E. C. Segar
Elzie Crisler Segar was an American cartoonist, best known as the creator of Popeye, a pop culture character who first appeared in 1929 in Segar's comic strip Thimble Theatre. Segar was born on December 8, 1894, raised in Chester, Illinois, a small town near the Mississippi River. Segar was Jewish; the son of a handyman, his earliest work experiences included assisting his father in house painting and paper hanging. Skilled at playing drums, he provided musical accompaniment to films and vaudeville acts in the local theater, where he was given the job of film projectionist at the Chester Opera House, where he did live performances. At age 18, he decided to become a cartoonist, he took a correspondence course in cartooning from W. L. Evans of Ohio, he said that after work he "lit up the oil lamps about midnight and worked on the course until 3 a.m." Segar moved to Chicago where he met Richard F. Outcault, the creator of The Yellow Kid and Buster Brown. Outcault introduced him at the Chicago Herald.
On March 12, 1916, the Herald published Segar's first comic, Charlie Chaplin's Comic Capers, which ran for a little over a year. In 1917, Barry the Boob was created. In 1918, he moved on to William Randolph Hearst's Chicago Evening American, for which he created Looping the Loop and worked as a second-string drama critic. Segar married Myrtle Johnson that year. In October 1919, Segar covered that year's World Series, creating eight cartoons for the sports pages. Evening American Managing editor William Curley thought Segar could succeed in New York, so he sent him to King Features Syndicate, where Segar worked for many years, he began by drawing Thimble Theatre for the New York Journal. The strip made its debut on December 19, 1919, featuring the characters Olive Oyl, Castor Oyl and Harold Hamgravy, whose name was shortened in the strip to "Ham Gravy", they were the strip's leads for about a decade. Segar created The Five-Fifteen for King Features in 1920; the Five-Fifteen started its run as a Monday-through-Saturday strip.
In 1926, the retitled Sappo was converted into a Sunday-only topper to the Thimble Theatre Sunday pages. This strip revolved about the exploits of suburban couple John and Myrtle Sappo. However, Segar added the character of inventor Professor O. G. Wotasnozzle to Sappo. Wotasnozzle's bizarre machines soon became the focus of the narrative. On January 17, 1929, when Castor Oyl needed a mariner to navigate his ship to Dice Island, Castor picked up an old sailor in the docks named Popeye. Popeye's first line in the strip, upon being asked if he was a sailor, was "'Ja think I'm a cowboy?" The character became the permanent star. Some of the other notable characters Segar created include Eugene the Jeep. After prolonged illness, Segar died of leukemia and liver disease in October 1938 at the age of 43. Segar is regarded as one of the most influential and talented cartoonists of all time, among the first to combine humor with long-running adventures. A revival of interest in Segar's creations began with Woody Gelman's Nostalgia Press.
Robert Altman's live-action film Popeye is adapted from E. C. Segar's Thimble Theatre comic strip; the screenplay by Jules Feiffer was based directly on Gelman's Thimble Theatre Starring Popeye the Sailor, a hardcover reprint collection of 1936-37 Segar strips published in 1971 by Nostalgia Press. In 2006, Fantagraphics published the first of a six-volume book set reprinting all Thimble Theatre daily and Sunday strips from 1928–38, beginning with the adventure that introduced Popeye. In 1971, the National Cartoonists Society created the Elzie Segar Award in his honor. According to the Society's website, the award was "presented to a person who has made a unique and outstanding contribution to the profession of cartooning." The NCS board of directors chose the first winners, while King Features selected recipients in years. Honorees have included Bil Keane, Al Capp, Bill Gallo and Mort Walker; the award was discontinued in 1999. In 2012, cartoonists Roger Langridge and Bruce Ozella teamed to revive the spirit of Segar in a 12-issue limited series, published by IDW.
