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The New York Sun

The New York Sun was an American daily newspaper published in Manhattan from 2002 to 2008. It debuted on April 16, 2002, adopting the name and masthead of the earlier New York paper, The Sun, it became the first general-interest broadsheet newspaper to be started in New York City in several decades. Its op-ed page became a prominent platform in the country for conservative viewpoints. Since 2009 The Sun has operated as an online-only publisher of political and economic opinion pieces, as well as occasional arts content; the Sun was founded by a group of investors including publishing magnate Conrad Black. The goal was to provide an alternative to The New York Times, featuring front page news about local and state events, in contrast to the emphasis on national and international news by the Times; the Sun began business operations, prior to first publication, in October 2001. The newspaper's president and editor-in-chief was Seth Lipsky, former editor of The Jewish Daily Forward. Managing editor Ira Stoll served as company vice-president.

Stoll had been a longtime critic of the Times in his media watchdog blog When became defunct, its Web traffic was redirected to The Sun web site. Published from the Cary Building in Lower Manhattan, it ceased print publication on September 30, 2008, its web site resumed activity on April 28, 2009, but only contains a small subset of the original content of the paper focusing on editorials rather than news content. The paper's motto, which it shared with its predecessor and namesake, was "It Shines For All". Editor-in-chief Lipsky said that the paper's prominent op-ed page would champion "limited government, individual liberty, constitutional fundamentals, equality under the law, economic growth... standards in literature and culture, education". Another goal, said Lipsky, was "to seize the local beat from which The New York Times was retreating as it sought to become a national newspaper". Stoll characterized The Sun's political orientation as "right-of-center", an associate of Conrad Black predicted in 2002 that the paper would be neoconservative in its outlook.

Unsigned editorials in the paper advocated prosecuting Iraq War protestors for treason, nominating Dick Cheney for the presidency, lowering, rather than raising, the debt ceiling in response to the debt ceiling crisis. The Sun's columnists included prominent conservative and neoconservative pundits, including William F. Buckley, Jr. Michael Barone, Daniel Pipes, Mark Steyn; the Sun supported President George W. Bush and his decision to launch the Iraq War in 2003; the paper urged strong action against the perceived threat of the Islamic Republic of Iran and was known for its forceful coverage of Jewish-related issues, advocacy for Israel's right of self-defense, as evidenced in articles by pro-Israel reporter Aaron Klein. The Sun established a readership niche for itself foremost in New York. Alex Jones of the Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press and Public Policy said, "It was a newspaper savored by people who don't like The New York Times, there are plenty of those in New York." The paper scored more scoops than would be expected for its size and Stephen B.

Shepard, dean of the CUNY Graduate School of Journalism at the City University of New York said that its effective coverage of local news earned it a place in the New York media world. Accordingly, it was known as a good place for young, scrappy reporters to start out. According to Scott Sherman, writing in The Nation in April 2007, The Sun was "a broadsheet that injects conservative ideology into the country's most influential philanthropic and media hub. According to Sherman, Brown "accepts that the paper's obsession with the UN translates into influence... he admitted the Sun "does punch way above its circulation number, on occasion". He goes on to say, "Clearly amongst its minuscule circulation were a significant number of diplomats, and so it did at times act as some kind of rebel house paper inside the UN. It fed the gossip mills and what was said in the cafeterias." Brown's insult was in the context of the Sun's reporting of the UN's central role in the Saddam Hussein Oil-for-Food scandal.

In May 2007, Adweek columnist Tom Messner called the Sun "the best paper in New York", noting that "The New York Sun is a conservative paper, but it gets the respect of the left. The Nation's April 30 issue contains an article on the Sun's rise by Scott Sherman, as balanced an article as I have read in the magazine."Catholic commentator Richard John Neuhaus, writing in First Things, described the Sun as a paper that had "made itself nearly indispensable for New Yorkers". The New York Sun was known for its arts coverage, for instance, breaking news of the death of Jim Gary days ahead of The New York Times, The Washington Post, other publications throughout the world; the paper included pieces by such critics as Adam Kirsch on literature, Jay Nordlinger on classical music, Joel Lobenthal on dance. Lance Esplund, Maureen Mullarkey, D

John Davis (Medal of Honor, 1881)

John Davis was a United States Navy sailor and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor. Born in 1854 in Kingston, Davis immigrated to the United States and by February 1881 was serving as an ordinary seaman on the USS Trenton. Sometime during that month, while Trenton was at Toulon, Coxswain Augustus Ohlensen fell overboard and, because he could not swim, began to sink. Davis and another sailor, Seaman Alexander Haure Turvelin, jumped into the water and rescued Ohlensen from drowning. For this action, both he and Turvelin were awarded the Medal of Honor three and a half years on October 18, 1884. Davis' official Medal of Honor citation reads: On board the U. S. S. Trenton, France, February 1881. Jumping overboard, Davis rescued Augustus Ohlensen, from drowning. Davis left the Navy while still an ordinary seaman, he was buried at Hampton National Cemetery in Hampton, Virginia. List of African-American Medal of Honor recipients List of Medal of Honor recipients during peacetime

Marjorie Graves

Frances Marjorie Graves was a British civil servant, Conservative politician and writer. She was born in Allerton and was the youngest daughter of William Graves and his wife Fanny Charlotte née Neilson. William Graves was a ship owner in the port; the Graves family subsequently moved to Newells, Sussex, where William became a Justice of the Peace. They maintained a house in Brompton Square, London. Marjorie had a private education schooling being carried out at Château de Dieudonne, France, her researches in the Bibliothèque Nationale and Archives Nationales in Paris led to her publications of three works. With the outbreak of war in 1914 she took up employment in the Foreign Office, she attended the post-World War I Paris Peace Conference, before transferring to the Intelligence Department of the Home Office. Graves was politically a Conservative, was a member of Holborn Borough Council from 1928 to 1934, she became the first female chairman of the Metropolitan Area of the National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations in 1936.

