Capital One Field at Maryland Stadium is an outdoor athletic stadium on the campus of the University of Maryland in College Park, Maryland. It is the home of the Maryland Terrapins football and men's lacrosse teams, which compete in the Big Ten Conference; the facility was named Byrd Stadium after Harry "Curley" Byrd, a multi-sport athlete, football coach, university president in the first half of the 20th century. In August 2006, naming rights were sold to Chevy Chase Bank, subsequently acquired by Capital One. On December 11, 2015, the Byrd Stadium name was removed, with the stadium being renamed Maryland Stadium. Byrd Stadium, constructed at a cost of $1 million, opened September 30, 1950 in order to replace an older, much smaller Old Byrd Stadium. For four decades, Maryland Stadium consisted of a horseshoe-shaped bowl with capacity of 34,680. In 1991, the five-story Tyser Tower, featuring luxury suites and an expanded press area, was completed on the south side of the stadium, as well as the Gossett Football Team House adjacent to the east endzone.
In 1995, the stadium's capacity was raised to 48,055 through the addition of an upper deck on the north side of the stadium. In November 2001, as the football team once again became an ACC-title contender, temporary bleachers were brought in for an additional 3,000 seats; those bleachers remain to this day. In 2002, a full-color video scoreboard was added in the east endzone and an expansion of the Gossett Football Team House was begun; the athletic department hoped to parlay the success of the Ralph Friedgen era into a stadium expansion that would have increased capacity to 65,000, but considering that attendance has become sparse over the last several years, under Friedgen and Randy Edsall, those plans have been put on hold or abandoned. Maryland Stadium's attendance record is 58,973, set on November 1, 1975; the record was achieved with temporary seating for a game featuring # 9 Penn State. Lights were installed in 1985; the lone version of the Presidential Cup college football bowl game was held here in December 1950.
The USFL Baltimore Stars called the stadium home in 1985. Maryland Stadium has hosted the Division I NCAA Men's Lacrosse Championship ten times. On August 24, 2006, the University of Maryland announced that it had agreed to a $20 million naming-rights deal with Chevy Chase Bank; the revenue from the deal was used to pay for upgrades to the Stadium. On April 25, 2007, the Athletic Department unveiled plans for a $50.8 million expansion to Byrd Stadium, a project that will increase overall capacity, add skyboxes complete with catered food and flat panel televisions, lower the field to give spectators a better view. The first phase of the expansion plans has been completed and included renovating the old press tower and building 63 luxury suites that stretch from end zone to end zone. New mezzanine seating was added as well, bringing the capacity from 51,500 to 54,000. A second LED video board was installed on the west side of the stadium just before the 2008 season; the second phase is to add an 8,000 seat upper deck to the stadium's west end zone bringing total seating capacity to over 60,000.
This is dependent on the sale of all existing luxury suites from phase one. To date, no schedule for construction has been established. On June 20, 2012, the Athletic Department announced plans for a new field at Byrd Stadium; the installation of FieldTurf Revolution was completed in early August 2012, included a new technology known as "CoolPlay" that keeps the field cooler than traditional turf fields with rubber infill. It was the first installation of its kind in the United States. In 2015, the student government association agreed to a resolution in support of removing "Byrd" from the stadium's name because of Harry "Curley" Byrd's segregationist history. On September 28, 2015, University of Maryland President Wallace Loh appointed a task force to develop viewpoints and options; the University President will make a recommendation to the University System of Maryland Board of Regents—the governing body of Maryland state universities—as to whether to change or keep the name. The ultimate decision on any name change rested with the Board of Regents.
On December 11, 2015, the Board of Regents voted 12-5 to remove the "Byrd" from the stadium's name, renaming it Maryland Stadium for the time being. Harry C. "Curley" Byrd was a former football player who taught English and history and served as athletic director before rising to university president, serving from 1935 until 1954. During his tenure, the campus grew and Byrd is credited with transforming it from "an undistinguished agricultural college to something resembling a modern university." Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip saw their first game of American football at Byrd Stadium during their first trip to the U. S. in 1957. Byrd Stadium hosted Drum Corps International finals in 2000, where The Cadets tied The Cavaliers for first place. On a clear day, the tops of the five tallest structures in Washington, D. C. can be seen from the top of the stadium: the Washington Monument, the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, the Old Post Office Pavilion, the Washington National Cathedral, the United States Capitol.