Asked how to say his name, he told The Literary Digest it was "SEE-gar". He signed his work Segar or E. Segar above a drawing of a cigar. In 1977, Segar's hometown of Chester, named a park in his honor; the park contains a six-foot-tall bronze statue of Popeye. The annual Popeye Picnic, a weekend-long event that celebrates the character with a parade, film festival and other activities, is held the first weekend after Labor Day. In 2006, Chester launched the "Popeye & Friends Character Trail", which links a series of statues of Segar's characters located throughout town; each stands on a base inscribed with the names of donors who contributed to its cost and is unveiled and dedicated during the Popeye Picnic. The 2006 debut sculpture of hamburger-loving Wimpy stands in Gazebo Park. A statue of Olive Oyl, Swee'Pea and the Jeep, located near the Randolph County Courthouse, followed in 2007. In 2008, a Bluto statue was dedicated at the corner of Swanwick and W. Holmes Streets, in front of Buena Vista Bank.
The 2009 statue of Castor Oyl and Bernice the Whiffle Hen stands in front of Chester Memorial Hospital. One additional statue has been unveiled each year. A few businesses in Chester are named after Popeye characters: Spinach Can Collectibles/Popeye Museum and Rough-House PizzaOn December 8, 2009, Google celebrated Segar's 115th birthday with a Google Doodle of Popeye; the doodle used Popeye's body as the'g', had'oogl', drawn to resemble Segar's drawing style, a spinach can as the
Poopdeck Pappy is a fictional character featured in the Popeye comic strip and animated cartoon spinoffs. Created by E. C. Segar in 1936, the character is Popeye's father, between the ages of 85 and 99. Pappy first appeared in Thimble Theatre not long after Popeye acquired Eugene the Jeep in 1936. Popeye decided to use the creature's supernatural knowledge to find his father. An expedition was set up to go to Poopdeck's home on Barnacle Island, which included Toar the caveman and Olive Oyl; the ungrateful father answered Popeye's greeting with, "You look like something the cat dragged in... I don't like relatives." He came to Popeye's home anyway, followed by some mermaids. Poopdeck Pappy made his first animated appearance in the Popeye the Sailor short Goonland. In this cartoon, it is revealed that Popeye has a long-lost father, not seen since infancy, being held captive in the bizarre realm of Goon Island; when he goes to rescue the "ol' goat" in the Goon prison, his father refuses to acknowledge Popeye as his son, but when Popeye himself is captured by the Goons, he eats Popeye's mislaid can of spinach to rescue his only child.
In the mêlée that ensues, the filmstrip is broken and the animator must safety pin it back together to finish the cartoon. Popeye is the spitting image of Poopdeck Pappy, he is far less principled than his son, stealing from Popeye's bank account and trying to sell water for $5,000 in Death Valley. There is no love lost between him and Olive Oyl, whom he calls a "lath-legged bean pole.". However, while he is grumpy and somewhat hostile, he is quite protective of Popeye, does have a hidden soft side. After Segar's death, Poopdeck's mother was introduced into the strip, she refuses to treat her son as an "eighty-five year-old adult" and disciplines him after his raucous "nights on the town." She tends to be more amiable to Popeye, although she too believes that Olive needs a bit more meat on her bones. However, Olive agrees with how Granny keeps Pappy in the house, because when she does, the town is able to get a sound sleep. Granny is notorious as being one of the worst cooks in the world. In the Fleischer Studios shorts, both Poopdeck Pappy and Popeye share Jack Mercer.
Goonland Ghosks In The Bunk Stealin' Ain't Honest Fightin' Pals My Pop, My Pop Poopdeck Pappy Problem Pappy Quiet Pleeze Child Psykolojiky Pest Pilot Seein' Red White N' Blue Olive Oyl For President Popeyes Pappy Ancient Fistory Baby Wants a Battle Taxi-Turvy Bride and Gloom Nearlyweds In Robert Altman's Popeye, Poopdeck Pappy is played by Ray Walston. He is the "Commodore" of Sweethaven, but gets kidnapped by Captain Bluto and must be saved by Popeye; when Popeye sees his "squinky" eye and his pipe, he recognizes his long-lost father—though, as in their meeting on Goon Island, Pappy refuses to accept that Popeye is his son. He appears in Popeye and Son, in "Poopdeck Pappy and the Family Tree." While he comes to help his grandson Junior with his school report, traces of the classic Pappy come shining through when describing their ancestors in greater unsavory detail. Popeye | The Home of Popeye the Sailor Man
Betty Boop is an animated cartoon character created by Max Fleischer, with help from animators including Grim Natwick. She appeared in the Talkartoon and Betty Boop film series, which were produced by Fleischer Studios and released by Paramount Pictures, she has been featured in comic strips and mass merchandising. A caricature of a Jazz Age flapper, Betty Boop was described in a 1934 court case as: "combin in appearance the childish with the sophisticated—a large round baby face with big eyes and a nose like a button, framed in a somewhat careful coiffure, with a small body of which the leading characteristic is the most self-confident little bust imaginable". Despite having been toned down in the mid-1930s as a result of the Hays Code to appear more demure, she became one of the best-known and popular cartoon characters in the world. Betty Boop made her first appearance on August 9, 1930, in the cartoon Dizzy Dishes, the seventh installment in Fleischer's Talkartoon series. Although Clara Bow is given credit as being the inspiration for Boop, some say she began as a caricature of singer Helen Kane, who performed in a style popular with many talented performers of the day, including black singer Baby Esther Jones.
