Gary Cooper was an American actor. Known for his natural, understated acting style and screen performances, Cooper's career spanned 36 years, from 1925 to 1961, included leading roles in 84 feature films, he was a major movie star from the end of the silent film era through to the end of the golden age of Classical Hollywood. His screen persona appealed to both men and women, his range of performances included roles in most major film genres, his ability to project his own personality onto the characters he played contributed to his natural and authentic appearance on screen. Throughout his career, he sustained a screen persona. Cooper soon landed acting roles. After establishing himself as a Western hero in his early silent films, he became a movie star in 1929 with his first sound picture, The Virginian. In the early 1930s, he expanded his heroic image to include more cautious characters in adventure films and dramas such as A Farewell to Arms and The Lives of a Bengal Lancer. During the height of his career, Cooper portrayed a new type of hero—a champion of the common man—in films such as Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, Meet John Doe, Sergeant York, The Pride of the Yankees, For Whom the Bell Tolls.
In the postwar years, he portrayed more mature characters at odds with the world in films such as The Fountainhead and High Noon. In his final films, Cooper played non-violent characters searching for redemption in films such as Friendly Persuasion and Man of the West. In 1933, Cooper married New York debutante Veronica Balfe, they had one daughter; the marriage was interrupted by a three-year separation, precipitated by Cooper's affair with Patricia Neal. Cooper received the Academy Award for Best Actor for his roles in Sergeant York and High Noon, he received an Academy Honorary Award for his career achievements in 1961, he was one of the top 10 film personalities for 23 consecutive years and was one of the top money-making stars for 18 years. The American Film Institute ranked Cooper 11th on its list of the 25 greatest male stars of classic Hollywood cinema. Cooper was born on May 7, 1901, in Helena, the son of English parents Alice and Charles Henry Cooper, his father had emigrated from Houghton Regis and was a prominent lawyer and Montana Supreme Court justice.
His mother had emigrated from Gillingham and married Charles in Montana. In 1906, Charles purchased the 600-acre Seven-Bar-Nine cattle ranch about 50 miles north of Helena near the town of Craig on the Missouri River. Frank and his older brother Arthur spent their summers there and learned to ride horses and fish. Cooper attended Central Grade School in Helena. Alice wanted her sons to have an English education, so in 1909 she took them to England to enroll them in Dunstable Grammar School in Bedfordshire. While there Cooper and his brother lived with their father's cousins and Emily Barton, in their home in Houghton Regis. Cooper studied Latin and English history at Dunstable until 1912. While he adapted to English school discipline and learned the requisite social graces, he never adjusted to the rigid class structure and formal Eton collars he was required to wear. Cooper was baptized into the Anglican Church on December 3, 1911, at the Church of All Saints in Houghton Regis. Cooper's mother accompanied her sons back to the United States in August 1912, Cooper resumed his education at Johnson Grammar School in Helena.
When Cooper was fifteen his hip was injured in a car accident. On his doctor's recommendation he returned to the Seven-Bar-Nine ranch to recuperate by horseback riding; the misguided therapy left him with his characteristic stiff, off-balanced walk and angled riding style. He left Helena High School after two years in 1918 and returned to the family ranch to work full-time as a cowboy. In 1919, Charles arranged for Cooper to attend Gallatin County High School in Bozeman, where English teacher Ida Davis encouraged him to focus on academics and participate in debating and dramatics. Cooper called Davis "the woman responsible for me giving up cowboy-ing and going to college." Cooper was still attending high school in 1920 when he took three art courses at Montana Agricultural College in Bozeman. His interest in art was inspired years earlier by the Western paintings of Charles Marion Russell and Frederic Remington. Cooper admired and studied Russell's Lewis and Clark Meeting Indians at Ross' Hole, which still hangs in the state capitol building in Helena.
