Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear
Frank Miller (comics)
Frank Miller is an American comic book writer, inker, film director, producer best known for his comic book stories and graphic novels such as Ronin, Daredevil: Born Again, The Dark Knight Returns, Batman: Year One, Sin City, 300. He directed the film version of The Spirit, shared directing duties with Robert Rodriguez on Sin City and Sin City: A Dame to Kill For, produced the film 300, his film Sin City earned a Palme d'Or nomination, he has received every major comic book industry award. In 2015, Miller was inducted into the Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame, he created the comic book characters Elektra for Marvel Comics' Daredevil series, a female version of the Robin character, Carrie Kelley, for DC Comics. Miller is noted for combining film manga influences in his comic art creations. "I realized when I started Sin City that I found American and English comics be too wordy, too constipated, Japanese comics to be too empty. So I was attempting to do a hybrid". Miller was born in Olney, Maryland, on January 27, 1957, raised in Montpelier, the fifth of seven children of a nurse mother and a carpenter/electrician father.
His family was Irish Catholic. Miller grew up a comics fan, his first published work was at Western Publishing's Gold Key Comics imprint, received at the recommendation of comics artist Neal Adams, to whom a fledgling Miller, after moving to New York City, had shown samples and received much critique and occasional informal lessons. Though no published credits appear, he is tentatively credited with the three-page story "Royal Feast" in the licensed TV series comic book The Twilight Zone #84, by an unknown writer, is credited with the five-page "Endless Cloud" by an unknown writer, in the following issue. By the time of the latter, Miller had his first confirmed credit in writer Wyatt Gwyon's six-page "Deliver Me From D-Day", inked by Danny Bulanadi, in Weird War Tales #64. Former Marvel editor-in-chief Jim Shooter recalled Miller going to DC Comics after having broken in with "...a small job from Western Publishing, I think. Thus emboldened, he went to DC, after getting savaged by Joe Orlando, got in to see art director Vinnie Colletta, who recognized talent and arranged for him to get a one-page war-comic job".
The Grand Comics Database does not list this job. Other fledgling work at DC included the six-page "The Greatest Story Never Told", by writer Paul Kupperberg, in that same issue, the five-page "The Edge of History", written by Elliot S. Maggin, in Unknown Soldier #219, his first work for Marvel Comics was penciling the 17-page story "The Master Assassin of Mars, Part 3" in John Carter, Warlord of Mars #18. At Marvel, Miller would settle in as a regular fill-in and cover artist, working on a variety of titles. One of these jobs was drawing Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man #27–28, which guest-starred Daredevil. At the time, sales of the Daredevil title were poor but Miller saw potential in "a blind protagonist in a purely visual medium," he recalled in 2000. Miller went to writer and staffer Jo Duffy and she passed on his interest to editor-in-chief Jim Shooter to get Miller work on Daredevil's regular title. Shooter made Miller the new penciller on the title; as Miller recalled in 2008: Daredevil #158, Miller's debut on that title, was the finale of an ongoing story written by Roger McKenzie and inked by Klaus Janson.
After this issue, Miller became one of Marvel's rising stars. However, sales on Daredevil did not improve, Marvel's management continued to discuss cancellation, Miller himself quit the series, as he disliked McKenzie's scripts. Miller's fortunes changed with the arrival of Denny O'Neil as editor. Realizing Miller's unhappiness with the series, impressed by a backup story he had written, O'Neil moved McKenzie to another project so that Miller could try writing the series himself. Miller and O'Neil would maintain a friendly working relationship throughout his run on the series. With issue # 168, Miller took over full duties as penciller. Sales rose so swiftly that Marvel once again began publishing Daredevil monthly rather than bimonthly just three issues after Miller became its writer. Issue #168 saw the first full appearance of the ninja mercenary Elektra—who would become a popular character and star in a 2005 motion picture—although her first cover appearance was four months earlier on Miller's cover of The Comics Journal #58.
