A lease is a contractual arrangement calling for the lessee to pay the lessor for use of an asset. Property and vehicles are common assets that are leased. Industrial or business equipment is leased. Broadly put, a lease agreement is a contract between the lessor and the lessee; the lessor is the legal owner of the asset. The lessee agrees to abide by various conditions regarding their use of the property or equipment. For example, a person leasing a car may agree; the narrower term rental agreement can be used to describe a lease in which the asset is tangible property. Language used is that the user rents goods let out or rented out by the owner; the verb to lease is less precise. Examples of a lease for intangible property are use of a computer program, or use of a radio frequency; the term rental agreement is sometimes used to describe a periodic lease agreement internationally and in some regions of the United States. A lease is a legal contract, thus enforceable by all parties under the contract law of the applicable jurisdiction.
In the United States, since it represents a conveyance of possessory rights to real estate, it is a hybrid sort of contract that involves qualities of a deed. Some specific kinds of leases may have specific clauses required by statute depending upon the property being leased, and/or the jurisdiction in which the agreement was signed or the residence of the parties. Common elements of a lease agreement include: Names of the parties of the agreement; the starting date and duration of the agreement. Identifies the specific object being leased. Provides conditions for renewal or non-renewal. Has a specific consideration for granting the use of this object. Has provisions for a security deposit and terms for its return. May have a specific list of conditions which are therein described as Default Conditions and specific Remedies. May have other specific conditions placed upon the parties such as: Need to provide insurance for loss. Restrictive use. Which party is responsible for maintenance. Termination clause All kinds of personal property or real property may be leased.
As a result of the lease, the owner grants the use of the stated property to the lessee. The narrower term ` tenancy' describes a lease. A premium is an amount paid by the tenant for the lease to be granted or to secure the former tenant's lease in order to secure a low rent, in long leases termed a ground rent. For parts of buildings it is most common for users to pay by collateral contract, or by the same contract, a service charge, an express list of services in a lease to minimize disputes over service charges. A gross lease or tenancy stipulates a rent, for the global amount due including all service charges. A cancelable lease is a lease that may be terminated by the lessee or by the lessor without penalty. A mutually determinable lease can be determined by either. A non-cancelable lease is a lease. “lease” may imply a non-cancelable lease, whereas “rental agreement” may connote a cancelable lease. Influenced by land registration tenancies granted for more than a year are referred to more as leases.
The lease will either provide specific provisions regarding the responsibilities and rights of the lessee and lessor, or there will be automatic provisions as a result of local law. In general, by paying the negotiated fee to the lessor, the lessee has possession and use of the leased property to the exclusion of the lessor and all others except with the invitation of the tenant; the most common form of real property lease is a residential rental agreement between landlord and tenant. As the relationship between the tenant and the landlord is called a tenancy, this term is used for informal and shorter leases; the right to possession by the tenant is sometimes called a leasehold interest. A lease can be for a fixed period of time. A lease may be terminated sooner than its end date by: Break/cancellation A negotiated deed of surrender or yielding-up. Forfeiture By operation of statute A lease should be contrasted with a license, which may entitle a person to use property, but, subject to termination at the will of the owner of the property.
An example of a licensor/licensee relationship is a parking lot owner and a person who parks a vehicle in the parking lot. A license may be seen in the form of a ticket to a baseball game or a verbal permission to sleep a few days on a sofa; the difference is that if there is a term, a degree of privacy suggestive of exclusive possession of a defined part, practised ongoing, recurrent payments, a lack of right to terminate save for misconduct or nonpayment, these factors tend toward a lease.
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
George Cooper Stevens was an American film director, producer and cinematographer. Among his most notable films are A Place in the Sun, Shane and The Diary of Anne Frank, he was born in Oakland, the son of Landers Stevens and Georgie Cooper, both stage actors. His uncle was drama critic Ashton Stevens, he had two brothers and writer Aston Stevens. He learned about the stage from his parents and worked and toured with them on his path to filmmaking, he broke into the movie business as a cameraman, working on many Laurel and Hardy short films, such as Night Owls. His first feature film was The Cohens and Kellys in Trouble in 1933. In 1934 he got the slapstick Kentucky Kernels, his big break came when he directed Katharine Hepburn in Alice Adams in 1935. He went on in the late 1930s to direct several Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire movies, not only with the two actors together, but on their own. In 1940, he directed Carole Lombard in Vigil in the Night, the film has an alternative ending for European audiences in recognition of World War II, which at the time the U.