In 1931 she was chosen as Conservative candidate for the parliamentary constituency of Hackney South, held by Labour cabinet minister Herbert Morrison. She succeeded in unseating Morrison to become the area's member of parliament. At the next general election in 1935 she was hopeful of retaining the seat, with her campaign centering on opposition to the use of Hackney Marshes for the building of council houses, she was, badly beaten, with Morrison returning to parliament with a large majority. In 1936 she formed part of the British Government delegation to the League of Nations. In 1937 she was adopted as prospective candidate for Devon; the next general election was, delayed until 1945 by the Second World War, she did not contest the seat. She retired to Wareham, where she became a member of the county council, she was unmarried, died in Wareham in November 1961. In 1932 and 1933 she was a vice-president of the Supporters Club of the Clapton Orient Football Club and worked with Herbert Morrison MP in support of Clapton Orient.

Source: Neilson N. Kaufman, honorary historian Leyton Orient FC. Catalogue of the Loan Exhibition of relics of past and present wars, held at South Lodge, August 7, 1916. By F. M. Graves. Pp. ix. 62. G. P. Putnam’s Sons: London & New York, 1917. 4º. Graves, Frances Marjorie. Quelques pièces. Pp. xii. 310. 1913. Bibliothèque. Bibliothèque du XVe siècle. Tom. 19. 1906, etc. 8º. Campan, Jeanne Louise Henriette. Mémoires sur la vie privée de reine de France. Memoirs of the Private Life of Marie Antoinette... Third edition. Memoirs of the Private Life of Marie Antoinette, to which are added personal recollections illustrative of the reigns of Louis XIV, XV, XVI... A memoir of Madame Campan by F. Barrière. A new edition, revised by F. M. Graves. With an introduction and notes by J. Holland Rose... Illustrated with thirty plates. 3 vol. H. Young & Sons: Liverpool, 1917. United Kingdom Parliament. Women in the House of Commons House of Commons Information Office, Factsheet M4, Appendix B - Women MPs by date of first election Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Marjorie Graves

T Ceti

T Ceti is a semiregular variable star located in the equatorial constellation of Cetus. It varies between magnitudes 6.9 over 159.3 days. The stellar parallax shift measured by Hipparcos is 3.7 mas, which yields a distance estimate of 900 light years. It is moving further from the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of +29 km/s; this is an MS-type star on the asymptotic giant branch with a spectral type of M5-6Se. It is classified as an M-type star, for example with the spectral type of M5.5e − M8.8e. It is a long period Mira variable with changing cycle lengths, showing a variation in its spectral features over the course of each cycle. Pulsation periods of 388, 398, 382 days have been reported, as well as variations in the amplitude, which may indicate dual pulsation cycles that are interfering with each other; the star is losing mass at the rate of 8.2×10−8 M☉ y−1, it is surrounded by a circumstellar dust shell consisting of crystallized iron-rich silicates. T Ceti has an estimated three times the mass of the Sun and has expanded to 275 times the Sun's radius.

It is radiating 8,128 times the Sun's luminosity from its enlarged photosphere at an effective temperature of 3,396 K

The Economic History Review

The Economic History Review is a peer-reviewed history journal published quarterly by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Economic History Society. It was established in 1927 by Eileen Power and is edited by Sara Horrell, Jaime Reis and Patrick Wallis, its first editors were E. Lipson and R. H. Tawney and other previous editors include M. M. Postan, H. J. Habbakuk, Max Hartwell, Christopher Dyer, Nicholas Crafts, John Hatcher, Richard Smith, Jane Humphries, Steve Hindle and Phillipp Schofield. "The Imperialism of Free Trade" by Ronald Robinson and John Gallagher, published in the August 1953 edition. Official website

Playback (song)

"Playback" was the Portuguese entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 1981, performed in Portuguese by Carlos Paião. The song is a moderately up-tempo number. Paião satirizes the "singing in playback", which he explains is in fact miming to pre-recorded music. By doing this, he points out, one does not have to risk singing out of missing notes, he sang the song with the help of four backup singers, who were dressed in multicolored jumpsuits and acted as robots of sorts, emphasizing the playback theme. From left to right, these singers were Pedro Calvinho, Cristina Águas, Ana Bola, Peter Petersen; the song was performed fifteenth on the night, following the United Kingdom's Bucks Fizz with "Making Your Mind Up" and preceding Belgium's Emly Starr with "Samson". At the close of voting, it had received 9 points, placing 18th in a field of 20, it was succeeded as Portuguese representative at the 1982 Contest by Doce with "Bem bom"