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The Merry Widow

The Merry Widow is an operetta by the Austro-Hungarian composer Franz Lehár. The librettists, Viktor Léon and Leo Stein, based the story – concerning a rich widow, her countrymen's attempt to keep her money in the principality by finding her the right husband – on an 1861 comedy play, L'attaché d'ambassade by Henri Meilhac; the operetta has enjoyed extraordinary international success since its 1905 premiere in Vienna and continues to be revived and recorded. Film and other adaptations have been made. Well-known music from the score includes the "Vilja Song", "Da geh' ich zu Maxim", the "Merry Widow Waltz". In 1861, Henri Meilhac premiered a comic play in Paris, L'attaché d'ambassade, in which the Parisian ambassador of a poor German grand duchy, Baron Scharpf, schemes to arrange a marriage between his country's richest widow and a Count to keep her money at home, thus preventing economic disaster in the duchy; the play was soon adapted into German as Der Gesandschafts-Attaché and was given several successful productions.

In early 1905, Viennese librettist Leo Stein came across the play and thought it would make a good operetta. He suggested this to one of his writing collaborators, Viktor Léon and to the manager of the Theater an der Wien, eager to produce the piece; the two adapted the play as a libretto and updated the setting to contemporary Paris, expanding the plot to reference an earlier relationship between the widow and the Count, moving the native land from a dour German province to a colourful little Balkan state. In addition, the widow admits to an affair to protect the Baron's wife, the Count's haven is changed to the Parisian restaurant and nightclub Maxim's, they asked Richard Heuberger to compose the music, as he had a previous hit at the Theater an der Wien with a Parisian-themed piece, Der Opernball. He composed a draft of the score, but it was unsatisfactory, he gladly left the project; the theatre's staff next suggested. Lehár had worked with Stein on Der Göttergatte the previous year. Although Léon doubted that Lehár could invoke an authentic Parisian atmosphere, he was soon enchanted by Lehar's first number for the piece, a bubbly galop melody for "Dummer, dummer Reitersmann".

The score of Die Lustige Witwe was finished in a matter of months. The theatre engaged Mizzi Louis Treumann for the leading roles, they had starred as the romantic couple in other operettas in Vienna, including a production of Der Opernball and a previous Léon and Lehár success, Der Rastelbinder. Both stars were so enthusiastic about the piece that they supplemented the theatre's low-budget production by paying for their own lavish costumes. During the rehearsal period, the theatre lost faith in the score and asked Lehár to withdraw it, but he refused; the piece was given little rehearsal time on stage before its premiere. Die Lustige Witwe was first performed at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna on 30 December 1905, with Günther as Hanna, Treumann as Danilo, Siegmund Natzler as Baron Zeta and Annie Wünsch as Valencienne, it was a major success, running for 483 performances. The production was toured in Austria in 1906; the operetta had no overture. The Vienna Philharmonic performed the overture at Lehár's 70th birthday concert in April 1940.

The embassy in Paris of the poverty-stricken Balkan principality of Pontevedro is holding a ball to celebrate the birthday of the sovereign, the Grand Duke. Hanna Glawari, who has inherited twenty million francs from her late husband, is to be a guest at the ball – and the Pontevedrin ambassador, Baron Zeta, is scheming to ensure that she will keep her fortune in the country, saving Pontevedro from bankruptcy; the Baron intends that Count Danilo Danilovitsch, the first secretary of the embassy, should marry the widow. Danilo meets Hanna, it emerges they were in love before her marriage, but his uncle had interrupted their romance because Hanna had had nothing to her name. Though they still love each other, Danilo now refuses to court Hanna for her fortune, Hanna vows that she will not marry him until he says "I love you" – something he claims he will never do. Meanwhile, Baron Zeta's wife Valencienne has been flirting with the French attaché to the embassy, Count Camille de Rosillon, who writes "I love you" on her fan.