In 1922, he enrolled in Grinnell College in Iowa to continue his art education. Cooper did well academically in most of his courses, but was not accepted into the school's drama club, his drawings and watercolors were exhibited throughout the dormitory, he was named art editor for the college yearbook. During the summers of 1922 and 1923, Cooper worked at Yellowstone National Park as a tour guide driving the yellow open-top buses. Despite a promising first eighteen months at Grinnell, he left college in February 1924, spent a month in Chicago looking for work as an artist, returned to Helena, where he sold editorial cartoons to the Independent, a local newspaper. In the autumn of 1924, Cooper's father left the Montana Supreme Court bench and moved with his wife to Los Angeles to administer the estates of two relatives, at his father's request Cooper joined them there in late November. After working a series of unpromising jobs, Cooper met two friends from Montana who were working as film
Henry Jaynes Fonda was an American film and stage actor with a career spanning five decades. Fonda made his mark early as a Broadway actor, he appeared in 1938 in plays performed in White Plains, New York, with Joan Tompkins. He made his Hollywood debut in 1935, his career gained momentum after his Academy Award-nominated performance as Tom Joad in The Grapes of Wrath, a 1940 adaptation of John Steinbeck's novel about an Oklahoma family who moved west during the Dust Bowl. Throughout five decades in Hollywood, Fonda cultivated a strong, appealing screen image in such classics as The Ox-Bow Incident, Mister Roberts, 12 Angry Men. Fonda moved both toward darker epics such as Sergio Leone's Once Upon a Time in the West and lighter roles in family comedies such as Yours and Ours with Lucille Ball, winning the Academy Award for Best Actor at the 54th Academy Awards for the movie On Golden Pond, his final film role. Fonda was the patriarch of a family of famous actors, including daughter Jane Fonda, son Peter Fonda, granddaughter Bridget Fonda, grandson Troy Garity.
His family and close friends called him "Hank". In 1999, he was named the sixth-Greatest Male Star of All Time by the American Film Institute. Born in Grand Island, Nebraska on May 16, 1905, Henry Jaynes Fonda was the son of printer William Brace Fonda, his wife, Herberta; the family moved to Omaha, Nebraska in 1906. Fonda's patrilineal line originates with an ancestor from Genoa, who migrated to the Netherlands in the 15th century. In 1642, a branch of the Fonda family immigrated to the Dutch colony of New Netherland on the East Coast of North America, they were among the first Dutch population to settle in what is now upstate New York, establishing the town of Fonda, New York. By 1888, many of their descendants had relocated to Nebraska. Fonda was brought up as a Christian Scientist, though he was baptized an Episcopalian at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church in Grand Island, he said, "My whole damn family was nice." They were a close family and supportive in health matters, as they avoided doctors due to their religion.
Despite having a religious background, he became an agnostic. Fonda was a bashful, short boy who tended to avoid girls, except his sisters, was a good skater and runner, he imagined a possible career as a journalist. He worked after school for the phone company, he enjoyed drawing. Fonda was active in the Boy Scouts of America. However, this is denied elsewhere; when he was about 14, his father took him to observe the brutal lynching of Will Brown during the Omaha race riot of 1919. This enraged the young Fonda and he kept a keen awareness of prejudice for the rest of his life. By his senior year in high school, Fonda had grown to more than six feet tall, but remained shy, he attended the University of Minnesota, where he majored in journalism. He took a job with the Retail Credit Company. At age 20, Fonda started his acting career at the Omaha Community Playhouse, when his mother's friend Dodie Brando recommended that he try out for a juvenile part in You and I, in which he was cast as Ricky, he was fascinated by the stage, learning everything from set construction to stage production, embarrassed by his acting ability.
When he received the lead in Merton of the Movies, he realized the beauty of acting as a profession, as it allowed him to deflect attention from his own tongue-tied personality and create stage characters relying on someone else's scripted words. Fonda decided to go east in 1928 to seek his fortune, he played a minor role at the Cape Playhouse in Dennis, Massachusetts. A friend took him to Falmouth, MA where he joined and became a valued member of the University Players, an intercollegiate summer stock company. There he worked with his future wife. James Stewart joined the Players a few months after Fonda left, though they were soon to become lifelong friends. Fonda left the Players at the end of their 1931-1932 season after appearing in his first professional role in The Jest, by Sem Benelli. Joshua Logan, a young sophomore at Princeton, double-cast in the show, gave Fonda the part of Tornaquinci, "an elderly Italian man with a long white beard and longer hair." In the cast of The Jest with Fonda and Logan were Bretaigne Windust, Kent Smith, Eleanor Phelps.