List of NCAA Division I FBS football stadiums Maryland Stadium - official website
Confederate States of America
The Confederate States of America referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865. The Confederacy was formed by seven secessionist slave-holding states—South Carolina, Florida, Georgia and Texas—in the Lower South region of the United States, whose economy was dependent upon agriculture cotton, a plantation system that relied upon the labor of African-American slaves; each state declared its secession from the United States, which became known as the Union during the ensuing civil war, following the November 1860 election of Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln to the U. S. presidency on a platform which opposed the expansion of slavery into the western territories. Before Lincoln took office in March, a new Confederate government was established in February 1861, considered illegal by the government of the United States. States volunteered militia units and the new government hastened to form its own Confederate States Army from scratch overnight.
After the American Civil War began in April, four slave states of the Upper South—Virginia, Arkansas and North Carolina—also declared their secession and joined the Confederacy. The Confederacy accepted Missouri and Kentucky as members, although neither declared secession nor were they largely controlled by Confederate forces; the government of the United States rejected the claims of secession and considered the Confederacy illegally founded. The War began with the Confederate attack upon Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, a Union fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. No foreign government recognized the Confederacy as an independent country, although Great Britain and France granted it belligerent status, which allowed Confederate agents to contract with private concerns for arms and other supplies. In early 1865, after four years of heavy fighting which led to 620,000–850,000 military deaths, all the Confederate forces surrendered and the Confederacy vanished; the war lacked a formal end.
By 1865 Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States of America for the duration of the civil war, lamented that the Confederacy had "disappeared". On February 22, 1862, the Confederate Constitution of seven state signatories – Mississippi, South Carolina, Alabama, Georgia and Texas – replaced the Provisional Constitution of February 8, 1861, with one stating in its preamble a desire for a "permanent federal government". Four additional slave-holding states – Virginia, Arkansas and North Carolina – declared their secession and joined the Confederacy following a call by U. S. President Abraham Lincoln for troops from each state to recapture Sumter and other seized federal properties in the South. Missouri and Kentucky were represented by partisan factions adopting the forms of state governments without control of substantial territory or population in either case; the antebellum state governments in both maintained their representation in the Union. Fighting for the Confederacy were two of the "Five Civilized Tribes" – the Choctaw and the Chickasaw – in Indian Territory and a new, but uncontrolled, Confederate Territory of Arizona.
Efforts by certain factions in Maryland to secede were halted by federal imposition of martial law. A Unionist government was formed in opposition to the secessionist state government in Richmond and administered the western parts of Virginia, occupied by Federal troops; the Restored Government recognized the new state of West Virginia, admitted to the Union during the war on June 20, 1863, re-located to Alexandria for the rest of the war. Confederate control over its claimed territory and population in congressional districts shrank from 73% to 34% during the course of the American Civil War due to the Union's successful overland campaigns, its control of the inland waterways into the South, its blockade of the southern coast. With the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, the Union made abolition of slavery a war goal; as Union forces moved southward, large numbers of plantation slaves were freed. Many joined the Union lines, enrolling in service as soldiers and laborers; the most notable advance was Sherman's "March to the Sea" in late 1864.
Much of the Confederacy's infrastructure was destroyed, including telegraphs and bridges. Plantations in the path of Sherman's forces were damaged. Internal movement became difficult for Southerners, weakening the economy and limiting army mobility; these losses created an insurmountable disadvantage in men and finance. Public support for Confederate President Jefferson Davis's administration eroded over time due to repeated military reverses, economic hardships, allegations of autocratic government. After four years of campaigning, Richmond was captured by Union forces in April 1865. A few days General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant signalling the collapse of the Confederacy. President Davis was captured on May 10, 1865, jailed in preparation for a treason trial, never held; the initial Confederacy was established in the Montgomery Convention in February 1861 by seven states (South Carolina, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana
Old Byrd Stadium
Old Byrd Stadium known as Byrd Stadium or Byrd Field and nicknamed "the Byrd Cage", was the home stadium for the University of Maryland from 1923 until 1947. It was located in College Park, east of Baltimore Avenue on the site of the school's present-day fraternity row; the seating capacity for the stadium was 5,000. In 1915, Harry "Curley" Byrd, head coach for what was the Maryland Agricultural football team, petitioned the school for funds for a stadium. At that time, the football team lacked any dedicated facilities and had one poorly suited athletic field on which to practice and play games; the new stadium was to be called the University of Maryland Athletic Field, but the student body protested for a better name. The Board of Regents voted to name the stadium after Byrd, a former quarterback, the current coach, future university president; the stadium was built by the H. D. Watts Construction Company, owned by Harry Watts, an alumnus who played as a fullback on the football team from 1901 to 1903.