Inspired by a popular performing style, but not by any one specific person, the character was originally created as an anthropomorphic French poodle. Betty Boop appeared as a supporting character in ten cartoons as a flapper girl with more heart than brains. In individual cartoons, she was called "Nancy Lee" or "Nan McGrew"—derived from the 1930 Helen Kane film Dangerous Nan McGrew—usually serving as a girlfriend to studio star, Bimbo. Within a year, Betty made the transition from an incidental human-canine breed to a human female character. While much credit has been given to Grim Natwick for helping to transform Max Fleischer's creation, her transition into the cute cartoon girl was in part due to the work of Berny Wolf, Otto Feuer, Seymour Kneitel, "Doc" Crandall, Willard Bowsky, James "Shamus" Culhane. By the release of Any Rags Betty Boop was forever established as a human character, her floppy poodle ears became hoop earrings, her black poodle nose became a girl's button-like nose. Betty's voice was first performed by Margie Hines, was performed by several different voice actresses, including Kate Wright, Bonnie Poe, Ann Rothschild, most notably, Mae Questel.
Questel, who began voicing Betty Boop in Bimbo's Silly Scandals, continued with the role until 1938, returning 50 years in Disney's Who Framed Roger Rabbit. Today, Betty is voiced by Cindy Robinson in commercials. Although it has been assumed that Betty's first name was established in the 1931 Screen Songs cartoon, Betty Co-ed, this "Betty" is an different character. Though the song may have led to Betty's eventual christening, any reference to Betty Co-ed as a Betty Boop vehicle is incorrect although the official Betty Boop website describes the titular character as a "prototype" of Betty. There are at least 12 Screen Songs cartoons that featured a similar character. Betty appeared in the first "Color Classic" cartoon Poor Cinderella, her only theatrical color appearance in 1934. In the film, she was depicted with red hair as opposed to her typical black hair. Betty made a cameo appearance in the feature film Who Framed Roger Rabbit, in which she appeared in her traditional black and white and was voiced by Mae Questel.
Betty Boop was the star of the Talkartoons by 1932 and was given her own series that same year, beginning with Stopping the Show. From that point on, she was crowned "The Queen of the Animated Screen"; the series was popular throughout the 1930s, lasting until 1939. Betty Boop's films found a new audience when Paramount sold them for syndication in 1955. U. M. & M. and National Telefilm Associates were required to remove the original Paramount logo from the opening and closing as well as any references to Paramount in the copyright line on the main titles. However, the mountain motif remains on some television prints with a U. M. & M. copyright line, while recent versions have circulated with the Paramount-Publix reference in cartoons from 1931. The original Betty Boop cartoons were made in black-and-white; as new color cartoons made for television began to appear in the 1960s with the spread of color TV sets, the original black-and-white cartoons were retired. Boop's film career saw a revival with the release of The Betty Boop Scandals of 1974, becoming a part of the post-1960s counterculture.
