Doris Mae Akers was an American gospel music composer and singer. Known for her work with the Sky Pilot Choir, she was inducted into the Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 2001. Doris Akers was born in Missouri to parents Floyd and Pearl Akers, she had nine siblings. The family moved to nearby Kirksville, she learned to play the piano by ear at age six and wrote her first song, "Keep the Fire Burning in Me," when she was ten years old. During the 1930s she formed a group with her siblings, Edward and Donald, who went by the name of "Dot and The Swingsters". In 1945, at the age of 22, Akers moved to Los Angeles, she was recruited by Sallie Martin in 1946 as a vocalist for The Sallie Martin Singers. Martin was famous for touring nationally with Professor Thomas Dorsey to sell gospel sheet music and this collaboration early in her career gave Akers insight into the business end of the music industry. Two years she left The Sallie Martin Singers and began her own group. In 1947, she published her first song with Martin & Morris, entitled "I Want A Double Portion Of God's Love".
In 1948, she formed the Simmons-Akers Trio. They released many recordings on several labels: Score, Super, Songs of the Cross, Imperial Records, RCA Victor and label Specialty Records. Doris formed the "Simmons and Akers Music House" in 1948 to market and preserve some of her original religious compositions which grew out of her religious faith. In the mid-fifties, Akers began an association with Manna Music, founded by Tim Spencer of the Sons of the Pioneers. In early 1957, Akers recorded her first solo album called, "Sing Praises Unto The Lord"; the album featured many of her early compositions such as, "I Found Something", "Lead On", "Jesus Is The Name". She was backed by her group the Simmons Akers Gospel Singers. According to ASCAP documentation, in 1958, along with her friend Mahalia Jackson, Doris co-wrote the song, "Lord, Don't Move the Mountain", which sold over a million records; this composition became a hit for another gospel superstar, Inez Andrews, over a decade later. While in Los Angeles, she became director of the Sky Pilot Choir, an integrated choir, featured on recordings, television shows, radio broadcasts across the country.
Her fresh, modern arrangements of traditional Negro spirituals drew large crowds from far and near and increased attendance at the church dramatically. They released three albums, "The Sky Pilot Choir", "The Sky Pilot Choir Vol. 2", "Doris Akers Sings with The Sky Pilot Choir". Their organist on many occasions was a young Billy Preston, she ended her collaboration with the Sky Pilot Choir in 1965, but they reunited again in 1974 to record their fourth effort, "Doris Akers and the Original Members of the Sky Pilot Choir". Akers continued recording for RCA Victor into the mid-sixties, cutting such albums as "Forever Faithful", a collaboration with The Statesmen Quartet entitled, "Sing for You" in 1964, "Highway to Heaven". After having lived in Los Angeles since the mid-forties, she moved to Columbus, Ohio in 1970. On the "He Touched Me" track of her album "All God's Children" she recounts an incident of playing the song at the St. James Pentecostal Church in that city, she continued recording and traveling.
An album, "The Artistry of Doris Akers", was released in 1979. In the 1980s Akers issued a new gospel album every year on a regional midwest label; each album cover featured a new color photograph of the artist to let you know it was a current production. She recorded a few albums in Canada which were not distributed in the United States, such as Crusade LP 2702 with Glad Tidings Temple's Harvest Time Choir. In the United States she began recording for the Gaither label and appeared at some of their concerts and in TV productions, some fragments of which are available on YouTube.com. In the early 1990s she was featured in Bill Gaither's gospel videos Old Friends, Turn Your Radio On, Precious Memories, she was affectionately known as "Miss Gospel Music" because she was admired and respected by everyone in the music industry over the years, she had mastered every aspect of gospel music including vocals, choir directing, arranging and publishing, she had worked with many of the pioneers of the Golden Age of Gospel Music, she had authored many standard gospel compositions, she moved and in all spheres of gospel music.
