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The O2

The O2 is a large entertainment district on the Greenwich peninsula in South East London, including an indoor arena, a music club, a Cineworld cinema, an exhibition space, piazzas and restaurants. It was built within the former Millennium Dome, a large dome-shaped canopy built to house an exhibition celebrating the turn of the third millennium, it is sometimes referred to as The O2 Arena, but that name properly refers to a smaller indoor arena within The O2. Naming rights to the district were purchased by the mobile telephone provider O2 from its developers, Anschutz Entertainment Group, during the development of the district. AEG owns the long-term lease on surrounding leisure space. From the closure of the original "Millennium Experience" exhibition occupying the site, several ways of reusing the Millennium Dome's shell were proposed and rejected; the renaming of the Dome in 2005 gave publicity to its transition into an entertainment district. The Dome's shell remained in situ, but its interior and the area around North Greenwich Station, the QE2 pier and the main entrance area were redeveloped.

The area is served by the Jubilee line's North Greenwich tube station, opened just before the millennium exhibition, by bus routes. Thames Clippers operate a river boat service for London River Services; as well as a commuter service, Thames Clippers operates the O2 Express service. Local buses serve the station and the nearby O2. On 23 February 2017, O2 announced that they had agreed to a deal with AEG to maintain the naming rights of The O2 for a further 10 years until 2027; the dome-shaped structure, which now houses The O2's Entertainment Avenue and arena, was constructed as the Millennium Dome and housed the Millennium Experience, a major exhibition to celebrate the start of the third millennium. The exhibition opened to the public on 1 January 2000 and ran until 31 December 2000. In popular usage, the dome canopy is still called The Dome, reflecting the substantial, adverse, publicity given to its building in the late 20th century; the O2 was developed inside the dome structure by Anschutz Entertainment Group to a design by Populous and Buro Happold in a £600 million development.

In December 2001, it was announced that Meridian Delta, Ltd. had been chosen by the government to develop the Dome structure the Millennium Dome, as a sports and entertainment centre, to develop housing and offices on 150 acres of surrounding land. There was a desire to relocate some of London's tertiary education establishments to the site. Meridian Delta is backed by the American billionaire Philip Anschutz, who has interests in oil and telecommunications, as well as a string of sports-related investments. Meridian Delta, a subsidiary of Quintain Estates and Development and Lend Lease, signed a 999-year lease for the Dome and its surrounding land with the government and English Partnerships, a UK governmental body for national regeneration, assigned the regeneration of the Greenwich Peninsula; the Dome site was sub-leased to Anschutz Entertainment Group, who support Meridian Delta, for a minimum of 58 years. English Partnerships leased the arena directly to AEG Europe for 58 years. AEG would develop and operate The O2 during the length of the lease agreements, which stated that the government would get a certain percentage of profits through English Partnerships.

English Partnerships and Quintain Estates and Development both own land around The O2 on the Greenwich Peninsula. They will release land in stages, to developers, develop the area in a joint venture with the aid of Meridian Delta; some of the land is being developed for offices and shops. Some of the land around the dome is being reserved for possible extended developments for The O2, including a hotel, although the building of much of the extended development depends on how much investment can be made by AEG. In 2008, the functions of English Partnerships were transferred to the Homes and Communities Agency. Ravensbourne, a specialist art and design institution located in Chislehurst, moved to a new campus built adjacent to The O2 in September 2010; the David Beckham Academy football school ran nearby from 2005 to 2009. The cost of developing the whole Greenwich Peninsula area was estimated at 4 billion pounds in 2006; as part of the investment programme, naming rights were sold to O2 plc, and'The O2' became the official name of the project on 25 May 2005.

The £6 million per year deal between O2 plc and AEG included priority tickets and reserved VIP accommodation for O2 mobile customers. The service was made available to premium ticket holders. O2 plc started talks with AEG in 2005 to have its logo and branding placed on the roof of the dome, but this did not take place. AEG have stated that they wish to abolish the'Dome' name due to its reputation as a failed project, being tagged as'The White Elephant.' Since its opening, there have been signs of the press and public calling it The O2. It is the largest entertainment district in London. To mark its opening, AEG spent £6.5 million on a mass advertising campaign, led by VCCP, throughout Europe to promote The O2. The development took place in the form of new buildings being built inside the dome structure; the dome struct

Burnout (video game)

Burnout is a racing video game developed by Criterion Games and published by Acclaim Entertainment for the PlayStation 2, GameCube and Xbox. Burnout was the first in a series of high-speed racing games noted for over-the-top crashes and high-risk gameplay mechanics; the main gameplay mode in Burnout is the Championship mode, a selection of events with three or four races in each. Here the player competes against three other cars on various courses; each event requires the player to use faster cars to reach first place. After completing each event, a Face Off challenge is unlocked which in turn unlocks a new car if won. Other modes include single race, time attack, 2-Player. Single race is a mode. In time attack, the player must finish a lap in a certain amount of time; each location is connected in "Sprints", so hypothetically one could drive from River City and end up in Harbor Town in a matter of seconds. This however, when tried, is impossible; each location has a distinct collection of traffic.