NTA attempted to capitalize on this with a new syndication package, but because there was no market for cartoons in black and white, they sent them to South Korea, where the cartoons were hand-traced frame-by-frame in color, resulting in the degradation of the animation quality and timing. Unable to sell these to television because of the sloppy colorization, they assembled a number of the color cartoons in a compilation feature titled Betty Boop for President, to connect with the 1976 election, but it did not receive a major theatrical release, it was the advent of home video that created an appreciation for films in their original versions, Betty was rediscovered again in Beta and VHS versions. The ever-expanding cable television industry saw the creation of American Movie Classics, which showcased a selection of the original black and white "Betty Boop" cartoons in the 1990s, which led to an eight-volume VHS and LV set, "Betty Boop, the Definitive Collection"; some of the non-public domain Boop cartoons copyrighted by Republic successor Melange Pictures h
Popeye the Sailor is a cartoon fictional character created by Elzie Crisler Segar. The character first appeared in the daily King Features comic strip Thimble Theatre on January 17, 1929, Popeye became the strip's title in years. Popeye has appeared in theatrical and television animated cartoons. Segar's Thimble Theatre strip was in its 10th year when Popeye made his debut, but the one-eyed sailor became the main focus of the strip, Thimble Theatre became one of King Features' most popular properties during the 1930s. After Segar's death in 1938, Thimble Theatre was continued by several writers and artists, most notably Segar's assistant Bud Sagendorf; the strip continues to appear in first-run installments in its Sunday edition and drawn by Hy Eisman. The daily strips are reprints of old Sagendorf stories. In 1933, Max Fleischer adapted the Thimble Theatre characters into a series of Popeye the Sailor theatrical cartoon shorts for Paramount Pictures; these cartoons proved to be among the most popular of the 1930s, Fleischer — and Paramount's own Famous Studios — continued production through 1957.
These cartoon shorts are now owned by Turner Entertainment and distributed by its sister company Warner Bros. Over the years, Popeye has appeared in comic books, television cartoons and video games, hundreds of advertisements, peripheral products ranging from spinach to candy cigarettes, the 1980 live-action film directed by Robert Altman and starring Robin Williams as Popeye. Charles M. Schulz said, "I think Popeye was a perfect comic strip, consistent in drawing and humor". In 2002, TV Guide ranked Popeye number 20 on its "50 Greatest Cartoon Characters of All Time" list. Popeye's story and characterization vary depending on the medium. Popeye got "luck" from rubbing the head of the Whiffle Hen. Swee'Pea is Popeye's ward in the comic strips, but he is depicted as belonging to Olive Oyl in cartoons. There is no absolute sense of continuity in the stories, although certain plot and presentation elements remain constant, including purposeful contradictions in Popeye's capabilities. Popeye seems bereft of manners and uneducated, yet he comes up with solutions to problems that seem insurmountable to the police or the scientific community.
He has displayed Sherlock Holmes-like investigative prowess, scientific ingenuity, successful diplomatic arguments. His pipe proves to be versatile. Among other things, it has served as a cutting torch, jet engine, periscope, musical instrument, a whistle with which he produces his trademark toot, he eats spinach through his pipe, sometimes sucking in the can along with the contents. Since the 1970s, Popeye is depicted using his pipe to smoke tobacco. Popeye's exploits are enhanced by a few recurring plot elements. One is the love triangle among Popeye and Bluto, Bluto's endless machinations to claim Olive at Popeye's expense. Another is his near-saintly perseverance in overcoming any obstacle to please Olive, who renounces Popeye for Bluto. Thimble Theatre was cartoonist Segar's third published strip when it first appeared in the New York Journal on December 19, 1919; the paper's owner William Randolph Hearst owned King Features Syndicate, which syndicated the strip. Thimble Theatre was intended as a replacement for Midget Movies by Ed Wheelan.
It did not attract a large audience at first, at the end of its first decade appeared in only half a dozen newspapers. In its early years, the strip featured characters acting out various stories and scenarios in theatrical style, it could be classified as a gag-a-day comic in those days. Thimble Theatre's first main characters were her boyfriend Harold Hamgravy. After the strip moved away from its initial focus, it settled into a comedy-adventure style featuring Olive and Olive's enterprising brother Castor Oyl. Olive's parents Cole and Nana Oyl made frequent appearances. Popeye first appeared in the strip on January 1929 as a minor character, he was hired by Castor Oyl and Ham to crew a ship for a voyage to Dice Island, the location of a casino owned by the crooked gambler Fadewell. Castor intended to break the bank at the casino using the unbeatable good luck conferred by stroking the hairs on the head of Bernice the Whiffle Hen. Weeks on the trip back, Popeye was shot many times by Jack Snork, a stooge of Fadewell's, but survived by rubbing Bernice's head.
