The Rocky Horror Picture Show is a 1975 musical comedy horror film by 20th Century Fox, produced by Lou Adler and Michael White and directed by Jim Sharman. The screenplay was written by Sharman and actor Richard O'Brien, a member of the cast; the film is based on the 1973 musical stage production The Rocky Horror Show, with music and lyrics by O'Brien. The production is a parody tribute to the science fiction and horror B movies of the 1930s through to the early 1960s. Along with O'Brien, the film stars Tim Curry, Susan Sarandon, Barry Bostwick and is narrated by Charles Gray with cast members from the original Royal Court Theatre, Roxy Theatre, Belasco Theatre productions including Nell Campbell and Patricia Quinn, it is considered a Cult film. The story centres on a young engaged couple whose car breaks down in the rain near a castle where they seek a telephone to call for help; the castle or country home is occupied by strangers in elaborate costumes celebrating an annual convention. They discover the head of the house is Dr. Frank N. Furter, an mad scientist, an alien transvestite who creates a living muscle man in his laboratory.
The couple are seduced separately by the mad scientist and released by the servants who take control. The film was shot in the United Kingdom at Bray Studios and on location at an old country estate named Oakley Court, best known for its earlier use by Hammer Film Productions. A number of props and set pieces were reused from the Hammer horror films. Although the film is both a parody of and tribute to many kitsch science fiction and horror films, costume designer Sue Blane conducted no research for her designs. Blane stated that costumes from the film have directly affected the development of punk rock fashion trends such as ripped fishnets and dyed hair. Although critically panned on initial release, it soon became known as a midnight movie when audiences began participating with the film at the Waverly Theater in New York City in 1976. Audience members returned to the cinemas and talked back to the screen and began dressing as the characters, spawning similar performance groups across the United States.
At the same time, fans in costume at the King's Court Theater in Pittsburgh began performing alongside the film. This "shadow cast" mimed the actions on screen above and behind them, while lip-synching their character's lines. Still in limited release four decades after its premiere, it is the longest-running theatrical release in film history, it is shown close to Halloween. Today, the film has a large international cult following and has been considered by many as one of the greatest musical films of all time, it was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress in 2005. A criminologist narrates the tale of the newly engaged and innocent couple, Brad Majors and Janet Weiss, who find themselves lost and with a flat tire on a cold and rainy late November evening, near a town called Denton in 1974. Seeking a telephone, the couple walk to a nearby castle where they discover a group of strange and outlandish people who are holding an Annual Transylvanian Convention.
They are soon swept into the world of Dr. Frank-N-Furter, a self-proclaimed "sweet transvestite from Transsexual, Transylvania"; the ensemble of convention attendees includes servants Riff Raff, his sister Magenta, a groupie named Columbia. In his lab, Frank claims to have discovered the "secret to life itself", his creation, Rocky, is brought to life. The ensuing celebration is soon interrupted by Eddie. Eddie proceeds to seduce Columbia, get the Transylvanians dancing and singing and intrigue Brad and Janet; when Rocky starts dancing and enjoying the performance, a jealous Frank kills Eddie with a pickax. Columbia screams in horror, devastated by Eddie's death. Frank justifies killing Eddie as a "mercy killing" to Rocky and they depart to the bridal suite. Brad and Janet are shown to separate bedrooms, where each is visited and seduced by Frank, who poses as Brad and as Janet. Janet and emotional, wanders off to look for Brad, who she discovers, via a television monitor, is in bed with Frank, she discovers Rocky, cowering in his birth tank, hiding from Riff Raff, tormenting him.
While tending to his wounds, Janet becomes intimate with Rocky, as Magenta and Columbia watch from their bedroom monitor. After discovering that his creation is missing, Frank returns to the lab with Brad and Riff Raff, where Frank learns that an intruder has entered the building. Brad and Janet's old high school science teacher, Dr. Everett Scott, has come looking for his nephew, Eddie. Frank suspects. Upon learning of Brad and Janet's connection to Dr. Scott, Frank suspects them of working for him. Frank, Dr. Scott and Riff Raff discover Janet and Rocky together under the sheets in Rocky's birth tank, upsetting Frank and Brad. Magenta interrupts the reunion by stating that dinner is prepared. Rocky and the guests share an uncomfortable dinner, which they soon realize has been prepared from Eddie's mutilated remains. Janet runs provoking Frank to chase her through the halls. Janet, Brad, Dr. Scott and Columbia all meet in Frank's lab, where Frank captures them with the Medusa Transducer, transforming them into nude statues.
