Liverpool is the home of two Premier League football clubs and Everton, matches between the two being known as the Merseyside derby, the world-famous Grand National horse race takes place annually at Aintree Racecourse on the outskirts of the city. The city is home to the oldest Black African community in the country. Natives of Liverpool are referred to as Liverpudlians and colloquially as Scousers, a reference to scouse, the word Scouse has become synonymous with the Liverpool accent and dialect. Pool is a place name element in England from the Brythonic word for a pond, inlet, or pit, cognate with the modern Welsh. The derivation of the first element remains uncertain, with the Welsh word Llif as the most plausible relative and this etymology is supported by its similarity to that of the archaic Welsh name for Liverpool Llynlleifiad. Other origins of the name have suggested, including elverpool.
The name appeared in 1190 as Liuerpul, and it may be that the place appearing as Leyrpole, in a record of 1418. King Johns letters patent of 1207 announced the foundation of the borough of Liverpool, the original street plan of Liverpool is said to have been designed by King John near the same time it was granted a royal charter, making it a borough. The original seven streets were laid out in an H shape, Bank Street, Castle Street, Chapel Street, Dale Street, Juggler Street, Moor Street, in the 17th century there was slow progress in trade and population growth. Battles for the town were waged during the English Civil War, in 1699 Liverpool was made a parish by Act of Parliament, that same year its first slave ship, Liverpool Merchant, set sail for Africa. Since Roman times, the city of Chester on the River Dee had been the regions principal port on the Irish Sea
Stephen John Fry is an English comedian, writer and activist. While at university, he involved with the Cambridge Footlights. As half of the double act Fry and Laurie, he co-wrote and co-starred in A Bit of Fry & Laurie and took the role of Jeeves in Jeeves. He was the long-time host of the BBC television quiz show QI and he has filmed commercials, including an advertisement where he explains the essence of British culture to foreigners arriving at Londons Heathrow Airport. Fry was born in Hampstead, London, on 24 August 1957, the son of Marianne Eve Fry and Alan John Fry, a British physicist and inventor. The Fry family originates in Dorset, at Shillingstone and Blandford, in the early 1800s, Samuel Fry settled in Surrey, Frys mother is Jewish, but he was not brought up in a religious family. His maternal grandparents and Rosa Neumann, were Hungarian Jews, rosas parents, who originally lived in Vienna, were sent to a concentration camp in Riga, where they were murdered. His mothers aunt and cousins were sent to Auschwitz and Stutthof, Frys father is English, and his paternal grandmother had roots in Kent and Cheshire.
Fry grew up in the village of Booton near Reepham, having moved from Chesham, Buckinghamshire and he has an elder brother, and a younger sister, Joanna. He was expelled from Uppingham when he was 15 and subsequently from the Paston School, at 17, after leaving Norfolk College of Arts and Technology, Fry absconded with a credit card stolen from a family friend. He had taken a coat when leaving a pub, planning to spend the night sleeping rough and he was arrested in Swindon, and, as a result, spent three months in Pucklechurch Prison on remand. While Fry was in Pucklechurch, his mother had cut out the crossword from every copy of The Times since he had been away, Fry stated that these crosswords were the only thing that got him through the ordeal. Following his release, he resumed his education at City College Norwich and he scored well enough to gain a scholarship to Queens College, Cambridge. At Cambridge, Fry joined the Cambridge Footlights, appeared on University Challenge, Fry met his future comedy collaborator Hugh Laurie at Cambridge and starred alongside him in the Footlights Club.
