People Places
History Art

The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians

The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians. Along with the German-language Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, it is one of the largest reference works on western music. Published under the title A Dictionary of Music and Musicians, as Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, it has gone through several editions since the 19th century and is used. In recent years it has been made available as an electronic resource called Grove Music Online, now an important part of Oxford Music Online. A Dictionary of Music and Musicians was first published in London by Macmillan and Co. in four volumes edited by George Grove with an Appendix edited by J. A. Fuller Maitland in the fourth volume. An Index edited by Mrs. E. Wodehouse was issued as a separate volume in 1890. In 1900, minor corrections were made to the plates and the entire series was reissued in four volumes, with the index added to volume 4; the original edition and the reprint are now available online.

Grove limited the chronological span of his work to begin at 1450. The second edition, in five volumes, was edited by Fuller Maitland and published from 1904 to 1910, this time as Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians; the individual volumes of the second edition were reprinted many times. An American Supplement edited by Waldo Selden Pratt and Charles N. Boyd was published in 1920 in Philadelphia by Theodore Presser; this edition removed the first edition's beginning date of 1450, though important earlier composers and theorists are still missing from this edition. These volumes are now available online; the third edition in five volumes, was an extensive revision of the 2nd edition. Colles and published in 1927; the 3rd edition was reprinted several times. An American Supplement was published in the U. S. in 1927, later reprinted separately. An extra-large Supplementary Volume edited by Colles was published in 1940 and called the fourth edition. A reprint of the 3rd edition with some corrections, was released at the same time.

The five-volume 3rd edition, with the Supplementary Volume as volume 6, the American Supplement of the 3rd edition as volume 7, were reprinted together as a set in 1945. The fifth edition, in nine volumes, was edited by Eric Blom and published in 1954; this was the most thoroughgoing revision of the work since its inception, with many articles rewritten in a more modern style and a large number of new articles. Many of the articles were written by Blom or translated by him. An additional Supplementary Volume prepared by Eric Blom and completed by Denis Stevens after Blom's death in 1959, was issued in 1961; the fifth edition was reprinted in 1966, 1968, 1970, 1973, 1975, each time with numerous corrections and other small changes. The next edition was published in 1980 under the name The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians and was expanded to 20 volumes with 22,500 articles and 16,500 biographies, its senior editor was Stanley Sadie with Nigel Fortune serving as one of the main editors for the publication.

It was reprinted with minor corrections each subsequent year until 1995, except 1982 and 1983. In the mid-1990s, the hardback set sold for about $2,300. A paperback edition was reprinted in 1995 which sold for $500. ISBN 0-333-23111-2 – hardback ISBN 1-56159-174-2 – paperback ISBN 0-333-73250-2 – British special edition ISBN 1-56159-229-3 – American special edition Some sections of The New Grove were issued as small sets and individual books on particular topics; these were enhanced with expanded and updated material and included individual and grouped composer biographies, a four-volume dictionary of American music, a three-volume dictionary of musical instruments, a four-volume dictionary of opera. And a volume on women composers; the second edition under this title was published in 29 volumes. It was made available by subscription on the internet in a service called Grove Music Online, it was again edited by Stanley Sadie, the executive editor was John Tyrrell. It was to be released on CD-ROM as well, but this plan was dropped.

As Sadie writes in the preface, "The biggest single expansion in the present edition has been in the coverage of 20th-century composers". This edition has been subject to negative criticism owing to the significant number of typographical and factual errors that it contains. Two volumes were re-issued in corrected versions, after production errors caused the omission of sections of Igor Stravinsky's worklist and Richard Wagner's bibliography. ISBN 0-333-60800-3 – British ISBN 1-56159-239-0 – American Publication of the second edition of The New Grove was accompanied by a Web-based version, Grove Music Online, it too, attracted some initial criticism, for example for the way in which images were not incorporated into the text but kept separate. The complete text of The New Grove is available to subscribers to the online service Grove Music Online. Grove Music Online includes a large number of additions of new articles. In addition to the 29 volumes of The New Grove second edition, Grove Music Online incorporates the four-volume New Grove Dictionary of Opera and the three-volume New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, second edition, The Grove Dictionary of American Music and The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments, comprising a total of more than 50,000 articles.

The current editor-in-chief of Grove Music, the name given to

Les Parrott

Les Parrott, Ph. D. is a bestselling author, a professor of psychology at Northwest University, an ordained Nazarene minister, creator of the SYMBIS Assessment, founder of the Parrott Institute for Healthy Relationships at Olivet Nazarene University. Parrot is the son of A. Leslie Parrot Jr. Parrott obtained a Bachelor's degree from Olivet Nazarene University in 1984, a Master's degree in theology, followed by a Doctorate in clinical psychology from Fuller Theological Seminary. Parrot is a fellow in medical psychology at the University of Washington School of Medicine. In 1991, Parrott and his wife, Leslie a psychologist, founded the Center for Relationship Development on the campus of Seattle Pacific University. Parrott taught psychology and relationship development classes with his wife for 27 years at SPU. In 2016, he became a professor at Northwest University in Kirkland and founded the Center for Healthy Relationships at Olivet Nazarene University outside of Chicago. Les and Leslie are co-creators of the marriage matching function of eHarmony.