Miller wrote and drew a solo Elektra story in Bizarre Adventures #28. He added a martial arts aspect to Daredevil's fighting skills, introduced unseen characters who had played a major part in the character's youth: Stick, leader of the ninja clan the Chaste, Murdock's sensei after he was blinded and a rival clan called the Hand. Unable to handle both writing and penciling Daredevil on the new monthly schedule, Miller began relying on Janson for the artwork, sending him looser and looser pencils beginning with #173. By issue #185, Miller had relinquished his role as Daredevil's artist, was providing only rough layouts for Janson to both pencil and ink, allowing him to focus on the writing. Miller's work on Daredevil was characterized by darker stories; this peaked when in #181 (April 1
Jeroen Aart Krabbé is a Dutch actor and film director who has appeared in more than 60 films since 1963, including Jumpin' Jack Flash, The Living Daylights, The Prince of Tides, The Fugitive, Transporter 3. Krabbé was born into an artistic family in Amsterdam, the son of Margreet, a film translator, Maarten Krabbé, a painter, he has two brothers – Tim, a journalist and former world-class racing cyclist and championship chess player, Mirko, an artist. His mother was Jewish. Internationally, he first came to prominence in fellow Dutchman Paul Verhoeven's films Soldier of Orange opposite Rutger Hauer and The Fourth Man with Renée Soutendijk, his first big American film was the Whoopi Goldberg comedy Jumpin' Jack Flash. However, it was his roles as villains in a string of international films from the late 1980s and early 1990s which brought him international stardom, with notable roles such as Losado in No Mercy, General Georgi Koskov in the James Bond film The Living Daylights, Gianni Franco in The Punisher, Herbert Woodruff in The Prince of Tides, Dr. Charles Nichols in The Fugitive.
He has appeared in numerous TV productions, as Satan in the TV production Jesus. He was both director and producer of a 1998 film about Orthodox Jews during the 1970s in Antwerp co-starring Isabella Rossellini and Maximilian Schell called Left Luggage, as well as the Harry Mulisch novel adapted into film The Discovery of Heaven. Left Luggage was entered into the 48th Berlin International Film Festival; the following year, he was a member of the jury at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival. His television work included playing an uncanny psychic in the Midsomer Murders series 11 episode "Talking to the Dead". Krabbé had an exhibition about his paintings in Museum de Fundatie, in 2008, he has been married to his wife, since 1964. Together they have three sons – Martijn and Jacob. Apart from acting and directing, he is an accomplished artist, has co-authored a Dutch cookbook. In November 2004, he released the book Schilder, an overview of his paintings. Left Luggage The Discovery of Heaven Rico's Wings Alles bleef zoals het niet was / J. H. van Geemert gedichten.
29 p. ISBN 90-6975-224-7. Opl. van 60 genummerde en gesigneerde ex. losbl. in cassette, ISBN 90-6975-223-9 Bezuinigingskookboek: kookboek voor de jaren 80 / Marjan Berk and Jeroen Krabbé – Amsterdam: Tiebosch, 1980. 189 p. ISBN 90-6278-509-3. 2e dr. zonder ondertitel: – Haarlem: Gottmer, 1985. 183 p. ISBN 90-257-1917-1 Het eenvoudige kookboek / Marian "Marjan" Berk, Jeroen Krabbé. 207 p. ISBN 90-254-0446-4. Herz. versie van: Bezuinigingskookboek. Jeroen Krabbé on IMDb Jeroen Krabbe at Virtual History
John Romita Sr.
John V. Romita credited as John Romita, is an American comic book artist best known for his work on Marvel Comics' The Amazing Spider-Man and for co-creating the character The Punisher, he was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2002. Romita is the father of John Romita Jr. a comic book artist and husband of Virginia Romita, for many years Marvel's traffic manager. Romita was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York City, the son of Marie and Victor Romita, a baker, with three sisters and a brother, he is of Italian descent. He graduated from Manhattan's School of Industrial Art in 1947, having attended for three years after spending ninth grade at a Brooklyn junior high school. Among his instructors were book illustrator Howard Simon and magazine illustrator Ben Clements, his influences included comics artists Noel Sickles, Roy Crane, Milton Caniff, Alex Toth and Carmine Infantino, as well as commercial illustrators Jon Whitcomb, Coby Whitmore, Al Parker. Romita entered the comics industry in 1949 on the series Famous Funnies.
