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The Magic Flute

The Magic Flute, K. 620, is an opera in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder. The work is in the form of a Singspiel, a popular form during the time it was written that included both singing and spoken dialogue; the work was premiered on 30 September 1791 at Schikaneder's theatre, the Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, just two months before the composer's premature death. In this opera, the Queen of the Night persuades Prince Tamino to rescue her daughter Pamina from captivity under the high priest Sarastro. Separately together and Pamina undergo severe trials of initiation, which end in triumph, with the Queen and her cohorts vanquished; the earthy Papageno, who accompanies Tamino on his quest, fails the trials but is rewarded anyway with the hand of his ideal female companion Papagena. The opera was the culmination of a period of increasing involvement by Mozart with Schikaneder's theatrical troupe, which since 1789 had been the resident company at the Theater auf der Wieden.

Mozart was a close friend of one of the singer-composers of the troupe, tenor Benedikt Schack, had contributed to the compositions of the troupe, which were collaboratively written. Mozart's participation increased with his contributions to the 1790 collaborative opera Der Stein der Weisen, including the duet among other passages. Like The Magic Flute, Der Stein der Weisen was a fairy-tale opera and can be considered a kind of precursor; the libretto for The Magic Flute, written by Schikaneder, is thought by scholars to be based on many sources. Some works of literature current in Vienna in Schikaneder's day that may have served as sources include the medieval romance Yvain by Chrétien de Troyes, the novel Life of Sethos by Jean Terrasson, the essay "On the mysteries of the Egyptians" by Ignaz von Born; the libretto is a natural continuation of a series of fairy tale operas produced at the time by Schikaneder's troupe, including an adaptation of Sophie Seyler's Singspiel Oberon as well as Der Stein der Weisen.

For the role of Papageno, the libretto draws on the Hanswurst tradition of the Viennese popular theatre. Many scholars acknowledge an influence of Freemasonry. For detailed discussion of sources see Branscombe 1991, as well as Libretto of The Magic Flute. In composing the opera, Mozart evidently kept in mind the skills of the singers intended for the premiere, which included both virtuoso and ordinary comic actors asked to sing for the occasion. Thus, the vocal lines for Papageno—sung by Schikaneder himself—and Monostatos are stated first in the strings so the singer can find his pitch, are doubled by instruments. In contrast, Mozart's sister-in-law Josepha Hofer, who premiered the role of the Queen of the Night, evidently needed little such help: this role is famous for its difficulty. In ensembles, Mozart skillfully combined voices of different ability levels; the vocal ranges of two of the original singers for whom Mozart tailored his music have posed challenges for many singers who have since recreated their roles.

Both arias of the Queen of the Night, "O zittre nicht, mein lieber Sohn" and "Der Hölle Rache kocht in meinem Herzen" require high F6, rare in opera. At the low end, the part of Sarastro, premiered by Franz Xaver Gerl, includes a conspicuous F2 in a few locations; the opera was premiered in Vienna on 30 September 1791 at the suburban Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden. Mozart conducted the orchestra, Schikaneder himself played Papageno, while the role of the Queen of the Night was sung by Mozart's sister-in-law Josepha Hofer. On the reception of the opera, Mozart scholar Maynard Solomon writes: Although there were no reviews of the first performances, it was evident that Mozart and Schikaneder had achieved a great success, the opera drawing immense crowds and reaching hundreds of performances during the 1790s; as Mozart's letters show, he was pleased to have achieved such a success. Solomon continues: Mozart's delight is reflected in his last three letters, written to Constanze, who with her sister Sophie was spending the second week of October in Baden.

"I have this moment returned from the opera, as full as ever", he wrote on 7 October, listing the numbers that had to be encored. "But what always gives me the most pleasure is the silent approval! You can see how this opera is becoming more and more esteemed."... He went to hear his opera every night, taking along relatives; the opera celebrated its 100th performance in November 1792, though Mozart did not have the pleasure of witnessing this milestone, as he had died 5 December 1791. The opera was first performed outside Vienna in Lemberg in Prague, it made "triumphal progress through Germany's opera houses great and small", with the early 19th century spread to all the countries of Europe—and everywhere in the world—where opera is cultivated. As Branscombe documents, the earlier performances were of altered, sometimes mutilated, versions of the opera. Productions of the past century have tended to be more faithful to Mozart's music, though faithful rendering of Mozart and Schikaneder's original stage directions and dramatic vision continues to be rare.