Many of her compositions such as "Lead Me and Guide Me", "I Cannot Fail The Lord", "You Can't Beat God Giving", "Sweet, Sweet Spirit", sold millions for other gospel artists and evangelists. She was interviewed by Lindsay Terry for the book: "Stories Behind 50 Southern Gospel Favorites" and she explained how the hit song "Sweet, Sweet Spirit" was revealed to her during a prayer session with one of her choirs before a church service. Akers lived out the final years of her life in Minneapolis, serving as Minister of Music at Grace Temple Deliverance Center, she discovered she had spinal cancer when she visited the doctor after breaking her ankle in August 1994. Akers died on July 26, 1995, she was survived by two of her sisters, Nellie & Bernice, her brother, Donald Akers. Akers received many awards including back-to-back "Gospel Music Composer of the Year" in both 1960 and 1961. "Doris Akers Day" was held in Kirksville, Missouri in July, 1976. Akers was the headline act of the city's American Bicentennial celebration, with 20,000 people attending an evening concert.
In 1992, Akers was honored by the Smithsonian Inst
Dean Witter Reynolds
Dean Witter Reynolds was an American stock brokerage and securities firm catering to retail clients. Prior to the company's acquisition, it was among the largest retail firms in the securities industry with over 9,000 account executives and was among the largest members of the New York Stock Exchange; the company served over 3.2 million clients in the U. S. Dean Witter provided debt and equity underwriting and brokerage as mutual funds and other saving and investment products for individual investors; the company's asset management arm, Dean Witter InterCapital, with total assets of $90.0 billion prior to acquisition, was one of the largest asset management operations in the U. S. Dean Witter Reynolds was founded in 1978 as the merger of Dean Witter & Co. and Reynolds Securities, the biggest merger in the history of Wall Street. The company was acquired by Sears in 1981, was renamed "Dean Witter, Discover & Co." in 1993 when Sears spun off the company. The company owned Discover Card. In 1997, Dean Witter, Discover & Co. merged with investment banking house Morgan Stanley to form "Morgan Stanley Dean Witter & Discover Co.".
The combined firm dropped the "Discover Co." name in 1998 and further the "Dean Witter" name in 2001. In 2009, the Dean Witter retail operations were transferred to Morgan Stanley Smith Barney, a joint venture with Citigroup. For many years, the company used the corporate slogan, "We measure success one investor at a time,", adopted by Morgan Stanley. Prior to its merger with Morgan Stanley, Dean Witter Reynolds was a diversified financial services organization that provided a broad range of investment and consumer credit and investment products and services. Dean Witter operated in two lines of business: securities and credit services and its operations were focused on the U. S; the following is a summary of the financial results of Dean Witter prior to its merger with Morgan Stanley: Dean Witter's traditional business was as a full-service securities brokerage. The company maintained a network of over 9,000 account executives. DWR was among the largest members of the New York Stock Exchange and was a member of other major securities and options exchanges.
Dean Witter offered a broad range of securities and savings products that were supported by the firm's underwriting and research activities as well as order execution. Related to its securities business, Dean Witter provided investment consulting services to individual investors; the firm managed $10.4 billion of assets in its consulting business as of the end of 1996. Within its securities business, Dean Witter focused on three segments: Equity Securities - Dean Witter provided order execution, stock trading and equity research services to individual investors but to institutional clients. In many equity securities, Dean Witter acted as a market maker and as a specialist on various exchanges. Dean Witter's research department provided economic analysis and commentary and quantitative research, as well as making recommendations with regard to broad individual companies and industry sectors. Fixed Income Securities - Dean Witter provided trading and order execution services for a broad range of fixed income securities, including U.
S. Treasury bonds, mortgage-backed securities, corporate bonds, municipal bonds and certificates of deposit; the Company was a primary dealer in U. S. Treasury bonds; the firm eschewed proprietary trading focusing its trading activity on establishing and maintaining inventory of various securities. Futures - Dean Witter provided order execution and clearing services for the trading of futures contracts. Dean Witter operated as an investment banking firm before its merger with Morgan Stanley. Like many of its peers, Dean Witter provides a range of advisory services to corporate clients including mergers and acquisitions, leveraged buyouts and recapitalizations; the Company does not commit capital to merchant banking transactions. However, the firm always maintained a strong connection between its investment banking business and its core business focused on individual investors; as a result, the investment banking division was involved in the research and origination of investment products focused on individual investors including limited partnerships and other retail-oriented products.
