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The Roots

The Roots are an American hip hop band, formed in 1987 by Tariq "Black Thought" Trotter and Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson in Philadelphia, United States. The Roots serve as the house band on NBC's The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, having served in the same role on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon from 2009–2014; the Roots are known for a jazzy and eclectic approach to hip-hop featuring live musical instruments and the group's work has been met with critical acclaim. ThoughtCo ranked the band #7 on its list of the 25 Best Hip-Hop Groups of All-Time, calling them "Hip-hop's first legitimate band." Although the band no longer tours extensively due to their Tonight Show obligations, their live shows are regarded as the best in the genre. In addition to the band's music, several members of the Roots are involved in side projects, including record production and serving as guests on other musicians’ albums and live shows; the Roots originated in Philadelphia with Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson and Tariq "Black Thought" Trotter while they were both attending the Philadelphia High School for the Creative and Performing Arts.

They would busk out on the street corners with Questlove playing bucket drums and Tariq rapping over his rhythms. Their first organized gig was a talent show in 1989 at the school where they used the name Radio Activity, which began a series of name changes that progressed through Black to the Future and The Square Roots. Another MC, Malik B. and a permanent bass player, Leonard "Hub" Hubbard, were added to the band before the release of their first album. In 1992, they dropped the "Square" from "Square Roots" because a local folk group had claim to the name. Unable to break through in their native Philadelphia, the band moved to London, where they would release their 1993 debut, Organix; the album was sold independently. In the span of a year, the band developed a cult following in Europe, boosted by touring; the Roots would receive offers from music labels, the band signed with DGC/Geffen. The Roots' first album for DGC, Do You Want More?!!!??!, was released the following year. During the recording process, beatboxer Rahzel and keyboardist Scott Storch, joined the band.

The addition of the two members provided additional depth to the band's sound, energized the Roots' Philadelphia jam sessions, which the band would sample for songs on Do You Want More?!!!??!. The album's opening track features Black Thought introducing the band's sound as "organic hip hop jazz," and indeed; the album spawned three singles with accompanying videos: "Proceed," "Distortion to Static," and "Silent Treatment." The album was a moderate hit among alternative music fans, boosted by the group's appearance at Lollapalooza. In 1995, the band performed at the Montreux Jazz Festival. In the years since its release, Do You Want More?!!!??! has come to be considered to be a classic jazz rap album. The 1996 release Illadelph Halflife was the group's third album and their first to break the Top 40 on the Billboard 200 chart, spurred in part by MTV's airplay of the video for "What They Do" and "Clones", their first single to reach the top five on the rap charts; the band added "What They Do" was the group's first single to hit the Top 40 of Billboard's charts, reaching a peak of #34.

Scott Storch was replaced by a new keyboardist, Kamal Gray. The band's sound would take a darker turn during this period influenced by the Wu-Tang Clan and the RZA's grimy and haunting production style, replete with samples from old jazz and classical music; the album is notable for its many guests and collaborators, including Common, D'Angelo, Q-Tip, others. These collaborations would provide the foundation for the creation of the Soulquarians and permanently forged the Roots' association with the neo-soul subgenre; the group released Things Fall Apart in 1999. This was their breakthrough album, peaking at No. 4 on the Billboard 200 charts and earning a gold record, signifying U. S. sales of at least 500,000 units. The album was certified platinum in April 2013. Mos Def contributed to the track entitled "Double Trouble"; the track "Act Two" features Common. The track "You Got Me", a duet with R&B singer Erykah Badu and Eve and Jill Scott intended by Black Thought for the "unconscious" population, peaked at No. 39 on the Billboard Hot 100 charts.

At the 42nd Grammy Awards "You Got Me" won the award for Best Rap Performance By a Duo or Group and the album was nominated for Best Rap Album. Steve Huey of the website allmusic.com perceived "a strong affinity for the neo-soul movement" in the album. First-time cameos on Things Fall Apart for Philadelphia natives Beanie Sigel and Eve helped to earn them major record deals later. After this album, Dice Raw left the collective to record his solo debut album Reclaiming the Dead. In the summer, the band performed at the Woodstock'99 concert in New York state. Several members, including longtime member Malik B. left the group. In December 2001, the Roots backed Jay-Z for his MTV Unplugged concert. With heightened popularity came mounting pressure; the Roots released Phrenology in 2002. Despite not charting as high as Things Fall Apart, reaching a peak of No. 28 on the charts, Phrenology was