The Magic Flute is among the most performed of all operas. On 28 December 17

Bryan Buckley

Bryan Buckley is an Academy Award nominated American film director, commercial director, screenwriter. He has been dubbed "The King of the Super Bowl" by the New York Times, he has directed 63 Super Bowl Commercials over the course of his career. Buckley was born on September 3rd, 1963 in Massachusetts, he attended Syracuse University. Saria: director, writer The Pirates of Somalia: director, writer The Bronze: director Asad: director, producer The Wake-Up Caller: director, writer Krug: director, writer Bryan Buckley has been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film at the 85th Academy Awards for his short film ASAD which he directed and wrote, it was shot in South Africa in September 2011 with an all Somali refugee cast. ASAD tells a young Somali boy's tale of how he deals with the decision to fall into a pirate life, or become an honest working fisherman. In December 2015 Buckley directed a Beats by Dre commercial. In October 2016, Buckley directed a commercial for Emirates airline's Airbus A380 featuring actress Jennifer Aniston.

He is behind the Jergens Advertising featuring Leslie Mann. Bryan Buckley on IMDb

Land of College Prophets

Land of College Prophets is a 2005 independent comedy film produced by Thomas Edward Seymour, Mike Aransky and Phil Guerette. Distributed on Netflix in 2005, Prophets was one of the first of the "backyard superhero" subgenres of films, pre-dating James Gunn's Super, Special, Kick Ass and so on; the film involves low-level superheroes at a community college. The film mixes comedy with science fiction in a tale of two brawling college students who accidentally reactivate a dormant well that spews toxic liquids into the surrounding community, resulting in abrupt and deadly changes within nature and people; the film was available on Netflix, Hollywood Video and Movie Gallery in 2005. The Land of College Prophets was shot in digital video on locations across Connecticut in 2003; the film premiered in New York in 2005, won five awards at the 2005 B-Movie Film Festival, including Best Picture. It won the Best Picture Award at the 2005 New Haven Underground Film Festival and the Best Ensemble Award from Bare Bones International Film Festival.

Reviews were positive, with Rick Curnutte of The Film Journal proclaiming that it “could become the first genuine cult hit of the DV era.” In 2018 the B-Movie Mania Show rediscovered a DVD version of the film at a Dollar Tree store for 99 cents and built an entire show around the film, praising it as a hidden B-movie gem from the early digital era of American film. Co-director Tom Seymour affectionately referred to this film and his two other features as the "Backyard Trilogy" consisting of the three films Everything Moves Alone, Land of College Prophets and London Betty; the three feature-length films all involve backyard thieves or, in this case, superheroes that all dwell in suburban environments, all shot within central Connecticut. The film was released on DVD in 2005 by York Entertainment; the Land of College Prophets on IMDb The Land of College Prophets at AllMovie The Land of College Prophets at Rotten Tomatoes B-Movie Mania Rediscovers College Prophets in 2018 review: Monsters At Play review: interview with Thomas Edward Seymour: PulpLit article on the making of the film

Jordan Robertson

Jordan Steven Robertson is an English footballer who last played as a striker for Harrogate Town. Born in Sheffield he began his career with Sheffield United but failed to break into the first team, he was loaned out to a number of clubs during his time with United, including Torquay United, Northampton Town, Dundee United, Oldham Athletic, Ferencváros and Bury. While with Southampton he was involved in a traffic accident in which the driver of the other car was killed. Robertson was subsequently jailed for 32 months for causing death by dangerous driving. On his release from prison he returned to football and had a spell with St Johnstone before spending a year at Scunthorpe United. Robertson joined his hometown club Sheffield United as a trainee, becoming part of the club's Academy team, appearing for them during his school years, he joined Torquay United on a one-month loan in November 2006. He made his Football League debut for Torquay on 18 November 2006, replacing Mickey Evans late on in a home defeat against Swindon Town.