The Company's InterCapital subsidiary, with $90.0 billion of assets under management as of December 31, 1996, was one of the largest investment management businesses in the U. S. Dean Witter was active in the issuance of credit cards through its Discover Card business. Discover Card, which today operates is the Company's most held proprietary general purpose credit card and generated a majority of Credit Services' revenues and net income in 1996. Prior to its merger, Dean Witter's credit cards business accounted for 52% and 47% of the company's net income in 1995 and 1996, respectively. In addition to the Discover Card, the company operated the NOVUS Network. In the mid-1990s, the NOVUS Network was the third largest domestic credit card network and consisted of merchant and cash locations that accept card brands that carry the NOVUS logo. In addition to the Discover Card, this the NOVUS network included Private Issue Card, the BRAVO Card and the National Alliance For Species Survival SM Card.
Dean Witter Reynolds traced its origins to two firms: Dean Witter & Co. founded in 1924 and Reynolds & Co. founded in 1931. Dean Witter & Company was founded by Dean G. Witter as a retail brokerage firm in 1924. With its orig
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation. Most X-rays have a wavelength ranging from 0.01 to 10 nanometers, corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 petahertz to 30 exahertz and energies in the range 100 eV to 100 keV. X-ray wavelengths are shorter than those of UV rays and longer than those of gamma rays. In many languages, X-radiation is referred to with terms meaning Röntgen radiation, after the German scientist Wilhelm Röntgen who discovered these on November 8, 1895, credited as its discoverer, who named it X-radiation to signify an unknown type of radiation. Spelling of X-ray in the English language includes the variants x-ray, X ray. Before their discovery in 1895 X-rays were just a type of unidentified radiation emanating from experimental discharge tubes, they were noticed by scientists investigating cathode rays produced by such tubes, which are energetic electron beams that were first observed in 1869. Many of the early Crookes tubes undoubtedly radiated X-rays, because early researchers noticed effects that were attributable to them, as detailed below.
Crookes tubes created free electrons by ionization of the residual air in the tube by a high DC voltage of anywhere between a few kilovolts and 100 kV. This voltage accelerated the electrons coming from the cathode to a high enough velocity that they created X-rays when they struck the anode or the glass wall of the tube; the earliest experimenter thought to have produced. In 1785 he presented a paper to the Royal Society of London describing the effects of passing electrical currents through a evacuated glass tube, producing a glow created by X-rays; this work was further explored by his assistant Michael Faraday. When Stanford University physics professor Fernando Sanford created his "electric photography" he unknowingly generated and detected X-rays. From 1886 to 1888 he had studied in the Hermann Helmholtz laboratory in Berlin, where he became familiar with the cathode rays generated in vacuum tubes when a voltage was applied across separate electrodes, as studied by Heinrich Hertz and Philipp Lenard.
His letter of January 6, 1893 to The Physical Review was duly published and an article entitled Without Lens or Light, Photographs Taken With Plate and Object in Darkness appeared in the San Francisco Examiner. Starting in 1888, Philipp Lenard, a student of Heinrich Hertz, conducted experiments to see whether cathode rays could pass out of the Crookes tube into the air, he built a Crookes tube with a "window" in the end made of thin aluminum, facing the cathode so the cathode rays would strike it. He found that something came through, that would cause fluorescence, he measured the penetrating power of these rays through various materials. It has been suggested that at least some of these "Lenard rays" were X-rays. In 1889 Ukrainian-born Ivan Pulyui, a lecturer in experimental physics at the Prague Polytechnic who since 1877 had been constructing various designs of gas-filled tubes to investigate their properties, published a paper on how sealed photographic plates became dark when exposed to the emanations from the tubes.
Hermann von Helmholtz formulated mathematical equations for X-rays. He postulated a dispersion theory before Röntgen made his announcement, it was formed on the basis of the electromagnetic theory of light. However, he did not work with actual X-rays. In 1894 Nikola Tesla noticed damaged film in his lab that seemed to be associated with Crookes tube experiments and began investigating this radiant energy of "invisible" kinds. After Röntgen identified the X-ray, Tesla began making X-ray images of his own using high voltages and tubes of his own design, as well as Crookes tubes. On November 8, 1895, German physics professor Wilhelm Röntgen stumbled on X-rays while experimenting with Lenard tubes and Crookes tubes and began studying them, he wrote an initial report "On a new kind of ray: A preliminary communication" and on December 28, 1895 submitted it to Würzburg's Physical-Medical Society journal. This was the first paper written on X-rays. Röntgen referred to the radiation as "X"; the name stuck.