After dressing them in cabaret costume, Frank "unfreezes" them, the
The All-CHA Teams are composed of players at all positions from teams that were members of College Hockey America men's conference, a former NCAA Division I hockey-only conference. Each year, from 1999–00 thru 2009–10, at the conclusion of the CHA regular season the head coaches of each member team vote for players to be placed on each all-conference team. All three teams were named in every CHA season; the all-CHA teams were discontinued after the 2009–10 season when the CHA was disbanded when they could no longer retain their automatic bid to the NCAA Tournament. The all-conference teams were composed of two defensemen and three forwards. If a tie occurred for the final selection at any position, both players were included as part of the all-conference team. Players may only appear once per year on any of the first or second teams but freshman may appear on both the rookie team and one of the other all-conference teams. CHA Awards CHA First All-Star Team CHA Second All-Star Team CHA All-Rookie Team
Abhayākaragupta was a Buddhist monk and tantric master and the abbot of Vikramasila. He was born in the city of Gaur, West Bengal, in Eastern India, is thought to have flourished in the late 11th-early 12th century CE, died in 1125. Abhayākaragupta's magnum opus, the Vajravali, is a "grand synthesis of tantric liturgy" which developed a single harmonized tantric ritual system which could be applied to all Tantric Buddhist mandalas. According to A. K. Warder, Abhayākaragupta developed the Mantrayana-Madhyamaka doctrine to its final Indic form. Matthew Kapstein sees him as "among the last great masters of Buddhism in India." As a youth he went to the country of Magadha in Central India, "where he learned the five sciences and became well known as a pandit." During the reign of King Rāmapāla, there was a great revival of Buddhism under Abhayākaragupta. He taught at the great Vikramashila Mahavihara as well as at Odantapuri, he is credited with many miracles including feeding the starving in the city of Sukhavati from his mendicant bowl, replenished from heaven, brought a dead child to life in the great cemetery of Himavana.
Abhayākaragupta's prolific scholarship extended from Mahayana doctrine and philosophy to Tantric Buddhist ritual and practice. David Seyfort Ruegg, writing about one of his main scholarly works writes: The Munimatalamkara is one of the last of the major comprehensive treatises of Indian Buddhism, it presents a treatment of Mahayanist thought based on the Prajnaparamita and Yogacara traditions. Although as such it is not in the narrowest sense a work of the Madhyamaka, it bears testimony to the efforts made by the Madhyamikas systematically to elaborate a synthesis of the entire Mahayanist tradition; the Munimatalamkara survives in Tibetan, it was studied in Tibet until the 14th century when it was displaced by native treatises on similar subjects. Another major text by Abhayākaragupta is the great Tantric work, the Vajravalimandopayika, a systematic exposition of Tantric Buddhist ritual as a generic system applicable for all tantras; this work deals with preparation of the sacred space,'installation ceremonies', tantric mandala construction, the performance of tantric consecration or initiation.
It is the first generic work of its kind, not tied to an individual tantric tradition, but was meant to be used with all tantras and mandalas. In the Vajravali, Abhayākaragupta synthesized previous Tantric ritual traditions such as those of Pundarika and Padmavajra and created a standardized'sequence of rituals'. In the beginning of this work, Abhaya summarizes his intent for composing it thus: The mandala and other rituals taught by the teacher have been divided into two classes. We shall summarize them here as and as systematically as possible. Moreover, the ritual treatises compiled by preceptors lack completeness, thematic core, lucid expression and sometimes authenticity and consistency. Therefore, we shall adorn it with all such good qualities. Abhaya composed this work by selecting mandala systems and rituals from different tantric traditions and texts, attempting to strike a balance between the yoginitantras and the yogatantra works, his other Tantric works expound in detail on particular practices in the Vajravali.