John and Edith Kilbuck

John Henry Kilbuck — sometimes spelled Killbuck — and his wife, Edith Kilbuck, were Moravian missionaries in southwestern Alaska in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. John H. Kilbuck was the first Lenape to be ordained as a Moravian minister, they served the Yup'ik, used their language in the Moravian Church in their area, supported development of a writing system for Yup'ik. John was the great-grandson of the Delaware principal chief Gelelemend, who signed the Treaty of Fort Pitt, it was the first American Indian treaty with the declared United States. Born in Kansas, John Henry Killbuck was educated by Moravians in Bethlehem, where he went to seminary. Edith was the granddaughter of Moravian missionaries in Kansas. John Kilbuck was born in Franklin County, Kansas on May 15, 1861, into a family of the Christian Munsee band of the Lenape, his mother was a related Algonquian tribe. Through his father, Kilbuck was the great-grandson of the Lenape principal chief, Gelelemend of the Turtle Clan, the first American Indian to sign a treaty with the United States.

Traditionally, the Lenape had a matrilineal kinship system, in which descent and inheritance were figured through the mother's line. Many Munsee had relocated from Ohio and Indiana to Kansas Indian Territory by 1821, forced out of their former territory in the Midwest by continued settler pressure; the United States pushed to remove all the American Indians from east of the Mississippi River and offered land in the west. Moravian missionaries in Kansas recognized, they encouraged him to go East for studies at the Moravian center of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania to obtain an education, first at the Nazareth Boys’ School and at the Moravian College and Seminary. In 1884 Killbuck was the first Lenape to be ordained as a Moravian minister. Edith Romig was born on April 16, 1865 in Franklin County, the daughter of Joseph Romig, a Moravian minister among the Munsee in Ottawa and his wife, her maternal grandparents were his wife. Ricksecker was Romig's predecessor as missionary to the Munsee in Kansas. Both Ricksecker and Romig preserved important historical information about the Munsee of that period.

Edith Romig was teaching in the mission school and was 19 years old when she met John Kilbuck at his return to Kansas. In 1885, John Henry Kilbuck and Edith Romig married. Two years before, when John was still in the seminary, Sheldon Jackson had invited the Moravian Church to send missionaries to Alaska, it wasn't until 1885 that the Kilbuck newlyweds and John's friend and classmate William Weinland and his new wife set out with Hans Torgersen for Alaska to establish the first Moravian mission station, named Bethel, which has since grown into an important city along the Kuskokwim River. The Kilbucks served as educators in Alaska for most of their adult lives, their four children, all born at the Bethel Mission, carried the traditional Kilbuck middle name of Henry, to honor Major William Henry who had saved the life of their ancestor, Chief Gelelemend, in 1775. John and Edith Kilbuck's four children were Katherine Henry, William Henry, Joseph Henry, Ruth Henry. All four children spent their early years with their parents in Alaska attended Moravian schools in North Carolina The Kilbucks went to Alaska as part of the first group of missionaries, establishing a mission at what became Bethel.

They spent their adult lives in southwestern Alaska as missionaries and teachers among the Yup'ik people. In 1896, they were joined by his wife Ella; the Kilbucks were the most influential missionaries during the period around 1900. They learned the Yup'ik language. John developed his missionary work based on existing Yup'ik villages, rather than establishing separate mission stations, as had been done by Moravian missionaries in Greenland and Labrador, he adopted Yup'ik as the language of the Moravian Church in Alaska, a policy which continues to the present in Yup'ik-speaking areas. Reverend John Hinz, another missionary, had begun to translate scripture and other material into Yup'ik written with Roman letters. Uyaquk, a local "helper," convert and missionary, translated some of these texts into Yup'ik using a script which he had created to write Yugtun. Hinz and the Kilbucks supported both of these efforts; the Hinz script became the standard for writing Yup'ik until about 1970. It was replaced by a script developed by a group of native Yup'ik speakers and linguists at the University of Alaska.