S. had not yet entered. During World War II, Stevens joined the U. S. Army Signal headed a film unit from 1943 to 1946, under General Eisenhower, his unit shot footage documenting D-Day—including the only Allied European Front color film of the war—the liberation of Paris and the meeting of American and Soviet forces at the Elbe River, as well as horrific scenes from the Duben labor camp and the Dachau concentration camp. Stevens helped prepare the Duben and Dachau footage and other material for presentation during the Nuremberg Trials. In 2008, his footage was entered into the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as an "essential visual record" of World War II. One result of his World War II experiences was; the motion picture I Remember Mama from 1948 was the last movie. He was responsible for such classic films as A Place in the Sun, The Diary of Anne Frank and The Greatest Story Ever Told, he ended his directing career with the 1970 film The Only Game in Town with Warren Beatty and Elizabeth Taylor.
In the same year, he was head of the jury at the 20th Berlin International Film Festival. In 1973 he was a member of the jury at the 8th Moscow International Film Festival. Stevens was the father of television and film writer-producer-director George Stevens, Jr. the first CEO and director of the American Film Institute. George Jr. produced and directed the documentary about his father George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey in 1984 and is the father of Stevens's grandson Michael Stevens a television and film producer-director. Stevens died following a heart attack on March 8, 1975, on his ranch in Lancaster, north of Los Angeles, he is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in the Hollywood Hills of Los Angeles. As a lieutenant colonel in the United States Army, Stevens headed the U. S. Army Signal Corps unit that filmed the Normandy landings and the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp. For these contributions, he was awarded the Legion of Merit. Stevens has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1701 Vine Street.
He won the Academy Award for Best Director twice, in 1951 for A Place in the Sun and in 1956 for Giant. He was nominated in 1943 for The More the Merrier, in 1954 for Shane, in 1959 for The Diary of Anne Frank; the moving image collection of George Stevens is held at the Academy Film Archive. The film material at the Academy Film Archive is complemented by material in the George Stevens papers at the Academy's Margaret Herrick Library. Cronin, Paul: George Stevens: Interviews. Jackson, MI, University Press of Mississippi, 2004. ISBN 1-57806-639-5 Moss, Marilyn Ann: Giant: George Stevens, a Life on Film. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin Press, 2004. ISBN 0-299-20430-8 Petri, Bruce: A Theory of American Film: The Films and Techniques of George Stevens. New York, Taylor & Francis, 1987. ISBN 0-8240-0070-6 Richie, Donald: George Stevens: An American Romantic. New York, Taylor & Francis, 1984. ISBN 0-8240-5773-2 George Stevens on IMDb George Stevens: Movie Movie George Stevens papers, Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. is an American film studio, production company and film distributor, a member of the Sony Pictures Motion Picture Group, a division of Sony Entertainment's Sony Pictures subsidiary of the Japanese multinational conglomerate Sony Corporation. What would become Columbia Pictures, CBC Film Sales Corporation, was founded on June 19, 1918 by Harry Cohn, his brother Jack Cohn, Joe Brandt, it went public two years later. In its early years, it was a minor player in Hollywood, but began to grow in the late 1920s, spurred by a successful association with director Frank Capra. With Capra and others, Columbia became one of the primary homes of the screwball comedy. In the 1930s, Columbia's major contract stars were Cary Grant. In the 1940s, Rita Hayworth became the studio's premier star and propelled their fortunes into the late 1950s. Rosalind Russell, Glenn Ford, William Holden became major stars at the studio, it is one of the leading film studios in the world and is a member of the "Big Five" major American film studios.
It was one of the so-called "Little Three" among the eight major film studios of Hollywood's Golden Age. Today, it has become the world's fifth largest major film studio; the studio was founded on June 19, 1918 as Cohn-Brandt-Cohn Film Sales by brothers Jack and Harry Cohn and Jack's best friend Joe Brandt, released its first feature film in August 1922. Brandt was president of CBC Film Sales, handling sales and distribution from New York along with Jack Cohn, while Harry Cohn ran production in Hollywood; the studio's early productions were low-budget short subjects: "Screen Snapshots", the "Hall Room Boys", the Chaplin imitator Billy West. The start-up CBC leased space in a Poverty Row studio on Hollywood's famously low-rent Gower Street. Among Hollywood's elite, the studio's small-time reputation led some to joke that "CBC" stood for "Corned Beef and Cabbage". Brandt tired of dealing with the Cohn brothers, in 1932 sold his one-third stake to Harry Cohn, who took over as president. In an effort to improve its image, the Cohn brothers renamed the company Columbia Pictures Corporation on January 10, 1924.