Frys career in television began with the 1982 broadcasting of The Cellar Tapes, a second series, retitled Alfresco, was broadcast in 1983, and a third in 1984, it established Fry and Lauries reputation as a comedy double act. In 1983, the BBC offered Fry and Thompson their own show, which became The Crystal Cube, undeterred and Laurie appeared in an episode of The Young Ones in 1984, and Fry appeared in Ben Eltons 1985 Happy Families series. In 1986 and 1987 Fry and Laurie performed sketches on the LWT/Channel 4 show Saturday Live, forgiving Fry and Laurie for The Crystal Cube, the BBC commissioned, in 1986, a sketch show that was to become A Bit of Fry & Laurie. The programme ran for 26 episodes spanning four series between 1986 and 1995, and was very successful, in a 1988 television special, Blackadders Christmas Carol, he played the roles of Lord Melchett and Lord Frondo
White City, London
White City is a district in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham and forms the northern part of Shepherds Bush. Today, White City is home to the BBC Television Centre and BBC White City, and Loftus Road stadium, the area now called White City was level arable farmfields until 1908, when it was used as the site of the Franco-British Exhibition and the 1908 Summer Olympics. In 1909 the exhibition site hosted the Imperial International Exhibition and in 1910, the final two exhibitions to be held there were the Latin-British Exhibition and the Anglo-American Exhibition, which was brought to a premature end by the outbreak of the First World War. During this period it was known as the Great White City due to the marble cladding used on the exhibition pavilions. The White City Stadium in the north of the area, known as the Great Stadium, in 1931, a 440yd running track was installed for the Amateur Athletic Association Championships, held there from 1932 to 1970. It hosted one match during the 1966 World Cup, the stadium was demolished in 1985 to make way for the BBC White City building.
The Marathon from these London Olympics played an important part in the development of the marathon race. In the early years of international sport, the long distance marathon race did not have a standard set distance. The distance run at the first seven Olympics from 1896 to 1920 varied between 40km and 42.75 km, the starting point of the race at the 1908 Olympics was at Windsor Castle creating a distance of 26 miles 385 yards to the finishing line at White City stadium. In 1921 this was adopted as the standard distance, to house the growing population of Shepherds Bush, a five-storey housing estate was built in the late 1930s, which took the name of the White City. Streets were named after countries that had featured in the exhibitions, in 2001, BBC Television Centre was damaged by a car bomb attack by the Real IRA. The bomb went off on Wood Lane, in front of the Television Centre news building, on 30 October 2008, Westfield shopping centre was opened. Westfield Group has built a new shopping centre, bounded by the West Cross Route and this centre has been branded Westfield London.
Shepherds Bush on the West London Line, to the east of the adjacent to the Holland Park roundabout. It is a walking distance from Shepherds Bush tube station served by the Central line. In 2007, it was announced that the BBC would sell its landmark Television Centre as part of a cost-cutting programme, in 2008 English Heritage announced its recommendation to list parts of TV centre as an excellent example of 20th-century architecture. Following the sale of the Television Centre, White City has become a key area within Central London. A strong partnership between White City Living by St James, Westfield London and Imperial College London, has created a vision for the future of White City area
Television Centre, London
Television Centre in White City, West London was the headquarters of BBC Television between 1960 and 2013. Officially opened on 29 June 1960, it is one of the most readily recognisable facilities of its type, parts of the building are Grade II listed, including the central ring and Studio 1. Live television events from studios and routing of national and international sporting events took place within the Television Centre before being passed to the Broadcast Centre for transmission and it was announced on 21 September 2010 that the BBC would cease broadcasting from Television Centre in 2013. BBC Worldwide moved into space in the Stage 6 building following extensive refurbishment in 2015. The radio and television news departments moved to Broadcasting House in central London, the building is 4 miles west of central London, in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. The nearest Underground stations are White City and Wood Lane, London broadcasts at the time came from Alexandra Palace and Lime Grove Studios.
It was to be the largest television centre in the world, riverside Studios in Hammersmith were used from 1954. It was planned to be 6 acres, but turned out to be twice as big, on 24 August 1956 the main contract was awarded to Higgs and Hill, which built The London Studios for ITV in 1972. The building was planned to cost £9M, when it opened, the Director of BBC television was Gerald Beadle, and the first programme broadcast was First Night with David Nixon in Studio Three. In 1997 the BBC News Centre was opened, in a new complex at the front of the building, the building featured a central circular block around which were studios, engineering areas and the News Centre. In the centre of the block was a statue designed by T. B. Huxley-Jones of Helios. At the foot of the statue were two reclining figures, symbolising sound and vision, the components of television, even though there was a foundation stone marked BBC1956 in the basement of the main building, construction began in 1951. With the migration of staff and functions to complexes in Salford and London W1, the overall design from the air appeared to resemble a question mark in shape.