"Steven Douglas up there was a benefactor to all young artists", Romita recalled. "The first story he gave. It was terrible. All the women looked like emaciated men and he bought it, never criticized, told me to keep working, he paid me two hundred dollars for it and never published it — and rightfully so". Romita was working at the New York City company Forbes Lithograph in 1949, earning $30 a week, when comic-book inker Lester Zakarin, a friend from high school whom he ran into on a subway train, offered him either $17 or $20 a page to pencil a 10-page story for him as uncredited ghost artist. "I thought, this is ridiculous! In two pages I can make more money than I make all week! So I ghosted it and kept on ghosting for him", Romita recalled. "I think it was a 1920s mobster crime story". The work was for Marvel's 1940s forerunner, Timely Comics, which helped give Romita an opportunity to meet editor-in-chief and art director Stan Lee. Romita ghost-penciled for Zakarin on Trojan Comics' Crime-Smashers and other titles signing some "Zakarin and Romita".
The collaboration ended in early 1951, when Romita was drafted into the U. S. Army. Taking the initiative prior to induction, he showed art samples to the base art director on Governors Island in New York Bay, who arranged for him to be stationed there to do layouts for recruitment posters once Romita had completed basic training at Fort Dix, New Jersey. Romita was promoted to corporal after eight months; when not on duty, Romita could go into Manhattan. In mid- to late 1951, he recalled in 2002, "I went uptown one day for lunch. I stopped over at Stan Lee's, his secretary came out... and I said,'Stan doesn't know my name but I've worked for him for over a year'. I was in uniform! She must've told him this GI... wants to do some comics. She said,'Stan said here's a four-page science fiction story'. I struggled with my first inking; that was the first story. I did Westerns and war stories then". Romita went on to draw a wide variety of horror comics, war comics, romance comics and other genres for Atlas.
His most prominent work for the company was the short-lived 1950s revival of Timely's hit character Captain America, in Young Men #24–28 and Captain America #76–78. Additionally, Romita would render one of his first original characters, M-11 the Human Robot, in a five-page standalone science-fiction story in Menace #11. While not envisioned as an ongoing character, M-11 was resurrected decades as a member of the super-hero team Agents of Atlas, he was the primary artist for one of the first series with a black star, "Waku, Prince of the Bantu" — created by writer Don Rico and artist Ogden Whitney in the omnibus title Jungle Tales #1. The ongoing short feature starred an African chieftain in Africa, with no featured Caucasian characters. Romita succeeded Whitney with issue #2. In the mid-1950s, while continuing to freelance for Atlas, Romita did uncredited work for DC Comics before transitioning to work for DC in 1958, his first known work for the company is the tentatively identified penciling credit for the cover of romance comic Secret Hearts #58, confirmably, pencils for the seven-page story "I Know My Love", inked by Bernard Sachs, in Heart Throbs #63.
Other titles to which he contributed include Falling in Love, Girls' Love Stories, Girls' Romances, Young Love."I was following the DC style", he recalled in 2002. "Frequently they had another artist. I became their romance cover artist", he would "swipe"—an artists' term for using existing work as models, a common practice among novices—from movie stills and from the Milton Caniff comic strip Terry and the Pirates. Bernard Sachs and Sy Barry inked some of Romita's romance work, but "by the late'50s and early'60s, I was inking my own stuff". Shortly afterward, romance comics began declining in popularity, by 1965, DC had "stopped buying any new art", Romita recalled. "They continued with that and reprints. The other departments just never used me. I didn't go push myself in their face, either". Romita's last known DC story work was the six-page "My Heart Tricked Me", inked by Sachs, in Girls' Romances #121, though his spot illustrations, some or all of it reprints of earlier work, continued to appear on one-page "beauty tip" and other filler pages, as
Thompson submachine gun
The Thompson submachine gun is an American submachine gun invented by John T. Thompson in 1918 which became infamous during the Prohibition era, being a signature weapon of various crime syndicates in the United States, it was a common sight in the media of the time, being used by both law enforcement officers and criminals. The Thompson submachine gun was known informally as the "Tommy Gun", "Annihilator", "Chicago Typewriter", "Chicago Submachine", "Chicago Piano", "Chicago Style", "Chicago Organ Grinder", "Trench Broom", "Trench Sweeper", "Drum Gun","The Chopper", "The Thompson"; the Thompson was favored by soldiers, police, FBI, civilians alike for its large.45 ACP cartridge and high volume of automatic fire. It has since gained popularity among civilian collectors for its historical significance, it has considerable significance in popular culture in works about the Prohibition era and World War II, is among the best-known firearms in history. The original automatic Thompsons are no longer produced, but numerous semi-automatic civilian versions are still being manufactured by Auto-Ordnance.