Cohn remained head of production as well. He would run one of the longest tenures of any studio chief. In an industry rife with nepotism, Columbia was notorious for having a number of Harry and Jack's relatives in high positions. Humorist Robert Benchley called it the Pine Tree Studio, "because it has so many Cohns". Columbia's product line consisted of moderately budgeted features and short subjects including comedies, sports films, various serials, cartoons. Columbia moved into the production of higher-budget fare joining the second tier of Hollywood studios along with United Artists and Universal. Like United Artists and Universal, Columbia was a horizontally integrated company, it controlled distribution. Helping Columbia's climb was the arrival of Frank Capra. Between 1927 and 1939, Capra pushed Cohn for better material and bigger budgets. A string of hits he directed in the early and mid 1930s solidified Columbia's status as a major studio. In particular, It Happened; until Columbia's existence had depended on theater owners willing to take its films, since as mentioned above it didn't have a theater network of its own.
Other Capra-directed hits followed, including the original version of Lost Horizon, with Ronald Colman, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, which made James Stewart a major star. In 1933, Columbia hired Robert Kalloch to be women's costume designer, he was the first contract costume designer hired by the studio, he established the studio's wardrobe department. Kalloch's employment, in turn, convinced leading actresses that Columbia Pictures intended to invest in their careers. In 1938, the addition of B. B. Kahane as Vice President would produce Charles Vidor's Those High Gray Walls, The Lady in Question, the first joint film of Rita Hayworth and Glenn Ford. Kahane would become the President of Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1959, until his death a year later. Columbia could not afford to keep a huge roster of contract stars, so Cohn borrowed them from other studios. At Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the industry's most prestigious studio, Columbia was nicknamed "Siberia", as Louis B. Mayer would use the loan out to Columbia as a way to punish his less-obedient signings.
In the 1930s, Columbia signed Jean Arthur to a long-term contract, after The Whole Town's Talking, Arthur became a major comedy star. Ann Sothern's career was launched when Columbia signed her to a contract in 1936. Cary Grant signed a contract in 1937 and soon after it was altered to a non-exclusive contract shared with RKO. Many theaters relied on westerns to attract big weekend audiences, Columbia always recognized this market, its first cowboy star was Buck Jones, who signed with Columbia in 1930 for a fraction of his former big-studio salary. Over the next two decades Columbia released scores of outdoor adventures with Jones, Tim McCoy, Ken Maynard, Jack Luden, Bob Allen, Russell Hayden, Tex Ritter, Ken Curtis, Gene Autry. Columbia's most popular cowboy was Charles Starrett, who signed with Columbia in 193
Frank Sully was an American film actor. He appeared in over 240 films between 1934 and 1968. Sully was cast as a heavy or villain throughout his career. Modern viewers will recognize Sully in his appearances in several late Three Stooges films such as Fling in the Ring, Pardon My Backfire and Guns a Poppin. In comedy his most memorable role was as the bewildered waiter who thinks he is seeing triple in the Stooges' A Merry Mix Up. Sully is remembered as one of the Joad family members'Noah Joad', whose family treks across country for a new life, in the 1940 classic John Ford film The Grapes of Wrath. In addition to his film work, Sully had bit parts in several television shows. Credits include Maverick, The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, Leave It to Beaver, I Love Lucy and The Beverly Hillbillies and "Charley" on Topper. Sully had a recurring role as "Danny," the bartender, on The Virginian. Frank Sully died on December 17, 1975, he is buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park in California. Frank Sully on IMDb Frank Sully at Find a Grave
Garson Kanin was an American writer and director of plays and films. Garson Kanin began his show business career as a jazz musician, burlesque comedian, actor, he graduated from the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City and made his Broadway debut in Little Ol' Boy. In 1935, Kanin soon became Abbott's assistant. Kanin made his Broadway debut as a director in 1936, at the age of twenty-four, with Hitch Your Wagon. In 1945, Kanin directed Spencer Tracy in Tracy's first play in 15 years. Tracy had been through a dark patch personally—culminating with a stay in hospital—and Katharine Hepburn felt that a play would help restore his focus. Tracy told a journalist in April, "I'm coming back to Broadway to see if I can still act." The play was The Rugged Path by Robert E. Sherwood, which first previewed in Providence, Rhode Island on September 28, to a sold-out crowd and tepid response; the Rugged Path was a difficult production, with Kanin writing, "In the ten days prior to the New York opening all the important relationships had deteriorated.