Valencienne puts off Camille's advances. However, they lose the incriminating fan, found by embassy counsellor Kromow. Kromow jealously fears that the fan belongs to his own wife and gives it to Baron Zeta. Not recognising it, Baron Zeta decides to return the fan discreetly, in spite of Valencienne's desperate offers to take it "to Olga" herself. On his way to find Olga, the Baron meets Danilo, his diplomatic mission takes precedence over the fan; the Baron orders Danilo to marry Hanna. Danilo offers to eliminate any non-Pontevedrin suitors as a compromise; as the "Ladies' Choice" dance is about to begin, Hanna becomes swarmed with hopeful suitors. Valencienne volunteers Camille to dance with Hanna hoping that the Frenchman will marry her and cease to be a temptation for Valencienne herself. True to his bargain with the Baron, Danilo circulates the ballroom, rounding up ladies to claim dances and thin the crowd around the

Ziyad Baroud

Ziyad Baroud is a Lebanese civil servant and civil society activist. He served as minister of interior and municipalities, considered to be one of the most powerful positions in the country, from 2008 to 2011 for two consecutive cabinets in both Fuad Siniora and Saad Hariri's governments. Baroud is one of the few political personalities, appreciated by both ends of the rivaled Lebanese political clan and thus, subsequently holds good esteem with many of the personas across the complex and contentious Lebanese political spectrum. An attorney by formation and practice, Baroud is an expert on issues of decentralization and electoral law reform, he is known to abstain from engaging in feudal politics, to focus instead on building the Lebanese civil society and Lebanese civil institutions. During his mandate as minister of interior, Baroud was credited for pushing forward a culture of responsibility and openness where he made himself accessible to all Lebanese citizens eager to share complaints and/or opinions, was present in day-to-day activities of his subordinates.

His actions resulted in an unpremeditated cultivation of a attractive public image that he still possesses today. Baroud was credited with overseeing Lebanon's best-managed round of elections to date in 2009, which he orchestrated in one day instead of the conventional four weekends, a record in Lebanese history; this has earned him the First Prize of the prestigious United Nations Public Service Award where Lebanon was ranked first among 400 government administrations from all over the world by the United Nations Public Administration Network. On 26 May 2011, Baroud resigned from office as minister of interior and municipalities in Saad Hariri's government after an inter-party conflict developed between the Internal Security Forces and the Ministry of Telecommunications in Lebanon. Ziyad Baroud has been granted several awards to date, in 2010 he was the recipient of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems Charles T. Manatt Democracy Award, which recognizes extraordinary efforts to advance electoral participation and democratic values.

Baroud is the recipient of the distinction of the French Legion of Honor or Légion d'Honneur, the highest decoration in France, ranking him as Chevalier, of the Grand Cross of the Spanish Order of Civil Merit rewarded for "extraordinary service for the benefit of Spain.” Ziyad Baroud was born on 29 April 1970 in Jeita, Keserwan into Maronite family of Selim and Antoinette. The first of two children and his younger sister Maha were brought up in a middle-class civil household with no political ancestry, where both parents were high school teachers. Baroud completed his high school education at Collège Saint Joseph – Antoura des Pères Lazaristes from which he graduated in 1988, he attended the Faculty of Law at Saint Joseph University in Beirut from which he earned his Master's Degree in Law. He was admitted to the Beirut Bar Association in 1993. From 1993 to 1996, Baroud worked as a trainee lawyer in Beirut in the cabinet of Ibrahim Najjar, who served as minister of justice in the same government as Baroud.