The tall (6 ft 1.5 in Fonda headed for New York City, to be with his wife, Margaret Sullavan. The marriage was brief. Getting contact information from Joshua Logan, Jimmy, as he was called, found Hank Fonda and these small town boys found they had a lot in common, as long as they didn't discuss politics; the two men honed their skills on Broadway. Fonda appeared in theatrical productions from 1926 to 1934, they fared no better than many Americans in and out of work during the Great Depression, sometimes lacking enough money to take the subway. Fonda got his first break in films when he was hired in 1935 as Janet Gaynor's leading man in 20th Century Fox's screen adaptation of The Farmer Takes a Wife. Fonda was making $3,000 a week and dining with Hollywood stars such as Carole Lombard. Stewart soon followed him to Hollywood, they roomed together again, in lodgings next door to Greta Garbo. In 1935, Fonda starred in the RKO film; the New York Times announced him as "Henry Fonda, the most likable
George Meeker was an American character film and Broadway actor who became more of a legend off-camera than on. A graduate of the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, Meeker made several films such as Crime, Inc. and Thief in the Dark, he played an uncredited part in All Through the Night. Meeker has a star at 6101 Hollywood Boulevard in the Motion Pictures section of the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Meeker's Broadway credits include Conflict, Back Here, Judy, A Lady's Virtue, Judy Drops In. George Meeker on IMDb George Meeker at the Internet Broadway Database George Meeker at Find a Grave
Harry Davenport (actor)
Harold George Bryant Davenport was an American film and stage actor who worked in show business from the age of six until his death. After a long and prolific Broadway career, he came to Hollywood in the 1930s, where he played grandfathers, judges and ministers, his roles include Dr. Meade in Gone with Grandpa in Meet Me in St. Louis. Bette Davis once called Davenport "without a doubt the greatest character actor of all time." Harry Davenport was born in Canton, where his family lived during the holidays. He grew up in Philadelphia. Harry came from a long line of stage actors, his sister was actress Fanny Davenport. He made his stage debut at the age of five in Pythias. Davenport appeared there in numerous plays. Harry Davenport was one of the best-known and busiest "old men" in Hollywood films during the 1930s and 1940s, he started his film career at the age of 47. The next year, he starred in Fogg's Millions co-starring Rose Tapley; the film became the first in a series of silent comedy shorts. In addition, he directed some silent features and many shorts between 1915 and 1917, including many of the films in the Mr. and Mrs. Jarr series.
Harry Davenport played Dr. Meade in Gone with the Wind; some of his other film roles are a lone resident in a ghost town in The Bride Came C. O. D. filmed on location in Death Valley, the aged Louis XI of France in The Hunchback of Notre Dame with Charles Laughton, Maureen O'Hara and Cedric Hardwicke. He had supporting roles in Alfred Hitchcock's thriller Foreign Correspondent, William A. Wellman's western The Ox-Bow Incident and in Kings Row with Ronald Reagan. Davenport played the grandfather of Judy Garland in Vincente Minnelli's classic Meet Me in St. Louis and the great-uncle of Myrna Loy and Shirley Temple in The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer, his last film, Frank Capra's Riding High, was released after his death. Harry Davenport appeared in over 160 films. Asked why he made so many films at his age, he replied: I hate to see men of my age sit down as if their lives were ended and accept a dole. An old man must show that he is no loafer. If he can do that, they can buy daisies with it. In 1913, he co-founded, along with actor Eddie Foy, the Actors' Equity Association, an American labor union for actors.
The original organization, known as the White Rats, was spearheaded by Davenport. After a nine-month stretch, the actors' group united in defiance of the appalling treatment of actors by theater owners such as the Shubert family and David Belasco, among others, by refusing to appear on stage by striking; the actions of the association caused the closure of all the theatres on Broadway, the only exception being theaters owned by George M. Cohan's company, he and his wife Alice wed in 1893. They had one daughter, Dorothy Davenport, who became an actress. After divorcing Alice in 1896, he married that same year, they had three biological children: Ned and Kate, who all became actors. Harry adopted Phyllis's son, Arthur Rankin. Actress Anne Seymour and her brother, radio personality Bill Seymour, were Harry Davenport's great-niece and great-nephew by their mother, May Davenport. Harry Davenport's August 10, 1949 Canton Sunday Telegram obituary noted that the couple were together until her death, contrary to reports that he divorced her and remarried.
Through his marriage to Phyllis, he was the brother-in-law of Lionel Barrymore, married at the time to Phyllis' sister Doris. Phyllis's father, McKee Rankin, had been the top actor at the Arch Street Theater, run by Lionel's grandmother and Sidney's mother, Louisa Lane Drew, he was the grandfather of Arthur Rankin Jr. and Wallace Reid Jr.. He is survived through his granddaughter, Phyllis Gail Davenport, her children, Caleb Brooks, Rachel Brooks, her grandchildren, Samuel Brooks, Theodore Brooks, are pursuing different careers. Samuel is attending the University of Arizona for his architecture degree, Theodore owns and manages a bank in Oregon. After Phyllis's death, Davenport lived with his now-grown children, he died of a sudden heart attack at age 83, one hour after he asked his agent Walter Herzbrun about a new film role. In the obituary, a newspaper called him the "white-haired character actor" with "the longest acting career in American history". Harry Davenport on IMDb Harry Davenport at the Internet Broadway Database Harry Davenport at Find a Grave Obituary "Harry Davenport Biography" by Hal Erickson, Allmovie Harry Davenport and Phyllis Rankin family papers, 1857-circa 1946, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
Harry Morgan was an American actor and director whose television and film career spanned six decades. Morgan's major roles included Pete Porter in Pete and Gladys. Morgan appeared in more than 100 films. Morgan was born Harry Bratsberg in the son of Hannah and Henry Bratsberg, his parents were of Norwegian ancestry. In his interview with the Archive of American Television, Morgan spelled his Norwegian family surname as "Brasburg". Many sources, including some family records, list the spelling as "Bratsburg". According to one source, when Morgan's father Henry registered at junior high school, "the registrar spelled it Bratsburg instead of Bratsberg. Bashful Henry did not demur."Morgan was raised in Muskegon and graduated from Muskegon High School in 1933, where he achieved distinction as a statewide debating champion. He aspired to a J. D. degree, but began acting while a junior at the University of Chicago in 1935. He began acting on stage under his birth name, in 1937, joining the Group Theatre in New York City formed by Harold Clurman, Cheryl Crawford, Lee Strasberg in 1931.