Spencer was tense and unbending, could not, or would not, take direction". Tracy considered leaving the show before it opened on Broadway, lasted there just six weeks before announcing his intention to close the show, it closed on January 1946, after 81 performances. Tracy explained to a friend: "I couldn't say those goddamn lines over and over and over again every night... At least every day is a new day for me in films... But this thing—every day, every day and over again."Kanin's 1946 play Born Yesterday, which he directed, ran for 1,642 performances. Kanin worked, uncredited, on the screenplay of the 1950 film adaptation, his other stage work includes directing The Diary of Anne Frank, which ran for 717 performances, the musical Funny Girl, which ran for 1,348 performances. Kanin wrote and directed his last play, Peccadillo, in 1985, the same year he was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame, his first film as a director was A Man to Remember, which The New York Times considered one of the ten best films of 1938.
Kanin was twenty-six at the time. Other directing credits include The Great Man Votes, My Favorite Wife, They Knew What They Wanted and Tom and Harry. Kanin's Hollywood career was interrupted by the draft, he served in the United States Army from 1941 to 1945. During this time Kanin, with Carol Reed, co-directed General Dwight D. Eisenhower's official record of the Allied Invasion, the Academy-award-winning documentary The True Glory. During this time, he began writing. Kanin's best-remembered screenplays, were written in collaboration with his wife, actress Ruth Gordon, whom he married in 1942. Together, they wrote the Spencer Tracy/Katharine Hepburn film comedies Adam's Rib and Pat and Mike, as well as A Double Life, starring Ronald Colman, all directed by George Cukor. In the 1950s through the 1980s, Kanin adapted several of his stories and plays for television, most notably Mr. Broadway, Moviola. Kanin's best-selling novel Smash, about the pre-Broadway tryout of a musical comedy, has been adapted into the television series Smash.
He was a colleague of Thornton Wilder, who mentored him, an admirer of the work of Frank Capra. Kanin said "I'd rather be Capra than God, if there is a Capra." Kanin and Katharine Hepburn were the only witnesses to Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh's wedding in California on August 31, 1940. In 1941, he and Katharine Hepburn worked with his brother Michael Kanin and Ring Lardner, Jr. on the early drafts of what would become Woman of the Year right before Garson enlisted in the army. He is quoted as saying, "When your work speaks for itself, don't interrupt." His most famous quote, from his hit play "Born Yesterday," is on a New York City Public Library plaque on a 41st Street sidewalk: "I want everyone to be smart. As smart as they can be. A world of ignorant people is too dangerous to live in." The Academy Film Archive "Salut a La France" by Garson Kanin. Kanin was married to his frequent collaborator, Academy-award-winning actress Ruth Gordon, from 1942 to her death in 1985. In 1990, Kanin married the celebrated stage actress Marian Seldes.
In 1999, Kanin died at age 86 in Manhattan of undisclosed causes. Kanin was Jewish. Remembering Mr. Maugham, with an introduction by Noël Coward, 1966. Hollywood: Stars and Starlets, Moviemakers, Hopefuls, Great Lovers. New York: Viking, 1967. Tracy and Hepburn: An Intimate Memoir. New York: Viking, 1971. Novels Blow Up a Storm Do Re Mi Moviola Smash The Rat Race Where It's At A Thousand SunsPlays Born Yesterday The Smile of the World The Rat Race The Live Wire Come on StrongMusicals Fledermaus Do Re Mi A Man to Remember - director Next Time I Marry - director The Great Man Votes - director Bachelor Mother - director They Knew What They Wanted - director My Favorite Wife - director Tom and Harry - director The More the Merrier - writer The True Glory - director From This Day Forward - writer A Double Life - writer Adam's Rib - writer Pat and Mike - writer The Marrying Kind - writer It Should Happen to You - writer The Girl Can't Help It - original story High Time - original story The Rat Race - writer Some Kind of a Nut - writer, director Where It's At - writer, director Curtis, James.
Spencer Tracy: A Biography. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 0-09-178524-3. Garson Kanin on IMDb Garson Kanin at the Internet Bro