The architect, Graham Dawbarn CBE, drew a question mark on an envelope while thinking about the design of the building, an article in The BBC Quarterly, July 1946, proposed a circular design, several years before Dawbarn drew up his plans. The building was commissioned in 1949 with work starting in 1950, work resumed in 1953 on the TVC scenery block and work began in 1954 on the canteen block, which doubled as a rehearsal space. Work on Stage 3, the central office block and studios. The shells of TC1, TC6 and TC7 were constructed around the same time, BBC Television Centre officially opened with TC3 operational on 29 June 1960. Arthur Hayes worked on the building from 1956 to 1970 and was responsible for the creation of the iconic BBC Television Centre lettering on the façade of Studio 1, the lettering was used all over the building, even in tile work outside lift entrances
In 2015, he began hosting new ITV game show 1000 Heartbeats. He presented his own BBC Radio 1 show between 2004 and 2012, Kay presented his own show on Radio X from September 2015 until 17 March 2017. Kay was born and brought up in Horwich, Greater Manchester and he attended St Josephs RC High School in Horwich, near Bolton. He graduated in science at Manchester Metropolitan University. He supports his hometowns football club Bolton Wanderers and he used to be a regular visitor to Manchester nightclub the Haçienda. In 2004, Kay hosted the series of Celebrities Under Pressure on ITV. Since 2006, Kay has presented primetime game show All Star Family Fortunes, in June 2015, it was announced that ITV was to rest the show until 2017. In 2007, he presented Vernon Kays Gameshow Marathon, after replacing Ant & Dec who hosted the first series, from 2008 until 2009, Kay presented two series of Beat the Star, a programme for ITV. The first series averaged 4.05 million viewers and the second averaged 3.46 million, for two episodes of Beat the Star, Kay was a contestant rather than the presenter, while Phillip Schofield stood in for him.
On 17 April 2010, Kay began co-presenting a game show for ITV called The Whole 19 Yards with Caroline Flack which lasted for eight episodes and was made at Pinewood Studios, the series averaged 4.1 million viewers. In 2010, Kay was the co-host of Skating with the Stars, in December 2011, Kay presented the Christmas Channel 4 show Home For the Holidays. In the summer of 2012, Kay presented ITV three episode mini-series Lets Get Gold, however the show received poor viewing figures and was axed, in 2013 and 2014, Gabby Logan and Tom Daley co-presented the ITV diving show Splash. The programme was axed after two series, in 2013, after Channel 4 regained the NFL rights from the BBC, Kay was announced as a presenter of The American Football Show, airing on Saturday mornings. Since 2014, Kay has guest presented five episodes of The One Show, in 2015, Vernon began presenting daytime quiz show,1000 Heartbeats for ITV. The show returned for a run in November 2015. In 2016, Kay presented Drive, a 5-part entertainment show for ITV and he made regular appearances in the second series of The Keith Lemon Sketch Show on ITV2.
Kay hosted the non-broadcast pilot for a revival of Play Your Cards Right, a game show hosted by Bruce Forsyth. In September 2015, he hosted a pilot for a new ITV game show Home Win, in January 2004, Kay joined BBC Radio 1 and presented an entertainment show every Sunday
She has presented a variety of live sports events for the BBC, including a revived episode of Superstars in December 2012 and the London Marathon since 2015. Since 2013, she has co-hosted Sports Personality of the Year for the BBC, Logan was born in Leeds in the West Riding of Yorkshire to former Welsh international footballer and manager Terry Yorath and his wife Christine when Yorath was playing for Leeds United. Due to her fathers career, Logan had to move much in her youth. She attended Bishop Ullathorne RC School in Coventry, Cardinal Heenan High School and Notre Dame Sixth Form College in Leeds and read Law at the College of St Hild and St Bede and she had to retire from gymnastics aged 17 due to sciatica. Logan became interested in football during her regular attendances at her fathers matches, on 11 May 1985, she was in the crowd at Valley Parade when the Bradford City stadium fire happened. She, along with her brother and sister, had left the only moments before the fire took hold.
Logans debut TV appearance was when she was chosen as the Leeds Rose for the 1991 Rose of Tralee competition, Logan runs and plays golf and is a supporter of Newcastle United stretching back to her time at Durham University, where her boyfriend was a childhood fan. After university, Logan began presenting on Metro Radio in Newcastle and she worked there until 1998, when she joined the ITV TV network. Logan co-presented at least one episode of the ITV Weekend News with Mark Austin, Logans career came to notice when she fronted On the Ball. Logan was one of a number of female sports presenters to have made the transition to terrestrial television. Logan left ITV for BBC Sport in December 2006, she reported on rugby union at the 2003 Rugby World Cup. Logan stepped in for Melanie Sykes on 6 July 2004 when she went on maternity leave partway through the series of game show The Vault. Gabby co-hosted the celebrity diving show Splash. on ITV, alongside Vernon Kay, in 2015, Logan returned to ITV for reality series Flockstars.