While working in the office of Najjar, Baroud contributed along with a handful of judges and fellow lawyers to the drafting of a legal monthly supplement in An-Nahar "Houqouq Annas" or "People's Rights", the first of its kind, designed to familiarize people with judiciary rights and jargon and promote the implementation and modernization of Lebanese laws with the aim of bringing more justice to society. At the same time, Baroud was pursuing doctoral studies at the University of Paris X in Paris, France, a school that graduated Nicolas Sarkozy and Dominique de Villepin among other influential personalities. Baroud is preparing his doctoral thesis on the subject of "Decentralization in Lebanon after the Taif Agreement", a topic, one of his main subjects of expertise as well as one of the major lobbying points of his political agenda. Baroud held a number of academic posts as lecturer in two prestigious universities in Lebanon: His alma mater Université Saint Joseph and Université Saint-Esprit de Kaslik.

Furthermore, he sits today on the Board of Trustees of Notre Dame University. With time, Baroud became more and more involved in key public actions that took him to the forefront of national, high-profile political activism due to his expertise on many impending national topics, notably electoral law and the constitution. Electoral reform Ziyad Baroud is one of the staunchest and most active experts on electoral law reform in Lebanon. In March 1996, Baroud founded along with other activists the Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections, an independent, nonprofit organization specialized in the study of elections and electoral laws' impact on democracy; the subject of elections and electoral law reform will become another forte of Ziyad Baroud's life and political agenda. In 2004, Baroud was elected Secretary General of LADE to lead a group of more than 1,300 domestic electoral observers during the 2005 elections. In 2006, he was chosen to serve as a board member of the Lebanese chapter of Transparency International.

In 2005–2006, he was commissioned by the Prime Minister of the Republic Fuad Siniora along with eleven others to serve on a blue-ribbon commission headed by Former Minister Fouad Boutros to propose a draft for electoral law reform, this commission came to be familiarly known as the "Boutros Commission". The Boutros Commission In 2005, the new cabinet headed by Prime Minister Fuad Siniora launched an independent c

The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz (novel)

The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz is the fourth novel by Canadian author Mordecai Richler. It was first published in 1959 by André Deutsch adapted to the screen in 1974; the satirical novel is set in poor districts of Montreal, like St. Urbain Street, with mention of wealthier districts, like Westmount and Outremont. Parts of the story take place in the Laurentian Mountains, in the resort town of Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts and surrounding areas; the novel focuses on the young life of a poor Jewish boy raised in Montreal, Quebec. Family, friends and teachers all contribute to Duddy's burgeoning obsession with power and money — desires embodied in the possession of land; as a child, Duddy learns from his grandfather that "a man without land is nobody," and Duddy comes to believe land ownership to be life's ultimate goal and the means by which a man is made into a somebody. Duddy begins to move towards this goal by working for his Uncle Benjy, their relationship is strained: Uncle Benjy, a wealthy clothing manufacturer with socialist sympathies, has always favored Duddy's brother Lennie, who wants to become a doctor.

Uncle Benjy takes a dim view of Duddy's commercial ambitions, seeing them as crass. During the summer after high school, Duddy takes a job as a waiter at a hotel in Ste. Agathe, he stumbles upon a beautiful and secluded lake while out with his soon-to-be lover and "Girl Friday" Yvette. A born entrepreneur, Duddy sees that the lake has tremendous potential as the future site of a summer resort. Duddy returns to Montreal and starts a company to produce bar-mitzvah films. To this end he hires Friar, a blacklisted, avant-garde filmmaker. Since Duddy's childhood, his father, had told him stories about Jerry Dingleman, the local "Boy Wonder" whose rags-to-riches story is canonical among the residents of St. Urbain Street. Looking for help with his film company, Duddy attempts to engage Dingleman; the two travel to New York City, but Duddy fails to secure any assistance from the "Boy Wonder" who sees Duddy as a naive upstart and uses him to ferry a package of heroin across the Canada-U. S. border. On the way back from New York he does, meet Virgil, an amicable and trusting American with a consignment of pinball machines for sale.