John Henry Kilbuck died in 1922 in Alaska. Edith died in 1933; the Kilbuck Family Scholarship for Native Americans is awarded annually to a Native American college student from Alaska or Oregon. The diaries and letters of John and Edith Kilbuck provide much information otherwise unavailable about Yup'ik life in the late 19th century; the book, The Real People and the Children of Thunder by Ann Fienup-Riordan, is about their ministry and the Yup'ik. The Kilbuck Mountain range and the Kilbuck Elementary School in Bethel, were named for them

2013 Torneo di Viareggio

The 2013 Torneo di Viareggio is the 65th edition of Torneo di Viareggio, the annual youth football tournament held in Viareggio, Tuscany. The 48 teams are seeded in 12 pools, split up into 6-pool groups; each team from a pool meets the others in a single tie. The winning club from each pool and two best runners-up from both group A and group B progress to the final knockout stage. All matches; the Round of 16 after envisions penalties and no extra time, while the rest of the final round matches include 30 minutes extra time and penalties to be played if the draw between teams still holds. 48 teams participate in the tournament. The list of the teams are below. Italian teams European teams American teams African teams Oceanian teams Juve Stabia were awarded a 3–0 win in the game v Mutual Uruguaya though they lost the game 1–4 5 goals 4 goals 3 goals Official Site

Stream of Consciousness (instrumental)

"Stream of Consciousness" is a progressive metal song by Dream Theater, appearing on their 2003 album Train of Thought. The song lasts for 16 seconds; the song appears as a direct continuation of Vacant. The song gets its name from an early working title for the album Falling into Infinity, the parallel between the concepts of "stream of consciousness" and "train of thought"; the song "Lines in the Sand" contains the lyrics "In the stream of consciousness, there is a river crying." The song is a popular inclusion in Dream Theater's live shows and appears on the live album and DVD Live at Budokan. While Dream Theater were in the studio in 2003, recording what would become Train of Thought, they wondered what an outsider would make of their descriptions for how certain sections of the unfinished songs sounded; these descriptions were used on arrangement charts to help with structuring the song before it was recorded. "Stream of Consciousness" had sections described as "Crimson Setup", "U. K. Rise", "Straight Groove x2", etc.

They wondered what would happen if someone were given just these descriptions and had to come up with what they believed the finished song would sound like, so they issued a challenge to Dream Theater fans through their websites and message boards to do just that. Drummer Mike Portnoy posted photographs of the above-mentioned arrangement charts for "SOC", as well as Jordan Rudess' MIDI conductor charts which contained tempos, time signatures and other details for each section of the song; the entries would be judged on songwriting excellence and closeness to the real "Stream of Consciousness", as judged by the band members themselves, the prize for the winner included having their song played over the PA before Dream Theater concerts, four backstage passes to any Dream Theater show on that tour, a signed copy of the upcoming Train of Thought, three releases from Portnoy's YtseJam Records. The contest after a number of months dozens of entries had been received; the band listened to and judged the entries over the course of the next world tour, the winner was announced to be a composition by Andy Rowland and Ant Law.

Impressed by the caliber of entries in the contest, Dream Theater released a CD of their favorite entries through the Dream Theater International Fan Club. In 2007, this CD was put up on the internet as fake rehearsal tracks labeled as "Systematic Chaos Working Demos" or "Systematic Chaos Instrumental Demos". Andy Rowland & Ant Law – SOC Daisuke Kurosawa – Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid Linear Sphere – Scent of Carbonite Richard Campbell – SOC Brian Wherry – SOC Redemption – SOC Eric Clemenzi – SOC John Petrucciguitar Jordan Rudess – keyboards John Myungbass Mike Portnoy – drums Bredius, Mark. Dream Theater – The Official Site. Portnoy, Mike. Dream Theater Songwriting Contest

2016 6 Hours of Bahrain

The 2016 6 Hours of Bahrain was an endurance sports car racing event held on the Grand Prix Circuit of the Bahrain International Circuit, Bahrain on 17–19 November 2016, served as the ninth and last race of the 2016 FIA World Endurance Championship. The race was won by the #8 Audi R18 of Loïc Duval, Lucas di Grassi and Oliver Jarvis, run by Audi Sport Team Joest. Pole position in Class is in bold. ^1 – The No. 26 G-Drive Racing all laptimes deleted because of both its front brakes cooling ducts were not fitted with mesh. The minimum number of laps for classification was 141 laps. Class winners in bold