These retain a similar appearance to the original models, but they have various modifications in order to comply with US firearm laws. General John T. Thompson developed the Thompson Submachine Gun, he envisioned an "auto rifle" to replace the bolt action service rifles in use, but he came across a patent issued to John Bell Blish in 1915 while searching for a way to allow his weapon to operate safely without the complexity of a recoil or Gas-operated reloading mechanism. Blish's design was based on the adhesion of inclined metal surfaces under pressure. Thompson gained financial backing from Thomas F. Ryan and started the Auto-Ordnance Company in 1916 for the purpose of developing his "auto rifle", it was developed in Cleveland and the principal designers were Theodore H. Eickhoff, Oscar V. Payne, George E. Goll. By late 1917, the limits of the Blish Principle were discovered, it was found that the only cartridge in service, suitable for use with the lock was the.45 ACP round. Thompson envisioned a "one-man, hand-held machine gun" in.45 ACP as a "trench broom" for use in the ongoing trench warfare of World War I.
Payne drum magazines. The project was titled "Annihilator I", most of the design issues had been resolved by 1918. At an Auto-Ordnance board meeting in 1919 to discuss the marketing of the "Annihilator", with the war now over, the weapon was renamed the "Thompson Submachine Gun". While other weapons had been developed shortly prior with similar objectives in mind, the Thompson was the first weapon to be labeled and marketed as a "submachine gun". Thompson intended the weapon as an automatic "trench-broom" to sweep enemy troops from the trenches, filling a role for which the Browning Automatic Rifle had been proven ill-suited; this concept had been developed by German troops using their own Bergmann MP 18, the world's first submachine gun, in concert with Sturmtruppen tactics. The Thompson first entered production as the M1921, it was available to civilians. M1921 Thompsons were sold in small quantities to the United States Postal Inspection Service to protect the mail from a spate of robberies and to the United States Marine Corps.
Federal sales were followed by sales to several police departments in the US and minor international sales to various armies and constabulary forces, chiefly in Central and South America. The Marines used their Thompsons in China, it was popular as a point-defense weapon for countering ambush by Nicaraguan guerrillas, led to the organization of four-man fire teams with as much firepower as a nine-man rifle squad. The major complaints against the Thompson were its weight, inaccuracy at ranges over 50 yards, the lack of penetrating power of the.45 ACP pistol cartridge. Some of the first batches of Thompsons were bought in America by agents of the Irish Republic, notably Harry Boland; the first test of a Thompson in Ireland was performed by West Cork Brigade commander Tom Barry in presence of IRA leader Michael Collins. They purchased a total of 653, but US customs authorities in New York seized 495 of them in June 1921; the remainder made their way to the Irish Republican Army by way of Liverpool and were used in the last month of the Irish War of Independence.