In an interview with Radio Times in November 2016, Logan admitted that Flockstars was her biggest disappointment, Logan started presenting for BBC Sport on 27 January 2007, presenting the FA Cup fourth round tie between Luton Town and Blackburn Rovers. She continues to present and report on live football for the BBC, Logan hosted Final Score from 2009 until 2013 before being replaced by Jason Mohammad. Logan is the now the main host of Athletics for BBC Sport, amongst her main duties, has been hosting live coverage of the World Athletics Championships in 2013, and the European Athletics Championships and Commonwealth Games in 2014. Also included is the prestigious annual IAAF Diamond League season competition and she presents in the BBC Studio alongside Michael Johnson, Paula Radcliffe, Colin Jackson, Denise Lewis and Baroness Tanni Grey-Thompson. In September 2013, the BBC announced that, as of 2013, in March 2015, Logan hosted Lets Play Darts for Comic Relief for BBC Two
National Coal Board
The National Coal Board was the statutory corporation created to run the nationalised coal mining industry in the United Kingdom. Set up under the Coal Industry Nationalisation Act 1946, it took over the United Kingdoms collieries on vesting day,1 January 1947, in 1987 the NCB was renamed the British Coal Corporation, and its assets were subsequently privatised. Collieries were taken under government control during the First and Second World Wars, the Sankey Commission in 1919 gave R. H. Tawney, Sidney Webb and Sir Leo Chiozza Money the opportunity to advocate nationalisation, but it was rejected. Coal reserves were nationalised during the war in 1942 and placed under the control of the Coal Commission, at the time, many coal companies were small, although some consolidation had taken place in the years before the war. The NCB was one of a number of public corporations created by Clement Attlees post-war Labour government to manage nationalised industries, the Coal Industry Nationalisation Act received the Royal Assent on 12 July 1946 and the NCB was formally constituted on 15 July, with Lord Hyndley as its chairman.
On 1 January 1947 a notice posted at every colliery in the country read, open cast operations were taken over on 1 April 1952. The NCB acquired 958 collieries, the property of about 800 companies. Compensation of £164,660,000 was paid to the owners for the collieries and £78,457,000 to former owners, the board took over power stations at some collieries and railway sidings. It managed an estate of more than 140,000 houses, at its inception the NCB employed nearly 800,000 workers which was four percent of Britains total workforce. Its national headquarters were established in Hobart House, the collieries it had acquired varied considerably in size and output. Coal was mined from seams that varied from 20 to 200 inches thick, more than a third of collieries produced less than 100,000 tons and 50 collieries produced more than 700,000 tons. The coal board divided the country into divisions corresponding to the major coalfields, in 1947 about half the collieries were in need of immediate attention and a development programme was begun.
The Plan for Coal produced in 1950 aimed at increasing output from 184 million to 250 million tons by 1970, competition from cheap oil imports arrived in the late 1950s and from 1957 the coal industry began to contract. Colliery closures between 1958 and 1959 numbered 85, from 700,000 men producing 207 million tons of coal in 1956, output was 133 million tons produced by fewer than 290,000 workers at 292 collieries in 1971. As competition from oil increased, the government stopped subsidising the industry in the mid-1960s, when Alf Robens became chairman in 1960, he determined that the NCBs output would be from the best and most productive pits. During his ten-year tenure productivity increased by 70 percent but with far fewer pits, in 1967 the NCB reorganised its structure into 17 new areas each employing about 20,000 men and planned to operate 310 collieries in 1971. By 1983 the NCB would invest £3,000 million on developing new collieries, the strike was one of the longest and most bitter in history and cost more than £7 billion of tax-payers money.
During the strike the NCB lost markets and 23 collieries had closed before the end of 1985, on 5 March 1987 the Coal Industry Act 1987 received Royal Assent signalling the end of the NCB and the formation of its successor, the British Coal Corporation