Shevchenko National Prize

Shevchenko National Prize is the highest state prize of Ukraine for works of culture and arts awarded since 1961. It is named after the inspirer of Ukrainian national revival Taras Shevchenko, it is one of the five state prizes of Ukraine. In May 1961 the Soviet Union was honoring on a large scale the memory of Ukrainian Kobzar Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko. A century from the day of his death became the reason for conducting festive events not only in Ukraine, but throughout the Soviet Union. Thus, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union used the people's love for the great poet with goals of propaganda for "successes of Lenin National Policy", but it had to consider the national sentiments of Ukrainian people; such atmosphere contributed to that on May 20, 1961 the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR issued a resolution "About establishing annual Shevchenko Republican Prize". At the same time there was adopted the Provision on prizes and examples of honoring badges with diplomas for laureates.

It was awarded to the prominent performers of literature, music, cinematography and others. The first laureates received the Prize on March 9, 1962, they were Pavlo Tychyna and Oleksandr Honchar in literature, Platon Mayboroda in music. As of April 23, 1969 the award was renamed the Shevchenko State Prize of Ukrainian SSR. By the order of the President of Ukraine #800/2000 on June 22, 2000 the award became known as the Shevchenko National Prize. From 1962 to 2007 the award was given to eight collective ensembles; the National Prize is awarded annually by the order of the President of Ukraine. There are up to five prizes in the following nominations: Literature Literature Journalism and narrative journalism Performing Arts Other Arts A special committee is elected to organize a concourse in three stages. Once decided the names of the candidates are forwarded to the State Committee of Awards and Heraldry that petitions them to the President; the Awarded are paid by the Committee of amount size of, identified annually by the President.

The monetary award of the Prize for 2009 was ₴160,000 for each prize. For comparison, in 2008 the Prize money amounted to ₴130,000, equivalent to $25,000+; the first award in 1962 was given along with 2,500 Soviet rubles. The monetary award of the Prize in 2010 was confirmed at ₴130,000 which by 40,000 less than the last year; the Party of Regions spokesperson Hanna Herman commented that the funds were awarded only that one that were on the Shevchenko's Fund. Shevchenko lived modestly, lived in need, to buy him out of serfdom the Russian Intelligentsia collected 2,500 rubles - she added; the works that seek the National Prize are presented by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Ukraine, the Ukrainian National Academy of Science, the Ukrainian Academy of Arts, the Ukrainian artistic unions, the Ukrainian and artistically critical associations. It may be awarded to the citizens of Ukraine as well as with a foreigners; the literary and artistic works that reached the third stage can be nominated for the second time, but no more than two times.

The special committee accepts all the works for the National Prize starting the following year from August 1 to November 1 of the current year. The collective authors of a presented work cannot exceed three persons, no more than five for a collective of performers; the participants that performed any administrative, organizational, or counseling functions cannot be included among the laureates. The National Prize is awarded to a performer only once in the lifetime. During its history the prize was additionally awarded for featured films. 1967 for the film Viper to Viktor Ivchenko 1971 for the film Family of Kotsyubynsky" to Tymofiy Levchuk, Oleksandr Levada and Oleksandr Hai 1973 for the documentary Soviet Ukraine to Alexander Kosinov, Ihor Pysanko, Mykhailo Tkach 1975 for the feature film To the last minute to Valeriy Isakov, Vladimir Belyayev, Vladislav Dvorzhetsky and Valeriya Zaklunna 1977 for the films Only "Old Men" Are Going Into Battle and Aty-Baty, soldiers chanted to Leonid Bykov 1978 for the documentary cinema-trilogy Soviet Ukraine.

Years of struggle and victories. To Ihor Hrabovsky, Volodymyr Shevchenko, Ihor Malyshevsky 1979 for the film Reapers to Volodymyr Denysenko 1980 for the public television documentary Revival, from the book by then-Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev to script authors Albert Putintsev and Volodymyr Barsuk, cinematographers Oleksandr Buzylevych and Viktor Kushch, anchorman Vyacheslav Tikhonov 1982 for the film The Gadfly to Mykola Mashchenko, Sergei Bondarchuk, Andrei Kharitonov 1985 for the film Troubled skies of Spain to Arnoldo Ibañez-Fernandez, Volodymyr Kukorenchuk, Boris Dobrodeyev and Nikolai Shishlin 1986 for the films The night is short and How