Back in Montreal, Duddy rents an apartment and an office for himself and Yvette and, as the plots of land around the lake he's dreaming of possessing go up for sale, his Laurentian land empire grows. After Mr. Friar tries unsuccessfully to seduce the comely Yvette he wordlessly and abandons his work with Duddy. Duddy rebounds by starting a new movie distribution business and hires Virgil as a travelling projectionist. A few months Virgil, an epileptic, experiences a seizure while driving, crashes the vehicle and is subsequently paralyzed from the waist down from his injuries. Yvette, blaming Duddy for the accident, takes Virgil to Ste. Agathe where she cares for him as he recovers. Duddy is left to show the movies seven days a week while still trying to oversee movie production at the same time. Meanwhile, Uncle Benjy finds, he tries to mend fences with Duddy, but Duddy rebuffs his uncle's request that the two see each other more during his final days. Uncle Benjy's death acts as a trigger for Duddy who experiences a nervous breakdown and refuses to leave his room for a week.

Having no communication with the outside world, Duddy loses his clients, is thus forced to declare bankruptcy and to give all his possessions over to the state. After Duddy recovers from his nervous breakdown, he invites Yvette and Virgil to move with him into his uncle's mansion, left to Duddy as an inheritance on the condition that the house not be rented out or sold; when Duddy hears of the last bit of land around the lake he's dreaming of possessing going up for sale, he exhausts his few remaining contacts for money but still comes up short. Pressed for time and desperate to claim the last piece of his empire knowing Dingleman has expressed interest in the land and has the money for it, Duddy resorts to forging a cheque from Virgil's chequebook to acquire the outstanding money. Yvette finds out and tells Duddy's grandfather, embarrassed and unhappy with the way Duddy has obtained the land; this theft prompts Yvette and Virgil to move out of the mansion and forbid Duddy to see them again.

In the end, Duddy has no friend left. But back in the Montreal St. Urbain Street joint where his taxi-driving and pimping father spends most of his time, entertaining regulars with stories involving the Boy Wonder, someone somehow recognizes Duddy as the guy who's acquired all of the land surrounding the dreamful lake in the Laurentians, when Duddy, ordering servings for everyone while he has no cash left to pay for any, gestures to his father, he is answered by the patron, "That's all right, sir. We'll mark it." He has made it. He's become a "somebody", he grabs his father Max, spins him around, repeating, "you see." The Kravitz Family Simcha Kravitz – Duddy's grandfather. Throughout Duddy's childhood he is close to his grandfather, it is Simcha who sparks Duddy's drive for land ownership when he tells young Duddy that "a man without land is nobody." Duddy purchases land with his grandfather in mind, intent on giving him a farm and the best retirement his money can buy. Benjamin & Ida Kravitz – Duddy's aunt and uncle.

A childless couple with a strained relationship, Uncle Benjy takes to Duddy's older brother, providing him with funding for university. Uncle Benjy's attitude towards Duddy

Versailles, Kentucky

Versailles is a home rule-class city in Woodford County, United States. Versailles lies 13 driving miles directly to the east of Lexington and is part of the Lexington-Fayette Metropolitan Statistical Area; the city has a current population of 9,316 according 2017 census estimates.. It is the county seat of Woodford County; the city's name is pronounced vər-SAYLZ, not like the French city of the same name. Versailles was founded on June 23, 1792, on 80 acres of land owned by Hezekiah Briscoe, at the time only a child, his guardian, Major Marquis Calmes, named the town after Versailles, France, in honor of General Lafayette, a family friend. In the Bluegrass Region of Kentucky, which became known for its thoroughbred horses and other livestock, the city was incorporated on February 13, 1837, it was occupied during the American Civil War by both Confederate and Union forces. In the Inner Bluegrass Region, the area is a center for horse breeding and training, for thoroughbred and standardbred racehorses, saddlebred pleasure horses.