Construction was completed in 1923 at a cost of $60,000. The inaugural game was played against Randolph-Macon on September 29, which Maryland won, 53–0; the stadium was dedicated on November 24, for the Homecoming game against Catholic. Maryland won that game as well, 40-6, in front of a crowd of 3,000. Between 1924 and 1947, Maryland played most home games in the facility, but for major games traveled to Griffith Stadium in Washington, D. C. or Memorial Stadium in Baltimore, both of which were larger. In 1944, Byrd Stadium hosted the first night game in College Park, which pitted the Terrapins against Hampden-Sydney College. During the 1948 season, the Terrapins played all of their home games at Griffith Stadium in Washington, D. C. In 1950, the old stadium was replaced by the larger Byrd Stadium, the original stadium was razed in 1953
University of Maryland College of Behavioral and Social Sciences
The University of Maryland College of Behavioral and Social Sciences is one of the 13 schools and colleges at the University of Maryland, College Park. With 10 departments, it is one of the largest colleges at the university, with three in ten University of Maryland undergraduates receiving their degree from the college. 45 research centers are located in the College. Its social science programs are collectively ranked 10th in the United States by the Faculty Scholarly Productivity Index, 18th in the world by the Institute of Higher Education at Shanghai Jiao Tong University; the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences began as "The School of Liberal Arts" in 1919, was headquartered in Morrill Hall. In the 1920s, it became "The College of Sciences," with five separate divisions. In 1936, the college moved into the newly completed College of Arts and Sciences Building, renamed Francis Scott Key Hall in 1955. In the 1940s, the departments of Economics and Government & Politics moved into The College of Business and Public Administration.
In 1972, the College of Arts and Sciences and the College of Business and Public Administration combined to become the new "Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences", one of five divisions in the university. In 1986, the five divisions split into fourteen colleges, The College of Behavioral and Social Sciences was formed; the college has been headquartered in Millard E. Tydings Hall since 1993. CIVICUS is a two-year living and learning undergraduate program in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences, which links academic coursework together with participation in internships and community service to provide an experience of civil service engagement for participants. CIVICUS Associates live together in Somerset Hall, renovated in 1999 for the CIVICUS Living and Learning Program. Somerset Hall houses the program's offices and hosts CIVICUS classes; the hall is designed with several study and social lounges to enhance students' living and learning experience. Somerset is located centrally on campus making the walk to classes, the dining hall, McKeldin Library, the Stamp Student Union quick and convenient.
All the rooms in Somerset are air conditioned and each student has his/her own internet and cable jack. Most of the rooms are doubles with a few quads scattered throughout the building. There are some singles. In addition, there is a computer laundry facility located on the ground floor; each floor has one or two small kitchenettes with a microwave and a sink. For students entering CIVICUS in the fall of their freshman year, the CIVICUS classes students are required to take in their first semester consist of a 1-credit class called CIVICUS Student and the University and a 3-credit class called Introduction to CIVICUS. In their second semester, students take a 1-credit class called CIVICUS and Service Learning and a 3 credit class called Introduction to Contemporary Social Problems. In their third semester in the CIVICUS program, students take a 3-credit class called Leadership in a Multicultural Society. In the last semester in the program students take the CIVICUS Capstone 3 credit class that gives them academic credit for their CIVICUS Internship.
A student can take a 1 credit class instead if the student is getting academic credit from another academic program. The creator and current director of the program is Dr. Sue Briggs, who teaches the majority of the required courses, as well as provides assistance and information regarding all aspects of the program. In addition to the in-class requirements, CIVICUS associates are responsible for completing four service projects per semester, a long term service project, an internship. Associates participate in an additional two community days of service, once per semester. Students are able to participate in wide variety of service activities, ranging from those on campus, to those in the surrounding counties and Washington, D. C; the program is based on the five principles of civil society: citizenship, community building in a diverse society and community service-learning. CIVICUS is a program for enthusiastic and dedicated students who want to get involved with the campus and local community to make a positive difference.
CIVICUS comprises a diverse group of student leaders whose distinct personalities and backgrounds enrich class discussions, service projects, the conversations throughout the halls of Somerset. This camaraderie continues after CIVICUS students have completed their citation, as many CIVICUS juniors and seniors return to Somerset and remain involved with the program. In addition to being involved with the CIVICUS community, many of the students are involved in the university and local communities. University of Maryland freshmen applicants whose application materials suggest they possess significant levels of leadership and motivation are invited to join the program. A total of 130 associates are in the program at a time; the University of Maryland Mock Trial Team is a student organization which engages in intercollegiate mock trial competition. Based out of the Department of Government and Politics in the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences, the team first began competing in 1990; the Maryland team has won five national championships, which ranks the most of any university, was the national runner-up in 1992 and 1993.