He scored his first league goal the following week in a 5–2 defeat away to Peterborough United. He returned to Sheffield Unite after Torquay's 1–0 defeat away to Bristol Rovers. By January 2007 Robertson was again loaned out, this time joining Northampton Town for the remainder of the season, he scored on his debut against Oldham Athletic. and went on to play fifteen times for Northampton. In August 2007, a loan move to Dundee United in Scotland was agreed, although there was initial confusion over whether it was until January, or May, it was confirmed that Robertson was on loan for the duration of the season but Sheffield United could recall him in January if desired. Robertson scored on his Dundee United debut with a late winner in a League Cup match against Ross County. Robertson scored four goals for Dundee United before being recalled in mid-January 2008. Robertson again undertook a one-month loan deal in this time with Oldham Athletic, he picked up an ankle injury in a game against Rochdale which would rule him out for much of the remainder of the season and so returned to Sheffield United early, having played three games and scored one goal for Oldham.

Robertson made his first team debut for Sheffield United in September 2008, as a second-half substitute during a 6–0 defeat against Arsenal in the third round of the League Cup. After the club's exit from the League Cup, Robertson joined Championship club Southampton on a three-month loan deal with Southampton winger Nathan Dyer heading in the opposite direction. Robertson scored his first goal for Southampton against Norwich City, a strike from the corner of the box that curled into the top corner; this was his only goal for the club, he was recalled to Sheffield United at the end of December 2008. Following his return from Southampton Robertson was again loaned out, this time to Sheffield United's Hungarian sister club Ferencváros. After completing the rest of the 2008–09 season on loan in Hungary, Robertson returned to Sheffield United once more. After making a substitute appearance in the first round of the League Cup at the start of the following season he was again loaned out, this time to League Two side Bury.

Robertson made his Bury debut away to Darlington on 15 August 2009, scoring the only goal in a 1–0 win for Bury. Robertson's loan was cut short by Bury on 12 September 2009 after playing four games and scoring once. After his release from prison, Robertson was invited to train with Dundee United in February 2011, before signing for their Tayside rivals St Johnstone on 31 March 2011. Robertson soon left St Johnson and got a one-year contract with Scunthorpe United on 7 June 2011, he was released by the club in May 2012. After a year without club he signed for Philippines club Global FC. In the only game for the club against Warriors F. C. he scored the second goal in the 2-0 victory for Global. Shortly after he left the club and signed for Romania Liga I side Gaz Metan Mediaş. Following this, he signed for Bromley in September 2014, he scored his first goal just a day after joining the club, in a 5-1 FA Cup win over Uxbridge, after coming on as a late substitute. He left the club in February 2015, signed for Farnborough in March.

He joined Harrogate Town ahead of the 2016–17 season. On 13 January 2017, the club announced. In December 2008, Robertson was driving his Mercedes CLC 180 sports car on the southbound carriageway of the M1 by junction 19 near Lutterworth, when he attempted to change songs on his MP3 player, this distraction caused him to lose control of his vehicle and as a result his car veered into Omar Mohamed's Ford Galaxy. Mohamed, a father of five, was airlifted to Walsgrave Hospital in Coventry; however his injuries proved fatal, he died with his wife at his bedside. On Christmas Day 2008, Robertson was arrested on suspicion of dangerous driving. On 2 October 2009, Robertson was sentenced to 32 months in prison for causing death by dangerous driving, he was banned from driving for five years by the court. Jordan Robertson at Soccerbase

Birgitta Stenberg

Birgitta Stenberg was a Swedish author and illustrator. She was the 2005 winner of the Selma Lagerlöf Prize. Birgitta Stenberg was born in Stockholm in 1932, she was educated in Visby and in Paris. Stenberg spent a lot of time in southern Europe improving her language skills. In the early 1950s, she lived in Paris, Rome and on the French Rivera, experiences that inspired her book, Kärlek i Europa, which detailed her various sexual adventures; the book was translated into English as Manplay in Europe. For a time, she was the mistress of the Mafiosi Charles "Lucky" Luciano, deported from the United States back to his native Italy. Stenberg had offered a job in New York by a travel agent who additionally added in a promise of a layover in Buenos Aires where she was to work temporarily as a model before going on to New York; the Mafiosi Luciano, who knew much about the Italian underworld told her that the travel agent was a white slaver and if she went to Buenos Aires, she would be forced to work in a brothel instead of the promised modeling job.