Thoroughbred farms include Woodburn Stud Lane's End Farm WinStar Farm Brookdale Farm River Mountain FarmStandardbred farms include Brittany Farms. Lenore Farms is for Saddlebred horses; the Woodford Reserve Distillery, a station on the Bourbon Trail, is located here. Most of the small-town scenes in the movie Elizabethtown locations were filmed here. Versailles was the setting of the movie Dreamer: Inspired by a True Story; the cemetery scene in the film, Secretariat about one of Kentucky's major horses, was filmed at Pisgah Pike Church. The Flim-Flam Man was filmed at several locations of them; the opening sequence was filmed at Paynes Depot and a car chase was filmed on Clifton Rd. Flim-Flam Man filming locations According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.8 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,511 people, 3,160 households, 2,110 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,668.7 per square mile. There were 3,330 housing units at an average density of 1,183.2 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the city was 96.18% White, 0.67% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.34% from other races, 1.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.29% of the population. There were 3,160 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.89. 23.2% of the population was under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was US $35,052, the median income for a family was $41,567.

Males had a median income of $31,056 versus $24,488 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,489. About 11.1% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over. Versailles has a branch of the Woodford County Public Library. Joseph Clay Stiles Blackburn, U. S. Congressman, U. S. Senator Ben Chandler, Kentucky Attorney General and U. S. Congressman Happy Chandler, Kentucky Governor, U. S. senator and Commissioner of Baseball Martha Layne Collins, Kentucky Governor John Conlee, Country music singer John J. Crittenden, Kentucky Governor, U. S. Congressman, Attorney General George Cruikshank and editor of the Birmingham Ledger William Stamps Farish IV, Owner of Lane's End Farm Randall L. Gibson, politician born here, elected as US Representative and Senator from Louisiana, serving from 1875 to 1892 Field Harris, USMC General who served during World War II and the Korean War Virginia Cary Hudson, American writer Shaun King, activist.

General during the American Revolution and fourth Governor of Kentucky William Shatner and Saddlebred owner Sturgill Simpson and songwriter Kenny Troutt, owner of Excel Communications and Winstar Farm Henry Ward, Kentucky Commissioner of Highways and Commissioner of State Parks Ernest E. West, raised in a Versailles orphanage, became a US Army soldier and was awarded the Medal of Honor Chamber & Tourist Information Center Website Official site Community Website

USS St. Sebastian (SP-470)

USS St. Sebastian was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1919. St. Sebastian was built as a private motorboat of the same name by Captain R. D. Hardee at St. Sebastian, Florida. On 25 June 1917, the U. S. Navy acquired her from her owner, J. W. Taylor of Marathon, for use as a section patrol vessel during World War I, she was commissioned as USS St. Sebastian on 9 August 1917. St. Sebastian operated on patrol duty in Florida waters for the rest of World War I and into early 1919, she was out of commission and awaiting sale when she became one of several section patrol boats destroyed at Key West, Florida, on 9 September 1919 by the Florida Keys Hurricane. Sources vary as to, it may have occurred on 24 April 1919 in advance of her being put up for sale or on 4 October 1919 after her destruction. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. Department of the Navy Naval History and Heritage Command Online Library of Selected Images: U.

S. Navy Ships: USS Saint Sebastian, 1917–1919; the civilian motor boat St. Sebastian. NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive: St. Sebastian

Point Pleasant Historic District (Point Pleasant, Pennsylvania)

Point Pleasant Historic District is a national historic district located in Point Pleasant, Plumstead Township and Tinicum Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. The district includes 74 contributing buildings and 4 contributing structures in the riverfront and resort village of Point Pleasant, they include a variety of residential and institutional buildings. The buildings are predominantly 2 1/2-story and frame, gable roofed structures reflective of vernacular Greek Revival and Bungalow/craftsman styles. Notable buildings include "The Brambles," Thomas Schwartz House, Stover Mansion, Point Pleasant School, Baptist Church, Point Pleasant Hotel, Jacob Sutters Hotel, Waterman's Inn, the Stover Grist and Saw Mill; the contributing structures are four bridges. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1989. Tattersall Inn at the Stover Mansion website