There are two endowed chairs within the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences: the Anwar Sadat Chair for Peace and Development held by Shible
University of Maryland Libraries
The University of Maryland Libraries is the largest university library in the Washington, D. C. - Baltimore area. The university's library system includes eight libraries: six are located on the College Park campus, while the Severn Library, an off-site storage facility, is located just outside campus, the Priddy Library is located on the University System of Maryland satellite campus in Shady Grove; the UMD Libraries are a key academic resource that supports the teaching and research goals of the university. The various materials collected by the libraries can be accessed by students and the general public; the libraries feature 4 million volumes and a substantial number of e-resources, a variety of archives and special collections, a host of technological resources which enable remote online access to the Libraries' holdings and services. They are members of both the Big Ten Academic Alliance and the University System of Maryland and Affiliate Institutions; the libraries are ranked 10th in electronic resources as a percentage of total library materials by the 115-member Association of Research Libraries.
A library/gym building was constructed on campus in 1893, which survived the Great Fire of 1912. A new library building, called Shoemaker Library, was constructed in 1931, served as the university's main library until the construction of McKeldin Library in 1958; the university's library became a Federal depository library in a status it has held since. In 1965, the library system became the Regional Depository for Maryland and the District of Columbia; the Office of the Dean serves as the executive administrative unit of the University of Maryland Library system, headed by the Dean of Libraries. Dr. Babak Hamidzadeh has been serving as Interim Dean of the Libraries since July 2015 when Patricia Steele retired. Below the Dean's Office are five additional administrative units, each led by a director: Administrative Services, the Collection Strategies & Services division, the Digital Systems and Stewardship division, the Communications Office, the Public Services Division; the Library Assembly is an advisory council for the Dean of Libraries and LEC.
Faculty, staff and administrators are all free to serve on the Library Assembly. McKeldin Library is the main branch of the University of Maryland Library system. Constructed in 1958, the building is named for the former Governor of Maryland. McKeldin Library is one of the largest buildings on campus, consisting of seven floors and a basement. Located at the western end of McKeldin Mall, the library is home to the university's General Collection. and the 90,000 volume East Asia Collection. McKeldin Library serves as a regional Federal depository library, housing the U. S. Government Information, Maps & GIS Services collection, hosted the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities until the summer of 2012, when MITH moved to its new home in the university's Hornbake Library. Housed in McKeldin Library are several computer labs, a copy shop, Footnotes Café. McKeldin Library remains open 24 hours a day most of the Fall and Spring semesters, in order to provide late night study hours for university students.
Note the library doors close on Fridays at 8pm, re-opening on Saturday from 10am to 10pm, until re-opening at 11am Sunday morning. Dean of Libraries Patricia Steele announced plans to gut the second floor of McKeldin during the summer of 2010 in order to make room for a new "Terrapin Learning Commons". Steele hoped to "reevaluate" all seven of the library's floors, with the ultimate goal of transforming McKeldin into a study-oriented, laptop-friendly central library for the university, creating a floor designed for graduate students; the new laptop-friendly learning commons opened for the Fall 2011 semester, with plans to add multimedia workstations and lockers which can recharge laptops in between classes. A graduate-only study room opened during the fall semester. In September 2012, the TLC expanded to include a Tech Desk, which provides a variety of services, including specialized printing support. Constructed in 1972 as a separate undergraduate library, Hornbake Library was named in 1980 for R. Lee Hornbake, the former Academic Vice President of the University of Maryland.
The building was repurposed as repository for special collections, now Hornbake Library is home to the College of Information Sciences, the Human-Computer Interaction Lab, the Gordon W. Prange Collection, Library Media Services the central campus audiovisual research and instructional library facility. In September 2012, the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities moved to a new space in Hornbake Library, having been located in the basement of McKeldin Library. Hornbake Library is located in Hornbake Plaza. Located in the School of Architecture and Preservation, the library's collection areas include architectural history and theory, as well as historical preservation, landscape architecture, real estate development, urban studies an
Crab Bowl Classic
The Jimmy Crab Bowl Classic is the name given to the Maryland–Navy football rivalry. It is an American college football rivalry between the Maryland Terrapins football team of the University of Maryland and the Navy Midshipmen football team of the United States Naval Academy; the two institutions, located in close proximity in the state of Maryland, first met for a football game in 1905. Since the series has been marked by controversy, with incidents by players and supporters occurring both on and off the field; the winner of the game is awarded the Crab Bowl Trophy. Navy dominated the series early by winning the first eight games, between 1905 and 1930, which remains the longest streak. Maryland secured its first win in 1931 at a neutral site in Washington, D. C. After two more meetings, the series was suspended in 1934 when the Maryland administration protested a play; the teams met again in 1950. The Terrapins won three consecutive games from 1950 to 1952, the Midshipmen won three from 1958 to 1963.