Through Luciano Stenberg met his friend, the exiled King Farouk of Egypt, living in Italy and whose mistress she became. Luciano had grown up in New York, having left Sicily at the age of 9, found Naples, where he lived, to be a rather "foreign" place, causing him to regard himself as being in exile from America; the common feeling of exile had caused Luciano to bond with Farouk. At her first date with Farouk in an expensive Roman restaurant, she was impressed by Farouk's "sweet eyes" together with the aura of power as the king wore an expensive suit while being surrounded by his bodyguards who silently tended to his every need. Farouk told her that he liked because her blond hair and large breasts together with her age reminded of his second wife, the teenager Queen Narriman who had blond hair and large breasts. After following Farouk into exile in July 1952, Narriman had returned to Egypt in March 1953. Whenever she went out with the king, his burly Albanian bodyguards were always on hand to seize the cameras from any paparazzi, a task that they performed with much efficiency as they roughed up several paparazzi who tried to take photographs of the king with his latest mistress.

Farouk told her that this was cheaper than having to bribe newspaper editors from publishing any of the photographs the paparazzi might take of him. Sternberg wrote about sex with Farouk: "I'm doing this with the king of twenty million people; this nice fat man was one of the world's symbols of power". She described the king as sexually aggressive, but in common with his other mistresses complained he had an abnormally small penis. Stenberg lived in a Rome apartment with a gay American couple, which enraged the homophobic Farouk as he called her roommates "perverts" once he learned that the two men were more than just friends. In the face of his rage, Stenberg did not dare tell Farouk that she was bi-sexual, fearing that would upset him more. At Farouk's insistence, she moved into the Villa Dusemt that he rented outside of Rome to get her away from her "pervert" gay American friends, she found the Villa Dusmet dark and claustrophobic with the king's Albanian bodyguards imposing tight restrictions on where she could go while outside she always heard the barking of the guard dogs that were set loose on the grounds of the Villa Dusmet.

She found the king's jokes painfully unfunny such as: "Have you heard what one palm tree said to the other? Let's make a date", she tired of Farouk and despite his gift of an expensive diamond bracelet ended the affair. Sternberg told Farouk "I'll miss you and life with you", leading the king to sadly say "Do you think it's something to miss". Sternberg reflected, she became a Swedish author and illustrator. Stenberg was, during the early 1950s, a part of the literary assembly Metamorfosgruppen, she wrote the script for the film Raskenstam. During the Cold War in the 1950s, Stenberg was named secretary of the Swedish department of the Congress for Cultural Freedom and editor for Kulturkontakt, founded by the CIA under the cover name of Ford Foundation. Stenberg's first novel Fritt förfall was refused by Bonnier Group in 1952 due to the novels "lack of literary quality". According to the authour herself, the publishing house was put off by the novels controversial lesbian motive; the novel was published in 2008 by Normal publishers.

Stenberg wrote an autobiographical suit that deals with sex and art making, starting with Kärlek i Europa in 1981 and continuing with Apelsinmannen, Spanska trappan and Alla vilda. In 2009, she argued for the legalization of cannabis during the live studio news show Rapport. Stenberg's first published novel was Mikael och Poeten in 1956; the novel dealt with the Kejne Affair, a topic, further explored in the work Apelsinmannen. She worked at the radio interception at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, as a journalist at the magazine Arbetaren, as an interpreter and local politician for the Left Party. Stenberg lived in Åstol and she was bisexual. In 1974, she married Håkan Lagergren. In 2012, Stenberg remarried Kerstin Bjärkstedt. Stenberg died in Tiveden from hepatic cancer on 23 August 2014. 1999 Aniara Prize 1999 Piraten Prize 2005 Selma Lagerlöf Prize 2005 The bookcircles grand readers award for "Erotic Novels" Children's books about Billy, in collaboration with Mati Lepp Official website Birgitta Stenberg on IMDb