They are still referred to as such in many languages, including German, Danish, Swedish, Estonian, Japanese, Georgian and Norwegian. Röntgen received the first Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery. There are conflicting accounts of his discovery because Röntgen had his lab notes burned after his death, but this is a reconstruction by his biographers: Röntgen was investigating cathode rays from a Crookes tube which he had wrapped in black cardboard so that the visible light from the tube would not interfere, using a fluorescent screen painted with barium platinocyanide, he noticed a faint green glow from the screen, about 1 meter away. Röntgen realized some invisible rays coming from the tube were passing through the cardboard to make the screen glow, he found they could pass through books and papers on his desk. Röntgen threw himself into investigating these unknown rays systematically. Two months after his initial discovery, he published his paper. Röntgen discovered their medical use when he made a picture of his wife's hand on a photographic plate formed due to X-rays.
The photograph of his wife's hand was the first photograph of a human body part using X-rays. When she saw the picture, she said "I have seen my death."The discovery of X-rays stimul
Eviction is the removal of a tenant from rental property by the landlord. In some jurisdictions it may involve the removal of persons from premises that were foreclosed by a mortgagee. Depending on the laws of the jurisdiction, eviction may be known as unlawful detainer, summary possession, summary dispossess, summary process, forcible detainer and repossession, among other terms; the term eviction is the most used in communications between the landlord and tenant. Depending on the jurisdiction involved, before a tenant can be evicted, a landlord must win an eviction lawsuit or prevail in another step in the legal process, it should be borne in mind that eviction, as with ejectment and certain other related terms, has precise meanings only in certain historical contexts, or with respect to specific jurisdictions. In present-day practice and procedure, there has come to be a wide variation in the content of these terms from jurisdiction to jurisdiction; the legal aspects and provisions for eviction, by whatever name, vary between countries or states with similar legal structures.
Most jurisdictions do not permit the landlord to evict a tenant without first taking legal action to do so. Such evictions are illegal at any time during the process. However, self-help evictions may be permitted in some jurisdictions when commercial tenants are involved, as opposed to residential tenants. Prior to filing a suit in court for eviction the landlord must provide written notice to the tenant. If the tenant remains in possession of the property after the notice to vacate has expired, the landlord can serve the tenant with a lawsuit. Depending on the jurisdiction, the tenant may be required to submit a written response by a specified date, after which time another date is set for the trial. Other jurisdictions may require the tenant to appear in court on a specified date. Eviction cases are expedited since the issue is time-sensitive. A jury trial may be requested by either party, however until the late 2000s, uncommon; as mentioned above, most jurisdictions do not allow a landlord to evict a tenant without legal action being taken first if the landlord is successful in court.
Instead, the landlord would have to obtain a writ of possession from the court and present it to the appropriate law enforcement officer. The officer posts a notice for the tenant on the property that the officer will remove the tenant and any other people on the property, though some jurisdictions will not enforce the writ if, on that day, inclement weather is taking place; as gentrification and the re-population of urban centers by wealthier residents takes place, no-fault evictions are used as a tool to displace tenants in cities with rent control. In California, for example, the Ellis Act allows eviction of rent-controlled tenants if the landlord intends to no longer rent any portion of an apartment building; the Ellis Act has been applied to rentals in Santa Monica and Los Angeles. Some areas have "just cause eviction" laws, which prevents evictions for reasons other than an approved list. For example, the law in Seattle, Washington requires a court order and allows evictions for: Failure to pay rent or late payments after written warning more than four times per year The tenant has failed to correct a violation of the lease or laws concerning public nuisance, unlawful business, or habitually causes warnings to be issued with corrections made The owner's family is moving into the unit, no adequate other units are available The sale of a single-family home Tenant-employees who are no longer employees Renovation, demolition, or conversion to non-residential use Violation of a legal requirement, such as building suitability or number of occupants Tenants who live with the owner If drug or health and safety-related crimes are committed on the property, street, or neighboring propertiesMassachusetts law allows landlords to evict leased tenants only if one of three conditions are met: Failure to pay rent Violation of the terms of the lease agreement by the tenant Excessive damage caused to the rental property by the tenant or persons under the tenant's control In the United States of America, rules for evictions and the eviction process are ruled by each state, local county, city rules.