He appeared in the original production of the Clifford Odets play Golden Boy, followed by a host of successful Broadway roles alongside such other Group members as Lee J. Cobb, Elia Kazan, Sanford Meisner, Karl Malden. Morgan did summer stock at the Pine Brook Country Club located in the countryside of Nichols, Connecticut. Morgan made his screen debut in the 1942 movie To the Shores of Tripoli, his screen name became "Henry'Harry' Morgan" and Harry Morgan, to avoid confusion with the popular humorist of the same name. In the same year, Morgan appeared in the movie Orchestra Wives as a young man pushing his way to the front of a ballroom crowd with his date to hear Glenn Miller's band play. A few years still credited as Henry Morgan, he was cast in the role of pianist Chummy MacGregor in the 1954 biopic The Glenn Miller Story. Morgan continued to play a number of significant roles on the big screen in such films as The Ox-Bow Incident, Wing and a Prayer, A Bell for Adano, The Gangster, The Big Clock, High Noon, several films in the 1950s for director Anthony Mann, including Bend of the River, Thunder Bay, The Glenn Miller Story, The Far Country, Strategic Air Command.
In his film career, he appeared in Inherit the Wind, How the West Was Won, John Goldfarb, Please Come Home and Johnny, The Flim Flam Man, Support Your Local Sheriff!, Support Your Local Gunfighter!, Snowball Express, The Shootist, The Wild Wild West Revisited, as Captain Gannon in the film version of Dragnet with Dan Aykroyd and Tom Hanks. Morgan hosted the NBC radio series Mystery in the Air starring Peter Lorre in 1947. On CBS, he played Pete Porter in Gladys, with Cara Williams as wife Gladys. Pete and Gladys was a spin-off of December Bride, starring Spring Byington, a show in which Morgan had a popular recurring role. In 1950, Morgan appeared as an obtrusive, alcohol-addled hotel clerk in the Dragnet radio episode "The Big Boys". After Pete and Gladys ended production, Morgan guest-starred in the role of Al Everett in the 1962 episode "Like My Own Brother" on Gene Kelly's ABC drama series, Going My Way, loosely based on the 1944 Bing Crosby film of the same name; that same year, he played the mobster Bugs Moran in an episode of ABC's The Untouchables, with Robert Stack.
In 1963, he was cast as Sheriff Ernie Backwater on Richard Boone's Have Gun - Will Travel Western series on CBS worked as a regular cast member on the 1963-64 anthology series The Richard Boone Show. In the 1964–1965 season, Morgan co-starred as Seldom Jackson in the 26-week NBC comedy/drama Kentucky Jones, starring Dennis Weaver of Gunsmoke. Morgan is more recognized as Officer Bill Gannon, Joe Friday's partner in the revived version of Dragnet. Morgan had appeared with Dragnet star Jack Webb in three film noir movies, Dark City, Appointment with Danger and Pete Kelly’s Blues, was an early regular member of Jack Webb's stock company of actors on the original Dragnet radio show. Morgan worked on two other shows for Webb: 1971's The D. A. and the 1972–1974 Western series, Hec Ramsey. Morgan appeared in at least one episode of Gunsmoke. Morgan appeared in the role of Inspector Richard Queen, uncle of Ellery Queen in the 1971 television film Ellery Queen: Don't Look Behind You. Morgan's first appearance on M*A*S*H was in the show's third season, when he played eccentric Major General Bartford Hamilton Steele in "The General Flipped at Dawn", which first aired on September 10, 1974.