During the 1964 game, a Maryland player twice flashed an obscene gesture, which prompted Navy to cancel the series again. After contractual obligations were fulfilled with the following year's game, the series was put on hiatus for 40 years. Maryland and Navy resumed the rivalry in 2005 and again in 2010, with the Terps winning both contests; the Naval Academy and the University of Maryland are separated by about 30 miles in the state of Maryland. The schools by their nature, a Federal service academy and a public university, differ radically in terms of culture and lifestyle. For many years, the University of Maryland possessed the reputation of a blue-collar, working-class school; some students viewed the Naval Academy, with its regimented culture, as elitist. A former Terrapins linebacker, Jerry Fishman, believed that many Midshipmen "thought they were far superior to the Maryland redneck coal miners." A former Navy fullback, Pat Donnelly, said that compared to a "public institution, was night and day.
I think there was a feeling of mutual dislike, but it wasn’t personal, it was more institutional."According to former Maryland head coach Ralph Friedgen, the sentiment at Navy has been that beating their archrival "Army is a must, but Maryland is a necessity." Darryl Hill, who attended both schools and broke the color barrier on each team, said that the Midshipmen "had a saying that beating Army is great, but beating Maryland is a must."Despite a lopsided start in the early 20th century, the Terps and Midshipmen were evenly matched for most of the history of the series. Between 1931 and 1965, Navy won Maryland five games. In the 2005 season opener, Navy was coming off one of its best seasons in history with a 10–2 record the previous year. Maryland struggled in 2005, but proved a competitive match for Navy and achieved a last-minute win, 23–20. In addition to proximity and competitiveness, the rivalry was fueled by controversial incidents both on and off the field. Maryland supporters long held that Navy players used unnecessary roughness during play, a charge counter-accused by the Academy after the 1963 game.
Some Midshipmen would travel to College Park to meet female students, which served to aggravate the ill feelings. Pranks and vandalism were commonplace on both campuses and exacerbated the tense situation between Maryland and Navy. On October 25, 1905, the team known as the Maryland Agricultural "Farmers" traveled to Annapolis to meet the Navy "Admirals" for the first time. In the first eight games of the series, Navy outscored the teams of the Maryland Agricultural College, Maryland State College, the University of Maryland by a combined margin of 256 points to 7; the 1930 game proved to be the first competitive match of the series. Navy scored the only points with a 65-yard touchdown run on the second play of the game; the remainder was a defensive struggle, Navy and Maryland advanced to the opposing one- and nine-yard lines before being rebuffed. The 1931 match-up was held for the first time at a neutral site, Griffith Stadium in Washington, D. C.. In the first Maryland win of the series, the Terrapins scored the only points on a trick "triple-pass" play.
The Maryland administration put a halt to the series in 1934 amidst claims that Navy scored the winning go-ahead, 16–13, on an illegal play after reviewing game tape. The series resumed in 1950. Maryland agreed to fill in for Georgetown and hosted the Academy for the Byrd Stadium dedication game in front of a Washington area-record crowd of 43,836 fans; the two teams last met in 1934, since that time the Terrapins had hired head coach Jim Tatum. Tatum, an innovator of the split-T offense, had brought consistent success to Maryland in the intervening years. Fearing a renewal of post-game mischief, the Midshipmen attending the match were given strict orders: "Behave like gentlemen and go straight home after the Maryland–Navy football game in College Park tomorrow. No midshipmen will enter the goal post activity or other altercation following the game." Newspapers predicted that Navy would win the 1950 game due to the inexperience of the Maryland quarterbacks, who were led by 19-year-old sophomore Jack Scarbath.
A week before, Scarbath had his first start in a 27–7 loss to Georgia, but he would become one of Maryland's greatest quarterbacks and the 1952 Heisman Trophy runner-up. In the first quarter against Navy, Scarbath scored on a quarterback keeper. Before the half, he completed passes to ends Stan Karnash and Pete Augsburger for 44- and 59-yard touchdowns. In the third quarter, the Midshipmen responded with a score of