The Bethany Ashram

Bethany Ashram is a monastic order in the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church. It was established by Archbishop Geevarghese Mar Ivanios; the Ashram follows the religious order called Order of the Imitation of Christ, derived from the Catholic devotional book called The Imitation of Christ by Thomas à Kempis. Geevarghese Mar Ivanios, who founded Bethany Ashram, was born on 21 September 1882 at Mavelikara to the'Mallitta' Panikar family, belonging to the Malankara Church, he was given the baptismal name Geevarghese. At the age of 15 he joined M. D. Seminary School for high school studies. On 20 April 1898 he received minor orders and was sent to Madras Christian College for higher studies, there he obtained his master's degree. On 15 September 1908, Geevarghese was ordained priest by Vattasseril Mar Dinoysius. Just after the ordination Fr. P. T. Geevarghese was appointed Principal of M. D. Seminary, Kottayam, he moved to Calcutta in the year 1913, accepting an invitation from Dr. George Howells, the principal of Serampore College to teach there.

He made use of this opportunity to educate the Malankara Youth. About 20 young people from Kerala reached Calcutta for higher education. At Serampore Fr. P. T. Geevarghese got more time for contemplation, he came across the writings of St. Basil on monasticism. Basilian monastic vision had a great influence on him. Besides the visits to the Sabarmati Ashram of Mahatma Gandhi and Santiniketan of Rabindranath Tagore gave him a new vision of Indian Sanyasa; these experiences made him to reflect upon starting an order of missionaries to carry out the task of evangelization in India. The residence of Fr. P. T. Geevarghese and his followers at Serampore became an Ashram, they began to live a sort of religious life according to the monastic rules of St. Basil, adapting them to Indian culture; as he accepted this as his way of life, he resigned from the Serampore College. On his return from Calcutta, Fr. P. T. Geevarghese looked for a location to establish an ashram. One of his friend Advocate E. J. John donated 100 acres of land at Mundanmala, Ranni-Perunadu, Kerala at the meeting place of the rivers Pampa and Kakkatt.

The adjacent area of 300 acres was bought from the Government of Travancore at a rate of 5 rupee per acre using a fund of about 2000 rupee received from his father. The place was thickly filled with thorny herbs. Fr. P. T. Geevarghese and his followers built a small thatched hut made out of the branches of trees and bamboo; this turned to be the first Ashram in Malankara on 15 August 1919. He prayerfully searched for a name for the Ashram and opened the Bible and he got the word "Bethany", he meditated upon it and came to the conclusion that it is an apt name for a religious order which upholds both contemplation and action. The Bethany Ashram became a place of pilgrimage and spiritual experience. Spiritual retreats and discourses were given by Fr. P. T. Geevarghese in the Passion Week. Fr. P. T. Geevarghese envisioned the Ashram being a shelter for the poor and the marginalised. Along with the Ashram he started a house for the orphans. Fr. P. T. Geevarghese founded the Bethany Madhom for religious women in 1925, with the help of the Anglican sisters, entitled Oxford Mission Sisterhood of the Epiphany working at Serampore.

The Malankara Synod decided to ordain Fr. P. T. Geevarghese as the bishop of bethany, he was ordained by Catholicos Baselios Geevarghese I on 1 May 1925. He received the name Geevarghese Mar Ivanios. After the consecration there was a meeting to felicitate Mar Ivanios. In this meeting Mar Ivanios expressed his desire that the church might become one flock under one shepherd. On 20 September 1930 Mar Ivanios along with the suffragan bishop of Bethany, Fr. John Kuzhinapurath OIC, Deacon Alexander Attupurath OIC, Chacko Kiliyileth and most of the members of both the Bethany orders reunited with the Catholic Church establishing the Eastern Catholic sui iuris Syro-Malankara Catholic Church in India; the reunion Movement gained rapid momentum under the leadership of Geevarghese Mar Ivanios. Bethany Ashram website