Abhayākaragupta's school of Buddhism flourished in India until the invasions of the Turks in the 13th century killed or scattered them. Through his works at Vikramasila, he exerted great influence on the formation of Tibetan Buddhism during the twelfth through fourteenth centuries. In the lineage of the Tibetan Panchen Lamas there were considered to be four Indian and three Tibetan incarnations of Amitābha Buddha before Khedrup Gelek Pelzang, recognised as the 1st Panchen Lama; the lineage starts with one of the original disciples of Gautama Buddha. Abhayākaragupta is considered to be the fourth Indian incarnation of Amitabha Buddha in this line. Abhayakaragupta was a prolific scholar who wrote many works in Sanskrit and translated sadhana texts into Tibetan; the Tibetan canon lists 27 works by him including: Vajravalimandopayika, a treatise on Buddhist Tantra Amnaya-mañjari, a commentary on the Samputatantra Marmakaumudī, commentary on the Perfection of Wisdom Sutra in Eight Thousand Lines.
Ocean of Means of Achievement Munimatālaṃkāra, an encyclopedic Mahayana treatise based on Maitreya's Abhisamayalankara. Niṣpannayogāvalī, a text which explains how to draw 26 kinds of mandalas. Jyotirmañjari, discusses fire ritual Kalacakra-vatara Upadeshamañjari, explicates the generation stage and completion stage
Vselyub is an agrotown in Navahrudak District, Grodno Region, Belarus. Vselyub is a centre of selsoviet within the administrative division of Belarus. Before the Partitions of Poland, it belonged to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Between the 20th-century world wars, the village was part of Nowogródek Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic. Vselyub was first mentioned in 1422. Since at least 1434, the settlement and its serfs belonged to Jan's son Andrzej Niemirowicz, it was inherited by other members of the family. It passed into the possession of Stanisław Dowojno, voivod of Polatsk. In 1576 it was bought by Prince Mikołaj Radziwiłł; the local Catholic Church, built of brick and mortar, was long thought to have been erected in the Baroque period of the eighteenth century. But, archaeological examination in 1980s revealed that the building is late Gothic, it has been altered by several renovations. Its title changed several times in honor of different saints During World War II, the 40 Jewish families who lived in the town were rounded up and summarily executed by the Nazis
Readercon is an annual science fiction convention, held every July in the Boston, Massachusetts area, in Burlington, Massachusetts. It was founded by Bob Colby and statistician Eric Van in 1987 with the goal of focusing exclusively on science fiction/fantasy/slipstream/speculative fiction in the written form. Past guests of honor have included authors such as Greer Gilman, Gene Wolfe, Octavia Butler, Samuel R. Delany, Karen Joy Fowler, Brian Aldiss, Nalo Hopkinson, Joe Haldeman, Caitlín R. Kiernan, Peter Straub, China Miéville, editors such as Ellen Datlow and David G. Hartwell; the convention makes a point of honoring a deceased author as the Memorial Guest of Honor. In 2009, for instance, the guests of honor were the living writers Elizabeth Hand and Greer Gilman and the memorial guest of honor was Hope Mirrlees. Total attendance at the convention has been around 850 for several years. From 2005 to 2011, Readercon was the official venue for presentation of the Rhysling Award, it has hosted the Shirley Jackson Awards since their founding in 2007.
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The Niesen is a mountain peak of the Bernese Alps in the Canton of Bern, Switzerland. The summit of the mountain is 2,362 metres in elevation, it overlooks Lake Thun, in the Bernese Oberland region, forms the northern end of a ridge that stretches north from the Albristhorn and Mannliflue, separating the Simmental and Kandertal valleys. Administratively, the summit is shared between the municipalities of Reichenbach im Kandertal to the southeast, Wimmis to the west and north. Both municipalities are in the canton of Bern; the summit can be reached by using the Niesenbahn funicular from Mülenen. The construction of the funicular was completed in 1910. Alongside the funicular is the longest stairway in the world, with 11,674 steps, it is only open to the public. The literal translation of the German word Niesen is sneeze; because of its shape, the Niesen is called the Swiss Pyramid. The Niesen may have influenced some modernist paintings by Paul Klee, in which an abstracted pyramidal form is seen. Bernese Alps topics List of mountains of Switzerland accessible by public transport Mountains & peaks of the Alps Two-thousanders of Switzerland Niesen.ch: Niesen News website— Nesen-funicular.ch: Niesen Funicular website— Hikr.org: Niesen Meteocentrale.ch: Current weather data and forecast for Niesen-Kulm—