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The Nation

The Nation is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, covering progressive political and cultural news and analysis. It was founded on July 6, 1865, as a successor to William Lloyd Garrison's The Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper that closed in 1865, after ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution. Now that the specific, urgent problem of slavery had been ended, one could proceed to a broader topic, The Nation. An important collaborator of the new magazine was its Literary Editor Wendell Phillips Garrison, son of William, he had at his disposal his father's vast network of contacts. The Nation is published by its namesake owner, The Nation Company, L. P. at 33 Irving Place, New York, New York 10003, is associated with The Nation Institute. The Nation has news bureaus in Washington, D. C. London, South Africa, with departments covering architecture, corporations, environment, legal affairs, music and disarmament, the United Nations. Circulation peaked at 187,000 in 2006 but by 2010 had dropped to 145,000 in print, although digital subscriptions had risen to over 15,000.

The Nation was established in July 1865 at 130 Nassau Street in Manhattan. Its founding coincided with the closure of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator in 1865, after slavery was abolished by the Thirteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution. Edwin Lawrence Godkin, considering starting such a magazine for some time, agreed and so became the first editor of The Nation. Wendell Phillips Garrison, son of The Liberator's editor/publisher William Lloyd Garrison, was Literary Editor from 1865 to 1906, its founding publisher was Joseph H. Richards. Godkin sought to establish what one sympathetic commentator characterized as "an organ of opinion characterized in its utterance by breadth and deliberation, an organ which should identify itself with causes, which should give its support to parties as representative of these causes."In its "founding prospectus" the magazine wrote that the publication would have "seven main objects" with the first being "discussion of the topics of the day, above all, of legal and constitutional questions, with greater accuracy and moderation than are now to be found in the daily press."

The Nation pledged to "not be the organ of any party, sect or body" but rather to "make an earnest effort to bring to discussion of political and social questions a critical spirit, to wage war upon the vices of violence and misrepresentation by which so much of the political writing of the day is marred."In the first year of publication, one of the magazine's regular features was The South As It Is, dispatches from a tour of the war-torn region by John Richard Dennett, a recent Harvard graduate and a veteran of the Port Royal Experiment. Dennett interviewed Confederate veterans, freed slaves, agents of the Freedmen's Bureau, ordinary people he met by the side of the road; the articles, since collected as a book, have been praised by The New York Times as "examples of masterly journalism."Among the causes supported by the publication in its earliest days was civil service reform—moving the basis of government employment from a political patronage system to a professional bureaucracy based upon meritocracy.

The Nation was preoccupied with the reestablishment of a sound national currency in the years after the American Civil War, arguing that a stable currency was necessary to restore the economic stability of the nation. Related to this was the publication's advocacy of the elimination of protective tariffs in favor of lower prices of consumer goods associated with a free trade system; the magazine would stay at Newspaper Row for 90 years. In 1881, newspaperman-turned-railroad-baron Henry Villard acquired The Nation and converted it into a weekly literary supplement for his daily newspaper the New York Evening Post; the offices of the magazine were moved to the Evening Post's headquarters at 210 Broadway. The New York Evening Post would morph into a tabloid, the New York Post, a left-leaning afternoon tabloid, under owner Dorothy Schiff from 1939 to 1976. Since it has been a conservative tabloid owned by Rupert Murdoch, while The Nation became known for its far left ideology. In 1900, Henry Villard's son, Oswald Garrison Villard, inherited the magazine and the Evening Post, sold off the latter in 1918.

Thereafter, he remade The Nation into a current affairs publication and gave it an anti-classical liberal orientation. Oswald Villard welcomed the New Deal and supported the nationalization of industries – thus reversing the meaning of "liberalism" as the founders of The Nation would have understood the term, from a belief in a smaller and more restricted government to a belief in a larger and less restricted government. Villard sold the magazine in 1935. Maurice Wertheim, the new owner, sold it in 1937 to Freda Kirchwey, who served as editor from 1933 to 1955; every editor of The Nation from Villard's time to the 1970s was looked at for "subversive" activities and ties. When Albert Jay Nock, not long afterward, published a column criticizing Samuel Gompers and trade unions for being complicit in the war machine of the First World War, The Nation was suspended from the U. S. mail. During the 1930s, The Nation showed enthusiastic support for the New Deal; the magazine's financial problems in the early 1940s prompted Kirchwey to sell her individual ownership of t

1896 Manila mutiny

The 1896 Manila mutiny was a short uprising in a military installation in Manila, the capital and seat of the Spanish colonial Government in the Philippines. The skirmish was the only recorded incident of rebellion during the revolution that happened within the walls of Manila. After the failed uprising by Andrés Bonifacio earlier in August, the Spanish government concentrated the majority of the Spanish-Native army in Manila against Bonifacio and his men, after a week of fighting, the Spanish army had contained Bonifacio's campaign to mere hit-and-run raids on the hill towns of Montalban; the uprising in the surrounding provinces Cavite had caught the Spaniards' attention. In November, 1896, Gov. General Ramon Blanco ordered a major offensive to stop the revolution in Cavite; the attack failed to dent the province, now under rebel control. After the battle, a period of peace where townsfolk from all over southern Luzon escaped to Cavite, came to be known as "Ang Panahon ng Tagalog" or the Tagalog era.

On the night of 5 December 1896, Corporal Cabrera De los Reyes and Bugler Protasio Añonuevo led the native conscripts from the 2nd Company of the 69th Regiment "Iberia" to attack their Spanish officers and capture the military installations around the walled city. However, due to poor planning, the mutineers were overpowered and De los Reyes and Añonuevo along with five of their men were captured. Actual fighting lasted an hour and the remaining mutineers surrendered themselves to the Spaniards; the motives of the mutiny are unclear, though it is said to have been inspired by the various uprisings across Luzon that of Cavite, none of the members of the regiment were suspected of being Katipuneros and they were inspired to rise up for freedom by the said uprisings. The two leaders of the mutineers and five of their men were brought to court for rebellion and mutiny and were executed in Bagumbayan field on 26 December 1896; the rebellion was even notable to Manila society, it being only a small skirmish by native troops.

The mutineers were the first of countless executions at Bagumabayan, the most famous of, that of Dr. Jose Rizal, who became a national hero of the Philippines. A question of Heroes Timeline of the Philippine revolution

Miami Valley Conference

The Miami Valley Conference, or MVC, is an athletic conference within the Ohio High School Athletic Association consisting of ten member teams from the Greater Cincinnati area. The following schools are current members of the MVC: Note: Cincinnati Christian and Seven Hills do not sponsor football On May 7, 2018 Purcell Marian and Roger Bacon were voted into the MVC for football only; the conference will use unbalanced divisions, five schools in the Scarlet Division and eight in the Gray Division. The Scarlet schools will play their league games in weeks 6 to 10; the Gray league slate will cover weeks 4 to 10. Scarlet Division Cincinnati Hills Christian Academy Norwood Purcell Marian Roger Bacon Summit Country DayGray Division Cincinnati College Prep Cincinnati Country Day Clark Montessori Lockland Miami Valley Christian Academy New Miami North College Hill St. Bernard Cincinnati Country Day School website Cincinnati Christian School website CHCA website Lockland HS website North College Hill website New Miami HS website Seven Hills website St. Bernard website Summit website Clark Montessori website