The following season, Morgan joined the cast of M*A*S*H as Colonel Sherman T. Potter. A fan of the sitcom, Morgan replaced McLean Stevenson, who left the show at the end of the previous season. Unlike Stevenson's character Henry Blake, Potter was a career Army officer, a firm yet good-humored, caring father figure to those under his command. In 1980, Morgan won an Emmy award for his performance on M*A*S*H; when asked if he was a better actor after working with the show's talented cast, Morgan responded, "I don't know about that, but it's made me a better human being." After the end of the series, Morgan reprised the Potter role in a short-l
Walter Van Tilburg Clark
Walter Van Tilburg Clark was an American novelist, short story writer, educator. He ranks as one of Nevada's most distinguished literary figures of the 20th century, was the first inductee into the'Nevada Writers Hall of Fame' in 1988, together with Robert Laxalt, Clark's mentee and Nevada's other heralded twentieth century author. Two of Clark's novels, The Ox-Bow Incident and The Track of the Cat, were made into films; as a writer, Clark taught himself to use the familiar materials of the western saga to explore the human psyche and to raise deep philosophical issues. Born in East Orland, Clark grew up and went to college in Reno, where his father, Walter Ernest Clark, was president of the University of Nevada. In 1933 Clark married Barbara Frances Morse and moved to Cazenovia, New York, where he taught high school English and began his fiction-writing career. Clark's first published novel, The Ox-Bow Incident, was successful and is considered to be the first modern Western, without the usual clichés and formulaic plots of the genre.
The novel is a story about a lynch mob mistaking three innocent travelers for cattle rustlers suspected of murder. After the travelers are hanged, the lynch mob finds; the novel's themes include an examination of frontier order, as well as culpability. The novel was well-received, gave Clark literary acclaim, unusual for a writer of Westerns, in 1943 was adapted into a movie starring Henry Fonda and Harry Morgan. Over the next decade, Clark published two more novels: The City of Trembling Leaves and The Track of the Cat. In 1950, a collection of short stories, The Watchful Gods and Other Stories, was released. Since they began appearing in national magazines during the 1940s, Clark's short stories gained national recognition and earned the O. Henry Prize five times, in quick succession, between 1941 and 1945. After this initial success in the short story format, some of these stories have been anthologized as classic examples of the genre. Clark's short story, "The Portable Phonograph" - a poignant depiction of survivors in the aftermath of nuclear war - is well known.
Two Hollywood films were inspired by Clark's writings, one of these received an Academy Award nomination for Best Picture. The other film was Track of the Cat, based on Clark's novel The Track of the Cat.. Although he continued to write more sporadically after 1950, Clark published no more fiction works during the remaining two decades of his life. Thereafter, Clark devoted his creative energies to lecturing. From 1954 to 1956, he was a professor of creative writing at the University of Montana in Missoula, where he was noted by his students for his teaching skills and for his eccentric clothing which consisted of a blue turtleneck shirt, maroon corduroy jacket, grey slacks and blue socks which never varied throughout the term. Clark began teaching at a writer's worskshop at San Francisco State University during the summer of 1955, moving to San Francisco in 1956 after he was hired there full-time to establish a formal Creative Writing Program, he remained there until 1962. Clark would return to Reno to serve as the writer-in-residence at the university from 1962 until his death from cancer in Virginia City, Nevada on November 10, 1971 at aged 62.
He spent the last ten years of his life editing The Journals of Alfred Doten. He died two years to the day after the death of his wife Barbara Clark. Both of them died of cancer, as Clark's biographer Jackson J. Benson noted in his biography of Clark, The Ox-Bow Man. Clark was chosen, along with Robert Laxalt, to be the first writer inducted into the Nevada Writers Hall of Fame when it was established in 1988 by the Friends of the University of Nevada Libraries. FictionThe Ox-Bow Incident, Random House, 1940; the City of Trembling Leaves, Random House, 1945. Reprinted as part of the Western Literature Series, University of Nevada Press, 1991, 2003. With a "Foreword" by Robert Laxalt; the Track of the Cat, Random House, 1949, University of Nevada Press, 1993, 2003, with an "Afterword" by Walter Van Tilburg Clark. The Watchful Gods and Other Stories, Random House, 1950.. Reprinted, University of Nevada Press, 2004. With a "Foreword" by Ann RonaldPoetryChristmas Comes to Hjalsen "Washoe Valley; the Journals of Alfred Doten, 1849-1903, three volumes, University of Nevada Press, 1973.
Walter Van Tilburg Clark: Critiques, edited by Charlton Laird. In this volume, some of Clark's works were collected and grouped with essays about Clark and his writings Contemporary Literary Criticism, Volume 28, Gale, 1984. Dictionar