After a truce with the British in July 1921, the IRA imported more Thompsons and used them in the subsequent Irish Civil War. They were not found to be effective in Ireland; the Thompson achieved most of its early notoriety in the hands of Prohibition and Great Depression-era gangsters, the lawmen who pursued them, in Hollywood films about their exploits, most notably in the St Valentine's Day Massacre. The two Thompson guns used in the massacre are still held by the Berrien County Sheriff's Department; the Thompson has been referred to by one researcher as the "gun that made the twenties roar". In 1926, the Cutts Compensator was offered as an option for the M1921. 21AC at the original price of $200, with the plain M1921 designated No. 21A at a reduced price of $175. In 1928, Federal Laboratories took over the dist
Yakuza known as gokudō, are members of transnational organized crime syndicates originating in Japan. The Japanese police, media by request of the police, call them bōryokudan, while the Yakuza call themselves ninkyō dantai; the Western equivalent for the term Yakuza is gangster, meaning an individual involved in a Mafia-like criminal organization. The Yakuza are notorious for their strict codes of conduct, their organized fiefdom nature, several unconventional ritual practices such as "Yubitsume". Yakuza members are described as males with tattooed bodies and slicked hair, yet this group is still regarded as being among "the most sophisticated and wealthiest criminal organizations."At their height, the Yakuza maintained a large presence in the Japanese media and operated internationally. In fact, in the early 1960s police estimated that the Yakuza had a membership of 184,100. However, in recent years their numbers have dwindled with the latest figure from the National Police Agency estimating that as of 2016 the number of members in all 22 designated gangs was 39,100.
This decline is attributed to changing market opportunities and several legal and social developments in Japan which discourage the growth of Yakuza membership. Yet, despite their dwindling numbers, the Yakuza still engage in an array of criminal activities, many Japanese citizens remain fearful of the threat these individuals pose to their safety. However, there remains no strict prohibition on Yakuza membership in Japan today, although much legislation has been passed by the Japanese government aimed at increasing liability for criminal activities and impeding revenue; the name Yakuza originates from the traditional Japanese card game Oicho-Kabu, a game in which the goal is to draw three cards adding up to a score of 9. If the sum of the cards exceeds 10, the second digit is used as the score instead, if the sum is 10, the score is 1. If the three cards drawn are 8-9-3, the sum is 20 and therefore the score is zero, making it the worst possible hand that can be drawn. Despite uncertainty about the single origin of Yakuza organizations, most modern Yakuza derive from two classifications which emerged in the mid-Edo period: tekiya, those who peddled illicit, stolen, or shoddy goods.
Tekiya were considered one of the lowest social groups during the Edo period. As they began to form organizations of their own, they took over some administrative duties relating to commerce, such as stall allocation and protection of their commercial activities. During Shinto festivals, these peddlers opened stalls and some members were hired to act as security; each peddler paid rent in exchange for a stall protection during the fair. The tekiya were a structured and hierarchical group with the oyabun at the top and kobun at the bottom; this hierarchy resembles a structure similar to the family as the oyabun was regarded as a surrogate father, the kobun as surrogate children. During the Edo period, the tekiya were formally recognized by the government. At this time, the oyabun were appointed as supervisors and granted near-samurai status meaning they were allowed the dignity of a surname and two swords. Bakuto had a much lower social standing than traders, as gambling was illegal. Many small gambling houses cropped up in abandoned temples or shrines at the edge of towns and villages all over Japan.
Most of these gambling houses ran loan sharking businesses for clients, they maintained their own security personnel. The places themselves, as well as the bakuto, were regarded with disdain by society at large, much of the undesirable image of the Yakuza originates from bakuto; because of the economic situation during the mid-period and the predominance of the merchant class, developing Yakuza groups were composed of misfits and delinquents that had joined or formed Yakuza groups to extort customers in local markets by selling fake or shoddy goods. The roots of the Yakuza can still be seen today in initiation ceremonies, which incorporate tekiya or bakuto rituals. Although the modern Yakuza has diversified, some gangs still identify with the other. During the formation of the Yakuza, they adopted the traditional Japanese hierarchical structure of oyabun-kobun where kobun owe their allegiance to the oyabun. In a much period, the code of jingi was developed where loyalty and respect are a way of life.