After the adventure, Popeye left the strip but, due to reader reaction, he was brought back. The Popeye character became so popular that he was given a larger role, the strip was taken up by many more newspapers as a result. Initial strips presented Olive as being less than impressed with Popeye, but she left Hamgravy to become Popeye's girlfriend and Hamgravy left the strip as a regular. Over the years, she has displayed a fickle attitude towards the sailor. Castor Oyl continued to come up with get-rich-quick schemes and enlisted Popeye in his misadventures, he settled down as a detective and on bought a ranch out West. Castor has appeared in recent years. In 1933, Popeye received a foundling baby in the mail, whom he named Swee'Pea. Other regular characters in the strip were J. Wellington Wimpy, a hamburger-loving moocher who would "gladly pay you Tuesday for a hamburger today".
A tobacco pipe called a pipe, is a device made to smoke tobacco. It comprises a chamber for the tobacco from which a thin hollow stem emerges, ending in a mouthpiece. Pipes can range from simple machine-made briar models to prized hand-made artisanal implements made by renowned pipemakers, which are very expensive collector's items. Pipe smoking is the oldest known traditional form of tobacco smoking; some Native American cultures smoke tobacco in ceremonial pipes, have done so since long before the arrival of Europeans. For instance the Lakota people use. Other American Indian cultures smoke tobacco socially; the tobacco plant is native to South America but spread into North America long before Europeans arrived. Tobacco was introduced to Europe from the Americas in the 16th century and spread around the world rapidly; as tobacco was not introduced to the Old World until the 16th century, the older pipes outside of the Americas were used to smoke various other substances, including hashish, a rare and expensive substance outside areas of the Middle East, Central Asia and India, where it was produced.
A pipe's fundamental function is to provide a safe, manipulable volume in which to incompletely combust a smokable substance. This is accomplished by connecting a refractory'bowl' to some sort of'stem' which extends and may cool the smoke mixture drawn through the combusting organic mass; the broad anatomy of a pipe comprises the bowl and the stem. The bowl, the cup-like outer shell, the part hand-held while packing and smoking a pipe, is the part "knocked" top-down to loosen and release impacted spent tobacco. On being sucked, the general stem delivers the smoke from the bowl to the user's mouth. Inside the bowl is an inner chamber space holding tobacco pressed into it; this draught hole, is for air flow where air has travelled through the tobacco in the chamber, taking the smoke with it, up the shank. At the end of the shank, the pipe's mortise and tenon join is an air-tight, simple connection of two detachable parts where the mortise is a hole met by the tenon, a tight-fitting "tongue" at the start of the stem.
Known as the bore, the inner shaft of this second section stays uniform throughout while the outer stem tapers down to the mouthpiece or bit held in the smoker's teeth, ends in the "lip", attenuated for comfort. The bowls of tobacco pipes are made of briar wood, corncob, pear-wood, rose-wood or clay. Less common are other dense-grained woods such as cherry, maple, mesquite and bog-wood. Minerals such as catlinite and soapstone have been used. Pipe bowls are sometimes decorated by carving, moulded clay pipes had simple decoration in the mould. Unusual, but still noteworthy pipe materials include gourds, as in the famous calabash pipe, pyrolytic graphite. Metal and glass are uncommon materials for tobacco pipes, but are common for pipes intended for other substances, such as cannabis; the stem needs a long channel of constant position and diameter running through it for a proper draw, although filter pipes have varying diameters and can be smoked without filters or adapters. Because it is molded rather than carved, clay may make up the entire pipe or just the bowl, but most other materials have stems made separately and detachable.