Cure or quit Ejectment Foreclosure Forcible entry Lease Population transfer Quiet title Retaliatory eviction Soldal v. Cook County The Registry Unlawful eviction and harassment Good Cause Eviction Fighting Tenants Who Fight Eviction New York State housing rights guide Renters in the Crosshairs from Dollars & Sense, March/April 2009 The National Landlord Tenant Guide to Eviction All 50 States California Consumer Dept Guide
James Karen was an American character actor of Broadway and television. Karen was best known for his roles in Poltergeist, The Return of the Living Dead, Invaders from Mars, in The Pursuit of Happyness. Karen was known for his recurring television role as Tom Bradford's boss, Eliot Randolph, in Eight Is Enough, he appeared in commercials for Pathmark which earned his nickname "Mr. Pathmark", he was nominated for a Saturn Award for his 1985 role in The Return of the Living Dead. Karen was born Jacob Karnofsky in Wilkes-Barre, in northeastern Pennsylvania, the son of Russian-born Jewish immigrants Mae and Joseph H. Karnofsky, a produce dealer; as a young man, Karen was encouraged to be an actor by U. S. Democratic Congressman Daniel J. Flood, an amateur thespian himself, recruiting him into a production at the Little Theatre of Wilkes-Barre, he attended the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre in New York. Karen's big break came when he was asked to understudy Karl Malden in the original Broadway production of A Streetcar Named Desire.
On television, he played Dr. Burke on As the World Turns and was the original Lincoln Tyler on All My Children, he was best known for his recurring role on the television series Eight Is Enough. He is well-known on the East Coast for his 20 years as television and radio spokesman for the Pathmark supermarket chain. On the streets of New York, Karen was known as "Mr. Pathmark". Karen appeared in an episode of the 1977 NBC situation comedy The Kallikaks, played Earl Silbert in the 1979 miniseries Blind Ambition. A decade he appeared in an episode of The Golden Girls as a prospective love interest for Dorothy, he is known for having played Herbert Purcell, a businessman and leader of a local Ku Klux Klan chapter, in a 1981 episode of The Jeffersons. Karen was a lifelong member of The Actors Studio. Karen's other notable film credits include Oliver Stone's Wall Street, his best known roles were in the low-budget horror comedy The Return of the Living Dead, where Karen starred as the manager of a medical warehouse who inadvertently releases a gas that re-animates the dead, in Poltergeist where he played the real-estate developer who built the California planned community of Cuesta Verde on top of a former cemetery.
In a 2006 interview about his role in The Return of the Living Dead, Karen noted that he helped write most scenes for his character: “It was the deal where he figures out he’s becoming a zombie and decides to incinerate himself in the crematorium... He kisses, it was a emotional scene, but it got me out of being one of the rain-drenched zombies milling around outside the place at the end of the film. I didn’t want to do all that muddy stuff". Karen was set to appear in Superman Returns as Ben Hubbard, but his scenes were cut. In his career, Karen was recognized for his role as Martin Frohm in the 2006 film The Pursuit of Happyness, his final film roles were in the low-budget films Cynthia. He was married to Susan Reed, the actress and folk singer, with whom he had one son, whose godfather was Buster Keaton, Karen's good friend. Karen and Reed divorced in 1967, he married Alba Francesca in 1986. Karen died on October 23, 2018, at his home in Los Angeles at the age of 94; the cause was cardiorespiratory arrest.