Burnout features a small collection of cars, including the small Compact, the Sedan, the Pickup and the Muscle. The tracks feature road traffic, on-coming traffic, cross junctions, obstacles which can make driving at high speeds difficult. In order to travel faster, the player needs to accumulate Boost; the Boost meter can be powered up by driving down the wrong side of the road, drifting around corners at high speeds, narrowly avoiding traffic, one lap without a crash, or swerving to avoid a collision. Colliding with traffic or scenery will causes the car to crash; the crash is shown from a number of different angles, a replacement car appears without damage, but with a loss of some accumulated boost. The accumulated boost can only be unlocked by filling the boost meter; this can be used to produce a Burnout until the boost meter is empty. While the boost is activated, the player can continue to drive dangerously which rewards the player with more boost in their bar when their original boost bar is depleted, allowing the driver to chain burnouts together if they are skilled enough.

Burnout Dominator attempted to bring back the Burnout feature, Which was changed in releases between the 2 games. Burnout was in development for two years prior to its release in November 2001. Burnout received "favorable" reviews on all platforms according to video game review aggregator Metacritic. Burnout at MobyGames

Mittenwald Railway

The Mittenwald Railway, popularly known as the Karwendelbahn, is a railway line in the Alps in Austria and Germany. It connects Innsbruck via Mittenwald to Garmisch-Partenkirchen; the Mittenwald railway was built as an electric local railway from 1910 to 1912 by the engineers and contractors Josef Riehl and Wilhelm Carl von Doderer. The route was opened on 28 October 1912 and operated jointly by the Austrian Federal Railways and the Royal Bavarian State Railways, it was one of the first lines operated with high-tension single-phase AC-powered trains. Thus it had a substantial impact on the development of standards for electric railway operations in Central Europe. Together with the Ausserfern Railway it connects the Austrian district of Außerfern with the Tyrol through Germany; the Mittenwald railway runs in the south-north direction between several mountain ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps. In the south it runs from the Inn valley from Innsbruck via Hochzirl and past the Zirler Berg mountain to Seefeld.

From there it runs between the Karwendel range to the east and the Wetterstein range to the west over the Scharnitz pass and the Austria-Germany border to Mittenwald. It bends to the west, running to Garmisch-Partenkirchen between the Wetterstein range to the south and the Ester Mountains to the north; the most remarkable thing about the route of the Mittenwald Railway is the long section with many tunnels along the edge of the Martinswand, a rock face between Kranebitten and Hochzirl station, including the passage of the Martinswand Tunnel through the rock wall. Northwest of Hochzirl, the line runs over the southern flank of the Rauenkopf and southwestern flank of the Brunstkopf, crossing the Schlossbach on an elongated hairpin built with bridges and tunnels. Not far southwest of the bend, it passed the Zirl mountain; the engineer and contractor Josef Riehl had presented a proposal in the late 1880s to the Austrian ministry of trade and economics for a route first running east from Innsbruck to Hall and after a bend back to the west in tunnels up to Seefeld.

To obtain the concession for this project, it took many years of disputes over the financing of the project, which involved substantial outlays in advance, with no guarantee of a return. When Riehl received the approval of the authorities for the construction of the Mittenwald line on the Austro-Hungarian side of the border, he formed a consortium with contractor and engineer, Wilhelm Carl von Doderer for the construction work; the managers of construction were the engineers, Karl Innerebneron, on behalf of Riehl, August Mayer, on behalf of Doderer. The contract included. In addition to the line construction, this included land acquisition, rolling stock, electrical equipment and the power plant; the contract set the fixed price of 24.4017 million krone to be paid to the contractors Riehl and von Doderer, who thus carried all risk of possible cost overruns. In terms of its length, the Mittenwald railway was a expensive rail project due to its many tunnels, it was planned from the beginning. To supply the power needed, a hydroelectric power station was constructed on the Ruetz river near Stephansbrücke in the Stubai valley, with two turbines each delivering 4000 horsepower.

As a result of the extension of the line into Bavaria, that section of the line was supplied with power from the Walchensee power station, finished by 1924. Despite the difficulties, the section of the Mittenwald railway on the territory of Austria-Hungary was built in the remarkably short time of about two years; the Bavarian section between Garmisch and Mittenwald goes back to a request in 1896 by the council of Mittenwald for Lokalbahn AG of Munich to develop a project for the continuation of the Murnau–Garmisch-Partenkirchen local railway to Mittenwald. This route was opened on 1 July 1912, however, in contradiction to the plan, it was at first operated with steam locomotives, as neither the power station nor the electric locomotives were ready. On the Austrian side it was electrically operated from 28 October 1912. Operations in Bavaria switched to electric traction on 25 April 1913. During the Second World War, the steep gradient and the short stations prevented much involvement in supplying the military.

In 1945, the Mittenwald Railway was judged by the Allies to be strategically important, a total of six air raids were flown against the Gurglbach Viaduct. The Inn bridge in Innsbruck was repeatedly the target of air raids. In 1950 during the winter there was an avalanche at the Martinswand siding, during which a locomotive was buried; the railway was reopened with the help of French occupation troops. In 1968 the site was made safe from avalanches by the construction of a protective roof. With the holding of the 1976 Winter Olympic Games in Innsbruck and Seefeld, the Mittenwald line was expected to have high loadings and all stations were equipped with colour light signals. Seefeld station was replaced by a new station; the superstructure was adapted so that locomotives of both Deutsche Bundesbahn and the Austrian Federal Railways could operate on the line. Due to the ample size of its bridges for the time, it was possible to operate w