Parrott emphasizes the need to not be overly dependent in a relationship. He uses the analogy of the popular movie calling a common problem The Jerry Maguire syndrome. Parrott says: "If you believe somebody else can complete you, you are setting yourself up for serious heartbreak. People think: "This person is going to complete me", but the truth is, nobody can do that, nobody's going to make up for everything you lack". Parrott has been part of the on-site support teams for worldwide disasters, including the Chernobyl disaster, the September 11, 2001 attacks, has been called on to counsel Marines returning from Iraq. In addition, along with his wife, was appointed as the first Marriage Ambassadors for the State of Oklahoma in an effort to reduce the divorce rate across the state. Parrott has been part of a White House mental health commission. Parrott, along with his wife, founded. SYMBIS stands for Saving Your Marriage. Les and Leslie founded the Deep Love Assessment for couples to, and they founded the Yada Assessment for single adults.

Parrott is a #1 New York Times bestselling author. He’s written more than fifty books that include everything from graduate textbooks to children’s books. Most of his books are in the self-help genre and include the Gold Medallion winner, Saving Your Marriage Before It Starts, used by more than a million couples. Other bestsellers include The Good Fight and Crazy Good Sex, his books have been sold over 3 million copies. He writes for a variety of magazines. Parrott has appeared on a variety of television shows, including The Oprah Winfrey Show, 20/20, The View, CBS This Morning, Good Morning America, NBC Nightly News, CNN. Parrot is a frequent motivational speaker to Fortune 500 companies, conducts relationship seminars around the United States with his wife conducting a humorous and practical event on conflict for couples called Fight Night. Parrott hosts a weekly radio program called "Love Talk". Parrott and his wife live in Washington. Les and Leslie have two sons. Parrot is the co-author of more than a dozen books on relationships. Marriage Mentoring Les and Leslie Parrott biography on

I Don't Speak German

I Don't Speak German is a podcast about white nationalism in the United States, self-described as "a podcast confronting white nationalism one asshole at a time" by its hosts Daniel Harper and Jack Graham. Harper started the podcast after listening to Fash The Nation, after the Unite the Right rally white nationalist movement occurred. Samantha Kutner David Neiwert Proud Boys Traditionalist Worker Party Christopher Cantwell Episodes in September 2019 discussed Siege, a collection of neo-Nazi writings by James Nolan Mason, considered essential reading by the Bowl Patrol and The Base; the groups are adherents to its theory of accelerationism, which advocates for mass killings to create a white ethnostate. Harper discussed Bowl Patrol's leader, pseudonymously named "Vic Mackey"'s "penchant for trafficking in obscene rape and death threats". After "Vic Mackey" and former Wisconsin congressional candidate Paul Nehlen attempted to dox Harper and unintionally found a named individual in the same town of Dexter, Bowl Patrol members began driving by this incorrect house, taking photos and discussing the house in video, to send threats to Harper.

Days US Army soldier and Atomwaffen Division member Jarrett Smith was arrested in Fort Riley, alleging he discussed bomb-making, sending bombs to CNN and Beto O'Rourke, setting fire to Harper's house. In late October, a video was posted on Nehlen's Telegram channel, showing his Bowl Patrol patch and the incorrect Harper house. In late November, the incorrect Daniel Harper sent a Twitter direct message to the podcast host Daniel Harper, explaining that the incorrect house was owned by the incorrect Harper but they had sold the house to the Shea family; the incorrect Harper had been forwarded a letter left at the house a threat to the podcast host Harper, referencing the Bowl Patrol and signed "the Cüm Bomber". Black-clad members of The Base continued to visit the Shea house into mid-December, including taking flash photos of their house the same night as the Sheas came home with their newborn son, causing the Sheas to write to the podcast host Harper, asking him to publicly disavow the house and address.

Harper was able to get a response from the FBI and the Washtenaw County Sheriff's Office, two local newspapers wrote about the Shea house confusion in late December. The Sheriff's office described the details as "non-threatening photographs and statements" and indicating they had not connected Jarrett Smith to the other people casing the house, indicating they considered the case closed; the podcast was noted as "uncomfortable" and "what is most surprising about I Don’t Speak German is just how much cringe comedy is involved in the lives of these racists" by The A. V. Club's Anthony D. Herrera. Writing for The Daily Beast, Nick R. Martin said it "might be the most important podcast countering the white nationalist movement today." I Don't Speak German podcast I Don't Speak German on Twitter