Stems and bits of tobacco pipes are made of moldable materials like Ebonite, Lucite and soft plastic. Less common are stems made of reeds, bamboo, or hollowed out pieces of wood. Expensive pipes once had stems made of amber. Apple. Subtypes: Apple, Diplomat, Hawkbill, Tomatoe. Billiard. Subtypes: Billiard, Chimney, Oom Paul, Nose Warmer. Bulldog. Subtypes: Bulldog, Bull Moose, Czech Bulldog, Ukulele. Calabash. Subtypes: Calabash, Reverse Calabash. Canadian. Subtypes: Canadian, Lovat, Lumberman. Cavalier. Subtypes: Cavalier, Pseudo-cavalier. Churchwarden. – Pipe with a long stem. Dublin. Subtypes: Dublin, Cutty, Devil Anse, Zulu. Freehand. Subtypes: Freehand, Horn, Tomahawk, Volcano. Sitter. Subtypes: Sitter, Duke, Tankard. Tyrolean pipe. Vest Pocket. Calabash gourds have long made prized pipes, but they are labour-intensive and, quite expensive; because of this expense, pipes with bodies made of wood instead of gourd, but with the same classic shape, are sold as calabashes. Both wood and gourd pipes are functionally the same.
They consist of a downward curve. Beneath the bowl is an air chamber which serves to cool and mellow the smoke. There are briar pipes being sold as calabashes; these do not have an air chamber and are so named only because of their external shape. A calabash pipe is rather large and easy to recognize as a pipe when used on a stage in dramatic productions. Although a British newspaper cartoon of the early 1900s depicts the British actor H. A, Saintsbury as the Great Detective smoking what may be a calabash pipe, its now-stereotypical identification with Sherlock Holmes remains a mystery; some commentators have erroneously associated the calabash with William Gillette, the first actor to become universally recognized as the embodiment of the detective. Gillette introduced the curving or bent pipe for use by Holmes, but his p
Popeye the Sailor (film)
Popeye the Sailor is a 1933 animated short produced by Fleischer Studios and distributed by Paramount Pictures. While billed as a Betty Boop cartoon, Betty Boop only makes a small appearance, as it starred Popeye the Sailor in his first animated appearance; the cartoon begins with stock film footage of newspapers rolling off a printing press. The front page of one of the newspapers appears, with a headline declaring that Popeye has become a movie star; the camera zooms in on the illustration of Popeye, which comes to life, as Popeye sings about his amazing prowess in his signature song "I'm Popeye the Sailor Man."On land with his nemesis Bluto, the two sailors vie for the affections of Olive Oyl. Popeye takes Olive Oyl to a carnival and pays the peacock 10¢ and Bluto blows off all of the peacock's feathers, they play two games, with Popeye "winning" both times and they watch Betty Boop doing the hula. Popeye jumps up on stage, wraps the bearded lady's beard around his waist for a grass skirt, dances with Betty, mimicking her movements.
He is bit by a snake, but tranquilizes it with his pipe. Bluto abducts Olive Oyl and ties her to a railroad track, using the track itself as "ropes", in order to cause a train wreck to kill Olive, where a train is approaching. Popeye fights Bluto, but loses, but eats spinach and punches Bluto, causing him to get trapped in a nailed coffin, he punches the approaching engine and its baggage car and coaches in the "face", wrecks the whole train in a crushing halt and sparing Olive's life, because of the can of spinach he ate. This short introduces the song "I'm Popeye the Sailor Man", written by Sammy Lerner, loosely based on the first two lines of the "Pirate King" song in Gilbert and Sullivan's operetta, The Pirates of Penzance, it would become Popeye's theme song, with a portion of its instrumental appearing over the opening credits. For this cartoon, at least one following it, the opening credits theme was an extended instrumental of "The Sailor's Hornpipe" followed by a vocal variation on "Strike Up the Band" substituting the words "for Popeye the Sailor" in the latter phrase.
The song was sung twice in the opening credits of this cartoon, first by a deep-voiced singer who sounds like the Bluto voice, by Mae Questel. It was heard in the science-fiction film Alien Resurrection when it is whistled by Dom Vriess; the animation sequence with Popeye singing was reused in Let's Sing with Popeye. It is the only Popeye cartoon, a Betty Boop cartoon. Popeye was one of several newspaper cartoons. In order to increase the chance of Popeye's success, the short was billed as a Betty Boop cartoon, though she is only featured briefly; the short has been released as Betty Boop Meets Popeye the Sailor. The cartoon is included in the DVD collection, Popeye the Sailor: 1933–1938, Volume 1, released by Warner Home Video in 2007; the engine of the train is an American type steam locomotive. These types of steam trains with their wheel arrangement were used most common on American railroads from the 1800s and 1830s up to the year 1928. Popeye the Sailor on IMDb