The oyabun-kobun relationship is formalized by ceremonial sharing of sake from a single cup. This ritual is not exclusive to the Yakuza—it is commonly performed in traditional Japanese Shinto weddings, may have been a part of sworn brotherhood relationships. During the World War II period in Japan, the more traditional tekiya/bakuto form of organization declined as the entire population was mobilised to participate in the war effort and society came under strict military government. However, after the war, the Yakuza adapted again. Prospective Yakuza come from all walks of life; the most romantic tales tell how Yakuza accept sons who have been abandoned or exiled by their parents. Many Yakuza start out in junior high school or high school as common street thugs or members of bōsōzoku gangs; because of its lower socio-economic status, numerous Yakuza me
Time Out Group
Time Out Group is a global media and entertainment company. Its digital and physical presence comprises websites, mobile editions, live events and markets. Time Out covers events and culture in cities across the world. Time Out Group provides entertainment and drink recommendations to an international audience through print and digital platforms. Time Out was established in 1968, by founder Tony Elliott and has developed into a global platform across 315 cities and in 58 countries, it provides original editorial content for users to find things to do in the city as well as curated lists of the best films, attractions, culture and nightlife activities. Time Out Market, launched in 2014 in Lisbon, enables people to discover, book and share their experiences on one platform. New Time Out Markets are set to open in Miami, New York, Boston and Montreal in 2019 and in London-Waterloo and in Prague in 2021 – all bringing the best of the city under one roof; the original Time Out magazine was first published in 1968 by Tony Elliott with Bob Harris as co-editor, has since developed into a global platform across 315 cities and 58 countries.
The magazine was a one-sheet pamphlet with listings for London. It started as a counter-culture publication that had an alternative viewpoint on issues such as gay rights, racial equality, police harassment. Early issues had a print run of around 5,000 and evolved to a weekly circulation of 110,000. One of the editors in the 1970s was Roger Hutchinson; the brand was expanded to North America with Time Out New York magazine known as TONY in 1995 followed by Time Out New York Kids in 1996. The success of taking the Time Out brand abroad led to the expansion of the magazine worldwide; the brand grew to include travel magazines, city guides, books. Time Out was able to withstand print competition; when Time Out New York launched it did not have a website and was competing against well-established online publications such as Citysearch and The Village Voice. The company. Financial loss and the necessity to expand the Time Out brand led Tony Elliott to sell half of Time Out London and 66 percent of TONY to private equity group Oakley Capital in May 2011.
Under new ownership, the company expanded the brand digitally through partnerships with software companies to develop a common online platform for the brand and to create multi-city mobile applications. The company continued to grow digitally and launched an iPad app for New York and London in July 2012; the iPad app was sponsored by MasterCard. In July 2015, Time Out Group announced a £7 million investment in Flypay, a pay-at-table mobile app that will integrate its technology into Time Out's media platform. In June 2016, Time Out Group underwent an initial public offering and trades under the symbol TMO on London's AIM stock exchange. Time Out magazine is available in 40 cities around the world including Lisbon, Porto, L. A. Miami, Sydney, Hong Kong, Barcelona, Beijing, Tel Aviv, Mexico City, Tokyo and Istanbul among others. Time Out London magazine is a free weekly publication based in London. Time Out provides event listings and editorial on film and the arts in London to inform readers of the availability of entertainment in the city.
Time Out New York was the brand's first magazine launch in North America and debuted in 1995. Time Out New York is now available for free every other Wednesday in vending boxes and newsstands across New York City and there are copies inside cultural establishments and other locations; the web audience is estimated to 4.5 million unique visitors a month. Time Out Media publishes guides written by locals aimed at providing tourists with tips in urban "nooks" around the world. Mobile apps have been integrated with city guides to allow mobile users to use GPS to pinpoint their location on Time Out maps and search for dining and event recommendations along with a list of editors picks and other options. In April 2014 Time Out Lisbon launched the Time Out Mercado da Ribeira; the market hosts 35 small restaurant and artisan kiosks from the best chefs offering local specialties and has been recognised as one of the top tourist attractions in Lisbon. New Time Out Markets are set to open in Miami. In August 2011, Time Out acquired the personalisation business LikeCube.
Kelkoo, a daily-offers business, was acquired by Time Out in December 2011. The Time Out brand license was acquired for the Chicago publication March 2013; the acquisition was part of a strategy to build an international media organisation in 50 cities. Changes included moving from print publication to digital format as only a limited few cities still have a printed Time Out magazine edition including London and New York. Time Out acquired the event discovery platform Huge City in May 2014. In April 2016, Time Out acquired the geo-mapping start-up Hallstreet. In October 2016, Time Out acquired the event discovery and booking service YPlan