Sources: Karen was nominated for a Saturn Award for Best Actor for his role in The Return of the Living Dead in 1985. For his contributions to the horror film industry, Karen received an honorary Saturn Award in 1998, he was nominated for a Fangoria Chainsaw Awards for Best Supporting Actor for his role in The Unborn in 1991. Voisin, Character Kings: Hollywood's Familiar Faces Discuss the Art & Business of Acting. BearManor Media, 2009. ISBN 978-1-59393-342-5. James Karen on IMDb James Karen at the Internet Broadway Database Great Character Actors / James Karen Pathmark TV commercial with James Karen on YouTube
A mural is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surface. A distinguishing characteristic of mural painting is that the architectural elements of the given space are harmoniously incorporated into the picture; some wall paintings are painted on large canvases, which are attached to the wall. Whether these works can be called "murals" is a subject of some controversy in the art world, but the technique has been in common use since the late 19th century. Murals of sorts date to Upper Paleolithic times such as the cave paintings in the Lubang Jeriji Saléh cave in Borneo, Chauvet Cave in Ardèche department of southern France. Many ancient murals have been found within ancient Egyptian tombs, the Minoan palaces, the Oxtotitlán cave and Juxtlahuaca in Mexico and in Pompeii. During the Middle Ages murals were executed on dry plaster; the huge collection of Kerala mural painting dating from the 14th century are examples of fresco secco. In Italy, circa 1300, the technique of painting of frescos on wet plaster was reintroduced and led to a significant increase in the quality of mural painting.
In modern times, the term became more well-known with the Mexican muralism art movement. There are many different techniques; the best-known is fresco, which uses water-soluble paints with a damp lime wash, a rapid use of the resulting mixture over a large surface, in parts. The colors lighten; the marouflage method has been used for millennia. Murals today are painted in a variety of ways; the styles can vary from abstract to trompe-l'œil. Initiated by the works of mural artists like Graham Rust or Rainer Maria Latzke in the 1980s, trompe-l'oeil painting has experienced a renaissance in private and public buildings in Europe. Today, the beauty of a wall mural has become much more available with a technique whereby a painting or photographic image is transferred to poster paper or canvas, pasted to a wall surface to give the effect of either a hand-painted mural or realistic scene. In the history of mural several methods have been used: A fresco painting, from the Italian word affresco which derives from the adjective fresco, describes a method in which the paint is applied on plaster on walls or ceilings.
The buon fresco technique consists of painting in pigment mixed with water on a thin layer of wet, lime mortar or plaster. The pigment is absorbed by the wet plaster. After this the painting stays for a long time up to centuries in brilliant colors. Fresco-secco painting is done on dry plaster; the pigments thus require a binding medium, such as egg, glue or oil to attach the pigment to the wall. Mezzo-fresco is painted on nearly-dry plaster, was defined by the sixteenth-century author Ignazio Pozzo as "firm enough not to take a thumb-print" so that the pigment only penetrates into the plaster. By the end of the sixteenth century this had displaced the buon fresco method, was used by painters such as Gianbattista Tiepolo or Michelangelo; this technique had, in reduced form, the advantages of a secco work. In Greco-Roman times encaustic colors applied in a cold state were used. Tempera painting is one of the oldest known methods in mural painting. In tempera, the pigments are bound in an albuminous medium such as egg yolk or egg white diluted in water.
In 16th-century Europe, oil painting on canvas arose as an easier method for mural painting. The advantage was that the artwork could be completed in the artist's studio and transported to its destination and there attached to the wall or ceiling. Oil paint may be a less satisfactory medium for murals because of its lack of brilliance in colour; the pigments are yellowed by the binder or are more affected by atmospheric conditions. The canvas itself is more subject to rapid deterioration than a plaster ground. Different muralists tend to become experts in their preferred medium and application, whether that be oil paints, emulsion or acrylic paints applied by brush, roller or airbrush/aerosols. Clients will ask for a particular style and the artist may adjust to the appropriate technique. A consultation leads to a detailed design and layout of the proposed mural with a price quote that the client approves before the muralist starts on the work; the area to be painted can be gridded to match the design allowing the image to be scaled step by step.
In some cases the design is projected straight onto the wall and traced with pencil before painting begins. Some muralists will paint directly without any prior sketching, preferring the spontaneous technique. Once completed the mural can be given coats of varnish or protective acrylic glaze to protect the work from UV rays and surface damage. In modern, quick form of muralling, young enthusiasts use POP clay mixed with glue or bond to give desired models on a canvas board; the canvas is set aside to let the clay dry. Once dried, the canvas and the shape can be painted with your choice of colors and coated with varnish; as an alternative to a hand-painted or airbrushed mural, digitally printed murals can be applied to surfaces. Existing murals can be photographed and be reproduced